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arterial     
相关语句
  动脉
     Studies on Harmine Hydrochloride Gelatin Microspheres for Hepatic Arterial Embolization
     盐酸去氢骆驼蓬碱肝动脉栓塞明胶微球剂的研究
短句来源
     Experimental Study on Percutaneous Splenic Arterial Embolization to Treat Traumatic Splenic Injuries
     经皮脾动脉栓塞治疗外伤性脾破裂实验研究
短句来源
     Study on the Blood Supply to Thyroid and Arterial Embolization for the Treatment of Graves' Disease
     Graves病甲状腺的血供分析及动脉栓塞治疗
短句来源
     Study on Effects of Lobelia Chinensis Lour Alkaloid and Lobeline on Proliferative Human Umbilical Arterial Smooth Muscle Cells Induced by Endothelin-1
     半边莲生物碱和山梗菜碱对内皮素-1诱导的人脐动脉平滑肌细胞增殖作用的机制研究
短句来源
     Effect of Ketanserin on Arterial Baroreflex in Rats and Its Mechanism
     酮色林对大鼠动脉压力感受性反射功能的影响及其机制探讨
短句来源
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  动脉血
     EXPERIMENTAL STUDY AND CLINICAL OBSERVATION OF ARTERIAL OXYGENATION SN CRANIOCEREBRAL INJURIES
     颅脑损伤后动脉血氧合程度变化的实验研究与临床观察
短句来源
     STUDIES ON ARTERIAL BLOOD GASES AND ACID-BASE VALUE IN LATERAL RECUMBENT DONKEYS
     马属动物麻醉对动脉血气及酸碱诸值的影响——驴侧卧保定对动脉血气及酸碱诸值的影响
短句来源
     Determination of Lidocaine in human arterial blood and pharmacokinetics by TDX
     TDX测定利多卡因的人体动脉血药浓度及其药代动力学研究
短句来源
     Effects of Simulated High Altitude on Arterial Oxygen Saturation and Cardiac Index
     模拟4000m和5000m高原人的动脉血氧饱和度和心脏指数的变化
短句来源
     The Significance of Arterial Blood Ketone Body Ratio Changes in Rats with Hepatic Cirrhosis after Hassab Operation
     Hassab手术后肝硬变大鼠动脉血酮体比改变的意义
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  动脉的
     The distances from aboved arterial origin to the medial epicondyle were (15.0±1.5)cm,(4.6±1.3)cm and (6.0±0.8)cm respectively.
     3条动脉的起点距肱骨内上髁的距离分别为:(15.0±1.5)、(4.6±1.3)和(6.0±0.8)cm;
短句来源
     However,the corresponding arterial resistance index of the patient was lower than the contrast group(RI 0 4±0 056 vs 0 7±0 074, P <0 01).
     宫颈癌患者子宫动脉的阻力指数04 ±0056 ,较正常组07 ±0074 低。
短句来源
     (3)The perpendicular distances from the brachial arterial originating points of the superior ulnar collateral artery,inferior ulna collateral artery and posterior ramus of ulnar recurrent artery to ulnar nerv are (1.65±0.35)mm; (2.43± 0.54)mm; (1.86±0.41)mm,respectively.
     (3)尺侧上副动脉、尺侧下副动脉和尺侧返动脉后支从肱动脉的起点处至尺神经垂直距离分别为(1.65±0.35)cm、(2.43±0.54)cm、(1.86±0.41)cm;
短句来源
     Methods Detecting and angyzing the TCD spectrum of cerebral arterial blood in normal Population at plateau by TCD (n=432).
     方法应用TCD技术检测和分析不同年龄段正常人群脑动脉的频谱形态(n=432)。
短句来源
     Methods:Detecting and anglicizing the TCD spectrum contour of cerebral arterial blood of normal person group on plateau by TCD (n=432).
     方法:应用TCD技术检测和分析高原不同年龄段正常人群脑动脉的频谱形态(n=432)。
短句来源
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  干道的
     The numbers of crosswalk on the arterial road are also discussed with two speeds on one dimension mode in this paper.
     最后应用一维二速主干道模型对城市干道的人行横道设置个数进行探讨。
短句来源
     Based on the traffic survey of the main arterial streets in Foshan City, and on the analysis of a large number of survey data, the law of traffic composition of those arterial streets is obtained. The relations between traffic composition and arterial street classification have been probed preliminarily and the result of the study coincids, to a great degree, with the providing of city planning.
     通过对佛山市区主要城市干道的交通调查 ,对大量实测数据进行分析 ,得出这些城市干道的交通组成规律 ,并对交通组成与城市干道类别的关系作了初步探讨 ,其结果与城市规划的规定十分吻合
短句来源
     The traffic efficiency of urban arterial roads play an important role in the whole urban traffic.
     城市主干道的交通效率,从整体上影响着整个城市的交通运作效率。
短句来源
     Based on two-fluid approach, this paper presents a traffic model for urban arterial streets, giving an estimation function which reflects the LOS, and traffic evaluation system. Finally, it gives an example in application.
     以二流理论为基础,建立了城市干道的交通模型,在其基础上提出了反映干道服务水平的评分函数,以及城市干道的交通评价体系,最后给出了模型应用实例。
短句来源
     Two arterial roads in urban and suburban areas of Shanghai were respectively selected to do monitoring based on the meteorological conditions,vehicle flow,vehicle type ratio and CO hourly concentration. The applications of CALINE4 and CAL3QHC modules that were included in CALRoads into a suburban arterial road and urban intersection respectively have been verified with the monitoring data.
     根据上海市市区、郊区典型主干道的气象条件、车流量、车型比例,以及CO小时质量浓度的监测资料,采用CALRoads模式中CALINE4和CAL3QHC模块,对郊区主干道和市区典型路口的适用条件分别进行了验证。
短句来源

 

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      arterial
    Association of metabolic syndrome with arterial compliance in children and adolescents
          
    The association of metabolic syndrome (MS) with arterial compliance in children and adolescents was explored.
          
    Arterial compliance was measured using digital pulse wave analyzing method from the pulse trace machine (Micro medical, London), and then the stiffness index (SI) was determined.
          
    The arterial compliance of MS group was significantly lowered in children and adolescents, and with the increase of the clustering of MS components, arterial compliance was gradually decreased.
          
    It was suggested that arterial compliance assessment in children and adolescents was important for early prevention of cardiovascular diseases.
          
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    On the dog heart-lung preparations,therapeu- tic doses of potassium antimony tartrate could produce a definite cardio-inhibitory effect,as shown by a rise of the left auricular pressure and venous pressure,along with a slight drop in the arterial pressure.The pulmonary arterial pressure rose also in many cases,particularly when the pH of the injected drug solution was raised to 7.Also observable were some dilatation of the heart, some slowing of its beat and some diminution of the minute volume.Ventricular...

    On the dog heart-lung preparations,therapeu- tic doses of potassium antimony tartrate could produce a definite cardio-inhibitory effect,as shown by a rise of the left auricular pressure and venous pressure,along with a slight drop in the arterial pressure.The pulmonary arterial pressure rose also in many cases,particularly when the pH of the injected drug solution was raised to 7.Also observable were some dilatation of the heart, some slowing of its beat and some diminution of the minute volume.Ventricular fibrillation was produced repeatedly in one preparation by small doses of adrenaline given after the antimony com. pound.

    对于犬心肺装置,治疗剂量的酒石酸锑钾可产生明显的心臓抑制作用,此种抑制可表现为:左心房压的显著升高,腔静脉压的升高与动脉压的轻微低降。肺动脉压的升高,在注射 pH 7的酒石酸锑钾溶液后特别显著。同时也可观察到心臓的扩张,心率的变慢与心输出量的减少。在锑剂作用后,小剂量肾上腺素产生心室颤动。此种现象曾在一犬反复出现多次,值得作进一步研究。

    General hypothermia was produced in 27 rabbits under nembutal anesthesia by immersing in an ice water bath, during the course of which, the carotid blood pressure was registered, the depressor and pressor reflexes elicited by faradic stimulation of the central end of the depressor nerve and by temporary occlusion of one side of the carotid artery respectively were examined. Besides, both reflexes were also observed in five nembutalized rabbits with differential brain cooling and in another five with local refrigeration...

    General hypothermia was produced in 27 rabbits under nembutal anesthesia by immersing in an ice water bath, during the course of which, the carotid blood pressure was registered, the depressor and pressor reflexes elicited by faradic stimulation of the central end of the depressor nerve and by temporary occlusion of one side of the carotid artery respectively were examined. Besides, both reflexes were also observed in five nembutalized rabbits with differential brain cooling and in another five with local refrigeration of the sinus and the depressor nerves in order to elucidate the relative importance of the brain and the afferent nerve in the effect of hypothermia. Finally, the influence of adrenaline given intravenously upon the arterial pressure was compared in another 4 rabbits at various levels of general hypothermia. During the course of general hypothermia, the depressor reflex remained unchanged until the colonic temperature fell below 30℃, and then diminished progressively with the further fall of body temperature, finally disappearing at about 22-23℃. The pressor reflex, on the other hand, showed an initial exaggeration followed by gradual diminution. Rewarming of the animal restored both reflexes to the level before cooling. Correlation of the strength of the stimulus with the size of the induced depressor response in the course of general hypothermia revealed in about 1/3 of the cases the characteristic phasic changes of parabiotic inhibition. While the general course of the changes of vascular reflexes with differential brain cooling resembled that in general hypothermia, the former procedure was, however, more effective. The local refrigeration of the afferent nerves produced the least effect. The brain apparently played an important role in the effect of hypothermia on the vascular reflexes. The fact that the pressor response to the injection of adrenaline was still quite significant at the colonic temperature of 22-23℃ indicates that the cardio-vacsular effector was more resistant to the general hypothermia.

    (一)本实验是對家兔全身低溫過程中血管內感受性加壓和減壓反射的變化進行了研究,並闡明了这种變化的機制。 (二)在低溫初期,血管內感受性减壓反射無明顯變化;自31℃以下,反射隨體溫降低而呈直线的減弱。加壓反射則初期增强,隨後減弱。復溫後,兩種反射恢復正常。 (三)選擇性頭部低溫與全身低溫一樣地引起血管內感受性反射的減弱,這說明全身低溫時的上述反射變化主要取决於低溫對神經中樞的作用,而這種作用可能使中樞處於間生性抑制狀態。 (四)低溫對反射弧的傳入和傳出環節以及效應裝置亦有作用;但在一般低溫狀態下,這種作用對反射性效應的影響不大。 (五)低溫至28℃左右時,仍有相當明顯的內感受性反射,這一事實具有一定的臨床意義。本文承吳襄教授指正和馮鎮沅同志提出寶貴意見,陈玉霜同志在工作中给予經常的協助,謹此一併致谢。

    The intoxication from tartar emetic is presumed to be concerned with certain disorders of the central nervous system, but the study of the cerebral circulation in this aspect is still lacking. We used unanesthetized male rabbits, ligated the vertebral arteries and all the branches of the common carotid arteries except the internal carotid. Both common carotid arteries were connected to the bubble flow meter for measuring the intracranial blood flow. The averages and the standard deviations of 84 normal rabbits:...

    The intoxication from tartar emetic is presumed to be concerned with certain disorders of the central nervous system, but the study of the cerebral circulation in this aspect is still lacking. We used unanesthetized male rabbits, ligated the vertebral arteries and all the branches of the common carotid arteries except the internal carotid. Both common carotid arteries were connected to the bubble flow meter for measuring the intracranial blood flow. The averages and the standard deviations of 84 normal rabbits: the mean arterial blood pressure (BP) was 107±17 mm Hg, the cerebral blood flow (CBF) 142±35 ml/100 g brain/minute, and the cerebral vascular resistance (CVR) 0.80±0.24 mm Hg/ml blood/100 g brain/minute. Intravenous injection of a dose of tartar emetic 4-6 mg/kg or three-day's intensive treatment (4 mg/kg b. i. d.) had no measurable influence on the cerebral circulation. Intravenous drip of 15-20 mg/kg produced a slowing of CBF, but no action on CVR. Intraperitoneal administration of 20 mg/kg gave only slight alterations; with increasing doses up to 80 mg/kg, the decrease of CBF and the increase of CVR became remarkable. So the therapeutic doses of tartar emetic rendered little change in the cerebral circalation, while the toxic doses yielded a reduction of CBF and a constriction of the intracranial vessels. Before the cardiac arrhythmias occurred, the CBF had been diminishing and the CVR enhancing. At the time that the cerebral circulation was in a state of very low BP, very slow CBF and very high CVR, the electro cardiogram also revealed arrhythmias. Intracarotid injections of small doses (below 4μg) of tartar emetic did not modify the cerebral circulation, whereas a large dose (0:8 mg) induced a striking rise of CBF and a precipitous drop of CVR, lasting a few minutes. Intravenous administration of sodium dimercaptosuccinate 0.25 g/kg conferred no marked action, but a dose twice the amount brought about cardiac arrhythmia together with a dwindling CBF and an augmenting CVR. Intravenous injection of atropine sulfate 1 mg/kg yielded a tendency to decreasing CBF and increasing CVR, while 2 mg/kg produced an evidently high CBF accompanied by a low CVR. Intracarotid injections of either sodium dimercaptosuccinate or atropine elicited a prompt rise of CBF and a fall Of CVR.

    (一)用气泡流量計测定84只不麻醉雄兔的脑血流,頸动脉平均血压(BP)是107±17毫米汞柱,脑血流量(CBF)是142±35毫升/100克脑/分鐘,脑血管阻力(CVR)为0.80±0.24毫米汞柱/毫升血/100克脑/分鐘。在持續試驗2小时过程中比較稳定。 (二)吐酒石的作用:治疗量和三日疗法对兔脑血流无明显影响,靜脉和腹腔用藥40毫克/千克以上时,均呈現不同程度的CBF减慢和CVR增大。CVR主要反映脑血管口徑的变化,所以中毒剂量的吐酒石有收縮脑血管的作用。發生心律紊乱前,CBF已在逐漸减慢,而CVR正行加大。再繼續观察,当处于BP显著低、CBF显著慢、OVR显著大的状态时,心电圖也發現心律紊乱。 頸动脉注射吐酒石4微克以下对脑血流无影响,只有在極高的濃度(0.8毫克)时,發生CBF驟增,CVR頓时銳减,数分鐘后复原。 (三)靜脉注射二巯基丁二酸鈉0.25克/千克时,未發現对CBF和CVR的明显作用。而剂量加倍时則引起心律紊乱、CBF减慢和CVR加大。靜脉注射硫酸阿託品1毫克/千克时,有CBF减少和CVR增大的趋势。2毫克/千克时,CBF明显增多,CVR同时变小。 頸动脉注射二巯基丁二酸鈉4.8毫克或硫酸...

    (一)用气泡流量計测定84只不麻醉雄兔的脑血流,頸动脉平均血压(BP)是107±17毫米汞柱,脑血流量(CBF)是142±35毫升/100克脑/分鐘,脑血管阻力(CVR)为0.80±0.24毫米汞柱/毫升血/100克脑/分鐘。在持續試驗2小时过程中比較稳定。 (二)吐酒石的作用:治疗量和三日疗法对兔脑血流无明显影响,靜脉和腹腔用藥40毫克/千克以上时,均呈現不同程度的CBF减慢和CVR增大。CVR主要反映脑血管口徑的变化,所以中毒剂量的吐酒石有收縮脑血管的作用。發生心律紊乱前,CBF已在逐漸减慢,而CVR正行加大。再繼續观察,当处于BP显著低、CBF显著慢、OVR显著大的状态时,心电圖也發現心律紊乱。 頸动脉注射吐酒石4微克以下对脑血流无影响,只有在極高的濃度(0.8毫克)时,發生CBF驟增,CVR頓时銳减,数分鐘后复原。 (三)靜脉注射二巯基丁二酸鈉0.25克/千克时,未發現对CBF和CVR的明显作用。而剂量加倍时則引起心律紊乱、CBF减慢和CVR加大。靜脉注射硫酸阿託品1毫克/千克时,有CBF减少和CVR增大的趋势。2毫克/千克时,CBF明显增多,CVR同时变小。 頸动脉注射二巯基丁二酸鈉4.8毫克或硫酸阿託品20微克后,均立卽出現CBF加快,CVR减小。

     
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