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    MICROVASCULATURE RESEARCH ON ALL RADIAL NERVE
    桡神经干微血管构筑的研究
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    The majority of FG labeled neurons in the TG showed EM2-immunoreactivities. Almost all of the EM2/FG double-labeled neurons were medium and small in size.
    TG内的许多FG标记神经元呈EM2阳性,FG/EM2双标神经元多为中、小型神经元。
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    only the 5th instar larvae all had the specific allergen of 30 kD. We purified the protein of 30 kD by ion exchange chromatography and gel isolation and identified it as ectoblast protein by MALDI-TOF-MS.
    但只有5龄家蚕的30kD蛋白为特异性变应原,通过离子交换层析和经切胶纯化出30kD蛋白,再经MALDI-TOF-MS鉴定该蛋白为外膜蛋白。
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    Compared with the non-apoptotic ALD-DNA,it was demonstrated that all the low apoptotic ALD-DNA,median apoptotic ALD-DNA and high apoptotic ALD-DNA could induce the production of anti-dsDNA antibody responses.
    结果显示,ALD-DNA的凋亡水平与其诱导产生的抗双链DNA抗体水平成正相关,二者的相关系数r=0.852;
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    In the transfection tests, PEI (10kD)-PBLG/pDNA complexes could be transfected into all the cell lines that were tested. These provided the highest level of EGFP expression (45.02%) in Hela cells, which was considerably higher than that of PEI(10kD)/pEGFP (29.16%).
    其中PEI-PBLG(10kD)/pEGFP复合物转染Hela细胞的比率为45.02%,高于PEI(10kD)/pEGFP的29.16%;
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In all these cases we actually show that Γ=π1(M) has a finite index subgroup which is mapped onto a nonabelian free group.
      
The aim of the paper is to describe all open subsets of a projective space with an action of a reductive group which admits a good quotient.
      
This allows us to obtain a complete list of all irreducible linear groups with a polynomial ring of invariants.
      
Whenever the action of a maximal torus on the coneCλ* has some nice properties, we obtain simple closed formulas for all weight multiplicities and theirq-analogs in the representationsVnλ,n∈?.
      
As a corollary we obtain an easy proof of a theorem of Borel and Serre: AnS-arithmetic subgroup of a semisimple group has all the finiteness propertiesFn.
      
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The effect of aqueous ethanol (50% v/v) on the activity of purified mushroom polyphenol oxidase has been found to be as follows: (1)The oxidation of catechol or pyrogallol is greatly stimulated,an increase in the rate of oxygen uptake of over 100% having been invariably observed with catechol as the substrate,whereas the oxidation of other substituted o-dihydric phenols is inhibited in 50% ethanol. (2)When excess ascorbic acid is added to the reaction mixture to reduce o-quinone back to catechol as soon as the...

The effect of aqueous ethanol (50% v/v) on the activity of purified mushroom polyphenol oxidase has been found to be as follows: (1)The oxidation of catechol or pyrogallol is greatly stimulated,an increase in the rate of oxygen uptake of over 100% having been invariably observed with catechol as the substrate,whereas the oxidation of other substituted o-dihydric phenols is inhibited in 50% ethanol. (2)When excess ascorbic acid is added to the reaction mixture to reduce o-quinone back to catechol as soon as the former is formed,the same stimulatory effect of ethanol on the rate of oxygen uptake has also been observed,indicating that ethanol stimulates only in the early stages of catechol oxidation.Treatment of the experimental results obtained in the presence of excess ascorbic acid and of different catechol concentrations according to Lineweaver and Burk shows that ethanol doubles the maximal velocity and raises the Michaelis constant 7-fold from 0.072 mM to 0.49 mM. Similar results have been obtained with pyrogallol as the substrate.This seems to suggest that the enzyme has a lower affinity for its substrates in 50% ethanol than in aqueous solution. (3)From simultaneous determinations of the amount of oxygen con- sumed and the amount of ascorbic acid oxidized the value of 1 is obtained for the ratio of oxygen consumed:ascorbic acid oxidized,both in the absence and in the presence of ethanol.This seems to indicate that the presence of ethanol does not affect the complete reduction of oxygen to water by the action of polyphenol oxidase. The effect of a number of other organic solvents on catechol oxidation has also been examined.Methanol,iso-propanol,tert-butanol and acetone are all stimulatory whereas dioxane,ethylene glycol and glycerol are in- hibitory.In 50% acetone,the rate of oxygen uptake is 3 times that of the control in aqueous solution.

(一)乙醇能够使多酚氧化酶接触儿茶酚及焦性没食子酸氧化的活力提高,在50%乙醇溶液中,以儿茶酚为底料时,多酚氧化酶的活力比没有乙醇存在时的活力高出一倍以上。(二)50%的乙醇不能使多酚氧化酶接触其他双酚衍生物氧化的活力提高,相反地却有抑制作用。(三)无论有无抗坏血酸的存在,50%乙醇对多酚氧化酶活力的提高程度是一样的,在有一定量的抗坏血酸的存在下,多酚氧化酶对儿茶酚的 Michaelis 常数(25℃)在水溶液及50%乙醇溶液中各为0.072×10~(-3)M 及0.49×10~(-3)M。(四)乙醇的存在,并不影响多酚氧化酶氧化儿茶酚作用时氧气被完全还原为水的作用。无论乙醇存在与否,每一分子底料的氧化,都消耗一个氧原子。(五)其他水溶性有机溶剂对多酚氧化酶氧化儿茶酚活力的影响不同,如甲醇、异丙醇、叔丁醇、丙酮等能使酶活力提高;但1,4-二氧己圜、乙二醇、甘油等则有抑制作用。50%丙酮能使酶活力提高约3倍。

203 adult sacrals (143 males and 60 females)were investigated.The average height of the sacral canal was 66.8 mm.The sagital length of the sacral canal was 14.0 mm and its transverse length 31.0 mm.The sagital length of the outlet of the sacral canal was 5.9 mm.and it was 5.0% less than 2.0 mm. Sacral hiatus might be classified according to the following six types: 1)Triangular(23.0%),2)Sharp and long(19.4%),3)Square(11.3%),4) Rectangular(11.3%),5)Horse-shoe(20.0%),and 6)Irregular(15.0%). The longitudinal and...

203 adult sacrals (143 males and 60 females)were investigated.The average height of the sacral canal was 66.8 mm.The sagital length of the sacral canal was 14.0 mm and its transverse length 31.0 mm.The sagital length of the outlet of the sacral canal was 5.9 mm.and it was 5.0% less than 2.0 mm. Sacral hiatus might be classified according to the following six types: 1)Triangular(23.0%),2)Sharp and long(19.4%),3)Square(11.3%),4) Rectangular(11.3%),5)Horse-shoe(20.0%),and 6)Irregular(15.0%). The longitudinal and transversal distance between all sacral posterior foramens were measured. Among the 203 sacrals,it was found that the percentage of normal simple promonory(25th vertebra)was quite high(85.7%),simple promontory formed by 2nd sacral vertebra(26th vertebra)was less than 2.5%,whereas double promontories formed by 25th and 24th vertebrae were found to be 11.8%. In general,the lower margin of the auricular surface reached the third sacral vertebra,but in women it was shorter than in men. The sacral lengths were measured as follows: 1)the largest height—108.0 mm. 2)the largest breadth of the upper portion—111.0 mm 3)the middle breadth—85.0 mm. 4)the highest curvature—119.0 mm. 5)the sagital length of the sacral base—31.0 mm. 6)the breadth of the sacral base—50.0 mm. All the sacral indices were counted as follows: 1)the sacral index—102.7. 2)the index of the sacral breadth—76.6. 3)the index of the sacral curvature—110. 2. 4)the index of the sacral curvature-difference—1.85. 5)the index of the sacral base—62.0. The relation between sacral variations and sacral block anesthesia was discussed.

1.作者观察测量了203个国人的骶骨。2.骶管平均高度是66.8毫米;入口横径平均为31.0毫米,矢状径平均为14.0毫米;出口矢状径平均为5.9毫米,小于2.0毫米者占5.0%。3.骶裂孔可分为三角形23.0%,尖长形19.4%,方形11.3%,长方形11.3%,马蹄形20.0%,其他15.0%为变异的不规则形。4.在骶骨上测量了上下位骶后孔之间的距离及左右位骶后孔之间的距离。5.就203个国人骶骨岬观察的结果,具有重岬者占11.8%;其中85.7%为正常的单岬;于产科内诊测量骨盆入口直径时,应注意重岬。6.耳状面下缘位于第3骶椎中部以下者,男性占74.0%,女性占66.0%,耳状面下缘位于第3骶椎中部以上者,女性占34.0%,而男性为26.0%,女性的耳状面短于男性的耳状面,由于女性骨盆上所有关节面比较男性短的原故。7.骶骨最大高径平均为108.0毫米;上部最大幅径平均为111.0毫米;中部幅径平均为85.0毫米;最高曲径平均为119.0毫米;骶基矢状径平均为31.0毫米,幅径平均为50.0毫米。8.骶骨指数平均为102.7,骶幅指数平均为76.6,骶曲指数平均为110.2,骶骨曲差指数平均为1.85,骶...

1.作者观察测量了203个国人的骶骨。2.骶管平均高度是66.8毫米;入口横径平均为31.0毫米,矢状径平均为14.0毫米;出口矢状径平均为5.9毫米,小于2.0毫米者占5.0%。3.骶裂孔可分为三角形23.0%,尖长形19.4%,方形11.3%,长方形11.3%,马蹄形20.0%,其他15.0%为变异的不规则形。4.在骶骨上测量了上下位骶后孔之间的距离及左右位骶后孔之间的距离。5.就203个国人骶骨岬观察的结果,具有重岬者占11.8%;其中85.7%为正常的单岬;于产科内诊测量骨盆入口直径时,应注意重岬。6.耳状面下缘位于第3骶椎中部以下者,男性占74.0%,女性占66.0%,耳状面下缘位于第3骶椎中部以上者,女性占34.0%,而男性为26.0%,女性的耳状面短于男性的耳状面,由于女性骨盆上所有关节面比较男性短的原故。7.骶骨最大高径平均为108.0毫米;上部最大幅径平均为111.0毫米;中部幅径平均为85.0毫米;最高曲径平均为119.0毫米;骶基矢状径平均为31.0毫米,幅径平均为50.0毫米。8.骶骨指数平均为102.7,骶幅指数平均为76.6,骶曲指数平均为110.2,骶骨曲差指数平均为1.85,骶基指数平均为63.3。9.骶骨与骶部麻醉有很大的关系,Trotter及Letterman和卜国铉均曾论及,作者检查203个骶骨中,亦发见阻碍针刺的各种情况,认为在进行国人骶管阻滞麻醉时,应注意下列几点:a)测定骶裂孔位置时,勿误将裂孔边缘的结节状隆起(158.0%)认为骶角,可摸测骶中嵴的末端膨大(58.0%)作为辅助的标志。但也有呈一对结节将隆起者(16.0%)。b)针刺宜在正中线进行,裂孔常有高低位置不同,先从低位针刺,(方形及三角形骶裂孔共占34.3%)再渐行高位针刺(长方形,尖长形及马蹄形骶裂孔共占50.7%)。c)针刺受阻时,应考虑其他15.0%的骶裂孔的变异形状或针刺不入亦应考虑骶裂孔尖端矢状径小于2.0毫米。 d)针刺后软部组织肿胀而药液外漏时应考虑到骶管后壁的全部开放或部份缺裂的情况共占25.5%,不过其中17.5%为骶管后壁上部的裂口,对此并无妨碍。

(1) In 12 apparently healthy monkeys, the average respiratory rate was 46/minute, heart rate 227/minute, systolic/diastolic pressures 155/123 mm Hg, rectal temperature 39.0℃, erythrocytes 5.3 millionscu mm, leukocytes 15700 cu mm, among which lymphocytes 50.8%, neutrophils 45.0%, monocytes 2.0%, eosinophils 1.6%, and basophils 0.6%. (2) Sb-11 (H_2O_3Sb SCH_2COONa) is a pentavalent antimonial salt of stibonic acid. Intravenous injections at the daily dosage of 10 mg/kg in monkeys for 3 or 6 weeks produced no...

(1) In 12 apparently healthy monkeys, the average respiratory rate was 46/minute, heart rate 227/minute, systolic/diastolic pressures 155/123 mm Hg, rectal temperature 39.0℃, erythrocytes 5.3 millionscu mm, leukocytes 15700 cu mm, among which lymphocytes 50.8%, neutrophils 45.0%, monocytes 2.0%, eosinophils 1.6%, and basophils 0.6%. (2) Sb-11 (H_2O_3Sb SCH_2COONa) is a pentavalent antimonial salt of stibonic acid. Intravenous injections at the daily dosage of 10 mg/kg in monkeys for 3 or 6 weeks produced no cough, nausea, vomiting, anorexia or other reactions. Likewise, Sb-11 had no significant influence on the respiration, blood pressure, EXG, temperature, and the blood cell counts. (3) Five monkeys were each infected with 300 cercariae of Schistosoma japonicum. Beginning on the 43rd day after the infection, Sb-11 was given intravenously on 3 monkeys at the dosage of 10 mg/kg/day for 3 weeks. The remaining 2 monkeys served as control. After a holding period of another 4 weeks, the monkeys were autopsied. The numbers of the helminths remained in the 3 monkeys of the medicated group were 0, 1 and 13 respectively, with the schistosomes all degenerated, while those of the control group were 81 and 138 respectively. So the therapeutic effect of Sb-11 was vory remarkable. (4) The toxicity of Sb-11 was rather low. Drug tolerance to Sb-11 developed quickly in monkeys; which showed no toxic manifestations after a course as long as 6 weeks. Hence Sb-11 is recommended to be tried clinically on those patients who cannot receive intensive treatment of tartar emetic.

(一) 12只正常猴子平均呼吸頻率为46次/分,心跳为227次/分,收縮壓/舒張壓为155/12s毫米汞柱,體溫为39.0℃。平均紅血球5.3百萬/立方毫米,白血球15.7千/立方毫米,其中淋巴球50.8%,嗜中性45.0%,單核球2.0%,嗜酸性1.6%及嗜鹼性0.6%。 (二) Sb-11(H_2O_3Sb-SCH_2COONa)是5價之(月弟)酸鹽。猴子靜脈每天10毫克/千克,共3週或6週,無咳嗽、噁心嘔吐及食量減少等毒性反應,且對呼吸,血壓、心電圖、體溫及血球數等也無顯著影響。 (三) 5猴各感染日本血吸蟲尾蚴300條,其中2猴不给藥作對照,3猴自感染後第43天開始治療,劑量10毫克/千克/天,療程3週,停藥4週後解剖。對照组2猴各餘存蟲81與138條;治療組8猴分別餘存蟲0,1與13條,蟲體萎縮,所以療效非常顯著。 (四) Sb-11毒性低,對猴子能產生耐藥性,療程延長至6週亦無毒性表現。所以我們建議,臨床上吐酒石短程療法禁忌的病人,可試用Sb-11。

 
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