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  急性淋巴细胞白血病
    Results:In 46 ALL patients,positive rate of myeloid surface antigens CD13,CD33 were 26.1 % and 21.7 %.
    在急性淋巴细胞白血病中CD13,CD33阳性率分别为26.1%,21.7%;
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    The results indicated that the positive rate of survivin gene in 37 leukemia patients was 67.6% (25/37) and significantly higher than that in normal control (20.0%). The expression level was higher in ALL cells than that in AML cells (73.3% vs 63.6%).
    结果显示:37例白血病患者中有25例表达survivin,阳性率为67.6%,其中急性淋巴细胞白血病(ALL)细胞中survivin mRNA表达阳性率为73.3%,高于急性髓系白血病(AML),但均高于正常对照组(20.0%)(P<0.05)。
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    Methods Expression of WT1 was measured in 56 acute leukemia children and 12 control children by RT-PCR method. Expression of bcl-2 was measured in 40 ALL children by immunofluorescence flow cytometry.
    方法应用逆转录-聚合酶链反应(RT-PCR)方法测定56例急性白血病患儿及12例对照患儿的WT1基因表达,同时采用免疫荧光流式细胞术观察40例急性淋巴细胞白血病(ALL)患儿抗凋亡基因bcl-2的表达。
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    OBJECTIVE:To investigate the association of aberrations of chromosome 21 with trisomies 4, 10 and 17 in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and to determine their clinical significance of those findings.
    目的:探讨急性淋巴细胞白血病(a-cute lymphoblastic leukemia,ALL)患者21号染色体畸变与4、10、17号染色体三倍体的相关性及其临床意义。
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    Objective To explore the relationships among the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF) and anti-apoptosis Bcl-2 gene,various clinical risk groups,early respond to chemotherapy and their prognosis in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia(ALL).
    目的探讨血管内皮生长因子(VEGF)和抗凋亡基因Bcl-2在儿童急性淋巴细胞白血病(ALL)的表达与临床危险分级和早期治疗反应及其预后的关系。
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  “all”译为未确定词的双语例句
    PRELIMINARY STUDY ON THE EFFECT AND SAFETY OF McAb 3A1-DAUNOMYCIN IMMUNOCONJUGATE IN CLINICAL TREATMENT OF ALL
    3A1-柔红霉素对急性T细胞白血病的效果与安全性初探
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    The patients were followed up for 2-53 months. MACE developed in 4 cases(9.5%),all were TLR.
    随访2~53个月,总MACE4例(9.5%),其中靶段血管再建术(TLR)4例(9.5%)。
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    Methods:A total of 94 patients with primary hypertension and 58 men with normotension as control were included in the study,mean age 54.2±13.6 and 50.8±10.7 respectively. All were asked to complete a questionnaire including IIEF-5,and IIEF domain scores were compared between the 2 groups.
    方法:随机选择年龄分布无显著差别的94例原发性高血压患者和58例正常血压健康男性(54.2±13.6,50.8±10.7),体检后独立完成IIEF-5问卷,分析比较2组ED发生率以及勃起功能、射精功能、性欲、性交满意度、总体满意度情况。
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    Results:Procedural complication rate(4.5%vs 6.9%vs 6.0%)were not significantly different among the three groups(all P>0.05).
    结果:甲、乙、丙3组手术并发症发生率(4.5%、6.9%和6.0%)差异无显著性意义(P>0.05)。
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    To investigate the clinical significance of detecting the levels of serum IL-12,IFN-γ and LDH in patients with acute lymphocyte leukemia(ALL).
    目的探讨急性淋巴细胞性白血病(ALL)患者血清白细胞介素12(IL-12)、γ干扰素(IFN-γ)及乳酸脱氢酶(LDH)测定的临床意义。
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  all
In all these cases we actually show that Γ=π1(M) has a finite index subgroup which is mapped onto a nonabelian free group.
      
The aim of the paper is to describe all open subsets of a projective space with an action of a reductive group which admits a good quotient.
      
This allows us to obtain a complete list of all irreducible linear groups with a polynomial ring of invariants.
      
Whenever the action of a maximal torus on the coneCλ* has some nice properties, we obtain simple closed formulas for all weight multiplicities and theirq-analogs in the representationsVnλ,n∈?.
      
As a corollary we obtain an easy proof of a theorem of Borel and Serre: AnS-arithmetic subgroup of a semisimple group has all the finiteness propertiesFn.
      
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Cardiac output was determined according to Fick's principle, while renaI blood flow (RBF) and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) were measured from the clearances of PAH and creatinine. One hour after an i.v. injection of guanethidine 5 mg/kg, normal dogs showed a very slight hypotension, which was relatively more noticeable in renal hypertensive dogs. The cardiac output, stroke volume, and ventricular work tended to decrease tn normotensive dogs, but tended to augment in hypertensive dogs. These alterations,...

Cardiac output was determined according to Fick's principle, while renaI blood flow (RBF) and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) were measured from the clearances of PAH and creatinine. One hour after an i.v. injection of guanethidine 5 mg/kg, normal dogs showed a very slight hypotension, which was relatively more noticeable in renal hypertensive dogs. The cardiac output, stroke volume, and ventricular work tended to decrease tn normotensive dogs, but tended to augment in hypertensive dogs. These alterations, however, were statistically insignificant. The total peripheral resistance was not much influenced by guanethidine in normal dogs, yet markedly diminished in hypertensive dogs. Diuresis was evident during the 1-hour postmedication period in both models. In hypertensive dogs, i.v. administrations of guanethidine caused a conspicuous rise of RBF and GFR, but a great reduction of the renal vascular resistance. In normal rats, following an i.p. injection of 20 mg/kg, the circulating blood volume (studied with I~(131)-labeled serum protein) exhibited a slight but non-significant increase within 3 hours, and returned to the original level at 24 hours. No significant change was found in DOCA-treated rats. Normal rats receiving guanethidine revealed an increase of blood volumes in all organs, especially spleen and kidney. These results demonstrate that the hypotensive action of guanethidine is not via the reduction of blood volume, but by way of a vasodilator action, which particularly amends the ischemic state of kidney and thus alleviates the pathologic process of renal hypertension.

本文用正常血压及腎型高血压狗研究胍乙啶对心和腎的血流动力作用,并用大白鼠試驗其对循环及器官血容量的影响。根据Fick氏原則測定心輸出量,同时从腎脏对于对氨基馬尿酸及肌酐的清除率計算腎血流量及腎小球滤过率。靜脉注射胍乙啶5毫克/公斤1小时后,正常狗血压略有降低,高血压狗降压則較为明显。胍乙啶对正常血压狗的心輸出量、心搏量及心室作功量有減 低的趋向,而对腎型高血压狗則略有增加,但均不显著。胍乙啶不影响正常狗的外周血管阻力,而能显著降低腎型高血压狗的总外周阻力,扩张其外周血管。注射胍乙啶后,正常血压及腎型高血压狗的尿量增加均非常显著。腎型高血压狗的腎小球滤过率及腎血流量都非常显著地低于正常狗,腎血管阻力則大大地高于正常狗,靜脉注射胍乙啶后,滤过率及血流量均明显增加,而血管阻力則大大降低。正常大白鼠腹腔注射胍乙啶20毫克/公斤后,3小时內循环血量略有增加,但不显著,6小时后开始恢复,2斗小时后回至原水平。对注射DOCA的大白鼠的循环血量則沒有明显影响。正常大白鼠注射胍乙啶后,各器官及組織內合血量普遍有增加趋势,其中以脾及腎的血容量增加最为明显,說明胍乙啶对这些部位的血管有扩张作用。上述資料証明:胍乙啶的降压作用并非通...

本文用正常血压及腎型高血压狗研究胍乙啶对心和腎的血流动力作用,并用大白鼠試驗其对循环及器官血容量的影响。根据Fick氏原則測定心輸出量,同时从腎脏对于对氨基馬尿酸及肌酐的清除率計算腎血流量及腎小球滤过率。靜脉注射胍乙啶5毫克/公斤1小时后,正常狗血压略有降低,高血压狗降压則較为明显。胍乙啶对正常血压狗的心輸出量、心搏量及心室作功量有減 低的趋向,而对腎型高血压狗則略有增加,但均不显著。胍乙啶不影响正常狗的外周血管阻力,而能显著降低腎型高血压狗的总外周阻力,扩张其外周血管。注射胍乙啶后,正常血压及腎型高血压狗的尿量增加均非常显著。腎型高血压狗的腎小球滤过率及腎血流量都非常显著地低于正常狗,腎血管阻力則大大地高于正常狗,靜脉注射胍乙啶后,滤过率及血流量均明显增加,而血管阻力則大大降低。正常大白鼠腹腔注射胍乙啶20毫克/公斤后,3小时內循环血量略有增加,但不显著,6小时后开始恢复,2斗小时后回至原水平。对注射DOCA的大白鼠的循环血量則沒有明显影响。正常大白鼠注射胍乙啶后,各器官及組織內合血量普遍有增加趋势,其中以脾及腎的血容量增加最为明显,說明胍乙啶对这些部位的血管有扩张作用。上述資料証明:胍乙啶的降压作用并非通过循环血量的減少,而是由于外周血管的扩张所致。胍乙啶能扩张腎血管,改善腎缺血状态,从而緩解腎型高血压的病理生理过程。

Intracardiac phonocardiography was studied both in human beings and animals.The local- made microphone sealed in the tip of a Courn- and's cardiac catheter was used.The phonocar- diogram was recorded through N.E.P.mul- tichannel physiological recorder. Ten noncardiac patients were subjected to the study.To each of them a No.7 phonoca- theter was inserted through the peripheral vein to the right heart.Heart sounds were recorded in the pulmonary artery,the right ventricle and the right auricle.Ordinary phonocardiogram,...

Intracardiac phonocardiography was studied both in human beings and animals.The local- made microphone sealed in the tip of a Courn- and's cardiac catheter was used.The phonocar- diogram was recorded through N.E.P.mul- tichannel physiological recorder. Ten noncardiac patients were subjected to the study.To each of them a No.7 phonoca- theter was inserted through the peripheral vein to the right heart.Heart sounds were recorded in the pulmonary artery,the right ventricle and the right auricle.Ordinary phonocardiogram, limb leads electrocardiogram and carotid pulse tracing were recorded simultaneously.In the animal study,ten dogs were used.Under ex- perimental condition,eight dogs had their hearts exposed through open-chest,No.4 or No.7 phonocatheter was inserted in each heart cham- ber,the ascending aorta and the pulmonary artery either by direct puncture or through in- cision.Additional tracings were recorded when aortic stenosis and pulmonary stenosis had been artificially created.In the remaining two dogs, the phonocatheter being inserted through jugular vein,tracings from right heart were recorded only. All the intracardiac phonocardiographic tracings were carefully analyzed and compared with those ordinary phonocardiograms.The results are presented in detail. The authors believe that:(1) intracardiac phonocardiogram which has been obtained in each heart chamber or great vessel reflects the heart sound produced there;(2) the 2nd com- ponent of the 1st heart sound is likely produced by closure of the atrioventricular valves,while the 3rd component is produced by opening of the semilunar valves;(3) there is always a systolic murmur in the pulmonary artery;(4)cardiac murmur is transmitted in the direction of blood flow,and is not transmitted in the opposite direction of blood flow;(5)when intracardiac phonocardiogram is recorded care is taken not to include the sound produced by friction bet- ween microphone and endocardial surface of the heart.

本文报告应用国产微型心音图微音器,通过心脏插管检查,进行人及狗心腔内心音图检查的结果。认为此微音器可以记录人的一侧心脏腔内的心音,对杂音的起源有定位作用,是诊断心脏病中的一项有价值的工具。文中对10例正常人右心各腔与10只狗左右心各腔的心音图进行分析,并就正常人右心各腔心昔图的特点、第一音的第二、三部分的发生机制、心腔内杂音的传播情况以及本检查应注意的事项等方面,加以讨论。

Under the guidance of Chairman Mao's revolutionary line, the medical workers of our hospital have gone out to the factories, worker-shops and workers' residential districts to examine and prevent diseases of the broad labouring masses. The variation of serum lipids in 1835 healthy subjects (from the newborn to 102 years of age), most of them workers, were investigated during the period from October, 1973 to December, 1974. The results are summarized as follows:The frequency distribution of serum cholesterol...

Under the guidance of Chairman Mao's revolutionary line, the medical workers of our hospital have gone out to the factories, worker-shops and workers' residential districts to examine and prevent diseases of the broad labouring masses. The variation of serum lipids in 1835 healthy subjects (from the newborn to 102 years of age), most of them workers, were investigated during the period from October, 1973 to December, 1974. The results are summarized as follows:The frequency distribution of serum cholesterol values followed the normal distribution in all age groups. The frequency distribution of values for serum triglyceride and β-lipoprotein were both skewed in most age groups.In general, there was a tendency for the concentration of serum lipids to increase with age. There was no difference in cholesterol concentration between men and women below fifty years of age, while women had a higher value than men at ages above fifty. The serum triglyceride level was slightly higher in men than in women below fifty; above fifty years of age women had a significantly higher serum triglyceride level than men.The results of statistical analysis indicate that the normal limits of values for serum cholesterol, triglyceride and β-lipoprotein in healthy working people to be 100 mg/100 ml, 110 mg/100 ml and 500 mg/100 ml respectively; the upper limits being 220 mg/100 ml, 160 mg/100 ml and 610 mg/100 ml respectively. Using the WHO classification, Type Ⅱ_a, Type Ⅱ_b and Type Ⅳ hyperlipoproteinemia were shown to be the most prevalent types in this population.The concentration of β-lipoprotein closely correlated with those of cholesterol and triglyceride. It was shown that the quantitative determination of β-lipoprotein is a simple and effective method for screening hyperlipidemia.This preliminary investigation indicated that the pattern of serum lipid variations of the working people in our country was different from that of western countries. Differences in race, the social system, and dietary habits, probably all account for such differences in pattern.

在毛主席革命路线的指引下,我院医务工作者走出医院大门,深入工厂车间,街道里弄,为劳动人民查病、防病。本文报告我院自1973年10月至1974年12月调查1385名以工人为主的上海市健康人(自新生儿到102岁老年人)的血脂改变,所得结论如下: 1.血脂含量的频率分布:各年龄组胆固醇含量基本上呈正态分布,甘油三酯和β脂蛋白含量多数年龄组均呈偏态分布。2.血脂含量与年龄和性别的关系:一般均有随年龄而增高的趋势。胆固醇在50岁以前男女并无差别,50岁以后女性高于男性。甘油三酯50岁以前男性略高于女性,50岁以后女性显著增高超过男性。3.根据统计分析,求得健康劳动人民血胆固醇、甘油三酯和β脂蛋白的正常上限分别为180毫克/100毫升、110毫克/100毫升和500毫克/100毫升;过高界限分别为220毫克/100毫升、160毫克/100毫升和610毫克/100毫升。按国际暂行的分类标准,本组中出现的高脂蛋白血症以II_a、II_b和IV型最为多见。4.β脂蛋白含量与胆固醇和甘油三酯含量之间存在着密切关系。认为β脂蛋白测定是一项预测高脂血症的简便有效的方法。初步调查表明,我国人民血脂改变规律与西方资本主义国家不尽一样,可...

在毛主席革命路线的指引下,我院医务工作者走出医院大门,深入工厂车间,街道里弄,为劳动人民查病、防病。本文报告我院自1973年10月至1974年12月调查1385名以工人为主的上海市健康人(自新生儿到102岁老年人)的血脂改变,所得结论如下: 1.血脂含量的频率分布:各年龄组胆固醇含量基本上呈正态分布,甘油三酯和β脂蛋白含量多数年龄组均呈偏态分布。2.血脂含量与年龄和性别的关系:一般均有随年龄而增高的趋势。胆固醇在50岁以前男女并无差别,50岁以后女性高于男性。甘油三酯50岁以前男性略高于女性,50岁以后女性显著增高超过男性。3.根据统计分析,求得健康劳动人民血胆固醇、甘油三酯和β脂蛋白的正常上限分别为180毫克/100毫升、110毫克/100毫升和500毫克/100毫升;过高界限分别为220毫克/100毫升、160毫克/100毫升和610毫克/100毫升。按国际暂行的分类标准,本组中出现的高脂蛋白血症以II_a、II_b和IV型最为多见。4.β脂蛋白含量与胆固醇和甘油三酯含量之间存在着密切关系。认为β脂蛋白测定是一项预测高脂血症的简便有效的方法。初步调查表明,我国人民血脂改变规律与西方资本主义国家不尽一样,可能与社会制度、民族特点、饮食习惯不同有关。

 
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