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  毛状
     The best cultivation condition of hairy roots was: 50mg/LKNO3, 100mg/LCaCl2·2H2O, 0~225mg/LKH2PO4, 640mg/L MgSO4·7H2O, Microelement and organic matter of B5 level, 32.5g/L sugar, 100rpm, pH6.2. Effective secondary metabolite can be obtained through cultivation of hairy root.
     毛状根的最佳培养条件是:50mg/LKNO3,100mg/LCaCl2·2H2O,0 ̄225mg/LKH2PO4,640mg/LMgSO4·7H2O,微量元素及有机物质采用B5水平,32.5g/L蔗糖,转速100r/min,pH6.2左右,通过毛状根的培养可获得原植物中含有的或者不含有的化合物。
短句来源
     Establishment of Exogenous Gene Expression in Hairy Roots of Rauvolfia Verticillata (Lour.) Baill.
     萝芙木(Rauvolfia verticillata(Lour.)Baill.)毛状根外源基因表达系统的建立
短句来源
     Addition of IBA 0.1mg/L and Al(NO_3)_3 0.1mmg/L to the medium significantly promoted the growth and differentiation of hairy roots.
     添加IBA 0.1mg/L、Al(NO_3)_3 0.1mmol/L对毛状根的分枝、生长有促进作用;
短句来源
     Result:The best conditions of hairy root culture were 1/2MS medium with sucrose (3%) as carbon material and lactalbumin hydrolyze (1g/L) as nitron material.
     结果 :以蔗糖 (3% )为碳源 ,添加水解乳蛋白 (1g/L)的 1/ 2MS培养基为毛状根的最佳生长条件。
短句来源
     When the hairy roots transformed by ATCC 15834 were cultured for two weeks on MS medium supplemented with 1.5mgL~-1 2,4-D and 0.5 mgL~-1 6-BA , calli were induced.
     利用ATCC15834菌株诱导牛膝产生的毛状根在附加在1.5mgL~(-1)2,4-D,0.5mgL~(-1)6BA的MS培养基上,经过两周就可诱导出愈伤组织。
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     One case of esophagus cancer with hairy cell leukemia had the lymphoytes with delicate cytoplastic projections,and phenotype was CD5~CD11c~+CD19~+CD20~+CD22~+CD25~+.
     食道癌合并细胞白血病1例,细胞表面不规整,有短绒,表型为CD5-CD11c+CD19+CD20+CD22+CD25+;
短句来源
     Establishment of the Cell Line with a Constitutional Chromosomal Inversion Inv(5)(p13.1 q13.3) Associated with Hairy Cell Leukemia
     含结构性倒位inv(5)(p13.1 q13.3)的细胞白血病细胞系的建立
短句来源
     Myelogram showed active hyperplasia in all eight cases, the hairy cells being 9%~88% ( average 52.2%).
     骨髓象:8例均示增生活跃,细胞9%~88%,平均52.2%。
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     Two-color flow cytometric analysis has shown that the hairy cells possessed with a concomitant reactivities with the B cell antibody Leu14 and the monocytic antibody Mo5. This character can be used as a diagnostic indicator for hairy cell leukemia.
     双染流式计分析表明,细胞白血病(HCL)同时表现与B细胞反应的Leu14及与单核细胞反应Mo5。
短句来源
     Clinical analysis of hairy cell leukemia: report of 8 cases
     细胞白血病的临床分析——附8例报告
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  “hairy”译为未确定词的双语例句
     THE ULTRASTRUCTURAL STUDY OF NON-HODGKIN'S LYMPHOMA CELL, CHRONIC LYMPHOCYTIC AND HAIRY CELL LEUKEMIA
     THE ULTRASTRUCTURAL STUDY OF NON-HODGKIN'S LYMPHOMA CELL,CHRONIC LYMPHOCYTIC AND HAIRY CELL LEUKEMIA
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     as the differentiation of the tumor saw-tooth hairy outline, the sensibility of breast carcinoma was 80.68%, the specificity was 93.84% and the accuracy was 86.27%;
     以肿瘤轮廓锯齿状毛刺样作鉴别,乳腺癌的敏感度为80.68%,特异性为93.84%,准确率为86.27%;
短句来源
     Determine by HPLC, the content of gentiopcroside in hairy root was 0.099% of A4 and 0.102% of LBA9402 Bin19, higher than that cultured in 4 monns aseptic seedlings(0.058%) .
     应用HPLC检测得知,A_4转化的发根中的龙胆苦甙含量为0.099%,LBA9402 Bin19_4转化的发根中的龙胆苦甙含量为0.102%,均高于培养4个月的无菌苗中龙胆苦甙的含量(0.058%)。
短句来源
     The most effective media for induction of both calluses andregeneration plantlets from hairy roots of E. sativa Mill was MS medium + 2.0mg/L NAA+O. lmg/L BA and MS medium +1.5mg/L BA+0.5mg/L IAA, respectively.
     用发状根诱导出了愈伤组织并再生成植株,其中最佳的诱导和分化培养基激素组合分别为MS+NAA(2.0mg/l)+BA(0.1mg/l)和MS+BA(1.5mg/l)+IAA(0.5mg/l);
短句来源
     The total content of ginsenoside in the hairy root after four weeks culturing came up to 15.2 mg/g,in which 68.3% was Rb_1.The content of Rb_1 in the hairy root was 2.3 times of that of three-year-old ginseng.
     生长4周的人参发根总皂苷含量达15.2 mg/g,其中人参皂苷Rb1的含量为68.3%,比3年生栽培人参中Rb1含量高1.3倍,可以用于大规模培养。
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  hairy
Silenan has been shown to contain homogalacturonan segments as "smooth regions" and rhamnogalacturonan fragments as "hairy regions".
      
Silenan was subjected to enzymic digestion with pectinase, to Smith degradation, and to lithium-degradation to determine the conforming poly- and oligosaccharide fragments of "hairy regions" of silenan.
      
On the basis of the data, the hairy regions of silenan proved to contain mainly linear chains of β-1,3-, β-1,4-, and β-1,6-galactopyranan and α-1,5-arabinofuranan.
      
Expression of the Kidney Bean Phenylalanine-Ammonia Lyase Gene in the Hairy Roots of Astragalus sinicus
      
The hairy root culture thus obtained manifested enhanced PAL activity and lignin content in the cell walls; in addition, the transformed cells differed from the wild-type ones in several electrophysiological indices.
      
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Six known species, two new species and one new subspecies are described, which arecollected in China, and all belonging to the genus Dendrolimus Germar. The charactersused for the identification of species are: the patterns of the forewing, the structure of thescales and genital organs; the size and structures surrounding the micropyle of the eggs;tufts of the subdorsalis anterior of the mature larvae and the shapes of the pupal cre- masters. Besides, keys to adults, eggs and larvae are prepared separately,...

Six known species, two new species and one new subspecies are described, which arecollected in China, and all belonging to the genus Dendrolimus Germar. The charactersused for the identification of species are: the patterns of the forewing, the structure of thescales and genital organs; the size and structures surrounding the micropyle of the eggs;tufts of the subdorsalis anterior of the mature larvae and the shapes of the pupal cre- masters. Besides, keys to adults, eggs and larvae are prepared separately, each basedupon the more common and conspicuous characteristics. Types are preserved in theMuseum of the Institute of Zoology, Academia Sinica, Peking. Dendrolimus tabulaeformis Tsai et Liu, n. sp. Colour variable, being pale greyish brown to deep brown. closely allied to D.punctatus Wk., but with distinguished transverse stripes and not strongly curved costalmargin on the primaries. Submarginal line broken into black spot-series, to line through2 spots in the 1st and 2nd interspaces crossed with the termen. white discocellularspot on primaries much clear than ; transverse stripes distinct; submarginal black spot-series is defined internally by reddish brown colour which is quite different from thatof D. punctatus. Minor harpe. of male genitalia approached to 1/2 the length of the major;mid-antevaginalis of female genitalia large, latero-antevaginalis nearly round. Micropyleend of the eggs without distinct protuberance; surrounding micropyle with 2--3 layers ofinner-layer cells; outer-layer cells with irregular stripe like central invaginations. Abovethe mid- and metathoracic segment of larvae with black belt-like hairy scales; tufts ofsubdorsalis anterior strongly developed; the base of tufts not covered with spindle-shapedscales, only with black hairs; spatulate hairs small, scarcely with dental ends.: length,20—28 mm.; exp., 45—61 mm. : length, 23—30 mm.; exp., 57—75 mm. Holotype: , Hopeh: Lanping (1961, Ⅷ, 2), allotype: , Peking (1955, Ⅶ,21), paratype: 15 specimens (,) from various localities of Hopeh and Liao-ning provinces. Dendrolimus xichangensis Tsai et Liu, n. sp. Primaries light brown; median and postmedian lines deep brown, the interspacebrown; costal margin 1/3 near the apex strongly curved; outer margin wavy. Submarginalline broken into black spot-series, to line through 2 spots in the 1st and 2nd interspacescrossed with the apex. Minor harpe of male genitalia strongly chitinized, with a 90°turning, closely connected with major, mid-antevaginalis and latero-antevaginalis of fe-male genitalia fused together. Micropyle end of the eggs without distinct protuberane;surrounding micropyle without middle layer cells; outer layer cells without central in-vaginations; corner-setae sometimes not distinct, but with distinct basal papilla. Abovethe mid- and metathoracic segment of larvae without black belt-like hairy scales; lateralside of each abdominal segment with black tufts. : length, 37 mm.; exp., 60 mm.: length, 37 mm.; exp., 78 mm. Holotype: , allotype: , Szechuan: Xichang (1959). Dendrolimus kikuchii ochraceus Tsai et Liu, n. ssp. The characters used for the identification of this subspecies are closely allied to D.kikuchii Mats., but with distinguish dark brown color in , distributed in Hunan andKiangsi provinces, with Pinus massoniana Lambert as its hostplant. : length, 38 mm.;exp., 62 mm. : length, 38 mm.; exp., 83 mm. Holotype: , allotype: , Kiangsi: Yifeng (1959, Ⅶ, 3).

松毛虫属变异较复杂,过去文献上的记载比较紊乱,本篇着重以各虫期的形态特征为主,修订记载了我国严重为害松柏科的6种松毛虫,计:西伯利亚松毛虫(Dendrolimus sibiricus Tschetv.),赤松毛虫(D.spectabilis Butler),马尾松毛虫(D.punctatus Walker),铁杉毛虫(D.superansButler),云南松毛虫(D.latipennis Walker),和思茅松毛虫(D.kikuchii Mats.),同时记述了2个新种,计:油松毛虫 (D.tabulaeformis Tsai et Liu)和西昌松毛虫(D. xichangensis Tsai et Liu)及1个新亚种:赭色松毛虫(D.kikuchii ochraceus Tsai et Liu)。模式标本保存在中国科学院动物研究所。 新种油松毛虫和赤松毛虫、马尾松毛虫很近似,但其成虫前翅较狭长,中横线与外横线为白色,亚外缘斑列内侧有白色斑;外生殖器小抱针长度约为大抱针的1/2;外生殖器侧前阴片接近圆形。卵壳上内层室和中层室壁很薄,外层室中央凹下部分呈不规则条状。幼虫毛片束发达,片状毛小,先端极少有齿...

松毛虫属变异较复杂,过去文献上的记载比较紊乱,本篇着重以各虫期的形态特征为主,修订记载了我国严重为害松柏科的6种松毛虫,计:西伯利亚松毛虫(Dendrolimus sibiricus Tschetv.),赤松毛虫(D.spectabilis Butler),马尾松毛虫(D.punctatus Walker),铁杉毛虫(D.superansButler),云南松毛虫(D.latipennis Walker),和思茅松毛虫(D.kikuchii Mats.),同时记述了2个新种,计:油松毛虫 (D.tabulaeformis Tsai et Liu)和西昌松毛虫(D. xichangensis Tsai et Liu)及1个新亚种:赭色松毛虫(D.kikuchii ochraceus Tsai et Liu)。模式标本保存在中国科学院动物研究所。 新种油松毛虫和赤松毛虫、马尾松毛虫很近似,但其成虫前翅较狭长,中横线与外横线为白色,亚外缘斑列内侧有白色斑;外生殖器小抱针长度约为大抱针的1/2;外生殖器侧前阴片接近圆形。卵壳上内层室和中层室壁很薄,外层室中央凹下部分呈不规则条状。幼虫毛片束发达,片状毛小,先端极少有齿状突起,无贴体倒伏鳞毛。 新种西昌松毛虫和云南松毛虫、思茅松毛虫比较近似,但成虫前翅中横线与外横线之间明显形成褐色宽带;外生殖器前阴片愈合成一块。卵壳表面无花斑。幼虫胸部背面无明显毒毛带,但体侧有黑丛毛。根据以上几点,显然和其他两种松毛虫有区别。 新亚种赭色?

(The Kiangsu Affiliated Academy of the Chinese,Academy of Agricultural Sciences)Hybrid vigour in cotton has been reported by a number of workers.Most of them dealtwith interspecific hybrids.They were mostly marked with an increase in plant growth,especially in the F_1 crosses of American Upland × Sea-island and American Upland × Egyptiancotton.In order to study the possibility of producing an extra long fibre cotton in the Yang-tze basin and the Hwangho Plain by making use of hybrid vigour,the following problemswere...

(The Kiangsu Affiliated Academy of the Chinese,Academy of Agricultural Sciences)Hybrid vigour in cotton has been reported by a number of workers.Most of them dealtwith interspecific hybrids.They were mostly marked with an increase in plant growth,especially in the F_1 crosses of American Upland × Sea-island and American Upland × Egyptiancotton.In order to study the possibility of producing an extra long fibre cotton in the Yang-tze basin and the Hwangho Plain by making use of hybrid vigour,the following problemswere investigated at Nanking,Kiangsu during 1959-1962.(1)Combining ability between different interspecific crosses with special reference toyield,earliness and fibre qualities.(2)Morphological and physiological characters of economic importance in F_1 hybrids.(3)Performance of promising hybrids in field production.(4)Method of producing hybrid seeds with cheaper cost and less labour.Fifty-nine combinations were studied from 1960 to 1962,among which Pong-zai No.1(Upland cotton)×L.S.4923(Sea-island)was the best in yield and earliness.The averageyield of this F_1 hybrid in three years with 178 kg.of seed cotton or 53.7 kg.of lint cotton permow.As compared with the parents it was 94.35% of seed cotton or 82.2% of lint cotton ofthe yield of Delta-upland cotton and 187.17% of seed cotton or 172.74% of lint cotton of theyield of Sea-island L.S.4923.The fibre quality of F_1 hybrids approached Sea-island parent with a mean fibre length of40 m.m.,mean fibre fineness of 7000 meters per gram wt.,and single fibre strength of 4.5g.The methods and procedures for producing commercial hybrid cotton seed were as follows:(1)Hybrid F_0's seed was produced by hand emasculation and pollination which was ofvalue in areas abundant with hand-labor or adapted to transplanting for saving seeds up to4/5.(2)The female parent with recessive markers,was pollinated by hand without emascula-tion.In the thinning of the hybrid progeny all recessive plants were removed,leaving onlythe true F_1's.The recessive characters used for markers were virescent yellow foliage,redstem and hairy petiole of the seedling.The percentage of hybrid seed setting for differentupland cotton varieties ranged from 13% to 78%.Observations on heterosis in the characters of F_1 hybrids of G.hirsutum×G.barbadensewere summarized as follows:Plant Characters Comparison of bybrid with Upland and Seaisland parentsDays from planting to seedling Earlier than either parentDays from budding to flowering Intermediate nearer to earlier UplandDays from seedling to boll maturity Intermediate nearer to late Sea-island Days of bud development Intermediate nearer to earlier UplandDays of boll development Longer than Sea-islandDays from seedling to first boll maturity IntermediatePlant height Taller than either parentNumber of monopodia Less than either parent,but approaching Up landNumber of sympodia More than either parentNumber of fruiting points per plant More than either parentPosition of main stem nodes where first fruiting branch appears Lower than either parentInternode length of axis Longer than either parentInternode length of fruiting branch Longer than either parentPetiole length Longer than either parentLeaf area Larger than either parentLeaf lobe index Intermediate,approaching Sea-islandShedding percentage IntermediateDistribution of bolls in different parts of the plant Approaching Sea-island,most bolls setting at middle and upper parts of the plantWeight of seed cotton per boll IntermediateNumber of ovules per boll Approaching Sea-island in a lower numberMotes percentage More than either parentPistil length IntermediateCorolla area and index Larger than either parentSeed index Larger than either parentLint index IntermediateMaturity Intermediate,approaching late Sea-islandFibre length Longer than either parentFibre fineness Approaching Sea-islandYield in seed cotton Approaching Upland,higher than Sea-islandYield in lint cotton Lower than Upland,higher than Sea-islandProduction of dry matter More than either parentProduction of dry matter per square meter of leaf area More

1959—1962年试验证明,海陆杂种一代具有早熟、丰产、优质的特性。海陆杂种一代的籽棉产量接近陆地棉,而显著高于海岛棉。成熟期较海岛棉早,比陆地棉偏迟。生育特性一般介于两亲之间,不同程度的偏向于海岛棉,有的特性超过两亲范围以外。纤维细长,强度高,可以制成高挡纺织品。在江苏各地示范试种结果良好。在制种技术方面研究证明,采用具有某一隐性指示性状,进行不去雄杂交(人工辅助授粉),杂交率达70%,每工作日可制种6—8斤。

The wheat stem fly, Meromyza saltatrix (Linn.), is a serious pest in the wheat regionand has four generations a year in the central part of Shensi. The adults emerge mostlyin the second or third decade of April, from the third decade of May to the seconddecade of June, in the second or third decade of July and from the third decade ofSeptember to the first decade of October. It overwinters as larva in the stem of theyoung wheat plant. The most important host plant is wheat, while barley comes next.The larva...

The wheat stem fly, Meromyza saltatrix (Linn.), is a serious pest in the wheat regionand has four generations a year in the central part of Shensi. The adults emerge mostlyin the second or third decade of April, from the third decade of May to the seconddecade of June, in the second or third decade of July and from the third decade ofSeptember to the first decade of October. It overwinters as larva in the stem of theyoung wheat plant. The most important host plant is wheat, while barley comes next.The larva injures wheat two times a year, the first time in late August and the secondin spring when the wheat plant is in the period of shooting and earing. It passes sum-mer in plants grown from scattered seeds after harvest. Most of the adults emergeabout 6--8 o'clock in the morning. They take some supplementary food after emergence.The eggs are laid chiefly on the plumule sheath during the early period and then on thebasal portion of the second to third leaves from the tip. The percentage of injury bythe larvae is higher during the young-plant period and the period of shooting of the stemthan the period of earing. They cannot attack those plants, the ears of which have al-ready appeared. The plant shows different signs of injury at different stages of develop-ment. The degree of injury caused by the wheat stem fly depends closely on the condi-tions of cultivation. Wheat sown early suffers more seriously during the young-plantperiod, while wheat sown late suffers more during spring. Proper irrigation and closeplanting lessen the injury. Varieties with shorter periods of growth and, development,thinner stems and narrower leaf blades and those more hairy and waxy are only slightlyinjured. Wheat plants in well-manured fields or fields of high fertility and plants grow-ing in good condition are also slightly injured. The adult stage is the best period forcontrol. The powders, aerosol and suspension fluids of BHC are all very effective againstthe adults. Parathion (E-605) kills not only the adults but also to a certain extent theeggs.

麦秆蝇是小麦主要害虫之一,陕西关中地区每年发生4代。成虫盛发期在4月中下旬,5月下旬至6月中旬,7月中下旬,9月下旬至10月上旬,以幼虫在麦苗幼茎内越冬。寄主以小麦为主,大麦为次。每年秋苗期和春季拔节至孕穗期两次为害小麦。麦收后以落粒自生麦苗为夏季寄主。成虫羽化在早晨6—8时盛;羽化后取食补充性营养;苗期产卵在芽鞘上、拔节后在顶端第2、3叶基为多。幼由在苗期和拔节期入侵率高,孕穗期为次,抽穗以后不能入侵,在不同生育期植株上,入侵后表现害状不同。麦秆蝇的为害程度与栽培条件关系密切:早播小麦秋苗期受害重,晚播小麦在春季受害重;合理灌水、密植受害轻:施肥充足、土壤肥沃、生长良好的小麦受害轻。成虫发生期是药剂防治的良好时期。γ666粉剂、烟剂、液剂杀成虫均良好,E605既能杀成虫又具一定的杀卵能力。

 
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