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against
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  反对
     Cognitive grammar, initiated by Langacker (1987, 1990, 1991) in the objection against the mainstream generative approach, has distinctive foundations, organizing assumptions and methodological principles.
     认知语法是Langacker在反对主流的生成语言学的过程中逐渐发展起来的一种语言学方法(1987,1990,1991),此方法有其特殊的理论基础、组织原则和方法论原则。
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     The proportion to against and sympathize cohabit,sex service and addiction is 62.69%,35.18%.
     对同居、性服务持反对、同情态度的分别占62.69%、35.18%;
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     This theme is best embodied in four essays, including Against Interpretation, Notes on "Camp", On Style and One Culture and the New Sensibility.
     这一主题尤为集中地体现在《反对阐释》、《论风格》、《“坎普”札记》以及《一种文化与新感受力》这四篇文章中。
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     4. The attitude on premarital sex, 109 students set theirs face against, which takes 39.5%.
     4、对婚前性行为的态度,有109个学生持坚决反对的态度,占到39.5%。
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     New China's Struggle against Hegemonism over the Past 50 Years
     论新中国50年来反对霸权主义的斗争
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  “against”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Mapping and characterization of a new tomato resistance gene Cf-ECP3 against Cladosporium fulvum
     番茄抗叶霉病新基因Cf-ECP3的作图定位和特性分析
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     The preparation of the monoclonal antibodis against polycystin-1 and their application in the study of pathogenesis of ADPKD
     抗多囊蛋白-1单克隆抗体的制备及在ADPKD发病机理研究中的应用
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     PROTECTION OF CHICKENS AGAINST AVIAN INFLUENZA WITH RECOMBINANT FOWLPOX VIRUE EXPRESSING HA-NA, HA-NP OR NP OF AVIAN INFLUENZA VIRUS
     表达禽流感病毒HA-NA、HA-NP及NP基因重组禽痘病毒的构建及其免疫效力的研究
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     Recombinant Fowlpox Viruses Expressing HA from Subtype H9N2 of Avian Influenza Virus and/or Chicken Type Ⅱ Interferon and Their Protective Efficacies Against Homologous Challenge in Chickens
     表达和共表达H9亚型禽流感病毒血凝素基因和鸡Ⅱ型干扰素基因的重组鸡痘病毒
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     Preparation and Characterization study of Gene Engineering Antibody against Platelets GP
     抗血小板膜糖蛋白基因工程抗体的制备和性质研究
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  相似匹配句对
     Against Unity
     反对统一性
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     By checking against L. N.
     N.
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  against
Toeplitz operators on the Bergman space of the unit disc can be written as integrals of the symbol against an invariant operator field of rank-one projections.
      
The aqueous and solvent extracts when tested against 11 gram-negative and 2 gram-positive bacteria and 3 fungi expressed activity to most of the organisms.
      
Activity was not recorded for hexane extract, against A.
      
Methanol extract showed more activity amongst all the solvent extracts, particularly remarkable activity recorded against gram-positive bacteria.
      
Activity against diarrhea and dysentery causing organisms such as A.
      
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The recent opportunity of examining the faecal material of the water-scorpion Leccotrephes japonensis revealed a flagellate which had not previously been described from this host. After fuller investigation I found that it is a species new to science and should be referred to the genus Retortamona; I have named it Retortamonas leccotrephae sp. nov.The specimens of Leccotrephes japonensis used for studies on the parasitic flagellate R. leccotrephae, were collected from ponds on the outskirts of Shanghai, China....

The recent opportunity of examining the faecal material of the water-scorpion Leccotrephes japonensis revealed a flagellate which had not previously been described from this host. After fuller investigation I found that it is a species new to science and should be referred to the genus Retortamona; I have named it Retortamonas leccotrephae sp. nov.The specimens of Leccotrephes japonensis used for studies on the parasitic flagellate R. leccotrephae, were collected from ponds on the outskirts of Shanghai, China. Apart from studying the living flagellates, at the same time stained specimens were prepared for the detailed study of various structures. These specimens were fixed either in Hollande's or in Schaudinn's fluid; stained in Heidenhain's haematoxylin, and destained in 2% aqueous phospho-tungstic acid. Moskowitz' (1950) modification of the Protargol impregnation method was also used for staining.In the living state, the flagellare has a slender, slipper-shaped trunk with an anterior dorsal flexure. The mean body size, exclusive of the posterior spike, is 12.8μ×4.8μ. The length of the slender posterior spike varies from 4.6μ to 15.8μ. There are two flagella of unequal length. The longer one extends forwards and lashes rapidly, causing the animal to rotate and to pursue a special course. The shorter flagellum is directed backwards and usually lies in the cytostome; it moves in an undulating manner.In fixed and stained preparations, the flagellates, not including the posterior spike, show a size-range of 6.2×2.2μto 15.6×5.4μ, with a mean of 11.9×3.4μ. The spike varied from 4.6μ to 13.6μ long, with an average length of 11.2μ. In general, a normal specimen of R. leccotrephae has a slender body; the anterior portion is narrower than the postcerior, and is markedly bent as shown in the living indivi.duals. The posterior portion of the body usually has a dorsal convexity, and the widest region is located near the two-thirds of the body-length from the anterior end.Near that edge of the nuclear membrane lying next to the cytostome, there are two minute, but separate, basal granules which give rise to the two flagella. The anterior flagellum is about as long as the body proper: much longer and more slender than the posterior flagellum, which usually lies within the cytostome, and commonly shows a series of two or three undulations; it often stains more deeply than the anterior flagellum.In hematoxylin preparations the nucleus is well stained, and clearly shows a layer of chromatin granules lying against the nuclear membrane, and a large central endosome, composed of a mass of granules.The cytostome is a large structure in this animal. It usually occupies about twothirds of the total length of the body proper. Along the margin of the cytostome there are two deeply staining fibres, the one on the right margin is longer than that on the left.Both the precystic forms and cysts of R. leccotrephae have been observed. The body of precystic individuals which are preparing to encyst, becomes smailer and rounds up; meanwhile, the chromatin of the nucleus condenses and forms a deeply staining endosome. The anterior flagellum is still disposed freely, and no cyst wall has as yet been formed. The border-line of the cytostome is distinct, but the two basal granules are visible only in favourable preparations. The mature cysts are nearly peanut-shaped, and are about twice as long as wide. In the stained specimens they are about 4.6μ long and 2.4μ wide. The cyst wail is of uniform thickness, and the nucleus is visible at one end. The other conspicuous structures within the cyst are the two flagella and the cytostomial fibres, which are arranged as they are in the trophozoite, except that the anterior flagellum is here directed posteriorly.DISCUSSION & SUMMARYIn its general body-form, R. leccotrephae closely resembles Mackinnon's R. agilis ('11) from crane-fly larvae, and also Corradett's R. gryllotalpae ('37) from the mole cricket, but it is especially like Geiman's R. caudacus ('32) from the aquatic larvae ef certain beetles.

红娘华蛐的身体结构,一般与Mackinnon所述的R.(Embadomonas) agilis和Corradetti所述的R.grillotalpae相似,特别近似Geiman所述的R.caudacus(图15,16)。但红娘华蛐有大约等於体长2/3的大胞口,和长於或等於体长的针状尾巴,而且无论在生活时或固定染色後,头部均向背後扭曲(此较图1和15)。这些特性,显然与过去文獻中所记载的种类不同,故(氵夬)定为蛐属——新种。

Hair-line cracks or flakes in steel are known to be associated with the presence of hydrogen. A prevailing theory states that the crack formation is due to disruptive hydrogen pressure being built up in defects in steel. However, little was known regarding to the nature of these defects and the detailed mechanism of the hair-line crack formation. An attempt was made in the present research to investigate this problem by means of internal friction measurements. The preliminary experiments show: (1) The presence...

Hair-line cracks or flakes in steel are known to be associated with the presence of hydrogen. A prevailing theory states that the crack formation is due to disruptive hydrogen pressure being built up in defects in steel. However, little was known regarding to the nature of these defects and the detailed mechanism of the hair-line crack formation. An attempt was made in the present research to investigate this problem by means of internal friction measurements. The preliminary experiments show: (1) The presence of hydrogen in certain steels may give rise to the appearance of an internal friction peak when internal friction is plotted against the temperature of measurement; (2) a slight amount of cold-work or soaking at a given temperature has a considerable effect on the optimum temperature of the observed internal friction peak, which indicates that the internal friction peak may be connected with the defects or stress condition in steel; (3) the internal friction peak shows an anomalous amplitude effect, i.e., at a given temperature of measurement an internal friction peak is obtained when the internal friction is plotted against the stress amplitude. Such an anomalous behavior is similar to that previously observed by. one of the authors (Ke) in the case of aluminimum containing 0.5% Cu. It is therefore considered that the internal friction peaks observed may be related to the interaction of hydrogen with the dislocations in steel.

钢的内部发裂已经公认为与钢中的氢气有关。现有的理论认为这是由于氢气聚集于钢中的内部缺陷产生破裂压力所引起,然而关于缺陷的性质和引起内部发裂的详细机构迄今还没有明确的了解。本文尝试用内耗测量的方法来研究这个问题。初步实验的结果指出: (1)氢在钢中可以引起内耗峰(将内耗表示为测量温度的函数时); (2)轻微冷加工或保温对于内耗峰的颠值温度有着显著的影响,这表示所得的内耗峰与钢中的缺陷和应力状态有关系; (3)所得的内耗峰表现有反常的振幅效应,即在一定的观测温度时,如将内耗表示为外加应力的函数,则也得到一个内耗峰。这与本文作者之一以前在铝铜合金中所观测到的反常内耗峰的性质和表现相同,因而所得的内耗峰可能是由于氢与钢中的原子脱节的交互作用所引起来的。

Experiments concerning the translocation of Systox of different concent-rations for the control of cotton aphids by means of water culture, seed treat-ment, soil application and spraying were conducted both in the greenhouseand field. Data are given which show that toxicants may be taken up byseeds, roots or leaves of cotton. A very good control of cotton aphids resultedin using soil application of 0.25% Systox water emulsion (about 2 catties ofBayer's concentrate per mou) for which the moderate toxicity is...

Experiments concerning the translocation of Systox of different concent-rations for the control of cotton aphids by means of water culture, seed treat-ment, soil application and spraying were conducted both in the greenhouseand field. Data are given which show that toxicants may be taken up byseeds, roots or leaves of cotton. A very good control of cotton aphids resultedin using soil application of 0.25% Systox water emulsion (about 2 catties ofBayer's concentrate per mou) for which the moderate toxicity is retained atleast for 66 days in greenhouse and 23 days in the field. It is of great signi-ficance in agricultural practice to diminish labor and increase the residualeffect of control measures against the haphazard of aphids year after yearin the cotton belt of North China.

E1059应用于棉花防治棉蚜的试验是分别在温室及田间进行的。无论浸种、水培、灌溉、喷射,它都有内导作用。此即说明棉花的种子、根或叶的组织都可吸收药液。随体液传输全体,使棉蚜产生内毒作用。从药效保持期来看,以药液灌溉最为持久。在温室内0.25%处理可保持66天;在田间(用1:400的稀释液。每亩800斤的用量)可以保持23天,如何使这个初步结果经济有效的应用於生产实践上,还需从多方面作最大的努力。

 
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