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reflex     
相关语句
  反射
     Modulatory Action of Urotensin Ⅱ on Cardiovascular Reflex and Central Neurons
     尾加压素Ⅱ对心血管反射及中枢神经元的调控作用
短句来源
     EFFECT OF DESTRUCTION OR STIMULATION OF LOCUS COERULEUS-ON INHIBITION OF VISCERO-SOMATIC REFLEX ACTIVITIES
     损毁和刺激蓝斑复合核对内脏躯体反射抑制效应的影响
短句来源
     THE REFLEX REACTION OF SOME AUTONOMIC EFFECTORS DURING THE PRESSOR REACTION INDUCED BY ACUPUNCTURE
     针刺引起加压反应时某些植物性效应器官的反射反应
短句来源
     THE REFLEX REACTION OF CARDIAC HEMODYNAMICS DURING THE PRESSOR REACTION INDUCED BY ACUPUNCTURE
     针刺引起加压反应时心脏血流动力学的反射反应
短句来源
     Senseitivity Prediction from Acoustic Reflex (SPAR). Comparison of 4 Methods
     用声反射预估听敏度——4种方法比较
短句来源
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  眨眼反射
     APPLICATION OF BLINK REFLEX IN DIAGNOSIS OF FACIAL PARALYSIS
     眨眼反射在面瘫诊断中的应用
短句来源
     Objective To study the evaluation value of blink reflex(BR) in early peripheral facial palsy within 3 days from onset.
     目的研究眨眼反射(BR)对发病3日内早期周围性面神经麻痹的评估价值。
短句来源
     Blink reflex(BR)and electroneurography(ENoG)were carried out in 31 healthy people to obtain normal value The manifestations of nerve excitability test(NET),ENoG and BR of 60 pa-tients with Bell’s palsy within 3 weeks of onset were studied.
     对31名健康人进行眨眼反射(BR)与神经电图(ENoG)测试,制订出正常值。 对60例Bell麻痹患者在发病三周内进行神经兴奋性试验(NET)、ENoG及BR测试。
短句来源
     Prognostic Value of Blink Reflex in Patients with Bell’s Palsy
     眨眼反射对评估Bell麻痹预后的作用
短句来源
     Objective: To study the clinical value of Blink Reflex (BR) in the diagnosis of facial paralysis.
     目的:进一步研究眨眼反射(BR)检查在面瘫诊断中的临床意义。
短句来源
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  条件反射
     ② Times of conditioned reflex of rats in laser irradiation group were less than those in model group and non-laser irradiation group (P < 0.05), and there was not significant difference laser irradiation group and sham operation group (P > 0.05).
     ②激光穴位照射组大鼠的条件反射产生次数低于模型组和激光非穴位照射组(P<0.05),与假手术组比较差异不显著(P>0.05)。
短句来源
     Result Some mutantions were screened out which are conditioned reflex action impediment,such as dnc,rut,amn,rad,cabbage,turnip,radish,nalyot,nemyp153,ala,and the memory mechanism was approved to be related with cAMP signal transmition.
     结果 经实验室筛选出dnc、rut、amn、rad、cabbage、turnip、radish、nalyot、turnip、nemyp15 3、ala等表现条件反射行为障碍的突变体,且已证实与cAMP信号转导途径有关。
短句来源
     ② There was no significant difference in the times of conditioned reflex among three groups (P > 0.05).
     ②Y迷宫学习获得条件反射次数:3组间无差异(P>0.05)。
短句来源
     Animals in Group 2, 4 and 6 began to have medicine after conditioned reflex.
     第2、4、6组在条件反射建立后开始给药。
短句来源
     Medicine or pure tone were being given to all animals in GroupⅠ,Ⅲ,Ⅴ,Ⅶ,Ⅸbefore conditioned reflex. Animals in Group Ⅱ,Ⅳ,Ⅵ,Ⅷ,Ⅹ began to have medicine or pure tone after conditioned reflex.
     第Ⅰ、Ⅲ、Ⅴ、Ⅶ、Ⅸ组是从条件反射建立前开始给予药物或纯音 ,第Ⅱ、Ⅳ、Ⅵ、Ⅷ、Ⅹ组从条件反射建立后开始给予药物或纯音。
短句来源
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  反射性
     T12transected group:hyperreflexic detrusor reflex urination.
     T12横断组为逼尿肌反射亢进至形成反射性排尿型膀胱;
短句来源
     The results obtained are as follows. (1) By perfusion with CCK-8 (0.1, 0.5, 1.0 μmol/L), the functional curve of baroreflex was shifted to the right and upward, with a decrease in peak slope (PS) (P<0.001) and a reflex decrease (RD) in mean arterial pressure, while the threshold pressure (TP) and saturation pressure (SP) were significantly increased.
     其结果如下:(1)以CCK-8(0.1、0.5、1.0 μmol/L)隔离灌流颈动脉窦区时,压力感受器机能曲线向右上方移位,曲线最大斜率(peak slope,PS)减小,反射性血压下降幅度(reflex decrease,RD)减少,阈压(thresholdpressure,TP)和饱和压(saturation pressure,SP)均增高。
短句来源
     Reflex anuria in children: A report of 7 cases
     儿童反射性无尿7例报告
短句来源
     Reflex epilepsy induced by voluntory movement:report of 21 cases.
     运动诱发性反射性癫痫21例报告
短句来源
     The differencebetween the increments in arterial pressure induced by 5-HT injection beforeatropine-propranolol administration(⊿MAP:73±2.4 mmHg)and that aftervagotomy(11±3.2)may be regarded as overall reflex hypertension,whereasthe difference between the increments after administration of drugs(AMAP:50±3.7)and that after vagotomy(11±3.2)was considered as a vascular componentin reflex hypertension(reflex vasoconstriction).
     将使用上述药物前与神经干切断后的血压增值(分别为73±2.4和11±3.2 mmHg)之差作为反射性高血压效应,而用药后与神经干切断后血压增值(分别为50±3.7和11±3.2mmHg)之差,看作反射性高血压中的血管成分(血管收缩);
短句来源
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      reflex
    We studied certain aspects of interaction between (3H)aldosterone and the cytoplasmic as well as nuclear receptors of renal cells in the rats during compensatory renal hypertrophy at the background of reflex renal dystrophy.
          
    (3H)Aldosterone transport from the cytoplasmic receptors to the nuclear receptors during rat reflex dystrophy of compensatory hypertrophied kidney is lower as compared to the control.
          
    The reflex dystrophy induced by a sciatic nerve injury proved to have no effect on the degree of hypertrophy of the only kidney.
          
    Effect of β Adrenoreceptor Blocker Propranolol during Reflex Renal Dystrophy Induced by Sciatic Nerve Cutting
          
    The time of attitudinal reflex maintenance and recovery in a rotating decompression chamber as well as the value of hypoxic hypothermia after decompression to a simulated altitude of 11200 m were used to evaluate the tolerance to hypoxia.
          
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    The receptive relaxation of the stomach has been observed on esophageal and gastric fistula dogs following distension of the esophagus by means of a small balloon. The results were as follows: (1) Reflex relaxation of the stomach co(?)ld be induced readily by distending the esophagus. The threshold of such a stimulus has been determined to be 4-6 cc of air and the latent period, 3-5 seconds. This threshold value was not always strong enough to bring about concomitantly a secondary peristaltic wave. Thus, the...

    The receptive relaxation of the stomach has been observed on esophageal and gastric fistula dogs following distension of the esophagus by means of a small balloon. The results were as follows: (1) Reflex relaxation of the stomach co(?)ld be induced readily by distending the esophagus. The threshold of such a stimulus has been determined to be 4-6 cc of air and the latent period, 3-5 seconds. This threshold value was not always strong enough to bring about concomitantly a secondary peristaltic wave. Thus, the relaxation of the stomach is not a result of the secondary peristaltic wave in the esophagus. (2) That the integrity of both vagi in the neck is necessary for inducing the above mentioned phenomenon has been confirmed in this work in dogs by applying parasympathetic blocking drugs or after bilateral vagotomy. (3) By using the receptive relaxation reflex of the stomach as a basis, artificial conditioned reflex has been established with the sound of an electric bell or a metronome as indifferent stimulus. The formation of the conditioned reflex seemed to be fairly easy as evidenced by the fact that after about 40 times of combination, a definite conditioned reflex of the relaxation of the stomach appeared and after about 60 combinations, it became more distinct.

    本实验用具有食道瘘和胃瘘的狗,利用小氣球擴张食道的方法,进一步观察引起胃容受性舒张的条件,结果如下: (一)机械地扩张食道可迅速引起胃的容受性舒张,食道扩张刺激的阈值是4—6毫升,潜伏期是3—5秒。此阈值并不能经常同时引起食道二级蠕动波。因此,胃的容受性舒张的产生似不取决於食道的二级蠕动波。 (二)注射抑制副交感神经药物或切断颈部迷走神经後,刺激食道即不再能引起胃的容受性舒张反射。因此,在狗体上和猫体上一样,颈部迷走神经的完整是产生胃的容受性舒张所必需的。 (三)用食道扩张刺激为基础,以电铃声或节拍器聲作为条件刺激,可形成胃容受性舒张的条件反射。在结合四十余次後,即出现条件反射;在结合六十余次後,条件反射性的胃的容受性舒张则甚明显。

    Experiments on conditioned reflexes in dogs were performed with the classical method. The results shown that time conditioned reflex may be established by feeding the animal at 5 min. intervals. It is more effective when both food and sound are applied. Time conditioned reflexes are subject tO external inhibition and extinction.

    1.应用正确地每隔5分鐘給食一次的方法,便可比較簡单地使以唾液分泌为基础的时间条件反射形成起来。 2.食物与振盪音并施,对时間反射的形成具有效果。 3.在其形成过程中,無泛化与集中現象發生;时間唾液分泌起自第3分半—4分钟, 在不伴用强化时,唾液分泌持續約4分半鐘。 4.我們認为:时間信号乃是动因的复合体,每一动因起自每一个由各种不同的动因集成的先行刺激。 5.时間条件反射易受外抑制与消退抑制的影响。

    The present investigation was undertaken to observe the renal response to the distention of the urinary bladder and to elucidate the mechanism by which the effect takes place. The results obtained in our experiments may be summarized as follows: (1)In the acute experiment the distention of the urinary bladder by introducing warm saline (about 37℃)through a cannula inserted in the neck of the bladder was,as a rule,accompanied by reflex oliguria or anuria. (2)Such a reflex was found to have two distinct...

    The present investigation was undertaken to observe the renal response to the distention of the urinary bladder and to elucidate the mechanism by which the effect takes place. The results obtained in our experiments may be summarized as follows: (1)In the acute experiment the distention of the urinary bladder by introducing warm saline (about 37℃)through a cannula inserted in the neck of the bladder was,as a rule,accompanied by reflex oliguria or anuria. (2)Such a reflex was found to have two distinct phases:one of them appears at the beginning of the bladder distention and persists as long as the distention lasts,whereas the other occurs 8—10 minutes later and con- tinues over a period of 30—60 minutes. (3)The first or rapid phase is neurogenic in nature since it disappears completely after renal denervation,while the second or delayed phase is believed to be neurohumoral,being practically absent after hypophysectomy.

    本实验是在狗的急性实验中观察膀胱加压对肾脏泌尿影响的机制,结果表明:(一)膀胱加压可反射地抑制肾脏泌尿,抑制持续的时间一般为30—60分钟。(二)肾脏泌尿的抑制可分为二个时相——快相和慢相,前者出现在膀胱加压期间,乃是交感性内脏神经的兴奋,改变了肾脏血液动力学的结果,后者出现较迟,而与脑垂体分泌体液因素有关。(三)关于我们实验中脑垂体激素反射性分泌的传入径路问题,在文中作了简单的分析。

     
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