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enlargement
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  增大
    The CT features of pancreatitis in this group included pancreatic abnormalities, extrapancreatic abnormalities and complications. The pancreatic abnormalities included as follows: partial or entire enlargement of the pancreas(46 cases,79.3%), focal areas of decreased attenuation(18 cases,31%), pancreatic fracture(2cases,3.4%) and peripancreatic capsule lifting(6 cases,10.3%).
    儿童胰腺炎CT表现包括:①胰腺本身改变:胰腺局部或弥漫性增大46例(占79.3%),密度改变18例(占31%),胰腺断裂2例(占3.4%),胰腺包膜掀起6例(占10.3%)。
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    Results:The main X-ray features were as fallows:①enlargement of the uterine cavity in 28.85%(15/52) ;
    结果:52例患者确诊为子宫内膜增生过长,X线征象:① 子宫腔增大占28.85%;
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    Methods A retrospective analysis of chest radiographic findings was performed in 22 patients with clinically proven SLE,which were lived in our hospital between 1986 and 2000.Results Among 22 cases in the group,chest radiography revealed the abnormal shadows of the lung in 20 case (90.9%),pleural thickning and/or hydrothorax in 18 cases (81.8%),and the abnormal enlargement of the heart in 9 cases (40.9%).
    方法分析了22例经临床证实为SLE患者的胸部X线表现。 结果本组22例中,X线胸片显示肺部异常阴影20例(90.9%),胸膜增厚和/或胸腔积液18例(81.8%),以及心脏异常增大9例(40.9%)。
短句来源
    Results:In 36 cases ,mild cardiac enlargement was 10.5%,moderate was 42.1%,severe was 47.4%,47.4% of cardiac enlargement were categorized as aortic type,21.1% were generally type,15.8% were generally—mitral type,13.3% were generally—aortic type.
    结果 :心脏轻度增大占 10 5 % ,中度增大占 4 2 1% ,重度增大占4 7 4 % ; 心脏增大的形态中主动脉型占 4 7 4 % ,普大型占 2 1 1% ,普大至二尖瓣型占 15 8% ,普大至主动脉型占 13 3% ;
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    Left ventricular enlargement 100%,Left atrial enlargement 65.7%,right ventricular enlargement 52.6%,right atrial enlargement 31.5%.
    左心室增大占 10 0 % ,左心房增大占 6 5 7% ,右心室增大占 5 2 6 % ,右心房增大占 31 5 %。
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  肿大
    (2) enlargement of liver and spleen, especially marked splenomegaly and ascent of T 2 signal.
    (2)肝脾肿大,尤其是脾明显肿大和T2信号升高。
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    Results Masses within parotid glands were depicted in 62(94%) of 66 cases,diffuse enlargement in 4(6%).
    结果  62例 (94% )表现为腮腺内肿块影 ,4例 (6% )表现为腮腺弥漫性肿大
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    ④lacrimal galnd type in 6 cases(10.3%) showed enlargement of lacrimal gland on CT;
    泪腺型 ,占 10 .3 % (6/ 58) ,CT表现为泪腺肿大 ;
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    Results (1) All 12 cases of Hashimoto's thyroiditis and 10 cases of Graves disease demonstrated diffuse, and symmetrical or basically symmetrical enlargement of bilateral leaves with evenly reduced density, and no lower density nodule was seen in the gland.
    结果  ( 1) 12例桥本病 ,10例Graves病甲状腺双叶呈弥漫对称性或基本对称性肿大 ,密度均匀减低 ,无腺内更低密度结节。
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    Orbital pseudotumor showed an orbital local or diffuse mass, enlargement of lacrimal gland and ocular muscles as well as thickening of the eye ring.
    眶炎性假瘤表现为眶内局限性或弥漫性肿块 ,泪腺肿大 ,伴有眼环增厚 ,眼肌增粗。
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  “enlargement”译为未确定词的双语例句
    A Roc Analysis of Mediastinum Lymph Node Enlargement Detected by CT and X-Ray
    纵隔淋巴结肿大CT和X线诊断比较的ROC曲线分析
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    4 cases and mediastinal znd unilateral hilar lymh nodes enlargement.
    4例纵隔和单侧淋巴结肿大;
短句来源
    CT scan of intra-orbital optic nerve enlargement
    眼眶CT视神经增粗征的临床分析
短句来源
    The rate of conformation between lymphnodeimaging and patholgical examination in 12 patients with enlargement lymph nodes was higher than 90%.
    12例淋巴结显像结果与病理切片结果符合率大于90%。
短句来源
    Results:Among 100 patients,78 cases,including Hodgkin's disease(HD) 24 cases and Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL)54 cases,had abnormal CT findings:(1)medi-astinal nodal enlargement ;
    结果:100例恶性淋巴瘤中78例胸部CT有异常表现(HD92.31%,NHL72.97%),可表现为:(1)纵隔肺门淋巴结肿大;
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  enlargement
Enlargement of the stem base and increase in the number of aerenchymatous adventitious roots facilitated the oxygen supply to the submerged organs of the plants.
      
The enlargement of aggregates takes place both due to the capture of the particles of fine fraction and their adherence during collisions.
      
The process of the enlargement of gold hydrosol nanoparticles adsorbed on the surfaces of glassy polymers (polystyrene and poly(2-vinylpyridine)) in mixed aqueous solution of chloroauric acid and hydroxylamine is studied.
      
At the same time, new Au nanoparticles are not formed on the polystyrene surface in the enlargement process, even at low coverages by preliminarily deposited "seeding" hydrosol particles.
      
Lateral conductivity of colloidal Au films formed on a poly(2-vinylpyridine) surface by the enlargement of adsorbed seeding particles is measured.
      
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Ground-glass density images in 24 patients were analysed,they include 10 IPF,3 chronic bronchitis combined with interstitial fibrosis,3 collagen diseases,2 carcinomatous lymphangitis,2 sarcoidosis,2 bacterial pneumonia,1 allergic alveolitis and 1 pulmonary alveolar proteinosis.We found that ground-glass images were not specific and could occur in parenchymal and interstitial pulmonary diseases;central type appears in carcinomatous lymphangitis,sarcoidosis and allergic alveolitis;peripheral type appears in rheumotoid...

Ground-glass density images in 24 patients were analysed,they include 10 IPF,3 chronic bronchitis combined with interstitial fibrosis,3 collagen diseases,2 carcinomatous lymphangitis,2 sarcoidosis,2 bacterial pneumonia,1 allergic alveolitis and 1 pulmonary alveolar proteinosis.We found that ground-glass images were not specific and could occur in parenchymal and interstitial pulmonary diseases;central type appears in carcinomatous lymphangitis,sarcoidosis and allergic alveolitis;peripheral type appears in rheumotoid diseases,sicca syndrome,dermatomyosi is and IPF,diffuse type appears in IPF and pulmonary alveolar proteinosis,Small nodules,enlargement of bronchovascular bundles,Honeycomb and linear shadows should be noted during differential diagnosis.

本文分析磨玻璃密度阴影共24例,其中特发性肺间质纤维化10例,慢性支气管炎伴间质纤维化3例,胶原病3例(类风湿、干燥综合征及皮肌炎各1例),癌性淋巴管炎、结节病及细菌性肺炎各2例,过敏性肺泡炎及肺泡蛋白沉着症各1例。磨玻璃密度阴影可见于实质性和间质性病变,磨玻璃密度阴影本身无特异性,中央型磨玻璃密度阴影见于癌性淋巴管炎、结节病及过敏性肺泡炎。外围型磨玻璃密度阴影见于类风湿、干燥综合征、皮肌炎、特发性肺间质纤维化。弥漫性磨玻璃密度阴影见于特发性肺间质纤维化、肺泡蛋白沉着症。在鉴别诊断时应注意小结节、支气管血管束增粗、蜂窝及线影,视哪种成份为主进行鉴别诊断。

The authors reported 7 cases of Dandy-Walker syndrome,all diagnosed by CT ex-amination,with 6 cases confirmed by operation and 2 cases followed by CT scan after operation. The main pathogenesis of Dandy-Walker syndrome is developmental abnormality of roof of the 4th ventri-cle. CT manifestations of this syndrome has common characteristics as follows:(1) Absence of cerebel-lar vermis;(2)4th ventricle extending posterosuperiorly from the missing vermis,with the shape of cyst, fan or triangle;(3)The cerebellar...

The authors reported 7 cases of Dandy-Walker syndrome,all diagnosed by CT ex-amination,with 6 cases confirmed by operation and 2 cases followed by CT scan after operation. The main pathogenesis of Dandy-Walker syndrome is developmental abnormality of roof of the 4th ventri-cle. CT manifestations of this syndrome has common characteristics as follows:(1) Absence of cerebel-lar vermis;(2)4th ventricle extending posterosuperiorly from the missing vermis,with the shape of cyst, fan or triangle;(3)The cerebellar hemispheres which may be asymmetrical,are seperated and re-tracted;(4)Elevation of tentorium,sinus confluences and straight alnus with enlargment of the posterior fossa;( 5)Superatentorial symmetrical ventricular enlargement.Rare CT manifestations of hemiation of 4th ventricle through posterior fontanel and intraventricular hemorrhage were reported.

笔者报告7例Dandy-Walker综合征,均经CT检查后确诊,其中6例手术证实,2例有手术后CT复查。Dandy-Walker综合征主要病理基础是第四脑室顶盖部的发育异常。此征的CT表现有惊人的相似性,它们是:(1)小脑蚓部缺失;(2)第四脑室从缺失的蚓部向后上方扩张,可呈羹袋状、扇形、三角形、(3)小脑半球向前外方分离退缩,两侧可不对称;(4)天幕上抬,窦汇及债窦升高,后颅凹扩大;(5)幕上脑室系统一般呈对称性扩张。笔者还报告了第四脑室从后囱门疝出和脑室内出血极为罕见的CT表现。

CT images of 523 cases of normal cisternmagna were studied , and the differ-ent diagnosis of huge cisternmagna, arachnoid cyst in cistermagna and Dandy-Walker syn-drome was discussed. The author divided the cisternmagna showed by CT into five groups:①Irregular type 327 cased,②Circular-like type 75 cases,③Pot-like type 48 cases,④Divisiontype 22 cases,⑤Invisible type 71 cases.The author believed that most of huge cisternmagnawere normal physiologic variation,not suitable to operation. The author indicated the...

CT images of 523 cases of normal cisternmagna were studied , and the differ-ent diagnosis of huge cisternmagna, arachnoid cyst in cistermagna and Dandy-Walker syn-drome was discussed. The author divided the cisternmagna showed by CT into five groups:①Irregular type 327 cased,②Circular-like type 75 cases,③Pot-like type 48 cases,④Divisiontype 22 cases,⑤Invisible type 71 cases.The author believed that most of huge cisternmagnawere normal physiologic variation,not suitable to operation. The author indicated the fea-tures of huge cisternmagna,arachnoid cyst and Dandy-Walker syndrome as following; Hugecisternmagna:irregular morphosis,no change in size,location or morphology in the 4th ven-tricle,and no enlargement in the lateral ventricle and the 3th ventricie. Arachnoid cyst:the4th ventricle was compressed and deformed and moved forward,the lateral ventricle and the3th ventricle enlarged. Dandy-Warlker syndrome:Large low-density area in postcranial fos-sa.Cerebellar hemisphere departed and was pushed forward.Vermis atrophied even disap-peared.Lateral ventricle and the third ventricle enlarged symmetrically. Because the cyst it-self was the forth ventricle enlarged greatly,there was no sign of the forth ventricle outsidethe cyst.

本文研究了523例正常枕大池的CT图像,并讨论了巨型枕大池、枕大池蛛网膜囊肿及Dandy-Walker畸形的CT鉴别诊断。作者将正常枕大池分为5种类型:①不规则型;②类圆型;③点状;④分裂型;⑤不可见型。作者对巨型枕大池、枕大池蛛网膜囊肿和Danky-Walker畸形的CT图像特点分别作了描写,并提出:巨型枕大池一般均为正常生理变异,不宜行手术治疗。

 
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