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soap
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     the MBC was only 1/8~1/64 of that for formaldehyde,and 1/64~1/128 of that for cresol with soap.
     其 MBC 为甲醛的1/8~1/64、煤酚的1/64~1/128。
短句来源
     Surface activites were tested,surface tension was 38.5×10~(-3) N/m,critical micelle concentration(CMC) was 3.32×10~(-3) mol/L,emulsifying power was(6.10 min),limp soap dispersing power was 30%.
     测得产物的表面张力、临界胶束浓度、乳化力、钙分散力、耐硬水力分别为38.5×10-3N/m、3.22×10-3mol/L、6.10 min、30%和3.04 min。
短句来源
     The iso-toxic units of four mineral dressing reagents were calculated to be 50.00 for S808, 26.67 for sulfitating soap, 6.66 for Na_2CO_3 and 0.35 for Na_2SiO_3, respectively.
     磷矿选矿过程中加入的4种选矿药剂其毒性单位分别为:S808 50.00,亚硫酸化26.67,Na_2CO_3 6.66,Na_2SiO_3 0.35。
短句来源
     The effects of the hydrophilic monomer AA and initiator K 2S 2O 8 on the electrolyte stability, freeze thaw stability and mechanical stability for the copolymer(MMA/BA/AA) soap free emulsion(pH=8)have been studied.
     研究了亲水性单体AA和引发剂K2 S2 O8用量对三元共聚物 (MMA/BA/AA)无乳液 (pH =8)的电解质稳定性、冻融稳定性和机械稳定性的影响。
短句来源
     the exponential of calcium soap dispersion(LSDP) is 11.6 %;
     钙分散指数LSDP为 11 6% ;
短句来源
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  肥皂
     Study on the Separation of Heavy Metal Ions in Wastewater by Floatation Method Using Lime and Soap Ⅰ.For the Wastewater Containg Co~(2+),Pb~(2+),Cd~(2+),Cu~(2+),Zn~(2+)
     用石灰和肥皂泡沫浮选处理含重金属离子废水的探讨 Ⅰ.含CO~(2+)、Pb~(2+)、Cd~(2+)、Cu~(2+)、Zn~(2+)废水
短句来源
     For heavy alkylbenzene sulfonate and sodium fatty acid(soap)in the concentration range of 1×10 -6 mg/L~2×10 -5 mg/L(ca.0 5 mg/L~10 mg/L),the linear correlation coefficient of the working curves reaches 0.998 and excellent reproducibility and recovery are obtained.
     应用于 1× 10 -6mol/L~2× 10 -5mol/L (约 0 5mg/L~ 10mg/L)重烷基苯磺酸盐和羧酸盐 (肥皂 )浓度的测定 ,工作曲线的线性相关系数达到 0 998,并具有良好的重现性和回收率
短句来源
     When alcohol-based hand rub or soap (hand sanitizer) was provided, HHC was respectively 58. 7% and 61. 3%; when they were not provided, it was respectively 51. 2% and 48. 4% (P<0. 05, P<0. 01).
     在提供醇类快速手消毒剂、肥皂和洗手液时医务人员手卫生执行率(58.7%、61.3%)比不提供的手卫生执行率(51.2%、 48.4%)高(P<0.05、P<0.01)。
短句来源
     The optimal condition is as follows: testing temperature 80℃, concentration of soda and soap 5~10g/L, liquor ratio 1∶50, soaping time 30 min.
     测试温度为 80℃ ,纯碱 /肥皂浓度为 5 /10 g/L ,浴比 1∶ 5 0 ,皂洗时间30 min,此条件下测得的耐洗色牢度最接近永久性耐洗色牢度。
短句来源
     In addition, 74. 6% of the medical workers washed their hands for more than 15 s after patient contact with soap (hand sanitizer) and running water.
     医务人员接触患者后使用肥皂(洗手液)和流动水洗手时间≥15 s的占74.6%。
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  “soap”译为未确定词的双语例句
     A Study of Deviation Two-order Reaction on Soap Reaction of Acetoacetyl
     乙酸乙酯皂化反应偏离二级反应行为的研究
短句来源
     A study on lead myristate (LM) soap film crystal by positron annihilation life spectroscopy
     14烷酸铅(LM)皂膜晶体的正电子湮没寿命谱学法研究
短句来源
     Web services-based service management architecture is described,and XML-based service management information model and SOAP(simple object access protocol)-based service management protocol are designed and implemented.
     提出了基于Web Services的服务管理体系结构,并设计和实现了基于XML服务管理信息模型和基于SOAP服务管理协议。
短句来源
     In addition,a P2P security computing platform is designed and implemented which used XML,SOAP in the Web Services and JXTA technology.
     设计并实现了一种基于PKI技术的P2P安全计算平台。
短句来源
     Firstly,the definition,characteristics,architecture and security of web service are introduced,and then its core techniques and standards,including XML,SOAP,WSDL,UDDI are discussed.
     分析介绍了Web服务的含义、特点、体系结构以及安全性,并对其核心技术SOAP、WSDL和UDDI进行了探讨与研究。
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  soap
Enzymatic hydrolysis of neutral fat of cotton oil soap stock with a nonspecific lipase produced byOospora lactis F-500 was designed.
      
Utilization of cotton oil soap stock as the only source of carbon during cultivation of the fungus was studied.
      
The rate of hydrolysis of soap stock fat strongly depended on the way of biological conversion of cotton oil soap stock.
      
The most effective utilization was observed during cultivation of the fungus in the medium containing soap stock.
      
Influence of Surface-Active Soap Dispersants on the Size of Calcium Soap Particles Formed in Hard Water
      
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By continuous perfusion with calcium free Ringer solution, the activity of the hypodynamic toad heart may be augmented with certain phosphatides or soaps. Among those lipids, crude soy-bean phosphatides are most powerful. Crude egg yolk phosphatides and its alcoholic insoluble fraction and sodium or ammonium oleates are also effective; whereas the alcohol soluble fraction of egg yolk phosphatides(i.e. lecithin) and potassium oleate are ineffective. The perfusion fluids, which revive the activities of the...

By continuous perfusion with calcium free Ringer solution, the activity of the hypodynamic toad heart may be augmented with certain phosphatides or soaps. Among those lipids, crude soy-bean phosphatides are most powerful. Crude egg yolk phosphatides and its alcoholic insoluble fraction and sodium or ammonium oleates are also effective; whereas the alcohol soluble fraction of egg yolk phosphatides(i.e. lecithin) and potassium oleate are ineffective. The perfusion fluids, which revive the activities of the hearts and which are drained after experiments contain about 1/8 to 1/4 the quantity of calcium of normal Ringer. Such calcium is speculated to be liberated from the cardiac tissue. In conclusion, the presence of a minute quantity of calcium in the perfusing fluid is necessary to aid the action of phosphatides in maintaining the contractility of the hearts.

(一)在無鈣任氏液中,蟾蜍心臟搏動停止,某些磷脂和皂類可以使心臟搏動恢復,並維持幾小時。 (二)在上述情况中,有效的脂類為大豆磷脂、粗製雞卵璘脂及其不溶於酒精的部分、油脂酸鈉和油脂酸銨等;溶於酒精的雞卵磷脂和油脂酸鉀,並無作用。 (三)心搏在無鈣任氏液中經磷脂作用而恢復後,鈣自心肌向灌流液釋出。 (四)心肌鈣質或灌流液中存在的微量鈣質是磷脂對心肌的興奮作用所必需。

Acetylcholine(I;X=OH,n=1)is a substance possessing intense physiological activity toward the vegetative nerves.It would be interesting to see the variation of physiological activity in the homologous series of choline esters(I). C_nH_(2n+1)·CO·OCH_2·CH_2·N~+(CH_3)_3X~- (I) The literature methods for the preparation of choline esters either by the interaction of β-halogen-substituted ethyl esters with trimethylamine or by the acylation of choline salts are not satisfactory in the purification of the products....

Acetylcholine(I;X=OH,n=1)is a substance possessing intense physiological activity toward the vegetative nerves.It would be interesting to see the variation of physiological activity in the homologous series of choline esters(I). C_nH_(2n+1)·CO·OCH_2·CH_2·N~+(CH_3)_3X~- (I) The literature methods for the preparation of choline esters either by the interaction of β-halogen-substituted ethyl esters with trimethylamine or by the acylation of choline salts are not satisfactory in the purification of the products. Loury prepared a few choline ester salts by the acylation of 2-dimethylaminoetha- nol and the subsequent quaternization of the tertiary amines so obtained,but he did not give the details including the physical constants and the analyses of the products.In the present work this method has been extended,a series of fatty acid esters of choline iodide has been synthesized.The products are well-defined crystalline solids.The lower members of the series are soluble in water,methanol or ethanol;the higher members are only slightly soluble,and the solid substances are greasy and the solutions are soap-like.The higher members gave two melting points,heating to high temperature caused the decomposition of these compounds, trimethylamine hydroiodide was isolated in several cases. When these compounds were used on the isolated rabbits' heart the lower members produced an acetylcholine-like effect,i.e.a slowing of the heart rate, the octanoyl compound was more or less inactive,and from then onwards with increasing chain-length an increasing degree of inhibition of the response to acetyl- choline was produced.From the decanoyl compound onwards with increasing chain length they inhibited spontaneous gastric secretion and the secretion of the vagotomised stomach stimulated by prostigmine in the rats as well if administered intramuscularly.

2-二甲氨基乙醇用相应的脂醯氯醯化后得到的叔胺再用碘甲烷季铵化,合成了一系列晶体的胆碱脂酸酯氢碘酸盐,其中并包括了两个不饱和脂酸酯.在这系列化合物中,短链的化合物对神经系统的作用与乙醯胆碱相仿,但长链化合物却抑制了乙醯胆碱的作用.致谢:本文大部分实验工作系在英国 Birmingham 大学药理系所作,作者对 A.C.Frazer教授的鼓励与协助致谢.

Field trials of controlling both downy and powdery mildews of cucumber plants were carried out at the experimental station of the university and at a field plot in a people's commune in Peking. A number of fungicides was employed in these trials in order to compare the effectiveness of copper stearate and Bordeaux mixture with that of Dithane (made in China) against these maladies. The results pointed out that Bordeaux mixture (1:1.5:200—300) and copper stearate (1:4—6:800) were both effective against the two...

Field trials of controlling both downy and powdery mildews of cucumber plants were carried out at the experimental station of the university and at a field plot in a people's commune in Peking. A number of fungicides was employed in these trials in order to compare the effectiveness of copper stearate and Bordeaux mixture with that of Dithane (made in China) against these maladies. The results pointed out that Bordeaux mixture (1:1.5:200—300) and copper stearate (1:4—6:800) were both effective against the two mildews, however, the latter inhibited the powdery mildew better than the former. A mixture of 1% copper sulphate solution and 5% washing soap solution at a rate of 1:1 mixed without boiling was very effective for controlling the both and gave a higher yield. This mixture was easier in preparation than the copper stearate employed in routine spray. Dithane (1:800) was effective only for controlling the downy mildew, but non-effective for the powdery mildew. The addition of 0.2% colloid sulphur into the Dithane preparation rendered it cffective for controlling the powdery mildew also. Dithane (1:500) caused a little injury to the Peking varieties of cucumber, but 1:800 in concentration was safe. Addition of 0.5% resin solution into Bordeaux mixture increased the effectiveness of the later during the rainy season. According to the record of the disease indices made at various stages during the growth period, it was noted that the effect of the chemical protection became significant only when the disease indices in the non-sprayed plots raised to about 50. Below this level, the increase of yield of the sprayed plots in comparing with those of non-sprayed plots was usually insignificant. The Dithane (1:800) sprayed plots had a yield 27% higher than the non-sprayed controls. In the plots where 2 earlier sprays with copper stearate and 4 later sprays with Bordeaux mixture were made resulted a yield 38% higher than the non-sprayed plots. The net profit increased per Mou by employing 6 sprays of Dithane (1:800) was 22.3 Yuen, while that by 2 sprays of copper stearate and 4 sprays of Bordeaux mixture was 77.3 Yuen. The difference was considered to be due to the loss caused by the damage inflicted by the powdery mildew in the Dithane plots.

在焉連洼及肖家河两个试验中分别比较了热制铜皂液、波尔多液及代森锌对防治黄瓜霜霉病及白粉病所起的作用。试验中肯定了铜皂液(1∶4∶800,1∶6∶800)对霜霉病及白粉病都有一定的抑制作用,波尔多液(1∶1.5∶200—300)对霜霉病的抑制作用稍强于铜皂液,但对白粉病的抑制稍弱于铜皂液。苗期用铜皂液,后期用波尔多液可以获得很好的防治效果。在一个观察区中发现,冷制铜皂液有替代热制铜皂液的希望,因其药效及增产作用都不亚于后者。在多雨的情况下波尔多液中加入1∶200的甲松皂可以增加其药效。代森锌(1∶500,1∶800)对霜霉病有显著的保护作用,但是对白粉病不超任何防治效果。1∶500的浓度对黄瓜的生长有轻微的药害。1∶800全无药害。在1∶800的代森锌液中加入0.16分(=0.2%)的细硫粉时可以兼治霜霉及白粉病,而且获得此铜剂更高的产量,由于这一试区重复少,可以提出来作进一步的试验。代森锌中混入魚藤精作为兼治蚜虫之用时,似乎有一些微小的不良作用,但没有显著的药害。在肖家河点上的生产试验中证明,前期喷2次铜皂液,后期喷4次波尔多液的比无处理区的总产量超出38%,使用1∶800代森辞6次的比无处理区的总产量超出2...

在焉連洼及肖家河两个试验中分别比较了热制铜皂液、波尔多液及代森锌对防治黄瓜霜霉病及白粉病所起的作用。试验中肯定了铜皂液(1∶4∶800,1∶6∶800)对霜霉病及白粉病都有一定的抑制作用,波尔多液(1∶1.5∶200—300)对霜霉病的抑制作用稍强于铜皂液,但对白粉病的抑制稍弱于铜皂液。苗期用铜皂液,后期用波尔多液可以获得很好的防治效果。在一个观察区中发现,冷制铜皂液有替代热制铜皂液的希望,因其药效及增产作用都不亚于后者。在多雨的情况下波尔多液中加入1∶200的甲松皂可以增加其药效。代森锌(1∶500,1∶800)对霜霉病有显著的保护作用,但是对白粉病不超任何防治效果。1∶500的浓度对黄瓜的生长有轻微的药害。1∶800全无药害。在1∶800的代森锌液中加入0.16分(=0.2%)的细硫粉时可以兼治霜霉及白粉病,而且获得此铜剂更高的产量,由于这一试区重复少,可以提出来作进一步的试验。代森锌中混入魚藤精作为兼治蚜虫之用时,似乎有一些微小的不良作用,但没有显著的药害。在肖家河点上的生产试验中证明,前期喷2次铜皂液,后期喷4次波尔多液的比无处理区的总产量超出38%,使用1∶800代森辞6次的比无处理区的总产量超出27%。代森锌区的增产较铜一波区较小的原因在于白粉病较重。根据成本计算,铜皂液一波尔多液处理区因防治而增收的利益为每亩77.3元,而代森锌区刖为22.3元。由此可见,在黄瓜栽培采用上述两种药剂前后喷布6次结果还是有利的。从分期采收及病情指数来看,当无处理区的病情指数在50以下时,药剂的作用还不明显,病情指数在50—90时,药剂的作用便极为明显,指数升到90以上时,此时无处理区已经枯死,而药剂防治区依然可以收瓜。估计代森锌区可以延长收瓜10天,而铜一波区可以延长16天。

 
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