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jade
相关语句
  
    Nine Dragon Wall inlaid with gold and jade
    鏨金鑲九龍壁
短句来源
    A new coloured stone: Baiyun Jade
    新型彩石原料——白雲
短句来源
    The analysis techniques of Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and Scanning Electronic Microscopy with X-ray energy dispersive microanalysis (SEM -EDX) were used to study the properties of an ancient jade unearthed from Shang Tomb in Xingan.
    文章采用傅里叶变换红外光谱(FTIR)和配有能谱仪的扫描电镜(SEM-EDX)对新干商墓出土的一件神人兽面饰进行了分析研究。
    A Preliminary Study of Research Categories of Jade Culture
    中国文化研究范畴浅析
短句来源
    Jade Hill of Dayu Regulating Water and Jianlong Temple of Yangzhou
    《大禹治水图》山与扬州建隆寿
短句来源
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  玉石
    Economic evaluate basis for jade
    玉石经济评价的依据
短句来源
    The Jade Culture and the Sorcery History Culture of the North - East Region
    东北地区的玉石文化与巫史文化
短句来源
    On the Theory of the Differentiation between Jade and Stone
    “玉石分化”说辨正——兼论玉器的起源问题
短句来源
    On the Ideas ana Craltsmanship of the Making at Jade knife with Bone Handle Tentative discussion with M.Yin Zhiqiang
    红山文化骨柄玉石刀的制做理念和工艺与殷志强先生商榷
短句来源
    On the Position & Network of "the Jade Road
    “玉石之路”的布局及其网络
短句来源
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  玉器
    REE Characteristics of the Liangzhu Culture Jade Artifacts Excavated from Yaoshan
    良渚文化玉器的稀土元素特征及其考古学意义
短句来源
    a Summary of Study on Hongshan Jade
    红山文化玉器研究综述
短句来源
    An Analytical Study of Jade Wares Unearthed in Zhenshan Tomb D9M1,Suzhou
    苏州真山D9M1玉器分析与研究
短句来源
    Appreciation of Jade Art of Hongshan Culture
    红山文化玉器艺术赏析
短句来源
    Appreciation on Jade Wares of Liangzu Culture preserved by Yuhang Museum
    余杭市博物馆藏良渚文化玉器精赏
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  “jade”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Tattling on Jade Belt-hook
    浅谈玉带钩
短句来源
    Some Remarks on the Ancient Jade Xun Yu Qi(珣玗琪)
    珣玗琪考
短句来源
    A REVIEW ABOUT THE STUDY OF THE MATERIAL FOR BIAN HE'S JADE
    和氏璧材质研究述评
短句来源
    Xiuyan Soft Jade and the Red Mountain Culture
    岫岩软玉与红山文化
短句来源
    The Culture of Hong Shan Jade Dragon
    红山文化碧玉龙
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  jade
Eighteen hours after the last dose an increased expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein and fluoro-jade staining were demonstrated whereas the number of tyrosine hydroxylase positive cells were unchanged in the substantia nigra.
      
However, nearly three- and five-fold higher values were found respectively for strength and fracture toughness of "jade" with highly aligned fibres for crack propagation perpendicular to the fibres.
      
Room temperature mechanical properties measured for natural fibrous "jade" materials with random fibre orientations were similar to strengths (e.g.
      
Strength and toughness of jade and related natural fibrous materials
      
The fracture behaviour of jade is compared with that of common rocks and engineering ceramics.
      
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The beginning of copper metallurgy in China is an important aspect for studying Chinesecivilization.Nevertheless,there have been disaggreements about this problem.The artical analyzes themining,smelting tempreture and reductive atmosphere,as well as the early relics of copper in prehistoryaccording to the archeaological materials in the late 40 years to exploring this key problem.A great number of relics of jade and turquois unearthed from Hemudu,Dawenko,Hongshan,andDaxi culture in the middle and late...

The beginning of copper metallurgy in China is an important aspect for studying Chinesecivilization.Nevertheless,there have been disaggreements about this problem.The artical analyzes themining,smelting tempreture and reductive atmosphere,as well as the early relics of copper in prehistoryaccording to the archeaological materials in the late 40 years to exploring this key problem.A great number of relics of jade and turquois unearthed from Hemudu,Dawenko,Hongshan,andDaxi culture in the middle and late Neolithic Age,explicit that the mining area was quite big.Theturquios and malachite relics are witness of mining copper ore.A great amount of pottery unearthedfrom Dawenko and Yangshao culture tell us that tempreture of kiln could be obtained as high as over1000℃ in middle Neolithic Age.In the same way,a great amount of grey pottery unearthed fro allNeolithic sites demonstrates that the craftsmen had learnt to make and control the reductive atmospherein kiln earlier than the middle of Neolithic Age.The condition of copper metallurgy had been formedearlier than the middle of Neolithic Age in China.Additionally,Many relics of copper and copper alloies were unearthed from Neolithic sites ofShaanxi,Shanxi,Shandong,Henan,Hebei,Gansu and Qinghai,among which the earliest is closeto the middle of Neolithic Age.These early copper relics are tally with Chinese legends.So,I suggest that the beginning of copper metallurgy should be in the middle of Neolithic Age,alittle earlier than the early Yangshao culture.

中国冶铜术的发生时限及其如何发生、在何处发生,不仅是技术史研究的重大课题,也是探讨中华民族文明起源这个重大理论问题时不能回避的问题。长期以来,各说不一。新近的考古发掘为探索这个问题提供了许多线索。本文拟根据这些考古材料,从研完冶铜术发生的技术条件入手,结合古文献,对这个问题作一探讨。

Reconstruction of the Chinese civilization, of its genesis, shaping and final development into the centralized Qin-Han empire, must be based in studies of what had happened on this land.The heterogeneity of the socalled "jade-interred burials" of the Liangzhu cultrure in terms of tomb size and funeral objects tells about a well stratified population. Whether a tomb occupant once had control over military affairs or oracle practice or both, can be known by asking if jade zong plague or battle-axe...

Reconstruction of the Chinese civilization, of its genesis, shaping and final development into the centralized Qin-Han empire, must be based in studies of what had happened on this land.The heterogeneity of the socalled "jade-interred burials" of the Liangzhu cultrure in terms of tomb size and funeral objects tells about a well stratified population. Whether a tomb occupant once had control over military affairs or oracle practice or both, can be known by asking if jade zong plague or battle-axe or both are present. It seems that both divination and war had become a profession in the Liangzhu society, and those holding sway over them were at the acme of the social hierarchy. As such, the Liangzhu inhabitants were at the stage of state.Of this culture,the sites yielding hard-foot gui are earlier than those where the vessel is absent. According to a morphological comparison made on the Liangzhu artifacts with those of the Dawenkou culture, the former is chronologically equal to the early Huating Phase while the latter somewhere toward the late Xixiahou Phase. So,the Liangzhu culture is more than five thousand years from pressent, fairly within the threshold of civilization.In a minority of "jade-interred burials, " human sacrifices are wives or concubines of tomb owners. The wives and concubines, although a product of slavery, were themselves not necessarily slaves. It is not legitimate enough to identify the Liangzhu polygynous patriarchy with slave system. Based on his ressearch, the author makes three general statements about the Liangzhu culture.Firstly, the society was consisted of a minority holding oracle and military powers and ordinary people who were independent economically within certain social organizatinon. The former was the ruler, amassing wealth from the latter.Secondly, military authority was not bigger than priestly power. Generals and priess were on positions of basically equal importance.Thirdly, the Liangzhu society had not yet witnessed a political unification. The whole territory was partitioned into different parts held by different autonomous regionalpowers.The foregoing features can be regarded as the hallmark of the Liangzhu society and an indicator of its position in social evolution.

张忠培的《良渚文化的年代和其所处社会阶段》一文,提出“良渚文化已迈入了文明的门槛,奴隶占有制并非进入文明时代的良渚文化的社会形态”的观点,并提出了良渚“方国”的三个特征。

From May to October of 1994, archaeologists from the Archaeology Department of Beijing University and Institute of Archaeology of Shanxi Province carried out the 5th season of excavation at the tombs of Marquis of Jin and his wives, along with more than twenty sacrificial pits and a Han dynasty tomb.Of the five tombs (coded M33, M91, M92, M93 and M102), only M33 was destroyed by tomb robbers, with the rest in good state of preservation. Structurally, M91 has a rectangular earthen pit equipped with a single passage;...

From May to October of 1994, archaeologists from the Archaeology Department of Beijing University and Institute of Archaeology of Shanxi Province carried out the 5th season of excavation at the tombs of Marquis of Jin and his wives, along with more than twenty sacrificial pits and a Han dynasty tomb.Of the five tombs (coded M33, M91, M92, M93 and M102), only M33 was destroyed by tomb robbers, with the rest in good state of preservation. Structurally, M91 has a rectangular earthen pit equipped with a single passage; M92 has a vertical earthen pit equipped with a single passage; M93 is similar except for its two passages; M102 is again an earthen one of rectangular vertical shaft.All the dead were found with beautiful personal ornaments made of jade, beside an abundance of bronze ritual vessels, musical instruments and weapons, stone objects, things made of clam shell and pottery. M93 yieldes a remarkable mask made of 31 pieces of jade plates in different shapes. Another jade ornament from M92 is assembled with hundreds of small pieces. Other jade ornaments like bull, deer monkey, bird and the like are all exquisitely and lovely shaped. Some bronze vessels bear names of three Marquises of Jin, casting much light on the ownership of these tombs.By now, all of the 17 large tombs at the Tianma-Qucun graveyard have been cleared up. Several statements that can be made include: M33 was occupied by Marquis of Jin called 僰马?, a contemporarty of Emperors Xiao and Yi of the Western Zhou dynasty; M91 and M92 are actually a joint burial of adjacent pits, the tomb owners being Marquis Xi Fu and his wife, dated to the period of Emperor Li of the Zhou dynasty; M93 and M102 are from the early Spring and Autumn period, the former most probably owned by Marquis Wen of Jin. The chronological sequence of the tombs at the graveyard is shown as follows: M9 and M13——M6 and M7——M32——M91 and M92——Ml and M2——M8 and M31——M62, M63 and M64——M93 and M102. M63 seems to belong to the same group with M93, considering its distance and difference from M64 and M62. Its occupant may be the wife of Marquis Wen of Jin.

截至1994年10月,山西天马——曲村遗址北赵普侯地的最后5座晋侯及其夫人墓已清理完毕。这5座墓,M33时代在西周孝、夷之际,墓主为晋侯“僰马”;M91、M92时代在周厉王之世,墓主为晋侯“喜父”;M93、M102时代为春秋之初,墓主为晋侯“仇”。墓中的随葬品极为丰富,青铜礼乐器、玉石器琳琅满目,不少青铜器上铸有铭文,为探讨晋国君主的世系、西周时期诸侯的葬制、葬俗、乃至青铜器、玉器的研究,都提供了弥足珍贵的资料。

 
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