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buddhist
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  佛教
     39 were Buddhist and 14 were others;
     宗教信仰:佛教39例,其他14例。
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     Buddhist Culture Spirits and Harmonious World Idea
     佛教文化精神与和谐世界理念
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     Historical Geographical Study of Buddhist Culture in Northwest China
     西北佛教历史文化地理研究
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     Buddhist ethics and modern civilization
     佛教伦理与现代文明
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     BUDDHIST PHILOSOPHY AND MODERN PHYSICS
     佛教哲学与现代物理学
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  佛教的
     Buddhist Ethical Thought and Modern Society
     佛教的伦理思想与现代社会
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     Second reason is that the traditional Buddhist theory and practice contain some inclination of stressing the absolute truth while ignoring the worldly life.
     原因之二是传统佛教界在思想与实践两方面,都存在执真废俗的偏锋,这两个原因往往是纠缠在一起的,世人多因对第二种情况的直观感受才发生对佛教的误解。
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     The meaning of Tojn is Buddhist monk which was borrowed from Chinese term Daoren道人.
     Toj n为汉语"道人"一词的音译,指佛教的"僧人"、"和尚"。
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     China's Buddhist Cultural Landscape
     中国佛教的文化景观
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     India is the birthplace of Hinduism and Buddhism,and Asia is a treasury of Hindus and Buddhist thoughts and cultures.
     印度是印度教与佛教的发祥地,整个亚洲是印度教与佛教思想和文化的宝库。
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  佛教徒
     Emperor,Buddhist,Literature Personality
     文士、将军、皇帝、佛教徒——梁武帝萧衍的社会角色及文学人格新说
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     Attitude to suicide in lawyer,Buddhist and medical staff
     律师、佛教徒、医务人员对自杀态度的研究 (自杀系列研究之二)
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     Through tracing to the source and distinguishing development of the elegant, I think the Ci Poet of Jiang kuis devoted to pursuing one kind and society's far different graceful aesthetic inclination of common customs, pursuing with former generation poet elegant artistic spirit and Buddhist advocate elegant thought that agree without prior consultation.
     通过对“清雅”一词溯源辨流,笔者认为姜派词人致力于追求一种与世俗社会迥然不同的高雅的审美趣向,与前代诗人追求清雅的艺术精神及佛教徒崇尚清雅的思想颇有暗合之处。
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     Firstly, the criticism to the Buddhist ontologie.
     伊斯兰教肯定并提倡正常的婚姻关系,回族学者批判佛教徒离家修行的行为。
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     However,in his last years,XIAO indulged himself in buddhism and he even wanted to be the buddhist in Tong Tai Temple.
     晚年他又是一个痴迷的佛教徒,曾经多次舍身同泰寺,最后在侯景之乱中悲惨地死去。
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  “buddhist”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Research on the Clitics in the Chinese Versions of Buddhist Scriptures in the Yaoqin(姚秦) Dynasty
     姚秦汉译佛经助词研究
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     The Study on Buddhist and Confucianism in Sung Dynasty
     宋代僧人与儒学研究
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     A Study of the Buddhist Thoughts of Master Lian-chi
     莲池大师思想研究
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     The Study of the Narrative Literature of Buddhist Scripture and the Novels of Tang Dynasty
     佛经叙事文学与唐代小说研究
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     Chinese Buddhist Scriptures and Indian Philosophy
     谈汉文佛经中的印度哲学史料——兼谈印度哲学对中国思想的影响
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  buddhist
In addition, the region is heir to Hindu and Buddhist traditions and also to three European colonial systems of government and administration (Portuguese, Dutch and British).
      
The Buddhist Compassion Relief Foundation (Tzu-Chi or Ciji) is primarily a lay Buddhist movement that focuses on relieving human suáering through secular action.
      
This contribution deals with the thinking of the Buddhist philosopher and Christian theologian Katsumi Takizawa (1909-1984) on incarnation.
      
Urban society and Buddhist monasticism, as scholars have pointed out, were linked materially and sociologically.
      
This essay will explore the deep resonances between Ende's view of time in Momo and the Buddhist perspective on time, particularly as expressed by the Japanese Zen master Dogen (1200-1253).
      
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The year 1963 was the 1.200th anniversary of Buddhist Master Jian Zhen's death. In order to commemorate this great envoy of cultural exchange between the Chinese and the Japanese people, it was decided to erect a memorial hall for the Master in his native place - Yangzhou, Jiangsu province. The late professor Liang Sicheng of Qinghua University was appointed chief architect for the design work, and the construction was completed in 1973.The memorial hall stands on a hill in the northern suburbs of the...

The year 1963 was the 1.200th anniversary of Buddhist Master Jian Zhen's death. In order to commemorate this great envoy of cultural exchange between the Chinese and the Japanese people, it was decided to erect a memorial hall for the Master in his native place - Yangzhou, Jiangsu province. The late professor Liang Sicheng of Qinghua University was appointed chief architect for the design work, and the construction was completed in 1973.The memorial hall stands on a hill in the northern suburbs of the city, and to the southwest of the site is the ancient Daming Temple, where Jian Zhen served as abbot before he went to Japan. This building is a wooden structure of five bays long and three bays deep, designed in traditional architectural style. On the main elevation the wall plane is set back on the second line of columns, thus creating a colonnade. Flanking the hall are covered corridors which link it with the stela pavilion on the south to form a courtyard. The design of the hall, including its frontage treatment, bracket system and roof line reminds one of the Golden Hall of Toshodaiji in Nara, Japan, a fine surviving example of Buddhist architecture in the Tang dynasty style.

鉴真大师是我国盛唐时期的高僧,除佛学外,在文学,医药、雕塑、绘画、建筑等方面,都有很深的造诣。他于公元753年东渡日本,为中日两国人民的友好往来与文化交流,做出了杰出的贡献。1972年中日建交以来,两国人民的友谊日益发展。现在,被日本视为“国宝”的鉴真像,正在我国巡回展览,这是中日文化交流史上的又一盛举。为此,本刊特发表梁思成教授的遗著《扬州鉴真大和尚纪念堂设计方案》一文和建成后的一组照片,表示欢迎和庆贺。 鉴真纪念堂是1963年为纪念鉴真逝世1200周年而决定建立的,由梁思成教授及其助手完成方案设计,当年建成了纪念碑。其后,由南京工学院张致中和扬州建设局的同志们进行技术设计和绘制施工图,并纽织了施工,于1973年全部落成。 梁思成教授是我国著名的建筑学家和建筑教育家,曾任清华大学建筑系主任、中国建筑学会副理事长。他长期遭受林彪、“四人帮”的摧残、迫害,不幸于1971年病逝。鉴真纪念堂是梁思成教授生前主持的最后一项方案设计,我们发表他这篇遗著,也是对梁思成教授的纪念。

As an economic crop supplying sugar sugarcane originated from China The manufacture of sugar in China can be recalled to as early as over thousand years B C that was well described in the famous book of 《Shi jing》Although the crop that producing sugar was not mentioned, another book published at the time of Zhan Guo about three century B C verified the facts.It was stated in the book of 《Chu Chi》 that in the central part of China.Hupei province,manufactured sugar from sugarcane was recorded Thus growing cane...

As an economic crop supplying sugar sugarcane originated from China The manufacture of sugar in China can be recalled to as early as over thousand years B C that was well described in the famous book of 《Shi jing》Although the crop that producing sugar was not mentioned, another book published at the time of Zhan Guo about three century B C verified the facts.It was stated in the book of 《Chu Chi》 that in the central part of China.Hupei province,manufactured sugar from sugarcane was recorded Thus growing cane and manufacturing sugar occurred much earlier in the valley of Yangtze River At the end of the third century B.C the supreme ruler of Fujian presented crystalized sugar made from sugarcane to Emperor Han Gap Zu.In the early years of the third cantury A D.sugarcane cultivation in the Yellow River valley Henan province was recorded in the literature.Many old Chinese literatures called the sugarcane and sugar with different names.At least no less than thirty names were given for sugarcane and sugar respectively More records described the varieties of sugarcane,methods of cultivation utilizations. as well as equipments and technics on sugar manufacturing.As to the records of cane and sugar developed in the other countries,the history depicted as,“when Alexander the Great invaded India in 327 B C his scribes recorded that the inhabitants chewed a marvelous reed,which produced a kind of honey without any help from bees'”The Italian, Marco polo (1254-1324 A D ) started his traveling to the eastern countries of the world in November 1271 A D.He reached China in May 1275 A D and left China on the Summer of 1292 A D.He returned home on the Winter of 1295 A.D..In the book“The travels of Marco polo”, he recalled while traveling on his way he noticed the growing of sugarcane and the manufacture of sugar in several places of China only.He stated also that many merchants from India purchased lots and lots of Chinese sugar and shipped home.Such is a proof that the development of sugar industry started much later in India than China.Besides, more evidences could be found elsewhere that tea and sugar distributed and spreaded from China to India.The misstatement that“growing of cane and manufacturing of sugar originated from India”can easily be solved.We have more evidences below relating the cane cultivation and manufacture of sugar. The cultivation of sugarcane and manufacture of sugar spreaded from China to different places of the world directly or indirectly.In the book of Marco polo,Quan-zhou,a port of Fujian province in southern China, was at that time a great harbour of the world.She was in fact the known great Chinese harbour of Soong dynasty (960-1279 A.D.).Many Arabians visited and traded valuable merchandise with Chinese.It was said that Quan-zhou was so glorious a place comparable to the heaven.Nowadays, some remnants of the Arabian graves can still be seen over there.Most probable,these Arabians brought the seed canes and introduced the cultural methods to the Mideast.The sweet reed soon spreaded through the regions of Mediterranean as far as the European countries such as Italy and Spain. Then Christopher Columbus brought the seed canes from Spain to the New World in his second vayage and made the canes settle in Santo Domingo. After this,the cultivation of sugarcane extended gradually to different countries of the New World.In the year 1852 A.D.many sugarcane laborers and sugar manufacturing technicians engaged in the sugarcane industry in Hawaii.They employed the native methods in production,but soon were renovated and recruited by the Chinese with men and machines. Many of the Chinese wooden cane crushing machines still remained there exposing the progress of the sugar industry at that country.By the sixteenth century,the oversea Chinese also introduced the art of sugarcane planting and production of sugar to countries such as Philippines and Java. The Japanese books such as 《Thousand years history of Okinawa》 and 《Five buddha in Ryukyu islands》 clearly stated that buddhist monk Jian-zhen in Tang dynasty (618-907 A.D.) introduced the method of sugar manufacturing into Japan.The Chinese island of Taiwan obtained the technics of cane growing and sugar manufacture from the neighbor province of Fujian.Many sugar manufacturing technicians from Zhang- zhou,Fujian sailed to the island to recruit the men there. The sugar trading of the world began from China also.prior to 1840 A D China dominated the foreign trade of the world cane sugar.The effect of the Opium War sharply cut down the production and export of cane sugar in China.China became one of the five leading sugar producing countries in the world.The other four countries were India, Java,Philippines and Cuba.After the invasion of Japanese Imperialism, the island Taiwan was leased to Japan.Since then,instead of exporting sugar China became the importing sugar country.Chewing cane was very delicious and consumed as fresh fruits and condiments.It was originated in China,and until now it is still an important exportation of China. Among the species of Saccharum,S.sinensis is the oldest cultivar ever found in the world.It is originated in China,and ascertained by many modern researchers.Many published research works stand in its favor These are:〈Investigations on the flowering of Saccharum Ⅱ.Number of spindle leaves and date of induction〉by P.H.Moore (15th ISSCT, 1974);〈Photosynthetic action spectra of Saccharum species.〉by A.G. Alexander (15th ISSCT,1974);〈Comparative studies on the area of the photosynthetic membrane in sugarcane〉by K.Y.Zhou,T.G.Liang, and C.B.Lu 〈Journal of Fujian Agricultural College,1981(2)〉etc. Saccharum sinensis is neither originated in New Guinea nor derived from the crossing of Saccharum officinarum and S.spontaneum in the northeast India.This species was created and selected by the Chinese farmers long ago.

世界种蔗制糖起源于中国。据《诗经》记载,公元前十二世纪以前就已制糖。公元前三世纪的《楚辞·招魂》已明确指出甘蔗制糖,表明了长江流域早已种蔗制糖了。公元前三世纪末,闽王已从福建向汉高祖晋贡甘蔗制的砂糖。公元三世纪初,明确黄河流域业已种甘蔗。中国许多古籍,对蔗和糖两个字有不同的写法和称呼,各有约三十种;还记述了不同的甘蔗品种、用途、栽培法以及制糖工具和方法等。外国最早的记载是:亚历山大大王于公元前327年东侵印度时,他的随从执事才记录有:当地人‘咬食一种稀奇芦苇,没有蜂的任何帮助,会产生一种密’。意大利人马可·波罗(1254~1324)于1271年11月踏上旅途往东方,1275年5月到达中国,至1292年夏离开。于1295年冬回到他的故乡。在其《游记》中谈到:旅途所经各地,只有中国几个地方产糖,和印度人来中国买糖的情况。表明了印度开始蔗糖生产比中国迟得多。有许多证明,茶和糖是由中国传到印度去的。说种蔗制糖起源于印度,明显是错误的。以下所述几方面的情况,也是佐证。种蔗和制糖是由中国直接或间接向世界各地传播的。马可·波罗《游记》曾说到,中国泉州是世界最大港口之一。实际上,泉州在宋朝(960~1279)就已经是世界著名...

世界种蔗制糖起源于中国。据《诗经》记载,公元前十二世纪以前就已制糖。公元前三世纪的《楚辞·招魂》已明确指出甘蔗制糖,表明了长江流域早已种蔗制糖了。公元前三世纪末,闽王已从福建向汉高祖晋贡甘蔗制的砂糖。公元三世纪初,明确黄河流域业已种甘蔗。中国许多古籍,对蔗和糖两个字有不同的写法和称呼,各有约三十种;还记述了不同的甘蔗品种、用途、栽培法以及制糖工具和方法等。外国最早的记载是:亚历山大大王于公元前327年东侵印度时,他的随从执事才记录有:当地人‘咬食一种稀奇芦苇,没有蜂的任何帮助,会产生一种密’。意大利人马可·波罗(1254~1324)于1271年11月踏上旅途往东方,1275年5月到达中国,至1292年夏离开。于1295年冬回到他的故乡。在其《游记》中谈到:旅途所经各地,只有中国几个地方产糖,和印度人来中国买糖的情况。表明了印度开始蔗糖生产比中国迟得多。有许多证明,茶和糖是由中国传到印度去的。说种蔗制糖起源于印度,明显是错误的。以下所述几方面的情况,也是佐证。种蔗和制糖是由中国直接或间接向世界各地传播的。马可·波罗《游记》曾说到,中国泉州是世界最大港口之一。实际上,泉州在宋朝(960~1279)就已经是世界著名港口,就有很多阿拉伯人来往了。传说到泉州就是到了天堂。至今还有阿拉伯人墓的遗址。蔗种和栽培技术以及制糖技术,很可能在那时候已被传去中东,然后经地中海传到意大利和西班牙。哥仑布第二次(1490)去美洲带了蔗种植于圣多·多明哥,逐渐在美洲传播开来。夏威夷‘自1852年起,从中国招来大量的蔗田工人和土法制糖技术工人,至今还留存当时从中国运去的甘蔗压榨木辊’。印尼爪哇和菲律滨等地的种蔗制糖是十六世纪由华侨传去的。日本人乌仓龙治和伊波普猷等的著作中有说到,中国唐朝鉴真和尚东渡扶洋时,把制糖法传入日本。中国台湾省的种蔗制糖是由福建省传去的,并有从漳州聘去熬糖师的记载。世界蔗糖贸易是中国领先的。在鸦片战争(1840)前,中国是世界唯一产糖大国,所产蔗糖畅销世界各地,远达英国、美国。1840年后,降为世界五大产糖国(中国、印度、爪哇、菲律滨、古巴)之一。日本侵占台湾后,再降为蔗糖进口国。果蔗更是中国早有的,也销售国外。“中国种”甘蔗是世界最古老的栽培种。近年来的甘蔗学研究,如 P.H.Moore《蔗属开花的研究Ⅱ.诱导期与叶簇里的叶片数》,A.G.Alexander《蔗属品种的光合活动光谱》(以上两文皆刊载于十五届国际甘蔗技师会议论文集)和周可涌、梁天干、卢川北《甘蔗叶片光合膜面积的比较研究》(福建农学院学报,1981,[2])等的研究结果,已经给予证明。“中国种”甘蔗不是从伊里安传来,更不是在印度东北部由热带种和当地野生种甘蔗自然杂交形成的,是中国农民长期选择的产物。中国解放后的蔗糖业以及甘蔗科学研究情况,因篇幅关系,客另文陈述。

In China's history of philosophy the most significant ontological category is that of noumenon and presentation. Xiong Shili summarized in a critical manner the various noumenon-presentation theories held by different philosophical schools such as the Confucianists, Buddhists, and Taoists. Based on his comprehensive study Xiong advanced his own theory—unity of noumenon and its presentation. It is a theory full of originality and dialectics. This paper proceeds from a logical analysis to an initial investigation...

In China's history of philosophy the most significant ontological category is that of noumenon and presentation. Xiong Shili summarized in a critical manner the various noumenon-presentation theories held by different philosophical schools such as the Confucianists, Buddhists, and Taoists. Based on his comprehensive study Xiong advanced his own theory—unity of noumenon and its presentation. It is a theory full of originality and dialectics. This paper proceeds from a logical analysis to an initial investigation into the main content and the theoretical framework of Xiong's theory.

体和用是中国哲学中最为重要的一对本体论范畴。熊十力在批判总结儒释道各家体用观的基础上,提出了颇具特色、包含丰富辩证法思想的“体用不二”论。本文试图从逻辑分析的角度,对体用不二论的主要内容和理论构架作一初步的探讨。

 
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