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rot     
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  腐病
    STUDIES ON THE WHITE ROT (CONIOTHYRIUM DIPLODIELLA(Speg.) Sacc.)OF GRAPEVINEI.THE OCCURRANCE OF WHITE ROT OF GRAPEVINE IN RELATION TO THE MICROCLIMATE OF VINE YARD
    葡萄白腐病(Coniothyrium diplodiella(Speg.)Sacc.)的研究——Ⅰ:田间白腐病的最初发生与葡萄园微气候结构的关系
短句来源
    STUDIES ON THE WHITE ROT(Coniothyrium diplodiella(Speg.)Sacc.)OF GRAPEVINE II.The environment conditions and paths of white rot infection.
    葡萄白腐病(Coniothyrium diplodiella(Speg.)Sacc.)的研究——Ⅱ、葡萄白腐病田间侵染规律的初步探讨
短句来源
    PHYSIOLOGY OF RESISTANCE OF POTATO VARIETIES TO SOFT ROT DISEASE——Ⅰ.RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE CONTENT OF FREE AMINO ACIDS IN TUBERS AND THEIR RESISTANCE
    马铃薯品种对细菌软腐病抗性生理指标的研究——Ⅰ.品种的游离氨基酸含量及其与软腐病抗性的关系
短句来源
    PHYSIOLOGY OF RESISTANCE OF POTATO VARIETIES TO SOFT ROT DISEASE——Ⅱ.RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE CONTENT OF REDUCING SUGARS IN TUBERS AND THEIR RESISTANCE
    马铃薯品种对细菌软腐病抗性生理指标的研究——Ⅱ.品种还原糖含量及其与软腐病抗性的关系
短句来源
    IDENTIFICATION OF THE FUNGAL SPECIES CAUSING ROOT ROT IN CITRUS
    柑桔根腐病病原真菌鉴定
短句来源
更多       
  
    STUDIES ON THE WHITE ROT (CONIOTHYRIUM DIPLODIELLA(Speg.) Sacc.)OF GRAPEVINEI.THE OCCURRANCE OF WHITE ROT OF GRAPEVINE IN RELATION TO THE MICROCLIMATE OF VINE YARD
    葡萄白病(Coniothyrium diplodiella(Speg.)Sacc.)的研究——Ⅰ:田间白病的最初发生与葡萄园微气候结构的关系
短句来源
    STUDIES ON THE WHITE ROT(Coniothyrium diplodiella(Speg.)Sacc.)OF GRAPEVINE II.The environment conditions and paths of white rot infection.
    葡萄白病(Coniothyrium diplodiella(Speg.)Sacc.)的研究——Ⅱ、葡萄白病田间侵染规律的初步探讨
短句来源
    PHYSIOLOGY OF RESISTANCE OF POTATO VARIETIES TO SOFT ROT DISEASE——Ⅰ.RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE CONTENT OF FREE AMINO ACIDS IN TUBERS AND THEIR RESISTANCE
    马铃薯品种对细菌软病抗性生理指标的研究——Ⅰ.品种的游离氨基酸含量及其与软病抗性的关系
短句来源
    PHYSIOLOGY OF RESISTANCE OF POTATO VARIETIES TO SOFT ROT DISEASE——Ⅱ.RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE CONTENT OF REDUCING SUGARS IN TUBERS AND THEIR RESISTANCE
    马铃薯品种对细菌软病抗性生理指标的研究——Ⅱ.品种还原糖含量及其与软病抗性的关系
短句来源
    IDENTIFICATION OF THE FUNGAL SPECIES CAUSING ROOT ROT IN CITRUS
    柑桔根病病原真菌鉴定
短句来源
更多       
  腐烂
    At the end of storage,the rot rate of different packing is 28.2% to 69.5% lower than CK.
    贮藏末期,各处理组合果实的腐烂率比CK低28.2%~69.5%。
短句来源
    Preliminary Studies on Gladiolus Bulb Rot
    唐菖蒲种球腐烂原因初探
    The inspection methods of defects such as bruise and rot were studied, and the identification methods of stem and calyx were presented.
    本文主要针对这种情况,研究了碰伤、腐烂等常见表面缺陷的检测方法,并对果梗和花萼的识别进行了研究,主要研究内容和研究成果如下:
短句来源
    It was showed that the main pathogens of post-harvest grapes rot disease were Botrytis cinerea,Aspergillus niger,Penicillium spp.
    以红地球,巨峰,玫瑰香,马奶葡萄为试材,对葡萄采后腐烂病原菌进行了分离,纯化,病原菌形态鉴定,结果表明引起葡萄采后腐烂的病原菌主要为Botrytis cinerea,Aspergillus niger,Penicillium spp.
短句来源
    In this paper, active mechanism of all treatments and the physiological change of pomegranate are discussed and revealed through the analysis and compare of respiration index、phenols content、ethanol content、rot index、rate of good fruit and the activity of PPO、POD、PAL and CAT.
    试验通过对果实呼吸强度、酚类物质含量、乙醇含量、腐烂指数、好果率和PPO、POD、PAL、CAT等酶活性的分析比较,探讨了各处理的作用机制,揭示了石榴采后的生理变化。
短句来源
更多       
  腐败
    Study on Lotus Rhizome Rot's Occurrence Rule
    莲藕腐败病发生规律初研
    Isolation and Identification of Lotus Rhizome Rot Pathogen and Their Biological Characteristic
    莲藕腐败病病原菌分离鉴定及部分生物学特性研究

 

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  rot
Eucalyptus chemithermomechanical pulp (CTMP) was modified with the white-rot fungus 19-6 in a stationary culture condition.
      
Different factors that influence the effect of white-rot fungus treatment, including additional nutrition, pH value, temperature, treatment time and oxygen input were investigated.
      
The results show that the energy consumption of post refining of CTMP treated by white-rot fungus 19-6 was lower than that of untreated pulp and the strength properties also obviously improved.
      
Unfortunately, the treatment with white-rot fungus substantially decreased all optical properties except for opacity, which was essentially unchanged.
      
Influence of glucose feeding on the ligninolytic enzyme production of the white-rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium
      
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Formerly trunk rot of apple(Botryosphaeria ribis Gross,et Dugger)was reported onlyoccuring on young trees.Since 1957 it was noted to be one of the serious diseases on matureapple trees in the southern part of Liao-ning province,where the disease developed from themiddle of May to the end of October.There were two peaks of development in a year(i.e.June and August),during which the cankers extended most rapidity.Wounds and lenticelswere found to be the principal entrances of the fungus.The rate of infection...

Formerly trunk rot of apple(Botryosphaeria ribis Gross,et Dugger)was reported onlyoccuring on young trees.Since 1957 it was noted to be one of the serious diseases on matureapple trees in the southern part of Liao-ning province,where the disease developed from themiddle of May to the end of October.There were two peaks of development in a year(i.e.June and August),during which the cankers extended most rapidity.Wounds and lenticelswere found to be the principal entrances of the fungus.The rate of infection reached 62.7%at the points where the bark was injured.Topography was also an influencing factor.Lim-sulfur spray proved to be fairly effective among the nine fungicides tested.Four applica-tions of lime-sulfur in the growing season reduced the trunk rot to less than 50%.Cuttingoff infected tissue or banks was considered as a less effective operation.

根据1960—1961年的研究,苹果干腐病在辽宁省,每年从5月中旬到10月均能发生为害,6月分为发生发展的第一次高峯;8月下旬至9月上旬为第二次高峯。苹果干腐病的发生与气候条件有密切关系。干旱与积水均能诱发病害的发生,而干旱的影响最大。地势与发病亦有影响,低洼地发病较重。树势强弱与本病的发生有密切关系。栽培管理条件好,树势旺壮者,病势一般较轻。喷药保护树干有一定作用,彻底刮治病斑,再涂抹石灰硫磺合剂,效果很好。

Fruit rot or bunch rot of oil palm in Hainan Island causes a considerable loss. Investigations show that this disease occurs almost all the year round. In dry seasons it appears as a dry rot and during rainy seasons it turns into a soft rot. Symptoms of dry rot always appear as a bunch of yellow, sometimes brown, colored fruit which are at first moribund, then rot off during the ensuing rain, while those of soft rot are quite inconspicuous at their early stages of development....

Fruit rot or bunch rot of oil palm in Hainan Island causes a considerable loss. Investigations show that this disease occurs almost all the year round. In dry seasons it appears as a dry rot and during rainy seasons it turns into a soft rot. Symptoms of dry rot always appear as a bunch of yellow, sometimes brown, colored fruit which are at first moribund, then rot off during the ensuing rain, while those of soft rot are quite inconspicuous at their early stages of development. The only way to detect its presence is to hold each fruit between the finger and thumb and shake it gently. Sound fruit always remain rigid on the bunch and diseased ones can be easily taken out of their enfolding brackets. In a more advanced stage, the detached ends turn brown or brownish black, often carrying a light growth of fungus mycelium. In severe cases the brown ends turn into a water soaked appearance, emitting a fouly odor. Rot usually commences at the top fruit of a bunch, extending downward and inward, finally engulfing the whole bunch. During our three years of systematic investigation we have noticed that 1. Plants which were well fertilized and fruit bunches hand pollinated yield only half as much rotted fruit as those of unconcerned ones. 2. Fruit rot on well managed level land is decidedly less than on slopes. 3. Plants growing on soils with a fairly high underground water level (about 1 1/2 to 2 meters from ground level) do not yield as much rotted fruit as those on high land. 4. This disease neither spreads from bunch to bunch nor attacks the trunk or the leaf base of the plant. 5. A green rind variety suffers less fruit rot than the purple rind variety. Isolations from points of detached ends of fruit frequently yield species of Fusarium. Gloeosporium and various kinds of bacteria, and inoculations by various methods to healthy fruit have never induced rot of any kind. During the process of isolation, with the help of free hand sectioning of severed ends under the microscope, we noticed the fact that some detachable fruit during their early stages do not harbour any organisms at all. In order to clarify the case, we carefully removed the fruit with their peduncles attached from bunches showing early signs of shedding. These were cut longitudinally along their medulla into sizes good enough for both paraffin embedding and free hand sectioning. Cut sections reveal the fact that some inmature fruits produce abscission layers much earlier than healthy mature fruit. This would indicate that fruit bunches of oil palms under certain adverse conditions tend to shed their fruit. Since each small fruit is held within three spiny brackets, the upward growing fruit can not easily drop out of the socket; hence, it has to rot in situ. Relating all the observations mentioned above, we believe that this disease is of a physiological nature.

三年来作者对于幼龄結果油棕的果穗和果实腐烂的症状、分布、蔓延为害,其发生条件和栽培管理的关系进行了詳細的調查和观察,并进行了病原分离、培养、田间人工接种和試探性化学保护等試驗。同时对果实离层組織的形成进行了切片检查。 結果指出海南十二个地区的幼龄结实棕园普遍出現的花、果、穗腐与环境条件和栽培管理有密切关系。果腐是果实离体后从蒂部組織开始的。从腐果組織中經常可以分离到細菌、炭疽菌和鐮刀菌。多次田間接种証明这些菌对健康果实和果穗均无致病能力。大田喷药无效。看来,油棕果腐病是由于环境坏、管理差的条件下,未成熟或接近成熟的果实产生离层而与果柄分离,再由外界杂菌腐食脫果而致腐烂。可見,本病是屬于非侵染性的生理病害。

The occurrence of white rot of grape clusters was closely connected with thecharacterastic microclimate of high humidity and heavy dew at the lower layerabove the ground in vine yard.The appearance of white rot of grape clustersoften primarily occurred in June and the clusters lying on the ground were oftenthe first to be infected,while the field infection of white rot was taking placea high air moisture as well as thin water film condensed over the grapevine su-rface is needed.Field observations...

The occurrence of white rot of grape clusters was closely connected with thecharacterastic microclimate of high humidity and heavy dew at the lower layerabove the ground in vine yard.The appearance of white rot of grape clustersoften primarily occurred in June and the clusters lying on the ground were oftenthe first to be infected,while the field infection of white rot was taking placea high air moisture as well as thin water film condensed over the grapevine su-rface is needed.Field observations in 1961-1963 pointed out that in June ofNorth China,it is always dry and with scanty rain.However even a smallamount of precitation after a few windless nights may induce a high humidityand heavy dew at the lower layer a few centimetres above the ground whereas theupper layer is still dry.According to our observations,weediness was proved to be one of the mostimportant factors that increase the air moisture of orchard.And therefore incr-eased the infection of the disease.A series of field practices were suggested to control this disease.

篱架葡萄穗白腐病最初多出现于6月中、下旬,病穗首先开始于架下,呈多点散发,7月份雨季以后,隨着雨水渐勤,病害乃逐蔓延而散见于架面。观察指出;造成白腐病发生的以上诸特点,除了最初侵染源来自表层土壤这一重要因素外,也与果园微气侯结构的关系至为密切。在枝叶茂密的葡萄园里,架下往往相当郁蔽而潮湿,白天地面温度较架上高,但夜间却常常产生显著的逆温。由于夜间地面湿度高,温度低,尤其在6月份葡萄座果后,正值华北干旱的季节,此时倘有微雨或灌溉,每引起架下偶然的水份凝聚,而架上却远较干燥。水份凝聚是有利于病害的侵染和发生的。因此6月份中、下旬架下先出现病害,及至7—8月份雨季里,架上下的湿度都高,故差异不显著,此时病害也就散见于架面,而且雨量愈多,流行愈炽。

 
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