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mannitol
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  甘露醇
     Protective effects of mannitol on experimental cerebral ischemia
     甘露醇对实验性脑缺血的保护作用
短句来源
     The Study on The Co-saturability of Potassium Chloride, Sodium Chloride, and Mannitol in Water
     氯化钾、氯化钠和甘露醇在水中共饱和度的研究
短句来源
     Gas Chrcmatographic Determination of Mannitol and Sorbitol in Urine
     气相色谱法测定尿中甘露醇、山梨醇的含量
短句来源
     DETERMINATION OF MANNITOL CONCENTRATIONS IN PLASMA BY COLORIMETRY
     血浆中甘露醇浓度比色测定
短句来源
     ICP Monitoring: Analysis of the Efficacy of Mannitol Application
     颅内压监护:甘露醇疗效分析
短句来源
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  甘露糖醇
     ML-PLLA was synthesized by ring-opening polymerization of L-lactide in the presence of mannitol, it has the characteristic of low melt viscosity.
     L-丙交酯在甘露糖醇分子上引发聚合得到的ML—PLLA具有低熔体粘度的特性。
短句来源
     Six-arm mannitol-polylactide(ML-PLLA ) that hassix side chains of polylactide was synthesized by polymerizing L-lactide in the presence of mannitol which has a characteristic of six hydroxyl. Coupling ML-PLLA/GA and glutamic acid capped ML-PLLA-GC were prepared by modifying with Glutaric anhydride and L-Glutamic acid, respectively.
     利用甘露糖醇分子中具有六个羟基的特点,让L-丙交酯在其分子上聚合而生成具有六个聚乳酸侧链的六臂甘露糖醇-聚乳酸(ML-PLLA),然后再用戊二酸酐和L-谷氨酸对ML-PLLA进行改性,分别得到偶联化的甘露糖醇-聚乳酸(ML-PLLA/GA)和L-谷氨酸封端的甘露糖醇-聚乳酸(ML-PLLA-GC)。
短句来源
     The analysis results indicated that the three compounds were all alcoholized saccharides. To be more exact, compound A was arabitol, compound B was erythritol and compound C was mannitol.
     分析结果得出这种化合物均是多元醇类化合物,其中化合物A为阿拉伯糖醇,化合物B为赤藓糖醇,化合物C为甘露糖醇
短句来源
     With the increase of the ratio of mannitol in the feed, the molecular weight, the melting point as well as Mw/Mn of ML-PLLA all decrease, indicating the molecular weight distribution is becoming narrow.
     随着投料中甘露糖醇占的比例增加,ML—PLLA的分子量相对降低,其熔点也相对降低,同时M_w/M_n降低,即分子量分布变窄。
短句来源
     The results were as fo llows: As a condition of early-period cultivation that increases the separati on of seedling protoplast of the stock, by cultivation in a basic culture medium that made up 1/2 MS, a sucrose concentration of 4% and a mannitol concentration of 0.6%, it was the most appropriate.
     紫罗兰的子叶原生质体分裂初期培养最适条件 :培养基为 1 2MS。 培养基组成中 ,蔗糖质量分数为 4%、甘露糖醇浓度为 0 6mol L。
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  “mannitol”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Protective effect of controlled reperfusion with warm blood cardioplegia containing mannitol on mitochondrial function after myocardial ischemia
     Protective effect of controlled reperfusion with warm blood cardioplegia containing mannitol on mitochondrial function after
短句来源
     The shoots differentiation rate of the callus cultured in differentiation medium (MSR 3c,MS +casamino acids 500 mg/L +glutamine 300 mg/L +proline 500 mg/L +mannitol 36.4 g/L+maltose 30 g/L+TDZ 0.2 mg/L +phytagel 5 g/L pH 5.8) was over 90%.
     采用MSR3c (MS +casaminoacids 5 0 0mg/L +glutamine 30 0mg/L +proline 5 0 0mg/L +mannitol 36 4 g/L +maltose 30 g/L +TDZ 0 2mg/L +phytagel 5 g/LpH5 8)为分化培养基 ,愈伤组织分化率均在 90 %以上。
短句来源
     By comparing test results, highly regenerative tissues of perennial ryegrass produced from mature embryo were induced and proliferated on MS medium containing 2,4-D 5mg/L and mannitol 0.2mol/L, and the best medium for the differentiation and germination of somatic embryos was 1/2MS with 2,4-D 1mg/L and KT 1mg/L, the rate of differentiation was 71%.
     经过对比试验,筛选出适合于黑麦草成熟胚为外植体的再生培养基配方,愈伤诱导培养基MS + 2,4-D 5mg/L + mannitol 0.2mol/L为最佳,分化培养基为1/2MS培养基(大量减半)+ 2,4-D 1mg/L + KT 1mg/L,分化率为71%。
短句来源
     Results: The average mannitol content in Changiums myrnioides Wollf was found to be from 0.57% to 2.36%,when the contents of reference standard mannitol in solution were in the range of 10μg to 50μg/mL.
     结果:在10~50μg/mL范围内对不同月份采收的样品在实验条件下测定,其平均含量为0.57%~2.36%。
短句来源
     When ICP was between 25 mmHg and 30 mmHg, ICP below 20 mmHg and normal, rScO2 could be kept longer in cases treated with mannitol of 125 ml than that treated with 250 ml(P<0. 01).
     25mmHg
短句来源
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  mannitol
The following criteria are proposed: the ratio of phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine, the ratio of mannitol and arabitol, and the levels of sterols and free fatty acids.
      
The activity of fungal β-glucosidase depended on the carbon source in the culture medium and ranged from 2.1 units per mg protein in the presence of mannitol to 17.3 units per mg protein in the presence of avicel.
      
In contrast to polysaccharides, easily metabolizable substrates (cellobiose, mannitol, and glucose) provided the highest rates of secretion of laccase (52.7-123.5 ncat per mg protein) and ligninase (22-106 units per mg protein).
      
radical scavengers (dimethylformamide, ethanol, and mannitol).
      
The soluble carbohydrates of the cytosol amounted to 12% dry spore weight and consisted of mannitol (74%) and trehalose (26%).
      
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Four water soluble organic trivalent antimony compounds such as sodium antimony gluconate, potassium antimony saccharate, sodium antimony citrate and sodium antimony mannitol have been prepared by the reaction of polyhydroxyl acids or polyhydroxyl alcohols with antimony trichloride, antimonyoxychloride or antimonous oxide in the presence of alkali. The aqueous solution of sodium antimony gluconate is not stable and can be stablized by adjusting its pH value with the addition of gluconic acid. The sodium...

Four water soluble organic trivalent antimony compounds such as sodium antimony gluconate, potassium antimony saccharate, sodium antimony citrate and sodium antimony mannitol have been prepared by the reaction of polyhydroxyl acids or polyhydroxyl alcohols with antimony trichloride, antimonyoxychloride or antimonous oxide in the presence of alkali. The aqueous solution of sodium antimony gluconate is not stable and can be stablized by adjusting its pH value with the addition of gluconic acid. The sodium antimony mannitol, prepared from 2 moles of mannitol and 1 mole of antimonous oxide, is also not stable. Its stability can be increased by changing the mole ratio of the reactants, mannitol and antimonous oxide, to 3:1. This product is probably a complex compound of sodium antimony mannitol and mannitol. All of them have been proved to possess the therapeutic action in the treatment of experimental infections of Schistosoma japonicum in mice.

水溶性多羟酸或多元醇的三价銻化合物,如葡萄糖酸銻鈉,糖酸锑鉀,檸檬酸锑鈉及甘露醇锑鈉,可由多羟酸或多元醇与三氯化锑,氯氧化锑或三氧化二锑在鹼性溶液中制取。葡萄糖酸锑鈉水溶液性不稳定,可用葡萄糖酸調节其pH值,以增其稳定性。由二分子甘露醇和一分子三氧化二锑作用而成的甘露醇锑鈉的水溶液,亦不稳定.我們改由三分子甘露醇及一分子三氧化二锑作用,則所得产物的水溶液稳定。由其锑含量推測,此产物可能为一分子甘露醇锑鈉及一分子甘露醇的复合物。

A polarographic method for determining boron in sea water and bittern has been suggested. The sample is treated with mannitol and CdCO_3, and the Cd~(++) ion thus liberated is then determinded polarographically. This method is applicable to the determination of trace amoune of boron (1 ppm) with an average error of 5%.

本文建立海水及盐卤中硼的极谱快速测定方法,在甘露醇-KCl混合底液中,用CdCO_2与酸作用以测定Cd~(++)量,从而间接测定硼量,最低浓度为1P.p.m,误差±5%。

Condensation of sodium p-acetaminophenoxide with 1,7-dibromoheptane and subsequent hydrolysis gave 1,7-bis-(p-aminophenoxy)-heptane dihydrochloride(Ⅰ).Condensation of sodium p-acetaminothiophenoxide with 1,3-dibromopropane,1,6-dibromohexane or 1,7-dibromoheptane and subsequent hydrolysis gave the dihydrochlorides of the a,ω-disubstituted alkanes(Ⅱ, Ⅲ,Ⅳ).Similar treatment of sodium p-acetaminophenoxide and its thio derivative with 3-chloro-1,2-propanediol or 1,3-dibromo-2-propanol gave the hydrochloric salts...

Condensation of sodium p-acetaminophenoxide with 1,7-dibromoheptane and subsequent hydrolysis gave 1,7-bis-(p-aminophenoxy)-heptane dihydrochloride(Ⅰ).Condensation of sodium p-acetaminothiophenoxide with 1,3-dibromopropane,1,6-dibromohexane or 1,7-dibromoheptane and subsequent hydrolysis gave the dihydrochlorides of the a,ω-disubstituted alkanes(Ⅱ, Ⅲ,Ⅳ).Similar treatment of sodium p-acetaminophenoxide and its thio derivative with 3-chloro-1,2-propanediol or 1,3-dibromo-2-propanol gave the hydrochloric salts of 3-p-ami- nophenoxy-1,2-propanediol(Ⅴ)or 1,3-bis-(p-aminophenoxy)-2-propanol(Ⅶ)and their thio analogs(Ⅵ,Ⅷ). 1,6-Dichloro-2,3-4,5-bis-methylene-D-mannitol upon prolonged heating with sodium p-acetaminophenoxide in sealed tubes gave a small yield of the 1,6-diether(Ⅺ).A more convenient route to the 1,6-disubstituted mannitol was as follows.The triisopropylidene derivative of mannitol was partially hydrolyzed to gave the 3,4-isopropylidene derivative which was in turn tosylated at the 1,6-positions and acetylated at the 2,5-positions,giving Ⅻ. Treatment of Ⅻ with sodium p-acetaminophenoxide gave the 1,6-diether(ⅩⅢ),with concomittant loss of acetyl groups.Hydrolysis of ⅩⅢ gave ⅪⅤ.Similar treatment of sodium p-acetaminothiophenoxide gave the corresponding thio analog(ⅩⅤ). Condensation of sodium p-nitrophenoxide with 1,4-dibromo-2-butene gave 1,4-bis-(p- nitrophenoxy)-2-butene(ⅩⅥ).Hydroxylation of the double bond and then reduction of the nitro groups gave 1,4-bis-(p-aminophenoxy)-2,3-threo-dihydroxybutane dihydrochloride (ⅩⅧ). These p-aminophenoxy ethers and thioethers were shown to have no therapeutic value against schistosomiasis japonica when tested with experimentally infected animals.

1.对乙酰氨基苯酚与1,7-二溴代庚烷,在乙醇钠液中缩合,得1,7-双(对乙酰氨基苯氧基)-庚烷,经稀盐酸水解制得1,7-双(对氨基苯氧基)-庚烷二盐酸盐.2.对乙酰氨基硫酚在硷醇中分别与1,3-二溴代丙烷,1,6-二溴代己烷和1,7-二溴代庚烷缩合,水解就可以分别得到相应的α,ω-双(对氨基苯硫基)-烷二盐酸盐.3.1-氯代甘油及1,3-二溴代甘油与对乙酰氨基苯酚或硫酚缩合,再行水解后,分别获得甘油的1-(对氨基苯基)及1,3-双(对氨基苯基)-醚或其硫代醚.4.1,6-二氯代-2,3-4,5-二亚甲基-D-甘露醇与对乙酰氨基苯酚钠盐,在封闭管中长期加热,可获得2,3-4,5-二亚甲基-D-甘露醇-1,6-双(对乙酰氨基苯)-醚.5.将 D-甘露醇做成1,2-3,4-5,6-三异丙基-D-甘露醇,经部分水解成3,4-异丙基化合物,再制成1,6-双(对甲苯磺酰基)-2,5-二乙酰基-3,4-异丙基-D-甘露醇,在乙醇钠溶液中,分别与对乙酰氨基苯酚或硫酚缩合,再经水解,即分别得到 D-甘露醇-1,6-双(对氨基苯基)-醚或 D-甘露醇-1,6-双(对氨基苯基)硫代醚的双盐酸盐.6.对硝基苯酚与1,4-二溴代-2...

1.对乙酰氨基苯酚与1,7-二溴代庚烷,在乙醇钠液中缩合,得1,7-双(对乙酰氨基苯氧基)-庚烷,经稀盐酸水解制得1,7-双(对氨基苯氧基)-庚烷二盐酸盐.2.对乙酰氨基硫酚在硷醇中分别与1,3-二溴代丙烷,1,6-二溴代己烷和1,7-二溴代庚烷缩合,水解就可以分别得到相应的α,ω-双(对氨基苯硫基)-烷二盐酸盐.3.1-氯代甘油及1,3-二溴代甘油与对乙酰氨基苯酚或硫酚缩合,再行水解后,分别获得甘油的1-(对氨基苯基)及1,3-双(对氨基苯基)-醚或其硫代醚.4.1,6-二氯代-2,3-4,5-二亚甲基-D-甘露醇与对乙酰氨基苯酚钠盐,在封闭管中长期加热,可获得2,3-4,5-二亚甲基-D-甘露醇-1,6-双(对乙酰氨基苯)-醚.5.将 D-甘露醇做成1,2-3,4-5,6-三异丙基-D-甘露醇,经部分水解成3,4-异丙基化合物,再制成1,6-双(对甲苯磺酰基)-2,5-二乙酰基-3,4-异丙基-D-甘露醇,在乙醇钠溶液中,分别与对乙酰氨基苯酚或硫酚缩合,再经水解,即分别得到 D-甘露醇-1,6-双(对氨基苯基)-醚或 D-甘露醇-1,6-双(对氨基苯基)硫代醚的双盐酸盐.6.对硝基苯酚与1,4-二溴代-2-丁烯缩合,生成1,4-双(对硝基苯氧基)-2-丁烯,于双键上进行双羟基化,并将硝基还原,得1,4-双(对氨基苯氧基)-2,3-threo-双羟基丁烷二盐酸盐.7.本文报导中的11个化合物,其中除Ⅰ、Ⅴ外,均为未知化合物,用作动物试验,初步结果表明,这些多羟基的氨苯氧(或硫)烷类化合物,对日本住血吸虫病都无效.

 
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