助手标题  
全文文献 工具书 数字 学术定义 翻译助手 学术趋势 更多
查询帮助
意见反馈
   mannitol 在 外科学 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.01秒
图标索引 在分类学科中查询
所有学科
外科学
神经病学
急救医学
药学
临床医学
有机化工
化学
生物学
中药学
更多类别查询

图标索引 历史查询
 

mannitol
相关语句
  甘露醇
    Protective effects of mannitol on experimental cerebral ischemia
    甘露醇对实验性脑缺血的保护作用
短句来源
    A Study of Effect of High-dose Mannitol on Cerebral Blood Flow Following Brain Injury in Rabbits
    大剂量甘露醇对家兔脑损伤后脑血流量影响的研究
短句来源
    The level of serum gastrin, plasma motilin, plasma endotoxin, and the ratio of lactulose to mannitol in urine(L/M ratio) were measured on the 1st, 3rd, 7th, and 10th day after burn injury.
    均于伤后第1、3、7和10天测定血清胃泌素、血浆胃动素及内毒素水平,测定尿乳果糖和甘露醇的比值(L/M值)。
短句来源
    Objective To compare the clinical efficacy of 3% hypertonic saline(HS) with 20% mannitol in reducing intracranial hypertension due to traumatic brain edema.
    目的比较3%高渗盐水和20%甘露醇治疗外伤性脑水肿合并颅内高压的疗效。
短句来源
    Objective To compare the effects of 3% hypertonic solution(HTS) to 20% mannitol(M) on the cerebrospinal fluid pressure(CSFP) and the circulation stability in emergency patients undergoing neurosurgery.
    目的比较3%高渗盐水(HTS)和20%甘露醇(M)对急诊手术病人脑脊液压(CSFP)和循环稳定及安全性的影响。
短句来源
更多       
  “mannitol”译为未确定词的双语例句
    ICP is decreased immediately after using mannitol and the ICP at 3min, 15min, 30min and 60min after mannitol are significantly different from before mannitol. ( P<0.01 ) ICP at 15min after mannitol are the lowest and 120-180min after mannitol, ICP have progressly got higher and even higher than before mannitol.
    即:用药后立即引起ICP的降低,用药后3min、15min、30min和60min时所测得的ICP值与用药前相比均有显著差异(P < 0.01),其中15min时ICP降至最低值,120-180min时ICP已逐渐升高至治疗前水平,且超出治疗前水平(P < 0.01)。
短句来源
    ( P<0.01 )The effects of decreasing ICP caused by low and moderate dosage of mannitol have no significant difference. 15min and 30min after high dosage given, ICP shows significant difference.
    其中,小剂量组与中剂量组降低ICP的效果没有显著差别,大剂量组降低ICP的效果与小剂量组相比,在用药后15min和30min时有显著差异(P < 0.01),而与中剂量组相比无差别,以后各时间点三组间均无差别。
短句来源
    Contrast with before mannitol, the plasma osmolarity changes of low dosage after mannitol at 3min and 180min have no difference while at 15min, 30min, 60min and 120min, the difference are significant.
    与用药前相比,小剂量组引起的血浆渗透压升高在用药后3min和180min时无差异,而在用药后15min、30min、60min和120min时差异显著(P < 0.01);
短句来源
    ( P<0.01 ) To moderate dosage group, besides at 180min after mannitol showing difference ( P<0.05 ) ,the changes at other time points are significant.
    中剂量组除用药后180min引起的血浆渗透压升高有差异外(P < 0.05),其他各点的升高均有显著差异(P < 0.01);
短句来源
    ( P<0.01 ) As the high dosage group, except no changes after mannitol at 180min, the other changes are significant.
    大剂量组除用药后180min时的血浆渗透压与用药前相比无差异外,其他各时间点的差异均显著(P < 0.01)。
短句来源
更多       
查询“mannitol”译词为用户自定义的双语例句

    我想查看译文中含有:的双语例句
例句
为了更好的帮助您理解掌握查询词或其译词在地道英语中的实际用法,我们为您准备了出自英文原文的大量英语例句,供您参考。
  mannitol
The following criteria are proposed: the ratio of phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine, the ratio of mannitol and arabitol, and the levels of sterols and free fatty acids.
      
The activity of fungal β-glucosidase depended on the carbon source in the culture medium and ranged from 2.1 units per mg protein in the presence of mannitol to 17.3 units per mg protein in the presence of avicel.
      
In contrast to polysaccharides, easily metabolizable substrates (cellobiose, mannitol, and glucose) provided the highest rates of secretion of laccase (52.7-123.5 ncat per mg protein) and ligninase (22-106 units per mg protein).
      
radical scavengers (dimethylformamide, ethanol, and mannitol).
      
The soluble carbohydrates of the cytosol amounted to 12% dry spore weight and consisted of mannitol (74%) and trehalose (26%).
      
更多          


26 patients with intestinal obstruction were treated with 20% mannitol orally in 1979 - 1980. They were given a dose of 100 - 150 ml for adult. The dosage was repeated after 1 ?3 hrs. if clinical symptoms were not improved.Side effects did not appear even after repeating thrice. Of these cases, 14 responded satisfactorily, with an average of 4 days of hospitalization; the remaining 12 failed to respond to rnannitol and were found to have meachanical obstruction at laparatomy. Mannitol is a hexahydroxy...

26 patients with intestinal obstruction were treated with 20% mannitol orally in 1979 - 1980. They were given a dose of 100 - 150 ml for adult. The dosage was repeated after 1 ?3 hrs. if clinical symptoms were not improved.Side effects did not appear even after repeating thrice. Of these cases, 14 responded satisfactorily, with an average of 4 days of hospitalization; the remaining 12 failed to respond to rnannitol and were found to have meachanical obstruction at laparatomy. Mannitol is a hexahydroxy alcohol. When taken orally.it is poorly absorbed by digestive tract, so it may serve as a mild laxative. Due to its hypertonicity, it may be used to reduce the edema of intestinal mucosa,and to increase motor activity of guts. Consequently,it facilitates the transit of bowel content and relieves obstruction. Clinically, this therapy appears to be simple, safe, economical and effective in the management of paralytic and partial obstruction.

1979年3月—80年3月用口服20%甘露醇(100-150毫升一次)溶液治疗肠梗阻26例,收到满意的效果.26例中14例(54%)梗阻解除,痊愈出院,平均住院4天.无效之12例手术探查均发现有机械性梗阻.甘露醇为多醇糖,口服后很少被肠道吸收,且具有缓泻作用.其高渗作用可减轻肠壁水肿,改善肠道功能,有利于疏通肠道和解除梗阻.通过临床观察发现口服甘露醇对某些麻痹性和部份性肠梗阻具有简便,无害、价廉、收效快等优点,可在临床推广使用.

Among 52 cases of cervical spine injury admitted from 1973 to 1977,13 werehyperextension injuries complicated with central spinal cord syndrome.The clinicalcharacteristics of the syndrome were:paralysis of upper limbs being more severe thanthat of the lower limbs,the sensation of warmth and pain being lost but tactile sen-sation partly preserved.In our series,the levels of paralysis and vertebral injury weresame in 10 cases and different in 2.Another 2 eases had concurrent thoracic or lumbarvertebral injury...

Among 52 cases of cervical spine injury admitted from 1973 to 1977,13 werehyperextension injuries complicated with central spinal cord syndrome.The clinicalcharacteristics of the syndrome were:paralysis of upper limbs being more severe thanthat of the lower limbs,the sensation of warmth and pain being lost but tactile sen-sation partly preserved.In our series,the levels of paralysis and vertebral injury weresame in 10 cases and different in 2.Another 2 eases had concurrent thoracic or lumbarvertebral injury of the flexion type.Traction reduction with neck in slight flexion wasused,provided there was no fracture of the spinous process or vertebral arch.The patientswere treated conservatively as long as there was continual recovery from the paralysis,then followed by spinal fusion without laminectomy.Dehydrating agents such as sor-bitol and mannitol and dexamethasone were also administered to reduce edema aroundthe central canal of the cord.Most of the patients (11/13) had satisfactory recovery.

本文报道13例颈椎过伸性损伤引起脊髓中央症群的发病机理、类型、临床特点和治疗方法.有些患者的 X 线表现与屈曲型损伤类似,应予以鉴别.治疗时不宜手术减压,用脱水疗法可取得满意效果.

From March 1979,hypertonic citrate adenine solution(HC-A),composed of K~+80 mM/L,Na~+ 80 mM/L,MgSO_4 41 mM/L,citrate 55 mM/L,mannitol 30.2 g/L andadenine 0.38 mM/L,was used for preservation of kidneys in dog experiments.Usinghypothermic HC-A solution for single flushing and storage,the canine kidneys weresuccessfully preserved for 12,24,48 and 72 hr before autotransplantation,the onemonth survival rate being over 71%.From Dec.1979 to May 1980,this method was applied clinically in 7 cases.The cadaveric...

From March 1979,hypertonic citrate adenine solution(HC-A),composed of K~+80 mM/L,Na~+ 80 mM/L,MgSO_4 41 mM/L,citrate 55 mM/L,mannitol 30.2 g/L andadenine 0.38 mM/L,was used for preservation of kidneys in dog experiments.Usinghypothermic HC-A solution for single flushing and storage,the canine kidneys weresuccessfully preserved for 12,24,48 and 72 hr before autotransplantation,the onemonth survival rate being over 71%.From Dec.1979 to May 1980,this method was applied clinically in 7 cases.The cadaveric kidneys,after HC-A preservation for 12hr 38 min to 30 hr 38 min,averaging 23 hr 22 min,were transplanted without post-operative acute renal failure.The patients' serum creatinine value returned to normaland all kidneys were functioning well one month after transplantation.

本文报道犬肾保存12~72小时后自体移植术71次,总的1月以上存活率为62%,无一只死于术后急性肾功能衰竭,术后同位素检查、肾动脉造影及肾组织活检均正常。临床应用7例,肾保存时间平均为23小时22分钟,无一例发生术后急性肾功能衰竭,血清肌酐于术后1个月内降至正常范围,术后1个月移植肾有功能者为100%。

 
<< 更多相关文摘    
图标索引 相关查询

 


 
CNKI小工具
在英文学术搜索中查有关mannitol的内容
在知识搜索中查有关mannitol的内容
在数字搜索中查有关mannitol的内容
在概念知识元中查有关mannitol的内容
在学术趋势中查有关mannitol的内容
 
 

CNKI主页设CNKI翻译助手为主页 | 收藏CNKI翻译助手 | 广告服务 | 英文学术搜索
版权图标  2008 CNKI-中国知网
京ICP证040431号 互联网出版许可证 新出网证(京)字008号
北京市公安局海淀分局 备案号:110 1081725
版权图标 2008中国知网(cnki) 中国学术期刊(光盘版)电子杂志社