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mannitol
相关语句
  甘露醇
    ICP Monitoring: Analysis of the Efficacy of Mannitol Application
    颅内压监护:甘露醇疗效分析
短句来源
    Combination of mannitol and citicoline in acute cerebrovascular diseases in 40 patients
    甘露醇和胞磷胆碱合剂治疗急性脑血管疾病40例
短句来源
    A prospective study of small doses mannitol combining with insulin in the treatment of acute cerebral infarction
    小剂量甘露醇胰岛素治疗急性脑梗塞的前瞻性研究
短句来源
    Results Compared with routine therapy group,Serum NSE level in mannitol group was significantly decreased at D3,D7(P<0.05). So was the neurologic function scale.
    结果甘露醇治疗组第3、7天血液中NSE浓度明显下降,低于常规治疗组,神经功能评分也明显少于常规治疗组(P<0.05)。
短句来源
    Experiment research on therapeutic effects of mannitol in ischemic cerebral edema
    甘露醇治疗缺血性脑水肿的实验研究
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  “mannitol”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Patients in HS group were treated with 10% hypertonic saline solution 40 ml,and patients in M group were treated with 20% mannitol 250 ml.
    HS组静注10%盐水40 ml/12 h连续5 d;
短句来源
    After being injected Phenylephrine 30 minutes, the mannitol group was injected the 20% mannitol from venae femoral vein and negative control group and MCA-MAO group were separately injected the Saline and MCA-MAO(500ul/kg).
    阴性对照组:腹腔注射苯肾上腺素30分钟后,由腹腔注入0.9%生理盐水,30分钟后快速断头取脑。 MCA一MAO治疗组:腹腔注射苯肾上腺素30分钟后再注射McA一MAo(500ul/kg),30分钟后断头取脑。
短句来源
    15 minutes later 125~250 mL of 20% mannitol solution was started through venous route and repeated once more after 2 hours.
    15min后给予20%Mannitol125~250mL静滴,2h后重复Mannitol剂量。
短句来源
    (2)The dehydrating efffect of 1g/kg×3 times mannitol is the same as that of 0.5g/kg×3 times.
    (2)3次(1g/kg)及3次(0.5g/kg)组脑水肿区BWC与对照组比较明显降低,但两组间BWC无差别。
短句来源
    METHODS 1995~1996 twenty cases of metastatic brain tumors were treated with VM 26 and ACNU,VM 26 0.1 iv infusion d1~3,every 4 weeks,ACNU 2~3 mg/kg d1,every 4~6 weeks,Just before chemotherapy,20% mannitol 250 ml and DXM 10 mg were administered intravenously.
    方法1995年8月~1996年12月联合应用VM26和ACNU治疗转移性脑瘤20例。 具体为:VM26100mg,d1~3,ivgt,4wk重复,ACNU2~3mg/kg,d1,iv,4~6wk重复。
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  mannitol
The following criteria are proposed: the ratio of phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine, the ratio of mannitol and arabitol, and the levels of sterols and free fatty acids.
      
The activity of fungal β-glucosidase depended on the carbon source in the culture medium and ranged from 2.1 units per mg protein in the presence of mannitol to 17.3 units per mg protein in the presence of avicel.
      
In contrast to polysaccharides, easily metabolizable substrates (cellobiose, mannitol, and glucose) provided the highest rates of secretion of laccase (52.7-123.5 ncat per mg protein) and ligninase (22-106 units per mg protein).
      
radical scavengers (dimethylformamide, ethanol, and mannitol).
      
The soluble carbohydrates of the cytosol amounted to 12% dry spore weight and consisted of mannitol (74%) and trehalose (26%).
      
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Three cases of cerebral vascular disease with nonketotic hyperglycemic hyperosmolar coma caused by the administration of mannitol are reported. There was no previous history of diabetes mellitus. Diagnosis was made by lumbar puncture and brain CT scanning. All three caseswere treated with intravenous drip of mannitol. During the course of mannitol treatment the blood sugar was elevated to levels 609 mg% to 840 mg% with glucosuria (++) and ketonuria (-). All three pataients died. We suggest...

Three cases of cerebral vascular disease with nonketotic hyperglycemic hyperosmolar coma caused by the administration of mannitol are reported. There was no previous history of diabetes mellitus. Diagnosis was made by lumbar puncture and brain CT scanning. All three caseswere treated with intravenous drip of mannitol. During the course of mannitol treatment the blood sugar was elevated to levels 609 mg% to 840 mg% with glucosuria (++) and ketonuria (-). All three pataients died. We suggest that if there isfurther increase in blood sugar level, no improvement of consciousness or even further worsening following mannitol dehydration therapy for reducing the intracranial pressure, the possibility of NHHC should be considered. The possible mechanism Of NHHC caused by mannitol was discussed.

本文报告3例脑血管病病人,由于甘露醇脱水治疗所引起高渗性非酮症性糖尿病昏迷。均无糖尿病病史。入院后经腰穿和脑CT确诊。静脉输入甘露醇期间,血糖升高达609~840mg%,尿糖(++),尿酮体(-)。最终均死亡。我们认为在颅内病变脱水治疗时,若有血糖上升或病人意识障碍并未因脱水而好转,且逐渐加重时,应警惕本病可能。本文还讨论了甘露醇诱发本病可能机理。

A model of increasing permeability of blood-brain barrier (BBB) was achieved successfully by intracarotid infusion of 25% mannitol in rabbits. which, was confirmed by Evans blue staining in cerebral tissue of the infused side. Increasing permeability BBB lasted 2 hours after mannitol infusion, and was reversible in character. In this experimenc, increasing of permeability was not associated with brain edema and damage in gross appearance or under microscope, also no significant change of Na+. K+...

A model of increasing permeability of blood-brain barrier (BBB) was achieved successfully by intracarotid infusion of 25% mannitol in rabbits. which, was confirmed by Evans blue staining in cerebral tissue of the infused side. Increasing permeability BBB lasted 2 hours after mannitol infusion, and was reversible in character. In this experimenc, increasing of permeability was not associated with brain edema and damage in gross appearance or under microscope, also no significant change of Na+. K+ and water content of the brain tissuewere shown in 1,24, and 72 hours specimen. Ultramicrostructur-al examination it showed shrinkage of the cerebral vascular endothelial cells and widening of the tight junctions between them. After intracarotid infusion of mannitol, MIX were administered intravenously or intracarotidly,It was found the MTX level of the ipsilateral cerebral hemisphere were maximized, and intracarotid route was better than intravenous route The results of present study suggest that osmolic BBB modification is valuable for treatment of the malig-nant brain tumors and other incracranial disease. In addition, ihis method might be a useful means for research work in the fields of neurophysiolpgy and neuropharmacology.

本文用25%甘露醇注入兔的一侧颈内动脉,获得了满意的渗透性BBB开放模型,使静脉注射的EB在BBB开放侧脑半球着色。这种BBB开放是可逆 性的,约持续2小时,且不伴神经组织结构的损害。在BBB开放后的1、24、72小时,脑组织水分、Na~+Kt含量均在正常范围,与对照组比较无显著性差异(P>0.05)。超微结构观察的结果证实,渗透性BBB开放的形态学基础主要是脑毛细血管内皮细胞的皱缩,其间的紧密连接增宽。在BBB开放期间,由颈动脉或静脉应用MTX,能显著提高脑组织内的MTX浓度,前一途径可使BBB开放侧脑半球的药物浓度增至最高水平。本文研究结果提示:渗透性BBB开放是一种安全、简单可行的方法,为化疗药物入脑开辟了途径,有可能改善恶性脑瘤的化疗效果,对其它颅内疾病的治疗及某些基础学科的研究也具有意义。

52 cases of cerebral thrombosis, cerebral hemorrahge and sequelae treated with "Hua-tuo recuperation pill" were reported. The effective rate was 90.5%. 20 cases of the control group including 10 cases of cerebral hemorrahage were treated with 20% mannitol and haemostatic, the other 10 cases of cerebral thrombosis were treated with low-molecular dextranum and Naoluotong etc. The recuperation rate of the control group was 70%. The difference between the two groups had evident statistical significance. (P<0.001)....

52 cases of cerebral thrombosis, cerebral hemorrahge and sequelae treated with "Hua-tuo recuperation pill" were reported. The effective rate was 90.5%. 20 cases of the control group including 10 cases of cerebral hemorrahage were treated with 20% mannitol and haemostatic, the other 10 cases of cerebral thrombosis were treated with low-molecular dextranum and Naoluotong etc. The recuperation rate of the control group was 70%. The difference between the two groups had evident statistical significance. (P<0.001). The author considered that the "Hua-tuo recuperation pill" is a good chinese herbal medicine for the therapy of cerebrovascular disease. It can compose the nervous system, treat the "Yin" difficiency by reinforcing Body Fluid and nourishing the Blood, strengthen the Heart, stimulate the blood circulation and relax the muscles and joints, or invigorate the blood circulation and eliminate the extravasated blood etc. The "Hua-tuo recuperation pill" has a high effect especially for the young patients with shorter course of disease. Both the Patients of cerebral hemorrahage and cerebral thrombonis enjoy a good cuperation effect, because this medicine has multiple effects and can treat more diseases. This is the delicate effect of chinese herbal medicine. Perhaps the mechanism of the "Hua-tuo recuperation pill" may be as follows: Promote the synthesis and utilization of nerve regeneration factor.

用华佗再造丸治疗脑血栓、脑出血及其后遗症52例,其有效率达90.5%,对照组20例,10例脑出血用20%Mannitol及止血剂治疗,10例脑血栓用低分子右旋糖酐及脑络通治疗,有效率为70%,有高度显著性差异,P<0.001,笔者认为该药是治疗脑血管病较理想的中成药,具有镇静神经,滋阴强心,舒经活络,活血化瘀等作用。对病程短的年纪青的病人的疗效更为显著,脑出血性与脑缺血性疾病均有疗效,正是中药一药多用、一药多治的微妙体现。推测对脑血管病后遗症有效可能与该药能促进神经再生因子(NGF)的合成和利用有关。

 
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