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mannitol
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  甘露醇
    A prospective study of small doses mannitol combining with insulin in the treatment of acute cerebral infarction
    小剂量甘露醇胰岛素治疗急性脑梗塞的前瞻性研究
短句来源
    Results Compared with routine therapy group,Serum NSE level in mannitol group was significantly decreased at D3,D7(P<0.05). So was the neurologic function scale.
    结果甘露醇治疗组第3、7天血液中NSE浓度明显下降,低于常规治疗组,神经功能评分也明显少于常规治疗组(P<0.05)。
短句来源
    The level of serum gastrin, plasma motilin, plasma endotoxin, and the ratio of lactulose to mannitol in urine(L/M ratio) were measured on the 1st, 3rd, 7th, and 10th day after burn injury.
    均于伤后第1、3、7和10天测定血清胃泌素、血浆胃动素及内毒素水平,测定尿乳果糖和甘露醇的比值(L/M值)。
短句来源
    Objective To compare the effects of 3% hypertonic solution(HTS) to 20% mannitol(M) on the cerebrospinal fluid pressure(CSFP) and the circulation stability in emergency patients undergoing neurosurgery.
    目的比较3%高渗盐水(HTS)和20%甘露醇(M)对急诊手术病人脑脊液压(CSFP)和循环稳定及安全性的影响。
短句来源
    Methods : Determination of lactulose and mannitol ratio in urine by high performance liquid chromatography and measurement IgM、IgA、 IgG、CD4、CD8、CD4/ CD8 in blood.
    方法:用高压液相色谱法检测尿乳果糖/甘露醇比值,放射免疫分析法测定血中IgM、IgA、 IgG含量及T细胞亚群CD4、CD8、CD4/CD8比值。
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  “mannitol”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Patients in HS group were treated with 10% hypertonic saline solution 40 ml,and patients in M group were treated with 20% mannitol 250 ml.
    HS组静注10%盐水40 ml/12 h连续5 d;
短句来源
    In group A, the patients with diabetes, thalamic hemorrhage, the volume of hematoma, the fluid infusion amount of 1500±ml/day and the amount of mannitol were much more than the group B ( P <0.01 and P <0.05) respectively.
    出血量 ,A组明显大于B组 (0 0 5 >P >0 0 1)。 液体入量 ,每日 15 0 0 ± ml者百分比 ,A组明显高于B组 (P <0 0 1)。
短句来源
    40 Wistar female rats within 1 month were divided into 5 groups randomly with 8 rats each: model group (no use of medicine), nimodipine group(0.2mg/kg), mannitol group(0.5g/kg), nimodipine and mannitol group, sham-operated group (no use of medicine and no clipping process).
    40只 1个月龄雌性Wistar大鼠 ,随机分成 5组 ,每组 8只。 A组 :缺血再灌注尼莫地平 ( 0 2mg/kg)治疗组 ;
短句来源
    Hypertonic Saline/Mannitol (HSM) to Reverse Severe Hemorrhagic Shock in Rabbits
    三组高晶——高胶复合液复苏兔失血性休克的观察
短句来源
    All groups were treated with mannitol and ordinary liquid. Thehematoma volume ,area of edema(according CT), Chinese strke scale(CSS) and Barthel index were detected at 12h, 5d and 15d .
    4组患者分别在入院时、5d、15d据CT记录血肿体积和水肿带面积,参照中国卒中量表(china stroke scale,CSS)评定神经功能缺损,参照ADL量表进行临床残疾指数(Barthel指数)评定,观察临床疗效。
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  mannitol
The following criteria are proposed: the ratio of phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine, the ratio of mannitol and arabitol, and the levels of sterols and free fatty acids.
      
The activity of fungal β-glucosidase depended on the carbon source in the culture medium and ranged from 2.1 units per mg protein in the presence of mannitol to 17.3 units per mg protein in the presence of avicel.
      
In contrast to polysaccharides, easily metabolizable substrates (cellobiose, mannitol, and glucose) provided the highest rates of secretion of laccase (52.7-123.5 ncat per mg protein) and ligninase (22-106 units per mg protein).
      
radical scavengers (dimethylformamide, ethanol, and mannitol).
      
The soluble carbohydrates of the cytosol amounted to 12% dry spore weight and consisted of mannitol (74%) and trehalose (26%).
      
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MDA,SOD,ACP,Mg~(2+) and lactate were observed in late-stage hemorrhagic shock rabbits to detect the oxygen free radical(OFR)and the therapeutic effects of 9 drugs (anisodamine,vitamin C,co-enzyme 10,dexamethasone,mannitol,salvia miltiorrhiza,panax notoginseng,ligustrazine and paeonia 1actiflora).The results showed that OFR may play an important role in late-stage irreversible hemorrhagic shock.All of these 9 drugs had anti-OFR action and could increase the therapeutic effects on late hemorrhagic shock...

MDA,SOD,ACP,Mg~(2+) and lactate were observed in late-stage hemorrhagic shock rabbits to detect the oxygen free radical(OFR)and the therapeutic effects of 9 drugs (anisodamine,vitamin C,co-enzyme 10,dexamethasone,mannitol,salvia miltiorrhiza,panax notoginseng,ligustrazine and paeonia 1actiflora).The results showed that OFR may play an important role in late-stage irreversible hemorrhagic shock.All of these 9 drugs had anti-OFR action and could increase the therapeutic effects on late hemorrhagic shock as compared with control.Panax notoginseng.salvia miltiorrhiza,ligustrazine,anisodamine and co-enzyme Q10 were most effective.The combined use of half dose of 2 drugs (dexamethasone with anisodamine or coenzyme Q10,ligustrazine with salvia miltiorrhiza or panax notoginseng)is as effective against hemorrhagic oxygenated crystalloid solution before reperfusion"was proved to be the best one as oxygen free radical scavengers for late hemorrhagic shock.

将雌性在白兔造成失血性休克晚期模型后,监测血浆丙二醛、血液超氧化物歧化酶活性、酸性磷酸酶、Mg~(2+)和血液乳酸等。观察氧自由基在休克晚期阶段中的作用,并探索9种药物(中药4种,西药5种)的疗效以及其最佳投药条件。实验结果证实:①氧自由基大量增加是导致休克不可逆转的重要原因之一。②9种药物均有抗氧自由基效应,与对照组比较,9种药物有提高失血性休克晚期疗效的作作。中药中以三七、丹参、川芎嗪效果最佳;西药中以山莨菪碱、辅酶Q_(10)、地塞米松作用较佳。③采取联合用药可达到药物减半用量,降低副作用,获得同样效果;并以“经动脉途径,在再灌注前给药,同时灌注携氧平衡盐液的投药方案”疗效最佳。

Eighteen male health rabbits were randomly divided into 3 groups ( n =6), bled to a mean blood pressure of 5.3 kPa for 30 minutes and resuscitated with hypertonic saline/mannital (the HSM group), hypertonic saline/dextran (the HSD group)and hypertonic acetate/mannitol (the HAM group) at a Low dose of 4ml/kg. Then we compared the effects of HSM with those of HSD and HAM. The results showed that all of them could raise the blood pressure rapidly, but longer surviving time and higher blood pressure were...

Eighteen male health rabbits were randomly divided into 3 groups ( n =6), bled to a mean blood pressure of 5.3 kPa for 30 minutes and resuscitated with hypertonic saline/mannital (the HSM group), hypertonic saline/dextran (the HSD group)and hypertonic acetate/mannitol (the HAM group) at a Low dose of 4ml/kg. Then we compared the effects of HSM with those of HSD and HAM. The results showed that all of them could raise the blood pressure rapidly, but longer surviving time and higher blood pressure were found in the hemorrhagic shock in the HSM group. This indicated that HSM could keep higher BP for longer time than HSD and HAM , the surviving time in the HSM group was significantly longer than in the other two groups.

雄性家兔18只,随机分为高渗盐/右旋糖酐治疗组(HSD组),高渗盐/甘露醇治疗组(HSM组),高渗醋酸盐/甘露醇治疗组(HAM组)。经股动脉放血,结果表明,三组小剂量液体(4ml/kg体重)均可在短时间内明显升高急性失血兔的血压,但3组间比较,HSM升压,稳定的时间更长,动物的存活时间长。试验结果提示:HSM较好地升压,稳压,延长失血性休克兔存活时间,值得进一步研究并临床应用,HAM在稳定酸碱平衡方面,有较好的效果。

Sixteen patients with acute renal failure occurred in acute cerebral vascular diseases were reported in this paper. The pathogenetic factors included in trasinic andextrasinic,the majority of the intrasinic factors were ia-trogenesis such as mannitol - induced renal failure (6cases ) and hyperromalar hyperglucemic nonketolic syndrome (2cases ).but the extrosinic were multiple system organs failure, we discussed the relationship be-tween acute renal failure relationship between acute renal failure and hemorrhagic...

Sixteen patients with acute renal failure occurred in acute cerebral vascular diseases were reported in this paper. The pathogenetic factors included in trasinic andextrasinic,the majority of the intrasinic factors were ia-trogenesis such as mannitol - induced renal failure (6cases ) and hyperromalar hyperglucemic nonketolic syndrome (2cases ).but the extrosinic were multiple system organs failure, we discussed the relationship be-tween acute renal failure relationship between acute renal failure and hemorrhagic stroke,iatrogenisis such as mannitol - induced renal failure in particular. The iatro-genesis can be likely prevented. Once it occur, Itsprognosis is not well.

本文报告急性脑血管疾病(ACVD)合并急性肾功能衰竭(ARF)16例,其发生机理分为外源性和内源性二大类,前者大多为医源性(甘露醇肾6例,高渗性高血糖性非酮症昏迷2例),后者发生于ACVD合并多系统功能衰竭。重点讨论急性出血性卒中合并ARF的原因和甘露醇肾的发生机理。医源性是可以预防的,一旦发生预后不良。

 
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