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anus
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  肛门
     Anus exhaust appeared in 48±3.9h after operation,defecation appeared in 52±3.7h.
     术后48.0±3.9 h肛门排气,52.0±3.7 h排便。
短句来源
     the postoperative duration of passage of gas by anus (26.24±7.37) h in HAVH group shortened markedly compared with that in AH group (49.26±12.50) h, (P<0.001);
     术后肛门排气时间:LAVH组(26.24±7.37)h比AH组(49.26±12.50)h明显缩短(P<0.001)。
短句来源
     Anus exhaust <24 hours rate after surgery (73.14%) in laparoscopy group is high laparotomy group (10.83%), P<0.001;
     腹腔镜组术后肛门排气<24 h率(73.14%)高于开腹组(10.83%),P<0.001;
短句来源
     The anus exhaust time was (65 4±7 5) h in the PCEA group and (56 1±9 3) h in the control group respectively.
     肛门排气时间PCEA组 (6 5 4±7 5 )h ,对照组 (5 6 1± 9 3)h。
短句来源
     ③ In middle and lower parts groups, the electromyographic amplitude of external sphincter of anus increased from (152.20±37.42) μV to (324.12±67.78) μV; in high part group, it rose from (114.08±51.41)μV to (266.18±49.38)μV (P < 0.05).
     ③肛门外括约肌肌电振幅:中低位畸形和高位畸形组训练后比训练前增加[(324.12±67.78)和(266.18±49.38)μV,(152.20±37.42)和(114.08±51.41)μV,P<0.05]。
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     the specificity rate is 85.7%(12/14),and the accuracy rate is 100%(46/46) surveying the distance of the focus leaves the anus mouth.
     特异性为85.7%(12/14),测量病变离口的距离准确率100%(46/46)。
短句来源
     The reserving anus rates in first groups was 32.35%(11/34),more significantly as compared with that in another group(8.11%,3/37)(P<0.05).
     放疗组保率32.35%(11/34),对照组为8.11%(3/37),放疗组的保率高于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。
短句来源
     The reserving anus rates in A groups was 31.58‰(6/19), in B group was 26.67‰ (4/15), more significantly as compared with that in C group(3.70‰,1/27) (p<0.05).
     A组保率31.58%(6/19),B组为26.67%(4/15),C组3.70%(1/27),A组与B组的保率均高于C组,有统计学意义(p<0.05)。
短句来源
     The reserving anus rates in Group A was 31.58%(6/19), 26.67% in Group B (4/15), significantly more as compared with that in Group C(3.70%,1/27) (P<0.05).
     A组保率31·58%(6/19),B组26·67%(4/15),C组3·70%(1/27),A组与B组的保率均高于C组,差异有统计学意义(P<0·05)。
短句来源
     the detecting rates of CAS,WS and SS plates for Salmonella in anus wiping samples were 1.07%(27/2,517),0.35%(6/1717),0%(0/8000)respectively and the detecting rates of CAS,HE,XLD plates for Salmonella in foods samples were 25.08%(76/303),12.54%(38/303),24.75%(75/303)respectively.
     CAS、WS和SS在拭样品中沙门菌检出率分别为1.07%(27/2,517)、0.35%(6/1717)、0%(0/800); CAS、HE、XLD在食品样品中的检出率分别为25.08%(76/303)、12.54%(38/303)、24.75%(75/303)。
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  “anus”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Results:The anus 5 year follow up found the local recurrence rate was 12.5%(3 cases), including 1 (4.2%) of Dukes B and 2 (8.4%) of Dukes C.
     结果肿瘤局部复发3例(12.5%)Dukes,B期1例(4.2%),C期2例(8.4%)。
短句来源
     ④Irritability(94.4%),erythema and induration at sites of BCG immunizations(35.5%) and desquamation around anus(51.4%) were noted.
     ④烦躁易激惹、卡瘢再现红斑、肛周脱皮在发病早期出现率分别为94.4%,35.5%,51.4%;
短句来源
     Results The clinical scores of the children with low and intermediate types of imperforate anus improved from 3.7 ± 1.0 to 5.7 ± 0.5 whereas those with high type improved from 2.3 ± 1.0 to 4.6 ± 0.5 after biofeedback therapy.
     结果 接受生物反馈训练的中低位畸形患儿临床评分由3.7 ±1.0 提高至5.7 ±0 .5,而高位畸形由2.3 ±1.0 提高至4 .6 ±0 .5。
短句来源
     Treatment of 60 Cases of Chronic Fissure in Anus with Couching,Clamping and CO_2 Laser
     针挑、钳夹CO_2激光炭化法治疗慢性肛裂60例
短句来源
     (3)anus perineum of liver right lobe: cumulus type 91.9(34/37);
     (3)右肝下极:丘型91.9(34/37);
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  anus
In the recent Bilateria these genes are expressed along the elongated blastopore and around the mouth and anus.
      
pulchra can be recognized by amphid 2.75 turns, irregularly arranged lateral dots, and the first three supplements anterior to the anus, which are more widely spaced than the following ones.
      
Associated congenital anomalies were coarctation, mitral stenosis, and imperforate anus.
      
In a newborn with anal atresia and urethral valves an incomplete VACTERL association, was diagnosed and a colon anus praeter was placed.
      
In 32 men without pathology of the urogenital system simultaneous EMG recordings of the sphincter muscle of the urinary bladder and the internal sphincter muscle of the anus were made.
      
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A new species sandflea collected from rodents of Yunnan is here described as, Tunga callida sp.nov. Both females and a male were found. This species differs from the previous Chinese sandflea,T. caecigena J. et R., in the following respects: 1. There are only 3-5 occipital bristles instead of 8-10 in T. caecigena. 2. The maxillary lacinia of the new species is 1.5 times the length of maxillary palp, whilethose of T. caecigena are about equal in length. 3. The manubrium of the male clasper is twice as long as...

A new species sandflea collected from rodents of Yunnan is here described as, Tunga callida sp.nov. Both females and a male were found. This species differs from the previous Chinese sandflea,T. caecigena J. et R., in the following respects: 1. There are only 3-5 occipital bristles instead of 8-10 in T. caecigena. 2. The maxillary lacinia of the new species is 1.5 times the length of maxillary palp, whilethose of T. caecigena are about equal in length. 3. The manubrium of the male clasper is twice as long as its movable finger and those of T.caecigena are equal in length. 4. Generally there is only 1 bristle on the metepimeron in females, but the other species hastwo. 5. The shape of the gravid females is spherical, it swells much more on the dorsal side thanon the ventral, and the segments posterior to the 5th are elevated to form a characteristic button-likeanal projection. In T.caecigena the shape is ellipitical with dorsal and ventral portions of body ofsimilar dilatation and the posterior segments of the abdomen form an anal cone of which the lengthand width of the projection are equal. 6. The females were localized at the rear end of the body of host, especially around the anus,while T. caecigena was found on the edge of ears. The main hosts of T. callida are Rattus norvegicus, R. flavipectus and R. sladent. But it may para-sitize Mus bactrianus, Apodemus agrarius che?rieri and Eothenomys sp. Rats may be infested with as manyas 45 females, but 81 out of 100 animals with on1y 1-10 fleas. These fleas were collected during themonths from November, 1951 through March, 1952 which might be at the peak of its seasonaloccurrence. Sandfleas sent from Wu Tung Chiao, Szechuan have been identified as Tunga caecigena. Thisis the first inland record of its occurrence.

1.本文描述了在云南弥渡、大理、昆明发现的新种潜蚤,订名为后潜蚤Tunga cal-lida sp.nov.并且还获有雄性标本1个。 2.本种和我国已有的盲潜蚤(T.caecigena)不同之处即在: (1)后头鬃只有3—5个,少于盲潜蚤的8—10个。 (2)下颚内叶长于下颚鬃,为其1.5倍,盲潜蚤的二者约同长。 (3)雄性柄状突为可动指长之倍。盲潜蚤的二者同长。 (4)雌性后胸后侧板鬃一般为1个,盲潜蚤者为2个。 (5)妊娠雌性外形为正圆形,背面突出较腹面为多,腹部第5节从后成钮扣状;盲潜蚤的外形为卵圆形,前端大,后端渐小,第5节以后呈长宽相等的锥形。 (6)寄生部位以宿主的身体后端为主,尤以肛门周围为最多;盲潜蚤则以耳翼边缘为主。 3.后潜蚤的主要宿主是沟鼠(Rattus norvegicus),黄胸鼠(R.flavipectus)和斯氏家鼠(R.sladeni),另外也寄生于长尾鼷鼠(Mus bactrianus),薛氏姬鼠(Apodemus agrariuschevrieri)和绒鼠(Eothenomys sp.)。 4.后潜蚤在每一宿主上可能多至45个,但以1—10个者为最常见(100例中有81例)...

1.本文描述了在云南弥渡、大理、昆明发现的新种潜蚤,订名为后潜蚤Tunga cal-lida sp.nov.并且还获有雄性标本1个。 2.本种和我国已有的盲潜蚤(T.caecigena)不同之处即在: (1)后头鬃只有3—5个,少于盲潜蚤的8—10个。 (2)下颚内叶长于下颚鬃,为其1.5倍,盲潜蚤的二者约同长。 (3)雄性柄状突为可动指长之倍。盲潜蚤的二者同长。 (4)雌性后胸后侧板鬃一般为1个,盲潜蚤者为2个。 (5)妊娠雌性外形为正圆形,背面突出较腹面为多,腹部第5节从后成钮扣状;盲潜蚤的外形为卵圆形,前端大,后端渐小,第5节以后呈长宽相等的锥形。 (6)寄生部位以宿主的身体后端为主,尤以肛门周围为最多;盲潜蚤则以耳翼边缘为主。 3.后潜蚤的主要宿主是沟鼠(Rattus norvegicus),黄胸鼠(R.flavipectus)和斯氏家鼠(R.sladeni),另外也寄生于长尾鼷鼠(Mus bactrianus),薛氏姬鼠(Apodemus agrariuschevrieri)和绒鼠(Eothenomys sp.)。 4.后潜蚤在每一宿主上可能多至45个,但以1—10个者为最常见(100例中有81例)。 5.我们采集的时间是1951年11月至1952年3月,因此可能它和盲潜蚤有相同的季节性。 6.四川五通桥市寄来潜蚤标本经鉴定为盲潜蚤,因此盲潜蚤的分布范围有进一步了解的必要。 7.1956年2—3月自贵阳的黄胸鼠和沟鼠体上获得后潜蚤,由于各仅

The present paper deals with 2 spp. of nematodes, Cooperia laterouniformis Chen and Cooperia erschovi sp. nov. found in the pancreas of cattle in Peking, Inner Mongolia, Tsinan, Canton, Kweilin, Liuchow, Kunming and Kweiyang. The percentage of infection so far observed is fairly low, being only about 4%-28%. However, as the pancreas is an important organ intimately related with the metabolic processes, its infecton with Cooperia, hitherto considered as a genus parasitic solely in the alimentary tract, will certainly...

The present paper deals with 2 spp. of nematodes, Cooperia laterouniformis Chen and Cooperia erschovi sp. nov. found in the pancreas of cattle in Peking, Inner Mongolia, Tsinan, Canton, Kweilin, Liuchow, Kunming and Kweiyang. The percentage of infection so far observed is fairly low, being only about 4%-28%. However, as the pancreas is an important organ intimately related with the metabolic processes, its infecton with Cooperia, hitherto considered as a genus parasitic solely in the alimentary tract, will certainly draw attention of the veterinarian practitioners.The diagnostic characteristics of the new species are as follows:Body filiform, yellowish when living. Cuticle with fine transverse striations and abovt 10 longitudinal ridges. Head expanded, crown-like, separated from the body by a transverse cuticular depression. Cervical and prebursal papillae absent.Male: Body 4.688-11.080 mm long and 0.112-0.179 mm in greatest diameter. Head 0.016-0.019mm in length and 0.038-0.042mm in greatest diameter. Anterior end to nerve ring 0.322-0.378 mm. Oesophagus 0.378-0.483 mm long and 0.038-0.042 mm in greatest diameter. Bursa well-developed with two large lateral and one small dorsal lobes. Latero-ventral and ventro-ventral rays quite slender, almost equal in size. The 3 lateral rays equally stout. Postero-lateral with its distal half curved abruptly toward the middle, making the whole ray >-shaped. External dorsal smallest, separated from the main stalk at the level of the bifucation of the dorsal ray. Dorsal ray bifucated shortly after its leaving from its origin into two branches side by side; at the posterior 1/3 of each branch there being a stout sub-branch, with 45°declination to the outer side. Spicules 2 stout, deep brown pieces of equal length and similar shape, with series of concentric striations, giving the appearance of annual rings, as found in the stem of a dicot plant. Each spicule with a prominant indentation on the outerside at about 2/5 from the distal end, a blunt outgrowth near the proximal end, and a button-like structure on the top. Length of spicule 0.249-0.420 mm and greatest width 0.044-0.057 mm. No gubernaculum. Genital cone well-developed and rather complicated in structure. Ventral piece of genital cone with a blunt rod-like process on either, a V-shaped process at the middle of the posterior edge and a pair of horn-like appendages. Dorsal piece of genital cone as large as the ventral but without any process.Female: Body 8.840-11.400 mm long and 0.083-0.168 mm in greatest diameter. Head 0.016-0.019 mm long and 0.035-0.044mm in greatest diameter. Anterior end to nerve ring 0.294-0.364 mm. Oesophagus 0.350-0.448 mm tong and 0.035-0.048 mm in greatest diameter. Vulva slit-shaped, 1.680-2.200 mm to posterior end, coverd on its anterior margin with a cuticular ligule-like process, 0.126-0.134 mm in length. Combined length of ovijectors including sphincters 0.168-0.420 mm. Anus to the end of the body 0.168-0.224 mm, long and pointed, slightly curved to the ventral side. Ova in uterus 0.067-0.073 mm long and 0.028-0.041 mm in diameter.

1、在我国北京、內蒙古、济南、广州、桂林、柳州、昆明、贵阳各地的黄牛胰臟中普遍找 到古柏氏属线虫,其感染率为3.12-27.27%,此为反刍兽胰臟中首次发现的寄生线虫。 2、胰臟中所发现的古柏氏属线虫共有两种:一为Cooperia laterouniformis Chen,一为叶氏古柏线虫新种(Cooperia erschovi sp.nov.);后者的特徵为生殖锥的构造复杂,交合刺上有年轮狀环纹,背辐肋在其主干伸出不远处即分为两枝。 3、古柏氏线虫的成虫如何进入胰臟,有待于进一步的实验证明。 4、胰臟中的寄生线虫对于宿主的危害性,是值得注意的。新的寄生部位的发现应能促使畜牧兽医工作者,除注意反刍兽的消化道病理变化外,还应当考虑其胰臟的病理变化。

A new species of nematode, Ostertagia (G.) skrjabini sp. nov., was found in the abomasum of the Chinese goat in Kweiyang and Tsinan. The specific diagnosis of the new species is as follows:Body filiform, yellowish when living. The cuticle of the body is marked with about 30 longitudinal ridges and without fine transverse striations. The cuticle of the anterior end is slightly dilated. Cervical and preburrsal papilla present.Male: Body 7.890-11.770 mm in length and 0.145-0.182 mm in the greatest diameter, and...

A new species of nematode, Ostertagia (G.) skrjabini sp. nov., was found in the abomasum of the Chinese goat in Kweiyang and Tsinan. The specific diagnosis of the new species is as follows:Body filiform, yellowish when living. The cuticle of the body is marked with about 30 longitudinal ridges and without fine transverse striations. The cuticle of the anterior end is slightly dilated. Cervical and preburrsal papilla present.Male: Body 7.890-11.770 mm in length and 0.145-0.182 mm in the greatest diameter, and has a width at the preburrsal between 0.175-0.218 mm. Head 0.023-0.026 mm in great diameter. Nerve ring is situated close to the cervical papilla. Oesophagus 0.656-0.680 mm long and 0.049-0.059 mm in the greatest diameter. Bursa well developed with two large lateral and one small slightly depressed dorsal lobes and covered with bosses of different size. Bursa 0.332 mm in length and 0.300 mm in expansion, Latero-ventral and ventro-ventral rays almost equal in size, being separated in the proximal end, then getting gradually close to each other in the distal end and slightly curved toward the ventral side. The 3 lateral rays equally stout. Anterio-lateral ray slightly curved toward the veutal side, while the medio- and posterio- lateral rays curve toward the dorsal side and extend to the margin of the bursa. External dorsal ray large and stout in base, becoming gradually slender in the distal end, and being curved toward the dorsal ray. Dorsal ray 0.195 mm in length and bifurcated in the distal third into two branches, each branch subdivided into external and internal sub-branches at. the end the external sub- branch with a small papilla like structure in the outside. Spicules 1 pair, brown-colored, equal in length and of similar shape, measuring 0.251-0.280 mm in length and 0.036-0.039 mm in the greatest width. They are bifurcated in the distal third into dorsal, latero-ventral and medio-vcntral branches. The dorsal branch plate-formed, strongly chitinized and as large as the greatest width of the spicule. The distal margin of the dorsal branch rolls up toward the dorsal side, looking like a hook in the lateral view and like a inverted comma (') in the dorsal view. The latero-ventral branch is the longest, slightly curved to the ventral side, and surrounded by a transparent menbrane-like structure. Medio-ventraJ branch shorter and more slender than the latero-ventral, and without membranous structure in the distal end. 'Gubernaculum spindle-shaped.Female: Body 11.785-14.640 mm in length and 0.138-0.175 mm in the greatest diameter. Anterior end to cervical papilla 0.315-0.381 mm. Vulva slit-shaped, 0.129-0.175 mm to posterior end. Combined length of ovijectors including sphincters 0.249-0.415 mm. Anus to the end of the body 0.129-0.175 mm, long and pointed, slightly curved to the ventral side. Ova in uterus 0.072-0.082 mm in length and 0.040-0.050 mm in diameter.Host: Goat (Capra hircus L.)Location: Abomasum.Locality: China: Kweiyang and Tsinan.Type specimens: Deposited in the Laboratory of Helminthology, Institute of Zoologg, Academia Sinica, Peking, China.

(一)本文报告了济南和贵阳两地山羊第四胃中发现的奥思特线虫属Ostertagia斯氏奥思特线虫Ostetagia(Grosspiculagia)skrjabini sp.nov.一新种的寄生线虫,并作了特征上的描述。 (二)本新种交合刺的中腹枝长于背枝;背枝具有独特的呈倒置逗点状向背侧捲曲的末端;侧腹枝末端伸入一淡黄色泡状薄膜,该膜膨大成球状。由于侧腹枝两侧的角化较 强,以至形成一平行于主枝的淡黄色纵带。 (三)本新种导刺带呈梭形,其近端的正中线上有一条近乎下陷的槽。 (四)本新种背肋于远端1/3处分为2枝,其分枝间的距离很大,各分枝的末端又依次向外侧分出一小的侧枝和一根小的乳头状突起。 (五)本新种与O.(G.)Orloff,1933亚属中的各种作了特征上的比较。

 
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