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function
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    he expression of UGT1A9 from human liver tissues in CHL cell lines and the study of glucuronidation function to drugs
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  function
Simple modules over the multiparameter quantum function algebra at roots of 1
      
We construct essentially all the irreducible modules for the multiparameter quantum function algebraF?φ[G], whereG is a simple simply connected complex algebraic group, and ? is a root of unity.
      
Virasoro Algebra, Dedekind η-function and Specialized Macdonald Identities
      
We study Nekrasov's deformed partition function $Z(\varepsilon_1,\varepsilon_2,\vec{a};\mathfrak q,\boldsymbol\beta)$ of 5-dimensional supersymmetric
      
This is done by reducing the problem to the case of bipartite quivers of a special form and using a function DP on three matrices, which is a mixture of the determinant and two pfaffians.
      
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Sixty-eight adult male rabbits were selected for this experiment. A defect was made by sawing off a fragment of bone, 4 mm in length, from the diaphysis of both radii., under anesthesis of sod. amytol. The materials for the study were removed from these animals at intervals of 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 10, 14, 17, 21, 28, 35 and 42 days after the operation. Sections were prepared for both histological and histochemical studies. Three types of bone calli were observed in different phases during the bone repair: 1) trabeculae...

Sixty-eight adult male rabbits were selected for this experiment. A defect was made by sawing off a fragment of bone, 4 mm in length, from the diaphysis of both radii., under anesthesis of sod. amytol. The materials for the study were removed from these animals at intervals of 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 10, 14, 17, 21, 28, 35 and 42 days after the operation. Sections were prepared for both histological and histochemical studies. Three types of bone calli were observed in different phases during the bone repair: 1) trabeculae with coarse woven fibers, 2) trabeculae with fine parallel fibers, and 3) the mixed type. The contents of ribonucleic acids, alkaline phosphatase, cytochrome oxydase and succinic dehydrogenase increase in the osteoblast as the cell develops from flat to collumnar form. As the osteoblast develops into osteocyte the above reactions decrease in intensity. In the fine-fibered trabeculaer the osteocytes were almost free from the above content, while in the coarse-fibered trabeculae, the osteocytes still retain a moderate intensity for the above reactions. This indicates that the latter type of bone trabeculae is relatively immature. Periodic acid-Schiff reactions in the coarse-fibered bone matrix and fibers are more intensive than in that of the fine-fibered. Reactions for acid mucoplysaccharides (Mowry's and Alcian blue reactions) are negative in all the bone matrix observed, except on the wall of bone lacunae and cement lines. Alkaline phosphatase activity is restrictod within that narrow area of fine fibers under the periosteum. The histological and histochemical features of osteoclast are described and its functions are discussed.

本实验选用了雄性、成年、健康家兔68只。在阿米妥钠溶液静脉注射之麻醉情况下进行无菌手术:在挠骨中段人工造成4毫米的缺损。手术后1, 2, 3,,、7, 10, 14, 17,21, 28, 35及42天后杀死动物,取材,固定,进行了组织学和组织化学研究。 在骨折修复过程中,不同时期内可以见到三种不同的骨痴:(1)粗纤维编织状骨,(2)细纤维板层状骨,以及(3)混合性骨小梁。 当扁平的成骨细胞分化成高柱状的成骨细胞时,细胞内所包含的核糖核酸、碱性磷酸酶、细胞色素氧化酶及墟拍酸脱氢酶等逐渐增加。在成骨细胞分化成骨细胞过程中则上述的各种组织化学反应弦度逐渐减低。在细纤维骨小梁内的骨细胞,上述各种成分几乎完个消失;在粗纤维骨小梁的细胞内部仍旧显示了中等程度的上述各种组织化学反应。在新生的粗纤维骨小梁内骨基质和骨纤维内高碘酸雪夫氏反应是要较细纤维骨内的反应要强一些。在上述各种骨小梁的基质内,除了细纤维骨骨陷窝壁和粘合线内,都没有见到明显的酸性粘多糖反应和异染性;碱性磷酸酶的反应也仅限于骨外衣下粗纤维外包裹的细纤维。 本文尚结合破骨细胞的形态结构及组织化学反应讨论了破骨细胞的机能问题。

A histochemical study of placental and decidual tissue from 111 cases of early pregnancy was reported.The decidua cells were rich in glycogen,showing anegative or weakly positive of alkaline phosphatase and acid phosphatase.Slight-ly positive activities of 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase were generally seen.The endometrial glands were markedly fortuous with saw-teeth appearance orscalloped wall formed,some cells had shoe-nail configuration.The glandluminawere filled with excreted materials,which showed positive...

A histochemical study of placental and decidual tissue from 111 cases of early pregnancy was reported.The decidua cells were rich in glycogen,showing anegative or weakly positive of alkaline phosphatase and acid phosphatase.Slight-ly positive activities of 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase were generally seen.The endometrial glands were markedly fortuous with saw-teeth appearance orscalloped wall formed,some cells had shoe-nail configuration.The glandluminawere filled with excreted materials,which showed positive PAS reaction.Thisphenomenon apparently a nutritive condition supporting the early pregnancy.The placental villi in early pregnancy revealed a dual covering of syncytio-trophoblast and cytotrophoblast after day 60 of gestation,the cytotrophoblast di-sappeared gradually,the villi varied in size,many fetal blood vessels dilated andmigrated to the surface of villi,so that the feto-maternal barrier became thinningand is advantageous to the exchange of substances between fetal and maternalbodies.T histochemical observations of placental villi during early pregnancy revealed a strongly positive reaction of glycogen and alkaline phosphatase activity.It is an index of active metabolism of syncytiotrophoblast and cytotrophoblastof the villi.The acid phosphatase activity of cytotrophoblast increasing graduallyday 60 to 9o of gestation may be related to the involution of the trophoblast cellsin this stage.The 3β-HSD plays an important role in the steroid biosynthesis,and thetrophoblast of placental villi revealed a postive 3β-HSD reaction.It seemsreasonable to conclude,that the trophoblasts possess a biosynthetic ability forsteroids.The placental villi and decidua are tissues contributing to the contact andconnection between fetal and maternal bodies during implantation and earlypregnancy.From the point of view of family planning,as well as of developingnew drugs for anti-implantation and early abortifacients,the research of morpho-logy and function of placental villi and decidua should be emphasized.

111例正常早孕人工流产的胎盘组织作绒毛蜕膜组织化学观察。蜕膜细胞,富于糖元,碱性磷酸酶多呈阳性或弱阳性,酸性磷酸酶多数阴性或弱阳性,少数阳性。3β-HSD弱阳性,蜕膜腺体弯曲呈锯齿状,腺体壁呈扇形,有时细胞向内突出如鞋钉状,腔内充满分泌物,糖元强阳性,对维持早期妊娠是一个重要营养条件。早期妊娠绒毛具有完整两层滋养层,即合体滋养层及细胞滋养层,60天后则细胞滋养层逐步消失,绒毛大小不等,胎儿血管扩大并移向绒毛表面,从而使胎儿-母体胎盘屏障变薄,有利于胎儿-母体的物质交换,是适应胚胎发育的一个重要条件。早孕期绒毛组织化学检查显示绒毛两层细胞糖元和碱性磷酸酶活性都很强,反映代谢机能活跃,细胞滋养层胞浆酸性磷酸酶活性60—90天逐渐加强,这应与此时期细胞滋养层退化有关。3β-HSD 在甾体生物合成过程中起重要作用,绒毛滋养层细胞3β-HSD皆为阳性,表明具有甾体生物合成机能。着床、早孕过程中,绒毛、蜕膜是母体-胚胎直接接触和相互联系的两种组织,从计划生育角度,在发展抗着床、抗早孕药物研究工作中,对于蜕膜、绒毛形态和机能的研究应当受到重视。

We used perfusion technique to study the possible function of the Calcium ions in the cochlea. This control solutions are the Elliott's solutions (Ca~(2+)=2.7mEq). The test solutions are the 15 mEq Cacl_2 the Elliott's solutions, which was made on the day of the experiment.We have observed that the test solutions (15 mEq Cacl_2 Elliott's solution) resulted in a decrease in amplitude of action potential (N_1)and microphonic potential. The latency of action potential (ApN_1)was prolongated, when the tympanic...

We used perfusion technique to study the possible function of the Calcium ions in the cochlea. This control solutions are the Elliott's solutions (Ca~(2+)=2.7mEq). The test solutions are the 15 mEq Cacl_2 the Elliott's solutions, which was made on the day of the experiment.We have observed that the test solutions (15 mEq Cacl_2 Elliott's solution) resulted in a decrease in amplitude of action potential (N_1)and microphonic potential. The latency of action potential (ApN_1)was prolongated, when the tympanic scala of the basal turn of the Guinea pigs was perfused with the 15 mEq Cacl_2 Elliott's solutions. It is supposed that the high Calcium content of Elliott's solutions possibly increased the release of transmitter substance——Acetylcholine of the efferent synapses of cochlea. So that, the inhibitory effect of high calcium content of Elliott's solutions on action potential (N_1) was the same as electrical stimulation of COCB. We accounted the Calcium ions to participate in inhibitory mechanism.

我們利用耳蝸灌流技术,研究了鈣离子在耳蝸机能中的可能作用。对照灌流液为人工外淋巴液即Elliott's液(Ca~(2+)=2.7mequiv/1)。实驗液为15mequiv/1CaCl_2 Elliott's液,該液在实驗当天配制。我們視察到当用含高鈣的Elliott's液灌流时,导致Ap(N_1)和CM振幅降低,Ap(N_1)潜伏期延长。这可能是鈣含量增加致使乙酰胆碱(Ach)释放增加,从而产生与电刺激COCB同样的抑制效果,鈣离子可能参与COCB的抑制机制。

 
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