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   humeral 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.193秒
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humeral     
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  肱骨
     2) The average radius and height of the humeral head were 2.15±0.16 cm and 1.56±0.24 cm respectively.
     2.肱骨头半径及高度分别为2.15±0.16 cm、1.56±0.24 cm。
短句来源
     Treatment of distal 1/3 of humeral fracture of 21 cases via posterior approach operation
     后入路手术治疗肱骨干下1/3骨折21例
短句来源
     Treatment of external humeral epicondylitis associated with C_(5,6) nerve root compress syndrome
     肱骨外上髁炎合并C_(5,6)神经根卡压综合征的治疗
短句来源
     the medial descending branch from the originated dot to top of humeral greater tubercle was (4.0±0.6)cm with diameter (1.0±0.7)mm.
     内侧降支外径 (1.0± 0 .7)mm ,起点距肱骨头最高点距离为 (4 .0± 0 .6 )cm。
短句来源
     Objective To elucidate the biomechanical foundation of Swan-like Memory Compressive Connector(SMC ) for treatment of humeral fracture.
     目的阐明天鹅型记忆接骨器(swan-like memory compressive connector,SMC)应用于肱骨骨折治疗的生物力学基础。
短句来源
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     The third was posterior humeral circumflex artery, the originated diameter of greater tubercle periosteal branch of it was (1.2±0.2)mm with the maximum harvest periosteum 3.0 cm×5.0 cm.
     ③旋后动脉 ,其大结节骨膜支起点外径 (1.2± 0 .2 )mm ,供骨面积为 3.0cm× 5 .0cm。
短句来源
     One part of the blood supply of long head of triceps muscle was from humeral artery(43.2%),length was 3.4±1.4 cm,diamter was 2.0±0.3 mm;
     血供来自 :①动脉三头肌支 ,长度 (3 .4± 1.4)cm ,外径(2 .0± 0 .3)mm ;
短句来源
     The second was anterior humeral circumflex artery that had 2 major branchs: the lateral descending branch with an average length of (6.0±0.7)cm and diameter (1.2±0.2)mm, the length from the originated dot to top of humeral greater tubercle was (4.1±0.7)cm;
     ②旋前动脉 ,主要分支中外侧降支长度 (6 .0± 0 .7)cm、外径 (1.2± 0 .2 )mm ,起点距骨大结节最高点为 (4 .1± 0 .7)cm ;
短句来源
     the other was from humeral profundus artery (45.5%),length was 2.5±0.9 cm,diameter was 1.6±0.5 mm. And if the vessel was separated to the humeral artery,its length was 3.9±1.3 cm.
     ②深动脉的分支 ,长度 (2 .5± 0 .9)cm ,外径为 (1.6± 0 .5 )mm ,分离至动脉长度为 (3 .9± 1.3)cm。
短句来源
     Progress in the fixator for bone nonunion after humeral shaft fracture and the characteristics of bone grafts
     骨干骨折后骨不连治疗中应用医用植入体固定器的研究进展及植骨方法特征
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  肱骨的
     The angles of 212 humeri (L.107,R.105),including collodiaphysial angle,axial angle,humeral angle of lower end,intercondylar angle and forward inclina-tion angle of capitulum humeri,were measured.
     对212侧肱骨的生理角度进行了观测,就肱骨上端的颈干角,肱骨轴角;
短句来源
     Methods:By computer emulation and three dimensional (3D) finite element analysis, the biomechanical behavior of humeral type connector for fixing humerus was emulated and analyzed. The finite element model of humeral type connector was divided into 3 487 units. The number of nodes was 5 397. The element was a unit with 20 nodes, 4 faces.
     方法 :利用计算机仿真三维有限元技术 ,对 SMC固定肱骨的生物力学行为进行模拟 ,接骨器有限元模型共划分了 3 487个单元 ,节点数为 5 397,单元采用 2 0节点四面体三维砖块单元 ;
短句来源
     The finite element model of humeral type connector was divided into 3 487 units. The number of nodes was 5 379. The element was 20 nodes, 4 faces unit.
     方法:利用计算机仿真三维有限元技术,对肱骨型记忆接骨器固定肱骨的生物力学行为进行模拟,接骨器有限元模型共划分了3 487个单元,节点数为5 397, 单元采用20节点四面体三维砖块单元;
  “humeral”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Th2 secret IL-4、IL-5、IL-6、IL-10、IL-13 and other cytokine ,mainly takes part in humeral immune.
     Th2分泌IL-4、IL-5、IL-6、IL-10、IL-13等细胞因子,主要参与体液免疫。
短句来源
     Methods 19 cases with humeral condylar comminuted fractures were classified according to AO/ASIF, A 3 in 7 cases,C 1 in 7 cases,C 2 in 4 cases,C 3 in 1 cases.
     方法 19例骨折按AO/ASIF分类法 :A3 型 7例 ,C1型 7例 ,C2 型 4例 ,C3 型 1例。
短句来源
     But Bu-1a~+B cell and CD3~+T,CD4~+T,CD8~+T were in the lowest level in blood at 7th day, expressed lowest humeral and cellular immunological level at 7th day, then went to another lower at 17th day.
     但是,血液中第7日龄时Bu-1a+B淋巴细胞和CD3+、CD4+、CD8+T淋巴细胞数量均最低,说明体液免疫和细胞免疫水平第7日龄时都最低,并在17日龄时进入水平较高的又一个低谷。
短句来源
     Clinical analysis of capitulum humeral fracture of 48 children
     儿童肱骨小头骨折48例临床分析
短句来源
     Results: The superficial branch of radial nerve divided into two major branches at a distance of 3.67 0.99cm to the Lister tuberosity and 1.39 0.35cm lateral to the line with external humeral epicondyle and Lister tuberosity.
     结果:挠神经浅支在距离Lister结节3.67士O,99cm,肤骨外上舰最突出点与Lister绪节连线外侧1.39士0.35cm处分出内外侧支。
短句来源
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  humeral
The indications for primary arthroplasty included: humeral head fracture (20), osteoarthritis (14), posttraumatic avascular head necrosis (11), cuff tear arthropathy (6) and rheumatoid arthritis (1).
      
Intraoperatively, disorders were identified and attributed to pathology present on the humeral side related to bone loss or failure (38 %), soft tissue injury (29 %), implant failure (21%) or infection (12 %).
      
On the humeral side good outcomes resulted in cases that were revised for implant failures.
      
We report about our experience using elastic stable intramedullary nailing for markedly displaced proximal humeral fractures Type III and IV in children.
      
The following complications occurred: one nail perforated the humeral head, one nail was placed in the wrong position, two problems occurred with the removal of the nail.
      
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This paper is a description based on the Sinanthropus materials including5 teeth and two fragments of humerus and tibia recovered since the restorationof the Choukoutien excavation in 1949.The teeth of Sinanthropus are much bigger than those of modern man.Theleft medial upper incisor bears well-developed basal tubercle on the lingualsurface.The upper first and second premolars are robust in size and theirchewing surfaces are covered with wrinkles of special patterns.The crowns ofthe first and second lower molars...

This paper is a description based on the Sinanthropus materials including5 teeth and two fragments of humerus and tibia recovered since the restorationof the Choukoutien excavation in 1949.The teeth of Sinanthropus are much bigger than those of modern man.Theleft medial upper incisor bears well-developed basal tubercle on the lingualsurface.The upper first and second premolars are robust in size and theirchewing surfaces are covered with wrinkles of special patterns.The crowns ofthe first and second lower molars are characterized by their lowness in relationto their lengths and breadths.Pronounced cingulum is present on the buccalsurface of the crown.The humeral shaft is almost identical with that of modern man.Thetibial shaft is slender and its anterior border is blunt.The walls of the tibiaare extraordinarily thick and its medullary cavity is very narrow.The results of the study of Sinanthropus pekinensis by the present authorsand others clearly show that the upper extremity bones of Sinanthropus arealmost identical with those of modern man;the lower extremity bones are definitely human in form and appearance,but possess also some primitive cha-racters.The teeth and skulls possess many primitive features.The cranialcapacity is considerably smaller than that of recent man.It is due to labour,and the operations of the hands that the upper extremity is differentated fromthe lower one.The differentiation of the extremities is followed by the deve-lopment of the brain and the brain case.These results further enrich Engels'theory of the transition from ape to man and testify to the truth that“labour(?)eated man himself”.

1.本文系根据1949年北京解放后迄今在周口店中国猿人化石产地发掘而得的及由过去发现的碎骨中清理而得的中国猿人化石,加以研究,计有单独的牙齿5枚(左上内侧用齿,右上第一及第二前臼齿,左下第一和第二臼哲各1枚),肱骨及胫骨干各一小段,而胫骨化石是在周口店首次发现的新材料。2.中国猿人的牙齿有大小两种头型,大型为男性,小型为女性,本标本中的上门齿,下第一及第二臼齿属大型,所以是男性的,上第一及第二前臼齿属小型,所以是女性的。3.中国猿人的牙齿,无论其齿冠或齿根,都远较现代人或尼安德特人为硕大和粗壮。4.上内侧门齿齿冠舌面的基部有很发达的底结节及由其延伸而来的指状突, 舌面两侧增厚且向内捲而使舌面成为铲形?莞氤莨诘某ぶ嵩谝恢毕呱隙蝗缦执说某莞氤莨诘某ぶ岢梢欢劢恰?.上第一前臼齿的齿冠和齿根都大而粗壮。齿冠的唇面有三角形隆起,但其尖端偏向前方。唇结节较舌结节为大和高,嚼面的唇半大于舌半,具有特殊型式的纹理。齿根极宽,部分分为唇舌两枝。6.上第二前臼齿稍较上第一前臼齿为小,舌结节不如第一前臼齿的倾向前方。唇舌两正中(?)互相连续而将嚼面分为前后两半。唇舌两结节的大小和高度约等。齿冠唇面三角形隆起的尖端并不偏向前...

1.本文系根据1949年北京解放后迄今在周口店中国猿人化石产地发掘而得的及由过去发现的碎骨中清理而得的中国猿人化石,加以研究,计有单独的牙齿5枚(左上内侧用齿,右上第一及第二前臼齿,左下第一和第二臼哲各1枚),肱骨及胫骨干各一小段,而胫骨化石是在周口店首次发现的新材料。2.中国猿人的牙齿有大小两种头型,大型为男性,小型为女性,本标本中的上门齿,下第一及第二臼齿属大型,所以是男性的,上第一及第二前臼齿属小型,所以是女性的。3.中国猿人的牙齿,无论其齿冠或齿根,都远较现代人或尼安德特人为硕大和粗壮。4.上内侧门齿齿冠舌面的基部有很发达的底结节及由其延伸而来的指状突, 舌面两侧增厚且向内捲而使舌面成为铲形?莞氤莨诘某ぶ嵩谝恢毕呱隙蝗缦执说某莞氤莨诘某ぶ岢梢欢劢恰?.上第一前臼齿的齿冠和齿根都大而粗壮。齿冠的唇面有三角形隆起,但其尖端偏向前方。唇结节较舌结节为大和高,嚼面的唇半大于舌半,具有特殊型式的纹理。齿根极宽,部分分为唇舌两枝。6.上第二前臼齿稍较上第一前臼齿为小,舌结节不如第一前臼齿的倾向前方。唇舌两正中(?)互相连续而将嚼面分为前后两半。唇舌两结节的大小和高度约等。齿冠唇面三角形隆起的尖端并不偏向前方而在正中位置。齿根仅在尖端分为唇舌两枝。7.下第一及第二两臼齿大小相似。齿冠硕大,但其高度若与其长度和宽度相比,则相对极为低矮。齿冠唇面有明显的扣带,两臼齿全属五结节齿型,以前内结节为最高和最大。齿根极为粗壮,分为前后两枝,前枝较短而直,后枝则较长而明显向后倾斜。前枝末端分叉,后枝末端则为单独一尖端。8.肱骨干完全具有现代人的形式,唯一真正与现代人的不同之点在共髓腔较小和骨壁较厚,此外其三角肌粗隆特别发达。9.胫骨细长,前缘较为圆钝,中段的横切面呈圆钝的三稜形。胫骨干中央大部为海棉骨质所填充,髓腔极小。中国猿人的胫骨较苏鲁人稍细,但两者颇为相似。10.过去及本文对于中国猿人化石研究的结果,明显指出中国猿人的上肢骨与现代人极为相似;下肢骨虽已具有现代人的形式,但又有若干明显的原始性质;而牙齿及过去发现的头骨,则远较现代人为原始,脑量也远在现代人之下,说明了最初是由于劳动,由于手的使用而使手足发生了分化,脑子随着发展了起来,头骨和牙齿的形态发生了改变,这种结果进一步充实了恩格斯从猿到人的理论,阐明了“劳动创造人类”的真谛。

Among, a collection of ectoparasites, from rodents collected in the winter of 1959, atLinghuaikong Anhui Province,a new species of trombiculid mite was found,its specificdescription. is given as follows:Trombicula (Leptotrombidium) linghuaikongensis n. sp.Body light pink in color. Unengorged specimens subcircular in shape, while theengorged larvae oval.Gnathosoma: Basal segment of chelicera nearly triangular, punctae on its surface. Thefixed digit (or pseudochela) of chelicera membranous, transparent, triangular...

Among, a collection of ectoparasites, from rodents collected in the winter of 1959, atLinghuaikong Anhui Province,a new species of trombiculid mite was found,its specificdescription. is given as follows:Trombicula (Leptotrombidium) linghuaikongensis n. sp.Body light pink in color. Unengorged specimens subcircular in shape, while theengorged larvae oval.Gnathosoma: Basal segment of chelicera nearly triangular, punctae on its surface. Thefixed digit (or pseudochela) of chelicera membranous, transparent, triangular in shape. Themovable digit (or the distal segment) of chelicera with a curved tricuspid tooth at its tip.Galeal seta sparsely plumose. The inner lobe of gnathosoma sheath-like, transparent, rollingup from the lower linning of gnathobase arround the movable digit of the chelicerae. Palpdivided into 6 segments, its trochanter very small and triangular, analogous to those ofAcomatacarus yosanoi described by the senior author.Palpal setae: N/N/B-N-N, setae on gnathobase large and almost unilaterally anddensely branched. The palpal tarsus with 1 dorsal and 6 ventral plumose setae, togetherwith a spur on its ventral side.Scutum: Comparatively speaking, smaller, but in unengorged specimens a more or lesslarge piece occupying about 1/6 of the dorsum, rectangular in shape, with punctae on itssurface. The ratio between length and width about 1: 1:9. Anterior margin sinuous andslightly convexed medially, posterior margin more or less straight and slightly concave me-dially, lateral margins slighly concave, posterior corners well rounded.The sensillary basessituated about 3/5 from extreme anterior border and 2/5 from extreme posterior border, andabout on the same line with the postero-lateral setae. Sensillae filamentous, with minutebarbs on proximal 2/5. distal 3/5 with 5--7 long lateral branches.Scutal setae plumose,stout. blunt. with strong denticulations. Standard measurements: Derived from 18 specimens given as follows:Eye: 2+2, oval in shape,almost same in size.Dorsum: With 34--40 dorsal setae, mostly 36. Like scutal setae, plumose in shape,stout. blunt, with strong denticulations, measuring 38.5--45.5μ. (with an average 42μ) inlength, arranged as 2-8--6-8-6-4-2. The first row or humeral setae measure 42--53μ,or 46.5μ on average.Venter: With 34--40 ventral setae including 2 pairs (2-2) of sternal setae and 30--36post-coxal ventral setae.Legs: With coxal setae 1-1-1, seta of coxa III markedly behind the anterior margin.The length of legs excluding the coxae as follows:Range MeanLeg I 159--192 176Leg II 128--161 149Leg III 166--202 184The specialized setae on legs are as follows:Leg I: 2 genualae, 1 microgenuala; 2 tibialae, 1 microtibiala; 1 pretarsala.1 subter-minala, 1 parasubterminala, 1 spur and 1 microspur.Leg II: 1 genuala; 2 tibialae; 1 pretarsala, 1 spur and 1 microspur.Leg III: 1 genuala; 1 tibiala.Holotype: Larva, collected from ears of a young male Apodemus agrarius in November22 nd. 1959 from Linhuaikong of Anhui Province, China, deposited in the Department ofParasitology, Shanghai First Medical College.Paratypes: 27 larvae, collected from the same animal host of the holotype and 4Cricetulus barabensis in November 22 nd, December 7 th, 8 th and 12 th,1959 from the:same district, deposited in the Department of Parasitology, Shanghai First Medical Collegeand The Sanitary and Anti-epidemic Station of Anhui province.

本文报导在安徽省临淮岗黑线姬鼠Apodemus agrarius和黑线仓鼠Cricetulus bara-bensis体上发现的一种恙螨新种,命名为临淮岗恙螨Trombicula linghuai kongensis sp.n.,其主要宿主可能为黑线仓鼠。本新种恙螨与居中恙螨T.intermedia和于氏恙螨T.yui相比,其特征为盾片较小,前中毛,前侧毛和后侧毛较粗短,背毛亦粗短,感器丝状而有5一7枝侧枝。背毛排列为2-8-6-8-6-4-2,生活时体色为淡粉红色。文内对于背毛的变异排列作了记述,并附有插图和照片11幅。

So far as known, the Anopheles leucosphyrus is far from unique. The name A. Icucospliyrus group has been used. According to the systematic researches on the group by I). 11. Colless (1956, 1957), it may be divided into at least 13 species, subspecies, and forms of doubtful status. This stimulated us to carry out the present work on the so-called A. leucosphyrus reported from Hainan by some workers. Based upon a great deal of materials gathered from the locality in 1963 for identification, it was shown that the...

So far as known, the Anopheles leucosphyrus is far from unique. The name A. Icucospliyrus group has been used. According to the systematic researches on the group by I). 11. Colless (1956, 1957), it may be divided into at least 13 species, subspecies, and forms of doubtful status. This stimulated us to carry out the present work on the so-called A. leucosphyrus reported from Hainan by some workers. Based upon a great deal of materials gathered from the locality in 1963 for identification, it was shown that the morphological features appeared to be closely similar to those of A. 1). balabacensis but clearly different from those of A. l. leucosphyrus. Therefore we suggest to use the former name in place of the latter. The chief characters are as follows: Adult femalePalp with narrow apical bands on segments 2 to 4 and a broader apical band on segment 5, usually (59/70 specimens) 1.5 to 2.0 times the length of the apical dark band. Palp /proboscis ratio 0.85-1.00, av. 0.94 (25 specimens). Proboscis/fore femur ratio 1.04-1.15, av. 1.09 (25 specimens). Maxillary teeth 12-15 in number, av. 13.5 (25 specimens). Pharyngeal teeth 9-13 in number, av. 11.8, length 0.037-0.048, av. 0.039 mm (13 specimens).Wing length av. 3.434 mm. Prehumeral pale spot usually (65/71 specimens) present on both wings. Vein 1 with a presector dark spot usually divided by 1 or 2 pale interruptions, the spot being about equal in length to the corresponding costal spot (29/71) or more or less extending basally into the presector pale spot at one wing or both wings (35/71), rarely extending to the apical half of the humeral dark spot area (7/71) ; accessory sector pale spot not extending to the costa (0/72), rarely extending to the siubcosta (12/72).Hind tii.rsal segment 4 with a prominent basal band.Propleural setae 1 : 1(7/59), 1 : 2(12/59), 2 : 2(30/59), 2 : 3(5/59), 3 : 3(4/59), 4: 2(1/59). PupaSpines Ⅲ-V.A 0.022, 0.047 and 0.106 mm in length; Ⅳ.A/Ⅳ.A ratio 2.14, Ⅳ.A/V.A ratio 0.44; side-spicules 1-5 usually present on V.A-Ⅶ.A, occasionally on Ⅳ.A(40 specimens). Hair Ⅲ.C 3-11 branched, av. 7.5, hair Ⅳ.C 3-10 branched, av. 6.2, and hair V.B 4-8 branched, av. 6,4. Toothed margin index 0.79-0.93, av. 0.88(40 specimens). LarvaAntennal length 0.23-0.29, av. 0.262 mm (60 specimens). Inner anterior clypeal hair 0.20-0.26, av. 0.224 mm; outer anterior clypeal hair 0.04-0.08, av. 0.066 mm; posterior clypeal hair 0.06-0.09, av. 0.072 mm (30 specimens). Prothoracic hair 1 with slight swollen stem and 8-18 branches, av. 12.4 (60 specimens) ; the basal tubercles of prothoracic hair 1 and 2 partially or entirely fused (44/51), both with a apical tooth, this particularly prominent on hair 1; prothoracic hair 13 with 3-9 branches, av. 5.5 (143 specimens). Metathoracic palmate hair with 3-10 primitive leaflets, av. 6.5 (60 specimens).Abdominal hairs: segment 1.9 with 2-7 branches, av. 4.0 (152 specimens); IV. 13 usually with 3 branches (156 specimens), the hair more than half the length of adjacent hair 12. EggLength 0.43-0.55, av. 0.502 mm; breadth including floats 0.10-0.21, av. 0.179 mm; greatest depth 0.10-0.17, av. 0.137 mm; float length 0.27-0.36, av. 0.318 mm; depth 0.06-0.10, av. 0.070 mm, ridges 15-23, av. 18.2; deck breadth 0.03-0.07, av. 0.036 mm (137 specimens).

白踝按蚊种团是由很多形态近似的蚊种组成,其中巴拉巴按蚊和白踝按蚊均为东南亚一带的重要传疟媒介。我国过去资料均记载为白踝按蚊,但未从形态上详细鉴定。为了确定该种的分类地位,1963年作者等在海南岛万宁县兴隆附近山林区采集“白踝按蚊”全套标本10批共150多套,1971年后从云南省采集少数标本进行形态鉴定,发现其与Colless(1956,1957)所描述的白踝按蚊Anopheles leucosphyrus leucosphyrus Donitz(1901)有很明显的差别,而与巴拉巴按蚊A.balabacensis balabacensis Balsas(1936)除某些特征略有差异外,余均完全一致。按Colless的分类法,过去我国记载的“白踝按蚊”,应鉴定为巴拉巴按蚊A.balabacensis balabacensis Baisas。

 
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