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purulent
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  化脓性
     Results The concentrations of LDH, ADA, IgM, IgG, IgA in CSF of the patients with purulent meningitis were (85.62± 18.13)U/L, (2.58± 0.52)U/L, (63.84± 13.43)mg/L, (92.57± 35.19)mg/L, (20.62± 8.74)mg/L, respectively;
     结果化脓性脑膜炎组脑脊液中LDH为(85.62±18.13)U/L、ADA为(2.58±0.52)U/L、IgM为(63.84±13.43)mg/L、IgG为(92.57±35.19)mg/L、IgA为(20.62±8.74)mg/L;
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     A study on ~(99)Tc~m-citrate and ~(99)Tc~m(Ⅴ)-DMSA imaging in the diagnosis of acute purulent osteoarthritis
     ~(99)Tc~m-枸橼酸盐和~(99)Tc~m(Ⅴ)-DMSA显像诊断急性化脓性骨关节炎
短句来源
     Results The concentrations of LDH in CSF in purulent meningitis group(26.15±12.17)U/L were higher than that in viral meningitis group(8.76±4.94)U/L significantly(P<0.01);
     结果脑脊液LDH浓度化脓性脑炎组(26.15±12.17)U/L,显著高于病毒性脑炎组(8.76±4.94)U/L(P<0.01);
短句来源
     TZP were given 4 5 g, q8h q12h, iv for 5 10d (purulent meningitis for 14 d ).
     TZP 4 5 g静滴q8h~q12h ,疗程 5~ 10d ,化脓性脑膜炎延长至 14d ;
短句来源
     (3)24h after celiac sweater immersion, the main pathological characteristics of celiac organs were purulent inflammation in group A and B, edema and congestion in group C.
     (3)A、B组腹腔海水浸泡后24 h腹腔器官病理改变以化脓性炎症反应为主,而C、D组则以充血水肿性炎症反应为主。
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  化脓
     Results The concentrations of LDH, ADA, IgM, IgG, IgA in CSF of the patients with purulent meningitis were (85.62± 18.13)U/L, (2.58± 0.52)U/L, (63.84± 13.43)mg/L, (92.57± 35.19)mg/L, (20.62± 8.74)mg/L, respectively;
     结果化脓性脑膜炎组脑脊液中LDH为(85.62±18.13)U/L、ADA为(2.58±0.52)U/L、IgM为(63.84±13.43)mg/L、IgG为(92.57±35.19)mg/L、IgA为(20.62±8.74)mg/L;
短句来源
     A study on ~(99)Tc~m-citrate and ~(99)Tc~m(Ⅴ)-DMSA imaging in the diagnosis of acute purulent osteoarthritis
     ~(99)Tc~m-枸橼酸盐和~(99)Tc~m(Ⅴ)-DMSA显像诊断急性化脓性骨关节炎
短句来源
     Results The concentrations of LDH in CSF in purulent meningitis group(26.15±12.17)U/L were higher than that in viral meningitis group(8.76±4.94)U/L significantly(P<0.01);
     结果脑脊液LDH浓度化脓性脑炎组(26.15±12.17)U/L,显著高于病毒性脑炎组(8.76±4.94)U/L(P<0.01);
短句来源
     TZP were given 4 5 g, q8h q12h, iv for 5 10d (purulent meningitis for 14 d ).
     TZP 4 5 g静滴q8h~q12h ,疗程 5~ 10d ,化脓性脑膜炎延长至 14d ;
短句来源
     (3)24h after celiac sweater immersion, the main pathological characteristics of celiac organs were purulent inflammation in group A and B, edema and congestion in group C.
     (3)A、B组腹腔海水浸泡后24 h腹腔器官病理改变以化脓性炎症反应为主,而C、D组则以充血水肿性炎症反应为主。
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  “purulent”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Results:The white blood cell counts of mucoid,mucopurulent and purulent sputum distributed evenly in >1.0×102/ml、>1.0×103/ml and >1.0×104/ml groups.
     结果 :粘液痰、粘脓痰、脓痰的白细胞计数在 >1.0× 10 2 (个 /ml)、>1.0× 10 3(个 /ml)、>1.0× 10 4 (个 /ml)各组的分布一致 ;
短句来源
     Results The cerebrospinal fluid levels of IL-6,TNF-α in the cases with purulent meningitis was (208±23)and (364±92). They were significantly higher than those in the cases with viral encephalitis[(80±19) and (253±46)] and in the control group [(52±14) and (20±11)];
     结果PM组脑脊液中IL-6、TNF-α含量分别为(208±23)和(364±92),明显高于VE组[(80±19)和(253±46)]和对照组[(52±14)和(20±11)];
短句来源
     Taking LDH more than 240u/dl as the criteria for diagnosing purulent meningitis, we found that the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were 81.08%, 95.23% and 90.62% respectively.
     以LDH大于病脑组95%的可信区间上限即240u/dl作为标准,诊断化脑的敏感性、特异性、准确性分别为81.08%、95.23%和90.62%。
短句来源
     Results There are 102 cases of meningitis, 92 cases of tubercular meningitis, 6 cases of purulent men-ingitis and 4 cases of virtis meningitis. The levels of sIL-2R in CSF of them are 271.48±95.58u/ml,265.00±143.31u/ml and 155.00±105.00u/ml.
     结果 脑膜炎患者共102例,结脑92例,化脑6例,病脑4例,其脑脊液中sIL-2R水平分别为271.48±95.58u/ml,255.00±143.31u/ml,155.00±105.00u/ml。
短句来源
     Clinical manifestations included cough (100%), purulent sputum (86.9%), bubble (100%), hyperpyrexia (43.5%) and conscious disturbance (43.5%).
     临床表现为咳嗽 (10 0 % ) ,咳黄脓痰 (86 .9% ) ,肺部出现湿罗音 (10 0 % ) ,高热 (43.5 % ) ,意识障碍 (43.5 % )。
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  purulent
Patients with inflammation were examined and CP-LF, CP-MPO, and CP-LF-MPO complexes were revealed in 80 samples of blood serum and in nine exudates from purulent foci.
      
Forty-eight patients of resuscitation wards were examined, including 15 patients with purulent peritonitis, 12 patients with acute pancreatitis, 11 patients with thermal skin damages, and 10 patients with severe acetic acid intoxication.
      
The bacterial flora of the purulent cavities and bronchial contents is markedly eradicated.
      
The efficacy of the photodynamic therapy was estimated with the use of the following criteria: the state of respiration, olfaction, duration of purulent discharge, reconstruction of transport function of ciliary epithelium, etc.
      
The operative treatment of purulent sacroiliitis using a posterior approach
      
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Since the spring of 1960,an apparently infectious disease has been prevailing among sheep in the range of North-western part of Szechuan,attacking both lambs and adult sheep.The causal bacterium was found to be a streptococcus belonging to the Group C of Lancefleld.It was very similar to Strep.Zoo-epidemicus in several respects except that it did not ferment salicin and caused milk coagulation. The disease usually run an acute course with symptoms of septicemia,causing death in 2-5 days.At other times,it took...

Since the spring of 1960,an apparently infectious disease has been prevailing among sheep in the range of North-western part of Szechuan,attacking both lambs and adult sheep.The causal bacterium was found to be a streptococcus belonging to the Group C of Lancefleld.It was very similar to Strep.Zoo-epidemicus in several respects except that it did not ferment salicin and caused milk coagulation. The disease usually run an acute course with symptoms of septicemia,causing death in 2-5 days.At other times,it took a subacute form,menifested by rise of temperature,re- duced appetite,cough,lachrimation and profuse nasal discharge which was serious at first, then mucoid and finally muco-purulent.Leucocytosis with left depletion of neutrophils was marked.In this form of disease,most animals died usually in 1-2 weeks. Postmortem examination in acute cases revealed congestion and hemorrhage in internal organs.Spleen was softened and enlarged,and the gall-bladder distended markedly.In sub- acute cases the most prominent changes consisted of serofibrinous pleuro-pneumonia and peritonitis.Lymph nodes were swollen and edematous.Microscopically,there were marked edema and leucocytic infiltration in connective tissues.Parenchymatous organs showed de- generation,cellular infiltration,necrobiosis and hemorrhages of various extent.A great number of streptococcus were seen in the blood,as well as pulmonary and pleural exudates,many of them being found within the phagocytes of various kinds.Toxemia and/or septicemia were as- sumed to be the cause of death.

自1960年春季和冬季,在四川西北草地发现绵羊的一种急性败血性传染病。在羔羊及成年羊中均有较高的发病率及死亡率。病原菌易自尸体血液及各组织器官中分离出纯培养。病原菌大小为0.7—0.9×0.6—0.8微米,革兰氏染色阳性,在渗出液及组织中多呈单个、成对及短链排列,荚膜清晰可见。为需氧及兼性厌氧菌,体外培养在培养基中需加入血清或血液。其生化特性在糖发酵方面能发酵葡萄糖、乳糖、蔗糖、麦芽糖和山梨醇产酸但不产气,不发酵蕈糖、鼠李糖、棉实糖、伯胶糖、廿露醇、肌醇和菊糖。在血琼脂上常呈β型溶血。不能溶解人和绵羊血液中的纤维素。不能水解马尿酸钠及马栗苷,但可水解淀粉。在蛋白胨肉汤中产 NH_3。不能液化明胶。在45℃,氯化钠6.5%,40%胆汁血琼脂,及0.1%美蓝牛乳中不生长。10%胆汁肉汤中不被溶解。在葡萄糖肉汤中最终 pH为4.9。沉淀试验按 Lancefield 分类系统属 G 群。小白鼠、家鸽、家兔和山羊对本菌易感,豚鼠、猪和马则具有抵抗力。皮下、静脉和呼吸道人工接种成年绵羊75只,发病率为100%,死亡率为81.4%,口服接种4只仅其中1只发病。接触感染3只有2只发病死亡。绵羊发病后体温升高到40.5—41....

自1960年春季和冬季,在四川西北草地发现绵羊的一种急性败血性传染病。在羔羊及成年羊中均有较高的发病率及死亡率。病原菌易自尸体血液及各组织器官中分离出纯培养。病原菌大小为0.7—0.9×0.6—0.8微米,革兰氏染色阳性,在渗出液及组织中多呈单个、成对及短链排列,荚膜清晰可见。为需氧及兼性厌氧菌,体外培养在培养基中需加入血清或血液。其生化特性在糖发酵方面能发酵葡萄糖、乳糖、蔗糖、麦芽糖和山梨醇产酸但不产气,不发酵蕈糖、鼠李糖、棉实糖、伯胶糖、廿露醇、肌醇和菊糖。在血琼脂上常呈β型溶血。不能溶解人和绵羊血液中的纤维素。不能水解马尿酸钠及马栗苷,但可水解淀粉。在蛋白胨肉汤中产 NH_3。不能液化明胶。在45℃,氯化钠6.5%,40%胆汁血琼脂,及0.1%美蓝牛乳中不生长。10%胆汁肉汤中不被溶解。在葡萄糖肉汤中最终 pH为4.9。沉淀试验按 Lancefield 分类系统属 G 群。小白鼠、家鸽、家兔和山羊对本菌易感,豚鼠、猪和马则具有抵抗力。皮下、静脉和呼吸道人工接种成年绵羊75只,发病率为100%,死亡率为81.4%,口服接种4只仅其中1只发病。接触感染3只有2只发病死亡。绵羊发病后体温升高到40.5—41.5℃,同时呈现精神沉郁、食欲减损、咳嗽、流泪和自鼻孔流出浆液性鼻涕,以后转为粘液-浓性鼻涕。在发病过程中,红血球渐有减少,白血球则显著增加由发病前的9,000—15,000/mm~3。增至20,000—30,000/mm~3,个别病例甚至达50,000/mm~3。以上。在白血球分类计数中,嗜中性球由30—50%增至60—80%,少数可达90%以上。共中幼稚型和杆状核者占1/3—1/2。病理解剖变化,依据病程不同,可分为急性(败血)型及亚急性(胸)型。前者病程为2—5天,病变以浆膜与粘膜出血、实质器官变质、全身淋巴结充血、出血同髓样肿胀,脾髓软化,胆囊肿大等为主。后者病程为1—2周,有明显的纤维素性胸膜肺炎及腹膜炎。病理组织学观察,见病原链球菌存在于体内各组织中及血液中,引起血管和淋巴管的损伤,血液循环及淋巴循环障碍,实质器官的实质细胞营养不良与渐进性坏死,以及间叶结缔组织的水肿、坏死和溶解。与此同时,机体防卫反应虽有吞噬细胞的剧烈增生、活动与吞噬,但由于细菌具有荚膜和迅速大量繁殖的结果,其产生的毒素终于使机体屏障机构的瓦解,导致毒血症及败血症而死亡。

Autoimmune hemolytic anemia is an acquired anemia. 21 cases werereported. The ages of these patients varied from 11 months to 12 yearswith only 4 of them under 3 years. 12 cases were of idiopathic form and3 cases presented Evans Syndrome. 9 cases were secondary to systemiclupus erythematosus, chronic purulent otitis media, subsepsis allergica,lymphadenopathy and chronic hepatitis B surface antigenemia. It wasoften difficult to date the exact onset of the disease. The symptomsgenerally developed slowly...

Autoimmune hemolytic anemia is an acquired anemia. 21 cases werereported. The ages of these patients varied from 11 months to 12 yearswith only 4 of them under 3 years. 12 cases were of idiopathic form and3 cases presented Evans Syndrome. 9 cases were secondary to systemiclupus erythematosus, chronic purulent otitis media, subsepsis allergica,lymphadenopathy and chronic hepatitis B surface antigenemia. It wasoften difficult to date the exact onset of the disease. The symptomsgenerally developed slowly and insidiously in most cases. Anemia, weakness, fever and hepatomegaly were common in bothprimary and secondary cases. Coombs' test were positive in all patients,5 cases were of the IgG type. From the point of view of "Comparative Immunology", autoimmunediseases in human are similar to those of NZB mice.

本文报告21例自身免疫性溶血性贫血。其中原发性12例,继发性9例,全部经抗人球蛋白试验证实。并首先分出5例IgG型。原发与继发性临床上有时鉴别困难。从“比较免疫学”观点认为:人类的自身免疫过程与NZB鼠类似,应早诊早治,免使病程迁延。导致多数器官受损。

Acute obstructive suppurative cho-langitis (AOSC) is a serious andurgent clinical condition. It is mainlythe result of its extensive and seriouspathological damages. The autopsy fin-dings of 20 cases of acute suppurativecholangitis in Sichuan Medical CollegeHospital from 1970 to 1979 are presen-ted and their clinical significance inthe diagnosis and treatment of thisdisease is studied. There were 8 malesand 12 females, with their age rangedfrom 9 years to 69, and 4 / 5 of thesecases had a history of biliary...

Acute obstructive suppurative cho-langitis (AOSC) is a serious andurgent clinical condition. It is mainlythe result of its extensive and seriouspathological damages. The autopsy fin-dings of 20 cases of acute suppurativecholangitis in Sichuan Medical CollegeHospital from 1970 to 1979 are presen-ted and their clinical significance inthe diagnosis and treatment of thisdisease is studied. There were 8 malesand 12 females, with their age rangedfrom 9 years to 69, and 4 / 5 of thesecases had a history of biliary diseasefor more than 5 years. The autopsy findings in the hepa-tobiliary system were: (1) Cholangitisand pericholangitis associated with oneor more obstructive factors in thebiliary tract in all cases, (2) secondaryorganic lesions in the hepatobiliarysystem in most of the cases, and (3)secondary inflammatory lesions on thesurface or in the peripheral region ofthe liver involving neighboring struc-tures probably resulted from directinflammatory infiltration or lymphaticdissemination. In other vital organs,suppurative lesions in the lungs,kidneys, spleen, pancreas and meninges,etc were important pathology in mostof these cases. Eight cases had Gramnegative septicemia confirmed by posi-tive blood cultures before death. Fourcases had disseminated intravascularcoagulation and essential hemorrhageproved by laboratory examinations. Itis worth noting that numerous freebilirubin particles were revealed in thesinusoids forming "biliary sandy throm-bi" in the liver of 4 cases. These particles are probably comingfrom the corroded canaliculi passingthrough the necrotic hepatocytes intothe sinusoids. Then these mixed thrombi got intothe central venulae, sublobular veins,hepatic veins and their branches, and in two cases the mixed thrombi wereeven found in the inferier vena cava.In three of the 4 cases Budd-Chairi's.Syndrome was recorded, and in theremaining case numerous pigment stoneswere found in the abscess of the left lo-be, and biliary sandy thrombi weredemonstrated in the corroded cho-langio-vascular fistula in the abscess.In two of the four cases numerous bi-liary sandy thrombi were found in manypulmonary arteries and veins. It is, therefore, suggested that:(1) Intrahepatic caculus is most liablythe common and insidious cause ofobstruction of the bile duct died ofacute obstructive cholangitis in Chengduarea. (2) The intrabiliary pressuremight be gradually raised up as a resultof bile accumulation in the presenceof bile duct occlusion. If the pressureis much higher than the limit of toler-ance the mucous barrier of the bileduct is likely to be damaged extensively,and the intra-and/or extrahepatic bileducts as well as surrounding tissuestend to be involved in diffuse suppu-rative inflammation, focal necrosis, andeven multiple abscesses. In case ofacute suppurative hepatitis and biliarycirrhosis, the decompensation of liverfunction usually develops promptly. Regarding the possible mechanismof the formation of biliary sandythrombi, it is strongly suggesed thatthe spreading of bilirubin particlesfrom the bile duct to hepatic veins andpulmonary blood vessels, reflects theactual passage through which pyogenicbacteria get into the systemic circulation,causing fulminating toxemia, septicshock, and septicemia as a result ofacute biliary obstruction and infection.It is also suggested that the site ofintrahepatic multiple abscesses may bethe foci from which purulent germswere admitted intermittently into theblood circulation.

急性梗阻性化脓性胆管炎的病理损害远远超过胆道系统本身。本文列举了20例本病尸检所见的肝胆系统、肝脏周围和其他重要器官的主要相关病理改变,其中4例在肝静脉系统或肺血管内发现大量胆砂性血栓。本文根据尸检结果讨论了本病的病因、发病机理、胆砂性血栓、肝脓肿和其他并发症的临床意义。

 
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