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botrytis cinerea     
相关语句
  灰葡萄孢
     Botrytis cinerea Pers.
     灰霉病是由灰葡萄孢(Botrytis cinerea Pers.)
短句来源
     Study on fermentation process and metabolize product of Botrytis cinerea TB-Ⅲ
     灰葡萄孢霉(Botrytis cinerea)TB-Ⅲ发酵工艺及代谢产物研究
     The MIC value was 1.25 mg/mL for botrytis cinerea, 1.625 mg/mL for Escherichia coli, 2.5 mg/mL for Rhizopus, Penicillium italicum, Alternaria alteranata and Pennicillium expansum, and 3.25 mg/mL for Staphyloccus respectively.
     麦胚黄酮对试验中几种测试菌的MIC值分别为:对灰葡萄孢MIC为1.25mg/mL; 其次为大肠杆菌,其MIC为1.625mg/mL;
短句来源
     Nutrition requirement and commercial production media of new biocontrol bacteria Bacillus licheniformis W10, Paenibacillus polymyxa W3 and Y2111 against Botrytis cinerea were first studied in detail.
     对新筛选的灰葡萄孢生防细菌即地衣芽孢杆菌(Bacilluslicheniformis)W10和多粘类芽孢杆菌(Paenibacilluspolymyxa)W3、Y2-11-1的营养要求及发酵培养基配方进行了研究。
短句来源
     Study on Fungicidal and Herbicidal Components of Metabolites of Botrytis Cinerea BC1 Isolate
     灰葡萄孢BC1菌株代谢产物杀菌、除草活性成分的研究
短句来源
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  灰霉病菌
     B1, B2 and the mixtures of B1+2, B146, and B2346 were tested for their inhibition against pathogenic fungi: Botrytis cinerea Pers.
     枯草芽孢杆菌B1、B2及其混配菌B1+2、B146、B2346对番茄灰霉病菌(Botrytis cinerea Pers.)
短句来源
     The preliminary bioassay showed that some of them had good fungicidal activities against Botrytis cinerea in vitro at the concentration of 1 000 mg/L,and the inhibition rate were between 60%~73%.
     初步的生物活性测定结果表明:在1 000mg/L浓度下,部分化合物对黄瓜灰霉病菌Botrytis cinerea具有一定的离体抑制活性,抑制率为60%~73%;
短句来源
     Inhibition rates of Bacillus subtilis, strains BS-208, BS-209 and BS-21, Bacillus cereus, strain BC-01 against Botrytis cinerea were tested by dual culture on potato dextrose agar.
     本研究采用平板对峙法测定了供试的枯草芽孢杆菌(Bacillus subtilis)BS-208、BS-209和BS-21及蜡质芽孢杆菌(Bacillus cereus)BC-01对番茄灰霉病菌(Botrytis cinerea)的抑制作用。
短句来源
     Identification of Antagonistic Bacteria B21 against Botrytis cinerea
     番茄灰霉病菌拮抗细菌B21的鉴定
短句来源
     Results showed that the diameters of inhibition zone of R-1against Botrytis cinerea, Verticillium albo-atrum and Fusarium oxysporum were 2.7cm, 1.4cm and 2.1cm respectively, while those of R-2 against the same plant pathogenic fungi were 3.1 cm, 1.2 cm and 1.7 cm.
     R 1对草莓灰霉病菌、棉花黄萎病菌、棉花枯萎病菌的抑菌圈直径分别是 2 7、1 4和 2 1cm ,对孢子萌发的抑制率分别是 4 6 %、1 9%和 1 1 % ;
短句来源
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  灰霉病
     、Cercospora. sp. and Botrytis cinerea Pers.
     、杜仲褐斑病(Cercospora.sp)和杜仲灰霉病(Botrytis cinerea Pers.ex Fr.)
短句来源
     B1, B2 and the mixtures of B1+2, B146, and B2346 were tested for their inhibition against pathogenic fungi: Botrytis cinerea Pers.
     枯草芽孢杆菌B1、B2及其混配菌B1+2、B146、B2346对番茄灰霉病菌(Botrytis cinerea Pers.)
短句来源
     Study on Biological Control of Botrytis cinerea by Bacillus subtilis Strains BS-208 and BS-209
     枯草芽孢杆菌BS-208和BS-209菌株防治番茄灰霉病研究
短句来源
     Botrytis cinerea Pers.
     灰霉病是由灰葡萄孢(Botrytis cinerea Pers.)
短句来源
     This paper reports the results of effects of prevention and control of Botrytis cinerea with 11 antagonistic strains. Prevent effects of bacteria strains B27,fungi F45、F120,actinomycetes A111 were above 60% and that of A15 above 70%.
     采用室内筛选的11个生物防治菌株进行盆栽和田间小区防治番茄灰霉病试验结果表明,细菌B27,真菌F45和F120,放线菌A15和A111,具有较好的预防效果,防治效果均在60%以上,其中放线菌A15菌株,防治效果达70%以上。
短句来源
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  灰霉菌
     The Minimal Inhibitory Concentration(MIC)、Minimal Lethal Concentration(MLC) have been testified, the MIC and MLC of Penicillium citrinum were 2.5μL/mL ,MIC of Botrytis cinerea, Alternarea alternat, Emericella nidulans was 2.5μL/mL,MLC was 5.0μL/mL.
     确定了丁香精油对青霉菌的最低抑菌浓度(MIC)、最低杀菌浓度(MLC)均为2.5μL/mL,对灰霉菌、链格孢菌和浆胞菌的最低抑菌浓度(MIC)为2.5μL/mL,最低杀菌浓度(MLC)为5.0μL/mL。
短句来源
     Sequence Analysis of the ITS Region for the Phytopathogenic Fungi Sclerotinia Species and Botrytis Cinerea
     核盘菌属真菌(Sclerotinia species)和灰霉菌(Botrytis cinerea)的ITS序列分析
短句来源
     Effects of Bacillus strain B21 and its fermented liquor on Botrytis cinerea C31 on Tomato
     芽孢杆菌B21菌株及其发酵液对番茄灰霉菌C31的影响
短句来源
     Mode of action of wuyiencin on Botrytis cinerea
     武夷菌素对番茄灰霉菌(Botrytis cinerea)的作用方式
短句来源
     The results were as follows: the inhibiting rates of the ethanol extracts from Ulva pertusa to Alternaria brassicae,and the ethanol extracts from Enteromorpha sp.,Gracilaria verrucosa and Hypnea sp.to Botrytis cinerea were above 40%;
     结果表明:孔石莼(Ulva pertusa)的乙醇提取物对链格孢菌(Alternaria brassicae),浒苔(Enterom orphasp)、沙菜(Hypneasp)、江蓠(Gracilaria verrucosa)的乙醇提取物对甜椒灰霉菌(Botrytis cinerea)的菌丝生长抑制率都在40%以上;
短句来源
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      botrytis cinerea
    Evaluation of the Effects of Biological Preparations on Phytopathogenic Fungi Didymella applanata and Botrytis cinerea
          
    The affected cane cuttings and cankers occurring on affected canes were found to contain Coniothyrium fuckelii (the causal fungus of rose stem canker) and sclerotia of Botrytis cinerea (the causal fungus of gray rot).
          
    Five isolates identified as Streptomyces hygroscopicus (SH100, SH101, SH102, SH103, and SH104) showed strong activity against Botrytis cinerea, a parasite found in domestic vines.
          
    The results indicated that the obtained isolates were highly active against Botrytis cinerea, Candida albicans, and Herpes simplex, with an inhibition zone at ≥31 mm.
          
    Metabolites of a phytopathogenic fungus Botrytis cinerea Pers.
          
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    This paper makes a study of the biological characters of Botrytis cinerea Pers., which infected the leaves of the mulberry. The results could summarize as follows:1. The fungus had a capacity to grow from about 5 to 25℃, and the optimum temperture was at 20 to 25℃. When the temperature was below 10℃ the mycelia of this fungus could still proliferate, but could not from its conidia.2. The conidia germinated rapidly with a high germination rate in the presence of the mulberry leaf juice. The germination...

    This paper makes a study of the biological characters of Botrytis cinerea Pers., which infected the leaves of the mulberry. The results could summarize as follows:1. The fungus had a capacity to grow from about 5 to 25℃, and the optimum temperture was at 20 to 25℃. When the temperature was below 10℃ the mycelia of this fungus could still proliferate, but could not from its conidia.2. The conidia germinated rapidly with a high germination rate in the presence of the mulberry leaf juice. The germination was markedly affected by the temperature. Investigations had confirmed the fact that below 7 ℃ and above 30℃ the germination rate was very low, and the optimum temperature lay between 20 and 25℃. However, if the conidia were collected from the field with the infected leaves in October and kept them indoors for the winter, they could not germinate in April next year.3. This fungus grew very well on the PAS or PDA medium containing the mulberry leaf juice. The optimun pH was neutural or slightly acid although the growth pH could be in the range of 4.4 to 9.0.4. The blacklight irradiation could promote the formation of the conidia.

    桑树灰霉病病菌(Botytis cinerea Pers.)生长温度范围5~25℃,最适20~25℃,在10℃以下只能长菌丝,不长分生孢子。分生孢子在有桑叶汁液存在时,萌发快,萌发率高,萌发温度范围7~30℃;最适20~25℃。秋末(10月下旬)采集有分生孢子的病叶悬挂室内,翌年4月中、下旬分生孢子不能萌发,培养基以PSA加桑叶汁液及PDA加桑叶汁液对本病菌生长尤佳。病菌在pH4.4~9范国内均能生长,最适是中性到偏酸,黑光灯照射能促进本病菌分生孢子的形成。

    A carbendazim(MBC)-resistant strain(R) of Botrytis cinerea was isolated from scallion in suburbs of Nanjing where it had been applied with MBC and thiophanates for several years. Mycelial growth of this Rstrain was less inhibited on repaired PSA with 1000μg/ml MBC (technical samples) and the MIC value was hardly measured. Myceliaof the sensitive strains of B.cinerea that were isolated from scallion, plum, strawherry, cabbage, however, can not grow on the PSA containing 0.5μg/ml carbendazim. The MBC-resistant(R)...

    A carbendazim(MBC)-resistant strain(R) of Botrytis cinerea was isolated from scallion in suburbs of Nanjing where it had been applied with MBC and thiophanates for several years. Mycelial growth of this Rstrain was less inhibited on repaired PSA with 1000μg/ml MBC (technical samples) and the MIC value was hardly measured. Myceliaof the sensitive strains of B.cinerea that were isolated from scallion, plum, strawherry, cabbage, however, can not grow on the PSA containing 0.5μg/ml carbendazim. The MBC-resistant(R) strain was also resistant to benomyl and thiophanate on agar as compared with MBC-sensitive(S) strains. The MBC-R strain, however, and MBC-S strain are similarly sensitive to captan, chlorothalonil, and procymidone in vitro.The MBC-resistance of B. cinerea can be maintained at least fourty weeks on the biocide-free agar by continuous incubating.

    从大葱上分离到的B1茵株(Botrytis cinerea)对多菌灵、托布津类杀菌剂有高度耐药性。在含多菌灵1000微克/毫升的马铃薯蔗糖琼脂(PSA)培养基上,该菌株的菌丝生长很少受到抑制,难以测定最低抑制浓度(MIC)值,而野生敏感菌株在0.5微克/毫升多菌灵浓度下,菌丝则完全不能生长。B1菌株对多菌灵、托布津、苯菌灵有高度交互抗性,但对克菌丹、百菌清、二甲菌核利杀菌剂的反应与野生型菌株相似。 B1菌株在无药的PSA培养基上菌丝转移连续培养12代后测定,只表现生长速率有所减慢,而对多菌灵的抗性程度无下降。

    The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of carbendazol (MBC) to mycelial growth of a wild-type strain B_2 of Botrytis cinerea was 0.5ppm. Mutation frequence from MBC-sensitive (B_2) to resistant strain of B. cinerea, which was induced by UV light, was 1/0.9-4.5×10~4 spores. The mycelial growth of the UV-induced strain-R was less inhibited on PSA amended with 1000ppm MBC (technical grade product), and it can grow on PSA containing even 2000ppm of the fungicide. Therefore, it is difficult to mesure...

    The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of carbendazol (MBC) to mycelial growth of a wild-type strain B_2 of Botrytis cinerea was 0.5ppm. Mutation frequence from MBC-sensitive (B_2) to resistant strain of B. cinerea, which was induced by UV light, was 1/0.9-4.5×10~4 spores. The mycelial growth of the UV-induced strain-R was less inhibited on PSA amended with 1000ppm MBC (technical grade product), and it can grow on PSA containing even 2000ppm of the fungicide. Therefore, it is difficult to mesure MIC value. The B-UV1 strain that is one of the UV-induced had been incubated continuously on PSA without fungicide for more than eight monthes, its resistantdegree hadn't lowered, however, the rate of mycelial growth had decreased.There were highly cross-resistance to benomyl and to thiophanate and similarly sensitivity with wild-strain to captan and others tested fungicides in B-UV1 strain. Spores of B-UV1 strain and a wild-strain of B. cinerea were inoculated flowers, fruits, and petioles of strawberry. Diseased rates caused by B-UV1 were 77.8% as compared with that by the wild-strain, and the disease caused by the latter was more serious than that by the former.

    测得多菌灵对Botrytis cinerea野生菌株B_2的最低抑制生长浓度(MIC)值为0.5ppm。然而,经紫外光照射定向诱导,从B_2获得了突变频率为I/0.9—4.5×10~4的抗多菌灵突变菌株。这种抗性菌株在含多菌灵1000ppm的马铃薯蔗糖琼脂培养基上,菌丝生长很少受到抑制,在多菌灵2000ppm情况下仍能生长,难以测定MIC值。诱变抗性菌株(B-UV1)在无药培养基上连续培养8个月,抗性程度仍未下降,但生长速率降低。 B-UV1菌株对苯来持、托布津杀菌剂表现高度的交互抗性,但对克菌丹等4种测试药剂的敏感性,与野生菌株相似。接种草莓时,B-UV1菌株引起的发病率为野生菌株的77.8%,而且病情较轻。

     
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