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fowl
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     Study on Melanin from Taihe Silky Fowl and Its Complexes with Cu ~(2+), Fe ~(3+) Ions by IR Spectrum
     泰和乌骨黑色素及其Cu~(2+)、Fe~(3+)配合物的红外光谱研究
短句来源
     Objective To explore the induction of apoptosis of osteosarcoma S180 cells by recombinant fowl pox virus(vFV3) with Apoptin,hemagglutinin-neuraminidase(HN) and interleukin 18(IL-18) genes in vitro.
     目的探讨Apoptin、HN和IL18融合基因的重组痘病毒(vFV3)对骨肉瘤细胞S180的抑制效应。
短句来源
     Application of Colloidal Gold Techniques in the Diagnosis of Fowl Pullorum/typhoid Disease and in the Detection of Salmonella O_9 Antigen
     胶体金技术在白痢/伤寒检疫和沙门氏菌O_9抗原检测中的应用研究
短句来源
     The construction and physical chemistry characteristics study of recombinant fowl pox virus of foot and mouth disease live vector vaccines strain vUTAL3CP1
     口蹄疫重组痘病毒活载体疫苗vUTAL3CP1的构建与理化学特性研究
短句来源
     For silky fowl, weight of 4 weeks of Ⅰ and Ⅱ groups were higher than that of Ⅲ group significantly( P <0 05).
     泰和4周龄体重Ⅰ组、Ⅱ组显著高于Ⅲ组(P<0.05);
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  家禽
     Analysis on Genetic Difference of Fowl Population by Fuzzy Mathematical Method
     利用模糊数学方法分析家禽种群的遗传差异
短句来源
     The Decision and Differentiation in Fowl Sex
     家禽的性别决定和分化
短句来源
     Design of a Light Intensity Fuzzy Controller on the Environment of Hatching Fowl
     家禽孵化环境光照度模糊控制器的设计
短句来源
     The Design of Temperature Sensor of Automatic Control System on the Environment of Hatching Fowl
     家禽孵化环境监控系统中温度传感器的设计
短句来源
     For female,the comsumption of corn and fowl increased 45.9% and 13.4%,but had no variation in male.
     男女分别来看 ,玉米及家禽肉的消耗量 ,男性无显著变化 ,女性分别增加了 45 .9%和 13.4% ,差别有显著性 (P <0 .0 5 ) ;
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     Construction of Recombinant Fowl Adenovirus Type Ⅰ Expressing IBDV VP2 Protein (rFAVI-VP2)
     表达IBDV-VP2蛋白的重组Ⅰ型腺病毒(rFAv-VP2)的构建及纯化
短句来源
     The results showed that fowl influenza virus subtypes H5 and H9 exposed to Dawei No. 1+1 disinfectant containing 200 mg/ L and 125 mg/ L glutaldehyde respectively for 5 min achieved a killing rate of 100%.
     结果,以含200mg/L和125mg/L戊二醛的大卫1+1号消毒剂,作用5min,分别对H5亚型和H9亚型流感病毒灭活率均达到100%。
短句来源
     Avian influenza (AI) is a fowl disease caused by type A influenza virus.
     流感(avian influenza,AI)是由A型流感病毒引起的一种类的感染和/或疾病综合征。
短句来源
     At present,about 2/3 of domestic waste, 2/5 of industrial solid waste and 2/5 of livestock and fowl manure have not been treated properly in Chongming Island and it has caused serious contamination.
     目前上海市崇明岛约有2/3的生活垃圾、2/5的工业固体废物、2/5的畜粪便尚未得到妥善处理,固体废物污染颇为严重。
短句来源
     Avian influenza (AI) is a fowl disease, which is caused by type A influenzavirus. The fatal disease, named "highly pathogenic avian influenza", is caused bysubtypes H5 and H7 of influenza A virus.
     流感(Avian Influenza,AI)是由A 型流感病毒引起的类烈性传染病,迄今发生的高致病性流感(Highly PathogenicAvian Influenza,HPAI)都是由H5 和H7 两个亚型的病毒引起的。
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  “fowl”译为未确定词的双语例句
     LDH、MDH and G6PD Isozymes and Energy Metabolic Characteristics in the Domestic Fowl
     LDH、MDH、G6PD同工酶与家鸡能量代谢特征
短句来源
     HEV strain 87A and HEV strains G93 1, G93 2, G93 3, G93 4 can agglutinate human type O erythrocyte, with a titre reaching 1∶32-1∶128, but do not agglutinate guinea pig and fowl erythrocytes.
     HEV87A株和HEVG93-1,G93-2,G93-3,G93-4株能凝集人“O”型红细胞,滴度达1∶32~1∶128,但不凝集豚鼠和鸡的红细胞。
短句来源
     Potency Test for A Fowl Cholera Live Vaccine (G190E_(40) strain ) in mice
     以小鼠检测鸡霍乱G190E_(40)疫苗的效力试验
短句来源
     To study multiple gene Combination Therapy in Osteosarcoma Cell S180, weadopt Fowl pox virus as carrier and admov VP3、HN、IL-18 into the carrier.
     旨在探讨VP3基因、HN基因、IL-18基因的联合抑制骨肉瘤S180细胞的抑瘤效应。
短句来源
     During the years 1985-1990, the semen of male fowl was irradiated by B-rays, the survival time of the spermatozoa was prolonged and fertility increased by 2% to 5%.
     1985~1990年间,用β源辐照公鸡精液,延长精子存活时间,提高受精率2~5%。
短句来源
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  fowl
Egg Fertility in Domestic Fowl Gallus gallus domesticusas a Function of the Yolk Surface Area
      
Some features of amino acid and lipid metabolism in embryos of meat-type fowl with different yolk weight
      
It has been proposed that variations in relative yolk weight in a population of meat-type fowl be used as a model of development of nidicolous and nidifugous birds.
      
Development of the mitochondrial apparatus and blood supply of skeletal muscle fibers during ontogenesis of domestic fowl
      
But, the homology of Chinese strain HA9901 to a fowl pox virus-associated strain from Chickens was higher than that to strain SNV isolated from ducks.
      
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The distribution of chingger mites is world-wide. Hatori, 1919 first reported the occurrenceof the scrub-typhus and its vector, Trombicula akamushi, in Taiwan Province. It.is predicted thatthe chigger mites must be widely distributed in this country. The writer made a preliminary survey-of the chigger mites in Nanking area in the summer andautumn months of 1955. Out of thirty six different kinds of wild and domestice animals examined,including rats, chickens, etc.,twenty were found to be parasitized by the chigger...

The distribution of chingger mites is world-wide. Hatori, 1919 first reported the occurrenceof the scrub-typhus and its vector, Trombicula akamushi, in Taiwan Province. It.is predicted thatthe chigger mites must be widely distributed in this country. The writer made a preliminary survey-of the chigger mites in Nanking area in the summer andautumn months of 1955. Out of thirty six different kinds of wild and domestice animals examined,including rats, chickens, etc.,twenty were found to be parasitized by the chigger mites. Specimenscollected were mounted on slides with Puri's fluid. Altogether seven species of the chigger mites were found on the animals examined. They are:Walchia sp., Trombicula sp. 1, T. sp. 2, T. sp. 3, Acomatacarus sp. 1, A. sp. 2, and Neoschon-gastia gallinarum. The latter species has the highest percentage of infection ranging from71.4-97.1% and causes severe damages on domestic fowls.

1.本文报告1955年夏秋在南京地区所作恙螨的初步调查,共采得恙螨4属7种。计阿康恙螨属2种,华溪恙螨属1种,Trombicula属3种,新勋恙螨属1种。南京地区恙螨的存在尚系首次记录。 2.从初步结果看来南京地区所见的恙螨因这次调查季节较晚故与恙虫病的关系尚待证实。而鸡新勋恙螨对家禽危害之烈致引起雏鸡死亡之严重性;阿康恙螨宿主种类的广,能造成人类恙螨性皮炎的可能性极大,必须重视。 3.在19种哺乳类,14种鸟英,1种两栖类,2种爬行类,共36种动物中查见恙螨 寄生的有20种,计哺乳类9种,鸟类10种,爬行类1种。阿康恙螨以家猫、家鼠、及家兔的感受率最高在32.6%至85.7%间。鸡新勋恙螨以家鸡、环颈雉感染率最高在71.4%至97.1%间。 4.在家犬、家鼠、褐家鼠、家猪、山羊、家免、安哥拉种家免、多疣壁虎体查见阿康恙螨。在家鼠体查见华溪恙螨。在家鼠、家猫、长江野兔体查见恙螨属之三种。在家鸡(包括萨塞克斯鸡、来克亨鸡、罗得岛红鸡、芦花鸡、澳洲黑鸡)、家鹅、家鸭、环颈雉、麻雀体查见鸡新勋恙螨的寄生。 其中家犬、家猪、山羊、家兔、安哥拉种家兔、多疣壁虎、长江野兔、家猫可为阿康恙螨及恙螨属的自然宿主是国内之首次的...

1.本文报告1955年夏秋在南京地区所作恙螨的初步调查,共采得恙螨4属7种。计阿康恙螨属2种,华溪恙螨属1种,Trombicula属3种,新勋恙螨属1种。南京地区恙螨的存在尚系首次记录。 2.从初步结果看来南京地区所见的恙螨因这次调查季节较晚故与恙虫病的关系尚待证实。而鸡新勋恙螨对家禽危害之烈致引起雏鸡死亡之严重性;阿康恙螨宿主种类的广,能造成人类恙螨性皮炎的可能性极大,必须重视。 3.在19种哺乳类,14种鸟英,1种两栖类,2种爬行类,共36种动物中查见恙螨 寄生的有20种,计哺乳类9种,鸟类10种,爬行类1种。阿康恙螨以家猫、家鼠、及家兔的感受率最高在32.6%至85.7%间。鸡新勋恙螨以家鸡、环颈雉感染率最高在71.4%至97.1%间。 4.在家犬、家鼠、褐家鼠、家猪、山羊、家免、安哥拉种家免、多疣壁虎体查见阿康恙螨。在家鼠体查见华溪恙螨。在家鼠、家猫、长江野兔体查见恙螨属之三种。在家鸡(包括萨塞克斯鸡、来克亨鸡、罗得岛红鸡、芦花鸡、澳洲黑鸡)、家鹅、家鸭、环颈雉、麻雀体查见鸡新勋恙螨的寄生。 其中家犬、家猪、山羊、家兔、安哥拉种家兔、多疣壁虎、长江野兔、家猫可为阿康恙螨及恙螨属的自然宿主是国内之首次的报告,而家鸭、家鹅、环颈雉及麻雀可为鸡新勋恙螨之自然宿主,及家鸭、家鹅体有恙螨的

1. The present paper is a preliminary report on the biological investigationof chiggers infesting chicken during 1954-1956. 2. According to our investigation, together with all the avallable literature onthe subject, 6 species, in 2 genera, of chicken chiggers have so far been recordedin this country. Among them, Neoschongastia gallinarum is widely distributedin Fukien, Chekiang, Anhwei, Taiwan, Shantung, Honan, Kiangsu, Hupeh, Kiangsi,Szechwan and Shanghai. Trombicula deliensis was found in Yunnan and N. posekanyi,N....

1. The present paper is a preliminary report on the biological investigationof chiggers infesting chicken during 1954-1956. 2. According to our investigation, together with all the avallable literature onthe subject, 6 species, in 2 genera, of chicken chiggers have so far been recordedin this country. Among them, Neoschongastia gallinarum is widely distributedin Fukien, Chekiang, Anhwei, Taiwan, Shantung, Honan, Kiangsu, Hupeh, Kiangsi,Szechwan and Shanghai. Trombicula deliensis was found in Yunnan and N. posekanyi,N. americana solomonis were found only in Fukien, whereas Trombicula akamushiand T. corvi were accidentanlly discovered in Taiwan. With the exception of therecord from Kiangsu and Anhwei Provinces, the above-indicated distribution ofN. gallinarum, N. posekanyi, N. americana solomonis on the Chinese mainlandis supposed to be the first report made. 3. As the external parasites of birds, N. gallinarum, N. posekanyi, and N.americana solomonis possess no strict host-specificity, they have commonly beenfound as natural parasites of different species of wild and domestic birds in thecourse of our 2 years' survey. However, the discovery of the common magpie(Picapica sericea), siberian black-billed dipper (Cinclus pallaci), silver pheasant (Lophuranycthemera rufipes), golden pheasant (Chrysolophus amherstiae), big-billed crow(Corvus macrorhynchus), common turkey (Meleagris gallopavo), burmese pea-fowl(Pavo muticus imperator) and eastern turtle dove (Streptopelia decaocto) as naturalhosts of N. gallinarum, and the common turkey as the natural hosts of N. pose-kanyi, are new records. With the exception of the common turkey, it should beemphasized that reports regarding other birds as natural hosts of chiggermitesand the infestation of N. posekanyi and N. americana solomonis among domesticfowls has been vague in literature. 4. Attempts have been made to discuss the sources and factors of infestation,breeding place, distribution, disease relations and damages of N. gallinarum. 5. A preliminary observation of the seasonal distribution of N. gallinarum wasmade and it was found that in East China the difference is not very conspicuous.They are distributed between March and December, being more active and causingmuch damage during June to October. 6. Due to the peculiar characteristics of the pathological picture caused by thebite of the chicken chiggers, the name--"Chicken Chigger Pox"--is herewithproposed for this infestation to distinguish it from viral-borne chicken pox. 7. The damage caused by the chicken chiggers is always very serious in thiscountry, and yet very little attention was paid by the veterinary workers in protectingchickens against the infestation. The present paper emphasize the importance offurther and more intensive study of the mite, especially in the course of our nation-wide socialistic transformation.

1.本文初步总结1954—1956年间所作有关我国鸡体恙螨在生物学方面观察的结果。 2.根据我们的调查,前人的记录和所获的资料,共知我国能见于鸡体的恙螨幼虫有2属6种,其中鸡新勋恙螨广泛存在于福建、浙江、安徽、台湾、山东、河南、江西、湖北、四川及上海等省市。扑氏新勋恙螨、美洲新勋恙螨所罗门亚种仅见于福建省,地里恙螨见于云南省,而红恙螨及鸦恙螨则偶见于台湾。我国大陆上除江苏、安徽两省以外,其它地区有上述3螨种的存在为国内之首次报告。 3.鸡新勋恙螨、扑氏新勋恙螨、美洲新勋恙螨所罗门亚种属多宿主的恙螨,两年来在上述地区的多种禽鸟间常见有该3种恙螨幼虫的自然寄生,其中喜鹊、河乌、白鹇、土绶鸡、绿孔雀、灰斑鸠、白腹绵鸡、乌鸦可为鸡新勋恙螨,及土绶鸡可为扑氏新勋恙螨幼虫的自然宿主系首次记录。上述禽鸟中,除土绶鸡体已有恙螨幼虫寄生的报告外,其它鸟类可以作为恙螨幼虫的自然宿主及扑氏新勋恙螨、美洲新勋恙螨所罗门亚种的幼虫在家鸡体的寄生,国内外尚无文献的记载。 4.本文就鸡新勋恙螨的感染因素,感染来源,孳生和流行,危害及其与疾病的关系等加以讨论。 5.以鸡新勋恙螨的季节分布作了初步的观察,测知在华东诸省境内鸡新勋恙螨的发生与消...

1.本文初步总结1954—1956年间所作有关我国鸡体恙螨在生物学方面观察的结果。 2.根据我们的调查,前人的记录和所获的资料,共知我国能见于鸡体的恙螨幼虫有2属6种,其中鸡新勋恙螨广泛存在于福建、浙江、安徽、台湾、山东、河南、江西、湖北、四川及上海等省市。扑氏新勋恙螨、美洲新勋恙螨所罗门亚种仅见于福建省,地里恙螨见于云南省,而红恙螨及鸦恙螨则偶见于台湾。我国大陆上除江苏、安徽两省以外,其它地区有上述3螨种的存在为国内之首次报告。 3.鸡新勋恙螨、扑氏新勋恙螨、美洲新勋恙螨所罗门亚种属多宿主的恙螨,两年来在上述地区的多种禽鸟间常见有该3种恙螨幼虫的自然寄生,其中喜鹊、河乌、白鹇、土绶鸡、绿孔雀、灰斑鸠、白腹绵鸡、乌鸦可为鸡新勋恙螨,及土绶鸡可为扑氏新勋恙螨幼虫的自然宿主系首次记录。上述禽鸟中,除土绶鸡体已有恙螨幼虫寄生的报告外,其它鸟类可以作为恙螨幼虫的自然宿主及扑氏新勋恙螨、美洲新勋恙螨所罗门亚种的幼虫在家鸡体的寄生,国内外尚无文献的记载。 4.本文就鸡新勋恙螨的感染因素,感染来源,孳生和流行,危害及其与疾病的关系等加以讨论。 5.以鸡新勋恙螨的季节分布作了初步的观察,测知在华东诸省境内鸡新勋恙螨的发生与消降情况差异不大。其季节分布为3—12月共占10

Department of parasitology, First Shanghai Medical College The damages that chickens and other poultry suffer from the infestation of Neoschongastia gallinarum larvae are quite serious. It has been found, according to our surveys made since 1954, that N. gallinarum is widely distributed in this country and the infestation rate among the fowls and other land birds is very high. The present paper is a preliminary report on the study of the effects of temperature and moisture on the viability of N. gallinarum...

Department of parasitology, First Shanghai Medical College The damages that chickens and other poultry suffer from the infestation of Neoschongastia gallinarum larvae are quite serious. It has been found, according to our surveys made since 1954, that N. gallinarum is widely distributed in this country and the infestation rate among the fowls and other land birds is very high. The present paper is a preliminary report on the study of the effects of temperature and moisture on the viability of N. gallinarum larvae under the conditions established in the laboratory. N. gallinarum larvae persist to live: (1) 18±1℃ & RH 73% for 26 hours and 20 minutes; (2) 26—29℃ & RH 50—52% for 12 hrs.;(3) 34±1℃ RH 50% for 9 hours; (4) 40±1℃ & RH 45% for 5 1/2 hrs.; (5) 45±1℃ & RH 37% for 2 hrs. and 40 mins.; (6) 50±1℃ & RH 34% for 100 mins.; (7) 56±1℃ & RH 30% for 40 mins.; (8) 61±1℃ & RH 28.5% for 10 mins. Besides, when kept in water, unengorged A. gallinarum larvae were found to survive in the temperature of 28±1℃, 34±1℃, 40±1℃, 50±1℃, 56±1℃, 61±1℃, 65±1℃; for 77 days, 29 days, 26 days, 10 hrs., 40 mins., 40 mins, and 20 mins, respectively. Furthermore the development of the larva to nymphal stage was observed in the above stated temperature especially in the temperature below 40±1℃. N. gallinarum larvae is comparatively resistant to freezing temperature. It is viable in temperatures of 0℃, -5℃, -10±1℃ for 32, 23 and 3 days respectively. With reference to the adaptation of the N. gallinarum larvae toward sudden changes of temperature, the distribution, the epidemiology, as well as the prevention of the "chicken chigger pox" are concisely discussed in this paper.

1.本文就鸡新勋恙螨幼虫在不同温湿度,不同温度的水,及低温等不同环境中的生活力作一初步研究。 2.鸡新勋恙螨幼虫在18±1℃,相对湿度73%;26—29℃,相对湿度50—52%;34±1℃,相对湿度50%;40±1℃,相对湿度45%;45±1℃,相对湿度37%;50±1℃,相对湿度34%;56±1℃;相对湿度30%;61±1℃,相对湿度28.5%时分别可活26小时20分;12小时;9小时;5 1/2小时;2小时40分;100分;40分;10分。说明幼虫有相对的抗旱性能。 3.鸡新勋恙螨幼虫在28±1℃;34±1℃;40±1℃;50±1℃,56±1℃;61±1℃;65±1℃的水中,未饱食的幼虫分别可活77天;29天;26天;10小时;40分;40分;20分钟。幼虫虽然在上列的温度中或经过該温度处理后尚能具有发育为稚虫的能力,尤以40±1℃以下为显见,由此可知幼虫对高湿度适应的性能。 4.鸡新勋恙螨幼虫在0℃;-5℃;-10±1℃时分别可活32天;23天;3天。也说明了它的御寒能力。 5.基于上述的秸果,鸡新勋恙螨幼虫都是在室温中迅速转变为高温或低温的情况下就产生这样快的适应力,故就它在鸡螨痘病的流行、发生及防治...

1.本文就鸡新勋恙螨幼虫在不同温湿度,不同温度的水,及低温等不同环境中的生活力作一初步研究。 2.鸡新勋恙螨幼虫在18±1℃,相对湿度73%;26—29℃,相对湿度50—52%;34±1℃,相对湿度50%;40±1℃,相对湿度45%;45±1℃,相对湿度37%;50±1℃,相对湿度34%;56±1℃;相对湿度30%;61±1℃,相对湿度28.5%时分别可活26小时20分;12小时;9小时;5 1/2小时;2小时40分;100分;40分;10分。说明幼虫有相对的抗旱性能。 3.鸡新勋恙螨幼虫在28±1℃;34±1℃;40±1℃;50±1℃,56±1℃;61±1℃;65±1℃的水中,未饱食的幼虫分别可活77天;29天;26天;10小时;40分;40分;20分钟。幼虫虽然在上列的温度中或经过該温度处理后尚能具有发育为稚虫的能力,尤以40±1℃以下为显见,由此可知幼虫对高湿度适应的性能。 4.鸡新勋恙螨幼虫在0℃;-5℃;-10±1℃时分别可活32天;23天;3天。也说明了它的御寒能力。 5.基于上述的秸果,鸡新勋恙螨幼虫都是在室温中迅速转变为高温或低温的情况下就产生这样快的适应力,故就它在鸡螨痘病的流行、发生及防治等方面加以分析和探讨。

 
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