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bargaining
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  讨价还价
    3. Beginning with factors resulting in SA failure, three key factors are analyzed. Firstly, the allocation formula of two players and many players are given out withNash bargaining model.
    从可能导致中小软件企业战略联盟失败的因素分析入手,选取分配、沟通、信任三个关键要素进行分析:①用博弈论中的纳什讨价还价模型导出了两人和多人利益分配的满意公式;
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    Potter, this paper studies the five forces of acetic acid industry including the current rivals, the threats of entry, the threats of substitutes, the bargaining power of suppliers and the bargaining power of buyers.
    Potter的竞争理论,对醋酸市场的现有竞争者、潜在竞争者、替代品竞争者、供应商的讨价还价能力和购买者的讨价还价能力等五种竞争作用力进行了研究。
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    Section two, analysis of automobile trade inside and outside circumstance by PEST theory. Analysis entering threat、 replacing threat、 dealer bargaining ability、 supplier bargaining ability and competitor by Port analysis model. Founding differentiation with competitor by competitive matrix.
    第二章运用PEST法对汽车行业的政策法律、经济、社会和技术外部环境分析,运用波特五力模型分析汽车服务行业中的进入威胁、替代威胁、买方讨价还价的能力、供方讨价还价的能力、主要竞争对手的情况,运用竞争态势矩阵与竞争对手比较,分析出与竞争对手的差距。
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    On the basis of a brief introduction of game theory, this paper incorporates classical game models such as Prisoners Dilemma, Boxed Pigs, Chicken Game and Bargaining Game to simulate the existing games in domain of hydraulic and hydropower construction in China.
    在简单介绍博弈论的基础上,采用经典的囚徒困境、智猪博弈、斗鸡博弈和讨价还价等博弈模型,对我国水利水电建设中存在的博弈进行了模拟。
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  谈判
    The author suggests that by combining the property contract equilibrium price determination and cost evaluation and use evaluation equilibrium approach, the mechanism in pricing software product can be investigated from a completely new perspective: i.e., bargaining equilibrium.
    必须引入新的价值评价指标,对软件产品的成本价值与使用价值进行新求解,把广义价格机制理论的产权契约均衡价格决定论与成本价值和使用价值边际均衡论结合起来,从"谈判力"均衡角度研究软件产品价格形成机理。
短句来源
    Negotiation Strategy Based on Game Theory with Agent for Bilateral Bargaining of Power Market
    基于博弈论的电力市场双边交易智能体谈判策略
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  “bargaining”译为未确定词的双语例句
    This dissertation developed Michael Porter's Five Forces Model, and constructed the Three-dimensional Model in industrial analysis, which are Industrial Chain dimension, Market dimension and Time dimension, and elaborated the analysis with the application of the Model from seven aspects, which are suppliers bargaining ability, buyers bargaining ability, present competitive situation in electric industry, competitiveness of substitutes, future expansion on power generation market, potential intruder and policy influences, and established the analysis index system.
    本文发展了波特的五力分析模型,构造了产业分析的三维模型,从产业链、市场和时间三个维度,上游供应方侃价能力、下游购电方侃价能力、当前发电市场竞争情况、替代品竞争力、未来发电市场增长情况、潜在进入者和政策影响力七个方面展开分析,并且构造了分析指标体系。
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    bargaining ability of sellers (materials); competitive ability of present firms. At the level of whole industry, CR3 of Chinese wine industry in 1998 is 60%.
    在行业整体的层次上,1998年中国葡萄酒行业的CR3是60%,到了2000年CR3为50.99%,行业仍然呈现出寡头垄断的市场结构。
短句来源
    The other is that this company has its own material base and the bargaining ability of grape planter is too weak to gain more income.
    另一方面也因为企业拥有自己的原料生产基地,基地果农在面对企业时具有较弱的侃价能力,所以其收入较少。
短句来源
    This chapter, by the means of “Five Forces”model of Boter and “SWOT”analytic method, analyzes the EV97 airplane competitor situation and the bargaining abilities between the suppliers and consumers;
    文中第一章介绍了捷飞航空工业公司及其在华的战略定位,对捷飞公司产品两座飞机EV97 的特点和技术数据和性能参数进行了详细描述;
短句来源
    When the generation cost function is quadratic curve,the new bargaining is compared with the former one.
    比较了发电费用曲线为二次曲线时新的定价方式与已有定价方式的关系 .
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  bargaining
Obwohl es inzwischen eine breite Palette an Fragestellungen gibt, auf die Bargaining-Modelle angewendet werden, lassen sich aufgrund der schlechten Datenlage immer noch wenig direkte überprüfungen dieser Theorie finden.
      
And on the other hand, working time as an object of policy is shifted from the level of company bargaining to the level of individual negotiations between employee and superior.
      
Trade unions usually achieve the internal legitimacy of their rank-and-file and effectiveness of the bargaining system as a whole through substantive improvements of the living and working conditions of their members.
      
The key question of this paper therefore focuses on how unions are able to equally maintain effectiveness and legitimacy of the collective bargaining institution.
      
In the paper, this question will be dealt with by the example of collective bargaining in an exposed branch of the Austrian industry.
      
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Based on analysing the consumer utility increment and the Producer benefical increment,in this paper, a bargaining model of the time-of-use electricity pricing is established. The basic characterisitics and satisfied conditions of the time -of-use electricity pricing which is determined by Nash bargaining solution of the bargaining model are given.The paper also indicates that the take-of-use electricity pricing, determined by the bargaining method, satisfies some rationality and fairness...

Based on analysing the consumer utility increment and the Producer benefical increment,in this paper, a bargaining model of the time-of-use electricity pricing is established. The basic characterisitics and satisfied conditions of the time -of-use electricity pricing which is determined by Nash bargaining solution of the bargaining model are given.The paper also indicates that the take-of-use electricity pricing, determined by the bargaining method, satisfies some rationality and fairness principles.

在分析消费者效用增量和生产者效益增量的基础上,用协商公理化方法建立了分时电价的协商模型,给出了由Nash协商解确定的分时电价的基本特征和满足的条件,并指出了用这种方法确定的分时电价满足的各种合理性与公平性原则.

A new initial solution of the two person cooperative game model is presented in the decentralized bilateral transaction with a centralized pool market.The new bargaining is educed and it demonstrates that the bargaining is interfered by the pool price and overbalance of benefit distribution is accepted by the two sides on this condition.When the generation cost function is quadratic curve,the new bargaining is compared with the former one.

提出了同时存在集中调度的电力联营市场 (Pool)时 ,分散调度的双边电力交易市场的二人合作对策模型的新现状点 ,从而得出了新的定价方式 ,说明双边交易的定价要受到同时存在的Pool电价的影响 ,同时存在Pool时 ,双边交易的利益不平均分配也是可以被交易双方接受的 .比较了发电费用曲线为二次曲线时新的定价方式与已有定价方式的关系 .

In electricity m arket,those power plants belonging to the same generation com pany m ay form an essential coalition.Also,for more profits,generation companies m ay ally in private for bargaining in an electricity market.So it is of vital importance to study such problem s as whether power plants will ally or not,whether the coalition will be stable or not, and how the coalition influence on the whole electricity market.This paper analyzes these problems by using the n- person game m ethod of the game...

In electricity m arket,those power plants belonging to the same generation com pany m ay form an essential coalition.Also,for more profits,generation companies m ay ally in private for bargaining in an electricity market.So it is of vital importance to study such problem s as whether power plants will ally or not,whether the coalition will be stable or not, and how the coalition influence on the whole electricity market.This paper analyzes these problems by using the n- person game m ethod of the game theory.It concludes that coalition does not always result in more profits.

在电力市场环境下 ,发电公司从传统的完成发电任务转变为报价竞标发电负荷以获得最大的利润 ,其目标和行为发生了本质的变化。文中利用博弈论中 n人对策理论 ,对独自竞标和联盟竞标情况下发电公司的行为和市场状况进行了研究。算例表明 ,联盟未必获得更大的利润 ,产权不同是防止市场完全垄断的根本。

 
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