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  transurethral
This study suggests that high intravesical pressure during transurethral surgery might enhance bacterial adherence to urothelium and thereby increase the risk of manifest infection in the postoperative course.
      
Antibiotic prophylaxis in transurethral surgery: A comparison of sulbactam-ampicillin and cefoxitin
      
The efficacy and safety of perioperative prophylaxis with sulbactam-ampicillin or cefoxitin was compared in a prospective randomized double-blind study of 103 patients undergoing transurethral surgery.
      
It is concluded that sulbactam-ampicillin and cefoxitin are equally effective and safe in preventing postoperative urinary tract infection in transurethral surgery.
      
Antimicrobial prophylaxis in transurethral surgery
      
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NK cells could be the natural agents of tumour immunosurveillance. BCG immunotherapy mightinduce cellular immunity which might enhance NK cell activity. Prior to transurethral resection, 20 superficial bladder cancer patients as well as 20 healthypersons were tested of their NK cell activities. After TURB, 10 patients received intravesical instillation BCG for 1-2 courses. To test their NK cell activities periodically, we measured them with anewer microcytotoxicity method-an enzyme (LDH) release assay....

NK cells could be the natural agents of tumour immunosurveillance. BCG immunotherapy mightinduce cellular immunity which might enhance NK cell activity. Prior to transurethral resection, 20 superficial bladder cancer patients as well as 20 healthypersons were tested of their NK cell activities. After TURB, 10 patients received intravesical instillation BCG for 1-2 courses. To test their NK cell activities periodically, we measured them with anewer microcytotoxicity method-an enzyme (LDH) release assay. The patients were then followedup over 6 months. There was no evidence of tumour recurence in our patients, and the NK cellactivities (% specific lysis) were highly significant (p<0.01).

本文应用一种较新的细胞毒试验方法——乳酸脱氢酶(LDH)释放法,检测了20例经尿道膀胱肿瘤电切术前的膀胱肿瘤病人和20名健康人的NK细胞活性,以及对10例病人术后膀胱内灌注BCG前后的NK细胞活性进行观测。发现灌注后1月患者NK细胞活性增高,半年后增高显著。对病人随访半年以上,临床基本上无肿瘤复发。故临床观察与NK细胞功能增强是一致的。并探讨了BCG灌注增强患者NK细胞活性的机理和NK细胞在肿瘤免疫监视上的意义。

Through transrectal sonotomographic diagnosis of 300 cases of bladder tumor and prostatic diseases, it was proved that Type 1846 ultrasoud scanner made by Bruel and Kjaer in Denmark is clinically useful in early diagnosis of B or T1 stage prostatic cancer and bladder tumors. It may also give important information for open prostatectoomy or transurethral resection of the prostate.

应用丹麦BK公司产1846型经直肠超声断层扫描仪扫描300例病人,证明直肠超声断层扫描对临床前列腺肥大的手术选择早期前列腺癌、膀胱癌的诊断具有很高价值。

This article reports the treatment with microwave tissue tissue coagulation by the transurethral method for 30 patients with bladder carcinoma after its safe parameter and data of morpbological changes were obtained through animal experiments.Degeneration,coagulation,necrosis and thorough destruction in the tissues of bladder carcinoma after local microwave irradiation were detected pathomorphologically and microscopically.The advantages of this procedure were proved to be simple,safe,effective and free...

This article reports the treatment with microwave tissue tissue coagulation by the transurethral method for 30 patients with bladder carcinoma after its safe parameter and data of morpbological changes were obtained through animal experiments.Degeneration,coagulation,necrosis and thorough destruction in the tissues of bladder carcinoma after local microwave irradiation were detected pathomorphologically and microscopically.The advantages of this procedure were proved to be simple,safe,effective and free of complication.

通过动物实验取得微波组织凝固技术安全适宜治疗参数和病理形态学资料后,采用经尿道微波凝固治疗膀胱癌30例,获满意效果,癌肿标本经病理形态学和电子显微镜观察证实癌组织凝固坏死,破坏彻底。本疗法具有简便、安全、有效、无并发症等优点。

 
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