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transurethral resection
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  transurethral resection
11 patients with a prostatic adenoma received a single oral 200 mg dose of ofloxacin 2 h before transurethral resection of the prostate.
      
Bacteremia in connection with transurethral resection of the prostate
      
A bacteriological survey of 50 consecutive patients undergoing transurethral resection of the prostate was performed.
      
A prospective randomized controlled double-blind study was performed on 61 patients undergoing transurethral resection of the prostate.
      
Twenty-four healthy volunteers and 24 patients undergoing transurethral resection of the prostate received an oral dose of 200 mg of cefpodoxime as proxetil ester in a fasting state.
      
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NK cells could be the natural agents of tumour immunosurveillance. BCG immunotherapy mightinduce cellular immunity which might enhance NK cell activity. Prior to transurethral resection, 20 superficial bladder cancer patients as well as 20 healthypersons were tested of their NK cell activities. After TURB, 10 patients received intravesical instillation BCG for 1-2 courses. To test their NK cell activities periodically, we measured them with anewer microcytotoxicity method-an enzyme (LDH) release assay....

NK cells could be the natural agents of tumour immunosurveillance. BCG immunotherapy mightinduce cellular immunity which might enhance NK cell activity. Prior to transurethral resection, 20 superficial bladder cancer patients as well as 20 healthypersons were tested of their NK cell activities. After TURB, 10 patients received intravesical instillation BCG for 1-2 courses. To test their NK cell activities periodically, we measured them with anewer microcytotoxicity method-an enzyme (LDH) release assay. The patients were then followedup over 6 months. There was no evidence of tumour recurence in our patients, and the NK cellactivities (% specific lysis) were highly significant (p<0.01).

本文应用一种较新的细胞毒试验方法——乳酸脱氢酶(LDH)释放法,检测了20例经尿道膀胱肿瘤电切术前的膀胱肿瘤病人和20名健康人的NK细胞活性,以及对10例病人术后膀胱内灌注BCG前后的NK细胞活性进行观测。发现灌注后1月患者NK细胞活性增高,半年后增高显著。对病人随访半年以上,临床基本上无肿瘤复发。故临床观察与NK细胞功能增强是一致的。并探讨了BCG灌注增强患者NK细胞活性的机理和NK细胞在肿瘤免疫监视上的意义。

Through transrectal sonotomographic diagnosis of 300 cases of bladder tumor and prostatic diseases, it was proved that Type 1846 ultrasoud scanner made by Bruel and Kjaer in Denmark is clinically useful in early diagnosis of B or T1 stage prostatic cancer and bladder tumors. It may also give important information for open prostatectoomy or transurethral resection of the prostate.

应用丹麦BK公司产1846型经直肠超声断层扫描仪扫描300例病人,证明直肠超声断层扫描对临床前列腺肥大的手术选择早期前列腺癌、膀胱癌的诊断具有很高价值。

AbstractFrom Jan。 1988 to Nov 1992,441 patients withbladder carcinoma were hospitalized in cur department。385 of them were treated by transurethral resection ofbladder tumor (TURBT) or partial cystectomy。Aftersurgical management, the instillation therapy withBCG, TTP or MMC,etc was used to prevent tumorrecurrence in 321 patients.Follow-up for 1~7 yearsshowed that the mortality rate was 6.9%(22/318),and the tumor recurrence rate in BCG,TTP,MMCand control groups was 18.1%, 31.2%, 29.6%and46.1% respectively....

AbstractFrom Jan。 1988 to Nov 1992,441 patients withbladder carcinoma were hospitalized in cur department。385 of them were treated by transurethral resection ofbladder tumor (TURBT) or partial cystectomy。Aftersurgical management, the instillation therapy withBCG, TTP or MMC,etc was used to prevent tumorrecurrence in 321 patients.Follow-up for 1~7 yearsshowed that the mortality rate was 6.9%(22/318),and the tumor recurrence rate in BCG,TTP,MMCand control groups was 18.1%, 31.2%, 29.6%and46.1% respectively. The factors influencing the tumorrecurrence and the prophylactic effect of BCG instilla-tion immunotherapy were discussed。

1985年1月至1992年11月,作者共收治膀胱癌441例,其中358例行保留膀胱的手术。术后321例分别用卡介苗、噻替哌、丝裂霉素C等作了预防性灌注治疗。318例随访了1~7年,全组总复发率为27.7%,其中卡介苗组18.1%,噻替哌组31.2%,丝裂霉素C组29.6%,对照组46.1%。已死亡32例。本组后一阶段病例肿瘤复发率明显增高,其原因与经尿道膀胱肿瘤切除术适应证掌握过宽,药物疗程方法欠规范及复发病例较多有关。

 
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