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cervical
相关语句
  颈椎
    EXPERIMENT STUDY OF THE EFFECTS OF POSTERIOR STRUCTURES ON THE CERVICAL SPINE STABILITY
    颈椎后部结构对颈椎稳定作用的实验研究
短句来源
    The Primary Research on the Seventh Cervical Vertebra of Adult Taihang Mountains Macaca Mulatta (M. mulatta tcheliensis)
    成年太行山猕猴(Macaca mulatta tcheliensis) 第7颈椎的初步研究
短句来源
    Study on the maturation of cervical vertebra for 208 cases Shanghai adolescents growth
    上海地区208名儿童颈椎骨成熟度的研究
短句来源
    Eeffect of cervical flexion extension motion on the foramen area
    下颈椎屈伸运动对椎间孔面积影响的实验研究
短句来源
    A BIOMECHANICAL STUDY OF POSTERIOR CERVICAL LIGAMENTS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE
    颈椎棘上棘间韧带生物力学研究
短句来源
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  颈部
    THE ORIGIN OF EFFERENT NEURONS OF THE CERVICAL ESPHAGUS IN PIGS WITH HRP METHOD
    猪颈部食管传出神经元的起源——用HRP法研究
短句来源
    The mean standard deviation distance from ureter to uterosacral ligament was 0.8±0.5 cm,2.4±0.8 cm,4.0±0.7 cm,in the cervical,intermediate,and sacral portions of the uterosacral ligament,respectively.
    子宫骶韧带颈部、中间部、骶骨部分别距离输尿管的长度平均标准差为0.8±0.5 cm、2.4±0.8 cm、4.0±0.7 cm。
短句来源
    Microsurgical anatomy of the cervical dorsal nerve roots
    颈部脊神经后根显微外科解剖学研究
短句来源
    The relation and applied anatomy of blood vessel, nerve and cervical vertebrae in neck
    颈部血管和神经与颈椎的关系及应用解剖
短句来源
    HRP was injected into the left wall of the cervical portion of the oesophagus in cats. The HRP—labelled cells were found in the nodose ganglion and the spinal ganglia from C_1 to T_5 (mainly C_6.T_2). The labelled cells in the nodose ganglion and those in the spinal ganglia accouted for 72% and 28% respectively (2.6: 1).
    HRP注入左侧颈食管壁后,注射侧的结状节和C_(1-8)、T_(1-5)脊神经节出现标记细胞,以结状节内的标记细胞最多,占标记细胞总数的72%,而脊神经节内标记细胞数占28%,二者之比为2.6∶1,表明颈部食管感觉传入途径以迷走神经占绝对优势。
短句来源
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  “cervical”译为未确定词的双语例句
    THE COMPONENT OF SYMPATHETIC POSTGANGLIONIC FIBERS IN THE CERVICAL VAGUS NERVE OF THE GOATS
    山羊迷走神经中的交感节后纤维成分
短句来源
    A FLUORESCENT DOUBLE LABELLING STUDY OF THE PHRENIC NERVE AND CERVICAL CUTANEOUS NERVE IN THE IMMATURE DOGS
    狗膈神经与肩部皮神经的荧光双标研究
短句来源
    Applied anatomical study on newborn cervical trachea
    新生儿气管颈段的应用解剖学研究
短句来源
    Aim To explore effects of P2X3 receptor on myocardial ischemic nociceptive signaling in superior cervical ganglion (SCG) neurons.
    目的观察心肌缺血致心肌痛伤害性剌激后颈上神经节(superior cervical ganglion,SCG)细胞P2X3受体在心肌痛伤害性信息传递中的作用。
短句来源
    Objective Learning the distribution of HPV types in different age groups and various cervical lesions provided datum for HPV molecule epidemiology of Shenzhen area.
    目的了解深圳地区各年龄段与不同生殖道疾病女性感染人乳头瘤病毒(human papillomavirus,HPV)基因类型分布状况,为深圳地区HPV分子流行病学研究提供依据。
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  cervical
Differential diagnosis of cervical nerve compression syndrome of the external intervertebral foramen
      
The aim of the present research is to study the mechanism of cervical nerve compression syndrome of the external intervertebral foramen and its differential diagnosis with cervical spondylosis.
      
Fifteen cases with cervical nerve compression syndrome of the external intervertebral foramen were healed by the diagnostic treatment.
      
Diagnostic treatment led to short-term alleviation of the symptom in 20 cases with cervical spondylosis confirmed by operation, the results of which was far from satisfactory and operation was undertaken finally in all the 20 cases.
      
Diagnostic treatment was propitious to differentiate cervical nerve compression syndrome of the external intervertebral foramen from cervical spondylosis.
      
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The fore foot of the mole is three times larger than its hind foot. Serialsections of the spinal cords of two adult moles were prepared for a comparativestudy of the motor centers of the fore and hind legs in the cervical and lum-bar enlargements. The magnitude of the motor cells in the anterior horn of the cervicalenlargement (centers of leg muscles), wheh taken collectively, is 2.5--2.8 timesthat of the lumbar enlargement. The motor cells in the posterior part of theanterior horn (posterolateral and...

The fore foot of the mole is three times larger than its hind foot. Serialsections of the spinal cords of two adult moles were prepared for a comparativestudy of the motor centers of the fore and hind legs in the cervical and lum-bar enlargements. The magnitude of the motor cells in the anterior horn of the cervicalenlargement (centers of leg muscles), wheh taken collectively, is 2.5--2.8 timesthat of the lumbar enlargement. The motor cells in the posterior part of theanterior horn (posterolateral and retroposterolateral columns,--centers of footmuscles) of the cervical enlargement, if compared separately, are 3.4--4.0 timesthose of the lumbar enlargement. The two columns innervating the foot muscles contain enormous cells,break into subcolumns and thrust posterolaterally to form a new "horn" whichis even larger than the original anterior horn on many levels. The upper part of the retroposterolateral column (centers of digital mus-cles) is better developed than the lower part. With cells exceedingly hypertro-phied and subcolumns well differentiated, the upper end seems in control ofthe huge big toe (and also partially of the large-sized second and third toes).while the motor center of the little toe is apparently located at the lowerend. The immense bulk of the fore leg of the mole is associated with a cor-responding differentiation of its spinal centers. The development of a peripheralpart is correlated with a commensurate structure on the central side.

鼹鼠的前足约为後足的3倍。本研究用二个成长鼹鼠的脊髓,作连续染片,比较颈腰膨大部中前後肢的运动中枢的形态。若综合比较颈腰膨大部前角的运动细胞(肢肌的中枢)的数量,颈部约当腰部的2.5—2.8倍。若单独比较前角后部的运动细胞(後外侧柱和後後外侧柱——足肌的中枢)的数量,颈部竟大到腰部的3.4—4.0倍。支配足肌的二柱细胞巨大,分出亚柱,胞团外拓,形成一个新角;有些阶段,它更大过原来的前角。後後外柱的上端比下端发展得多。上端细胞巨大,亚群明显,似主管奇大的踇趾(和二、三趾);小趾的中枢似在下端。鼹鼠前肢的(厂龙)大联系脊髓中枢的分化。周缘部的发展程度与中枢部的形态是相系的。

The forefoot of the mole-rat (Myospalax myospalax psilurus), found in the vicinity of Peking, is twice as large as its hindfoot. Serial sections of the spinal cords of two adult animals were compared as to the configuration of the white and gray matters and to the relative magnitude of the motor cells in the anterior horn of the cervical and lumbar enlargements. The results were as follows: The cervical enlargement innervating the foreleg is much larger in cross section than the lumbar enlargement...

The forefoot of the mole-rat (Myospalax myospalax psilurus), found in the vicinity of Peking, is twice as large as its hindfoot. Serial sections of the spinal cords of two adult animals were compared as to the configuration of the white and gray matters and to the relative magnitude of the motor cells in the anterior horn of the cervical and lumbar enlargements. The results were as follows: The cervical enlargement innervating the foreleg is much larger in cross section than the lumbar enlargement which innervates the hindleg. As compared to the lumbo-sacral levels, the anterior horn of the cervical region is broader in area and its cell columns attain greater proportions with better delimitation. In the cervical enlargement, the gray matter of the anterior horn expands laterally to form the antero-external and postero-external angles. The latter thrusts far out and contains the retroposterolateral column supplying the digital muscles. At equal-spaced representative levels, the cervical enlargement consis- tently out-ranks the lumbar enlargement in the distribution of the motor cells in the anterior horn, which control the leg muscles. The sum total of such cells at all the levels of the cervical enlargement is 1.4-1.5 times that of the lumbar enlargement. Moreover, when taken separately, the total motor cells in the posterior part of the anterior horn of the cervical enlargement, which innervates the distal portion of the foreleg, are 2.2-2.8 times that of the lumbar enlargement. The third and fourth toes assume enormous size on the forefoot. The retroposterolateral column which supplies the digital musculature is larger and longer in the cervical intumescence. The cells in the middle segment of this column are generally larger-sized, more numerous and with better-defined subdivisions. These traits apparently suggest that the cells in control of the third and fourth toes are mainly located at this plane. The striking difference in the size of the fore and hind feet reflects itself in the differential development of the anterior horn cells in the cervical and lumbar enlargements. This goes to show once more that the motor centers of the spinal cord develop in correlation with the peripheral organs innervated as well as with the particular mode of life of the animal.

產在北京近郊的地鼠(地羊)的前足約當後足二倍。本研究取二個成長地鼠的脊髓,作切片觀察,注意比較頸、腰膨大部灰、白二質的形勢和前角運動細胞的數量,得到以下的結果: 支配前肢的頸膨大部在切面上遠大於支配後肢的腰膨大部。與腰部相較,頸部的前角灰質面積廣闊,各細胞柱形體粗大,界限清明。特在頸部,前角灰質向外突成前、後外角;後者延伸特遠,內合支配趾肌的後後外側柱。此看支配肢肌的前角細胞在二膨大部各階段上的配佈,頸部總是高出腰部。在點定的16-18階段上總計前角細胞的數量,頸部約當腰部1.4-1.5倍。若單看支配肢體遠端的前角後部中細胞的總值,頸部超過腰部就達2.2-2.8倍。前足第三、四趾特別巨大。支配趾肌的後後外側柱在頸部比腰部粗而且長。大致說來,此柱中段的細胞較大、較多、更分出亞柱。這些跡象暗示控制巨大的第三、四趾的細胞似集中這個階段。地鼠前、後肢大小的懸殊反映到前角灰質發展的程度。這再次證明脊髓中樞的發展與所支配的周緣器官和動物的生活方式是相系的。

A case of partial diplomyelia and myelodysplasia involving the lower part of the spinal cord is reported. The patient, a 55-day old baby girl, was born with a defect on the occipital bone. She had myelomeningocele, hydrocephalus, syringobulbia and syringomyelia of the cervical and thoracic segments. The mid-thoracic region was comparatively normal; below that level the central canal was markedly dilated (hydromyelia). Complete redu- plication of the spinal cord occurred twice at levels of the third lumbar...

A case of partial diplomyelia and myelodysplasia involving the lower part of the spinal cord is reported. The patient, a 55-day old baby girl, was born with a defect on the occipital bone. She had myelomeningocele, hydrocephalus, syringobulbia and syringomyelia of the cervical and thoracic segments. The mid-thoracic region was comparatively normal; below that level the central canal was markedly dilated (hydromyelia). Complete redu- plication of the spinal cord occurred twice at levels of the third lumbar and the first sacral segment with connective tissues and blood vessels in between. The two cords were not symmetrical, especially in their dorsal half. As many as five supernumerary posterior horns were found on a single level (extreme myelodysplsia). The lower sacral cord appeared essentially normal; nevertheless, its two halves were asymmetrical, the left side being larger. Besides, it had two central canals extending to its lower end. As to the cause of diplomyelia and myelodysplasia, several factors are involved. The closure of the neural tube may be delayed arid the edges of the neural folds may be rugged. The folds may roll inwards approximating each other and become fused with the floor plate, giving rise to two medul-lary tubes which may be separate or fused, symmetrical or asymmetrical. The pattern and degree of the anomalies were conditioned by the depth of infolding and degree of ruggedness of the folds, the manner of their fusion and the extent of mesenchyme invasion into the tube. The supernumerary dorsal horns have generally associated aberrant sensory cells in their vicinity. These abnormal structures apparently develop from a unit in the neural fold.

本文報告一例部分的二重脊髓和脊髓結構亂生。一個55天的女嬰,枕骨局部缺損、小腦腦膜膨出、側腦室和第3腦室擴張積水,延髓、脊髓頸部和胸部上段的背部有狹長的空洞,間與中央管相連。胸髓中段比較正常。中段以下和腰髓上端,中央管高度擴張積水。在第2腰節至第1骶節,脊髓背部出現畸增的後角,中央管也見歧分,形成二重脊髓。在第3腰節和第1骶節,左右二半有2次完全分立,中間一度長合。分立時左右二半間有纖維組織和血管侵入。重出的脊髓左右不全對稱。在腰髓下段內部結構亂生,背部一度出現5個畸坩後角。第1骶節以下歧出的脊髓又行併合,左右也不對稱,左側較大。2個中央管伸至骶髓下端。在重出部分的附近有異位的感覺細胞,它們的纖維似進入畸增的後角。二重脊髓和脊髓結構亂生可由於神經管閉合延綏,左右神經襞背緣支離,向前迴捲,接合底板。脊髓重出和亂生的形態取决於二侧神經襞支離的程度、迴捲的深淺、各部生長的快慢,以及結締組織的侵入的方式。左右的分立可以完全或不完全;歧生的結構可以對稱或不對稱。畸增的部分各成單位,在神經襞上似屬一體。

 
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