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tibial     
相关语句
  胫骨
     TIBIAL LENGTHENING FOR THE TREATMENT OF SHORTENING OF LOWER LIMB-REPORT OF 23 CASES
     胫骨延长术治疗下肢短缩畸形23例报告
短句来源
     Surgical Analysis of Free Autogenous Tibial Periosteum Grafting in 9 Cases of Cleft Palate
     自体胫骨骨膜游离移植修补腭裂9例手术分析
短句来源
     Tibial Metaphyseal Osteotomy or Epiphysiolysis and Leg Lengthening—An Analysis of 50 Cases
     胫骨干骺端截骨延长与骺牵伸延长50例分析
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     The Treatment of Tibial Plateau Fractures with Cancellous Screw-Reports of 31 Cases
     松质骨拉力螺钉治疗胫骨平台骨折31例报告
短句来源
     Analysis of 119 Cases of Tibial Plateau Fracture
     胫骨平台骨折119例分析
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     ANALYSES OF MECHANISM OF DIMEFLINE-INDUCED CONVULSIVE DISCHARGES IN PHRENIC AND TIBIAL NERVES
     回苏灵引起家兔膈神经和神经痉挛性放电的机制分析
短句来源
     INCREASE OF TIBIAL INTRAMEDULLARY PRESSURE DUE TO MILITARY DRILLING——EXPERIMENTAL AND CLINICAL STUDY
     训练所致骨髓腔内压增高症的实验及临床研究
短句来源
     The study of The Position of Motor Neurons of Anterior Tibial Muscle of Tree Shrew
     树鼩前肌运动神经元位置的研究
短句来源
     EXPERIMENTAL STUDIES ON THE INFLUENCE OF RABBIT LEG LENGTHENING ON TIBIAL NERVE
     以不同速度延长兔小腿对神经影响的实验研究
短句来源
     CHARACTERISTICS OF SPINAL CORD EVOKED POTENTIAL FOLLOWING POSTERIOR TIBIAL NERVE STIMULATION IN NORMAL CHILDREN AND ITS CHANGES IN CHILDREN WITH CEREBRAL PALSY
     正常小儿神经诱发脊髓电位特征和脑瘫小儿该电位的变化
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  胫骨的
     [Result]The distance of tibial translation was similar to that of intact specimen by using the technique of single AMB when the knee flexion degree was under 30°(P>0.05),but above 30°,especially 60°,the distance of tibial translation was longer obviously than that of intact specimen(P<0.05).
     [结果]在屈膝角度较小(0°~30°)的情况下,单前内侧束重建法术后胫骨的移动距离与完整标本接近(P>0.05); 但屈曲超过30°,特别是超过60°后,单前内侧束重建法术后胫骨移动的距离明显大于完整标本(P<0.05)。
短句来源
     The distribution of periosteal arteries was studied on 88 tibial specimens byways of roentgenogramphy,clearing and casting.
     本文用整骨透明、X 线摄片、腐蚀铸型和解剖等方法,在88侧儿尸胫骨标本上观察了小儿胫骨的骨膜动脉分布。
短句来源
     The tibia is supplied principally by branches of the anterior and posterior tibial arteries and the peroneal artery, with additional contributions from the inferior genicular arteries, the middle genicular artery and from the infrapatellar branch of the descending genicular artery.
     胫骨的动脉主要来自胫前、后动脉和腓动脉的分支,附加的有膝下动脉、膝中动脉和膝降动脉髌下支。
短句来源
     [Method]MRI was used in 16 knees at 0° and 90° of flexion to measure the distance between the popliteal artery and the posterior tibial cortex(bone to artery distance,BAD)at two levels corresponding to the levels of osteotomy in total knee arthroplasty(TKR) and in high tibial osteotomy(HTO). The results were analysed using paired-samples t test.
     [方法]应用MR检查,分别在关节0°伸直位和90°屈曲位对16个膝进行扫描,在胫骨的两个水平,相当于全膝关节置换术(TKR)和胫骨高位截骨术(HTO)的截骨水平,测量腘动脉到胫骨后方皮质的距离(骨—动脉距离,BAD),用配对t检验比较距离的变化。
短句来源
     AIM To explore the feasibility of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells combined with bio-derived bone in repairing loaded bone defects through observing the repair of rabbit tibial long bone-periosteum defects by rabbit bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells and bio-derived bone composite.
     目的:探讨骨髓间充质干细胞与生物衍生骨复合修复兔胫骨的长段骨-骨膜缺损,以及修复负重骨缺损的可行性。
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  “tibial”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Methods Chondrocytes which isolated from the distal femoral and proximal tibial cartilage of 4-month-old female rabbit were divided into 2 groups: group A treated with 0 mol/L, 10 -6 mol/L, 10 -7 mol/L, 10 -8 mol/L, 10 -9 mol/L, 10 -10 mol/L, 10 -11 mol/L, 10 -12 mol/L estradiol for 72 hours;
     方法 :体外培养雌兔关节软骨细胞 ,随机分为A、B两组 ,A组中加入 1 7β-雌二醇 0mol/L、1 0 -6mol/L、1 0 -7mol/L、1 0 -8mol/L、1 0 -9mol/L、1 0 -10 mol/L、1 0 -11mol/L、1 0 -12 mol/L干预 72小时 ;
短句来源
     Methods Chondrocytes which isolated from the distal femoral and proximal tibial cartilage of 4-month-old female rabbit were divided into two groups: one group treated with 0 mol/L, 10 -6 mol/L, 10 -7 mol/L , 10 -8 mol/L, 10 -9 mol/L, 10 -10 mol/L, 10 -11 mol/L, 10 -12 mol/L estradiol for 72 hours;
     方法 :体外培养雌兔关节软骨细胞 ,随机分为A、B两组 ,A组中加入 1 7β -雌二醇 0mol/L、1 0 - 6 mol/L、1 0 - 7mol/L、1 0 - 8mol/L、1 0 - 9mol/L、1 0 - 10 mol/L、1 0 - 11mol/L、1 0 - 12 mol/L干预 72小时 ;
短句来源
     internal diameter of the femoral, popliteal, posterior tibial, anterior tibial and dorsalis pedis artery was 7. 2±1. 41mm, 5. 4± 1.01mm, 1. 8±0. 33mm, 2. 9±0. 38mm and 1. 9±0. 56mm, respectively.
     它们的内径值分别为; 7.2±1.41mm,5.4±1.01mm,1.8±0.33mm,2.9±0.38mm,1.9±0.56mm。
短句来源
     Results Treatment of OVX rats with alfacalcidol (O+VD) increased tibial cancellous bone volume in histomorphometric analysis (12.0%±1.1% vs 5.8%±1 3%, P <0.01).
     结果 O +VD的骨小梁面积较未治疗组增加l0 6 .7% (12 .0 %± 1.1%比 5 .8%± 1.3% ,P <0 .0 1)。
短句来源
     Methods Since 1999 to 2004,after 10 ~ 18 (average 15) days calcaneus-traction,24 patients of the Pilon tibial fracture (Ruedi-AllgowerⅡ 11 cases,Ruedi-Allgower Ⅲ 13 cases) were treated by open reduction,bone grafting and internal anatomical plate fixation.
     方法1999~2004年我院收治Ruedi-AllgowerⅡ11例、Ⅲ型13例共24例Pilon骨折,跟骨牵引10~18(平均15)天后采用切开复位、植骨、解剖型钢板内固定。
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  tibial
The authors studied postural responses to bilateral vibratory stimulation (70 Hz, 1 mm, 2 s) of the calf triceps proprioceptors or anterior tibial muscles.
      
Electric responses of four muscles-the soleus muscle, the anterior tibial muscle, the femoral biceps muscle, and the femoral rectus muscle-were recorded.
      
Sporadic lung, splenetic, mesenterial, tibial and cerebral localisations were also found.
      
Treatment of open and closed tibial fractures with unreamed interlocking tibial nails
      
Proximal tibial osteotomy in varusgonarthritis - Modified maquet technique
      
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The relation of the N. sciatic and M. Piriformis was studied on 284 cases in Chinese. The variations were classified into 3 kinds, which were subdivided into 10 types.In the first kind, The N. sciatic appeared in one trunk, in the second the tibial and common peroneal nerves were given off at the great sciatic foramen, and in the third the sciatic nerve divided at the great foramen, but after descending for a short distance it formeda single trunk again and was enveloped by a common sheath below the M....

The relation of the N. sciatic and M. Piriformis was studied on 284 cases in Chinese. The variations were classified into 3 kinds, which were subdivided into 10 types.In the first kind, The N. sciatic appeared in one trunk, in the second the tibial and common peroneal nerves were given off at the great sciatic foramen, and in the third the sciatic nerve divided at the great foramen, but after descending for a short distance it formeda single trunk again and was enveloped by a common sheath below the M. Piriformis.Type 1 variety, in whioh the sciatic nerve passed out of the pelvis below the piriform muscle was the most common finding in our study (191 cases 67.25%±2.78%)A description of three additional types (types 7, 8, 9,)was also made.There was no significant variational difference between the right and left side, and no clear discrimnateness was found in the same, type among the same race.

其統計了107具完整尸体,70个單侧下肢的坐骨神經与梨狀肌之关系,及其分支之部位。 一、坐骨神經与梨狀肌之关系共分三类十个型,其中以第一型为最多,占67.25%±2.78%。其中有三型是在文献尚未查到过的。 二、坐骨神經与梨狀肌之关系,左右侧的差别不大。左右侧的同型例数以第一型为最多见,有62例,占总例数之57.66%±4.77%。 三、国人之間的差别不大(其t值小于8)。国人与西人之間的差别較顯著(其t值大于3)。

Through the study of genitalia and proventriculus, as well as the external morpho-logy of the genus Scolytus Geoffr. which is the only genus of the family Scolytidae(s. str.) now found in China, we suggest the revised classification with keys to subgeneraand species-groups as follows: Key to subgenera of Scolytus Geoffr.1(4) Penis without seminal valve ("Rinne", Nusslin), terminal opening of the penis body not ventrad, pro- ventricular plate narrower, teeth of the plate smaller.2(3) Dividing line between first...

Through the study of genitalia and proventriculus, as well as the external morpho-logy of the genus Scolytus Geoffr. which is the only genus of the family Scolytidae(s. str.) now found in China, we suggest the revised classification with keys to subgeneraand species-groups as follows: Key to subgenera of Scolytus Geoffr.1(4) Penis without seminal valve ("Rinne", Nusslin), terminal opening of the penis body not ventrad, pro- ventricular plate narrower, teeth of the plate smaller.2(3) Dividing line between first and second abdominal segment prominent and somewhat elevated at the side. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Scolytus s.str.3(2) Dividing line between 1st & 2nd abdominal segment indistinct at the side. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Confusoscolytus Tsai et Hwang, n. subgen.4(1) Penis with seminal valve, terminal opening ventrad, proventricular plate broader, with larger and pointer teeth. The dividing line between 1st & 2nd abdominal segment indistinct. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rugulosocolytus Butov. Key to species-groups of Scolytus Geoffr. I. Subgen. Scolytus s. str.1(4) Penis without end plate, terminal opening dorsad, with a plug process at the base or middle of the 2nd abdominal segment, rarely wanting (e. g.: S. butovitschi Stark ? & S. pygmaeus F.)2(3) Strial punctures similar to the interstrial punctures of the elytra, penis body slender symmetrically, without special process near the end, apical orifice sometimes heart-shaped, Hind margin of 8th ster- nite (?) with hairs. . . . . . . . . .Archaeoscolytus(Butov.) Tsai n. comb. (=Archaeoscolytus Butov.+ Spinuloscolytus Butov.)3(2) Strial punctures differ from the interstrial punctures. Penis body twisted asymmetrically, apex en- larged, capitate. Hind margin of the 8th sternite (?) without hairs. . . .Pygmaeoscolytus Butov.4(1) Penis with end plate, terminal opening not dorsad, 2nd abdominal segment without process.5(6) Lateral punctures of pronotum rougher than the dorsal, sometimes to come into contact with each other, strial punctures of elytra similar to interstrial punctures. Penis body closed dorsally, tubiform. Spicule ("Stengel", Lindemann) without lateral barb ("Seitenzahn", Butov.). . . .Tubuloscolytus Butov.6(5) Lateral punctures of pronotum fine, separately, strial punctures of elytra are larger than those of interspaces. Penis body opened dorsally, furrow shaped, lateral edges dilated at the middle, sometimes triangular in form. Spicule with a lateral barb. . . . . . . . . .Scolytus s. str. Ⅱ. Subgen. Confusoscolytus Tsai et Hwang1(1) Penis without end plate, nor seminal valve, Penis body opened dorsally, furrow shaped, apex conical.Frontal surface longitudinally aciculated. Size small (1.5-2 mm.) . ..Confusoscolytus s.str. Ⅲ. Subgen. Ruguloscolytus Butov.1(4) Seminal valve connected with seminal rod ("Rinnenstabchen", Butov.) sensory clasper ("Geschlechts- taster", Butov.) obsolete, penis body with lateral hairs or setaceus papillules.2(3) Frontal surface granulated, Host: conifers. . . . . . . . .Pinetoscolytus Butov.3(2) Frontal surface longitudinally aciculated, Host: conifers or broadleaf trees. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Pinetoruguloscolytus Tsai et Hwang, n. sp. gr.4(1) Seminal valve separated with the rod, sensory clasper developed, penis body without lateral hairs nor papillules, Frontal surface longitudinally aciculated, Host: broad-leaf trees. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Raguloscolytus s. str. Scolytus (Rugaloscolytus) sinopiceus Tsai, n. sp. (P1 Ⅰ:12; Ⅱ:11; Ⅲ:12; Ⅳ:3, 7-8;Ⅴ:4-6) Length: 3.7-4.9mm., grayish black, shining; head, pronotum, scutellum, ventralside of thorax and abdomen black. Elytra dark ferruginous, with black margins anddarker apices; antennae and tarsi grayish brown; hind margin of abdominal segmentslight pale. Body with long hairs, hairs of head and thorax grayish black, those of elytraand abdomen pale yellow; tibial hairs grayish. Male frons concave, extending near the hind margin of the head, s

根据我国产小蠹科目前所知唯一的属:小蠹属 Scolytus Geoffr.的外生殖器,前胃及外部形态研究结果,把该属分设三亚属:Scolytus.s. str.;Confusoscolytus (新亚属)及Ruguloscolytus Butov.和八个种团:Archaeoscolytus(新租合);Pygmaeoscolytus Butov.;Tubuloscolytus Butov.;Scolytuss.str.;Confusoscolytus s. str.(新种团);Pinetoscolytus Butov.;Pinetoruguloscolytus(新种团);及 Ruguloscolytus s.str.Butov.。 详细研究了我国产小蠹属14种以后,发现两新种:云杉小蠹 Scolytus sinopiceus和栒子木小蠹Sco-lytus abaensis 均产于川西阿坝藏族自治州米亚罗林区,在分类系统上与日本小蠹 Scolytus. japonicus合成一个新种团:Pinetoruguloscolytus。形成东方产特有的类群。此外对于若干种类在分类系统上作了更正,例如 S.schevyre...

根据我国产小蠹科目前所知唯一的属:小蠹属 Scolytus Geoffr.的外生殖器,前胃及外部形态研究结果,把该属分设三亚属:Scolytus.s. str.;Confusoscolytus (新亚属)及Ruguloscolytus Butov.和八个种团:Archaeoscolytus(新租合);Pygmaeoscolytus Butov.;Tubuloscolytus Butov.;Scolytuss.str.;Confusoscolytus s. str.(新种团);Pinetoscolytus Butov.;Pinetoruguloscolytus(新种团);及 Ruguloscolytus s.str.Butov.。 详细研究了我国产小蠹属14种以后,发现两新种:云杉小蠹 Scolytus sinopiceus和栒子木小蠹Sco-lytus abaensis 均产于川西阿坝藏族自治州米亚罗林区,在分类系统上与日本小蠹 Scolytus. japonicus合成一个新种团:Pinetoruguloscolytus。形成东方产特有的类群。此外对于若干种类在分类系统上作了更正,例如 S.schevyrewi Sem.,S.dahuricus Chap.,S.japonicus Chap.及 S.confusus Egg.等均有了新的系统地位。对于若干种类学名的误订和有同物异名者,亦一一作了修正,详见本文国产种类纪要一节。

The alkaloids (RAA) of Rauwolfia roots collected from the subtropical zone of Yunnan, identified as Rauwolfia yunnanensis Tsiang var. angustifolia C. Y. Wu., produced a definite hypotensive effect in anesthetized dogs and cats. Tachyphylaxis developed on repeated medications. The fall of blood pressure produced by RAA was neither due to effect on Mcholinergic and N-cholinergic systems, nor to the effect on interoceptors and to the direct dilatation of the blood vessels. Furthermore in unanesthetized rabbits...

The alkaloids (RAA) of Rauwolfia roots collected from the subtropical zone of Yunnan, identified as Rauwolfia yunnanensis Tsiang var. angustifolia C. Y. Wu., produced a definite hypotensive effect in anesthetized dogs and cats. Tachyphylaxis developed on repeated medications. The fall of blood pressure produced by RAA was neither due to effect on Mcholinergic and N-cholinergic systems, nor to the effect on interoceptors and to the direct dilatation of the blood vessels. Furthermore in unanesthetized rabbits intravenous injection of the RAA produced dilatation of ear vessels with mormal innervation. While the denervation ear was not affected. RAA inhibited the pressor responses to carotid occlusion, to electrical stimulation of the afferent vagi and tibial nerves. We suggested that RAA depressed the vasomotor centre. The hypotensive effect was still demonstrable in spinal cats, but to a lesser extent. RAA inhibited the pressor responses to injectious of adrenaline or noradrenaline. Hence the peripheral mechanism of the hypotensive effect of RAA considered as adrenolytic action. The mice survived an oral dose of RAA at 2000 mg per kg, all animals showed sedation.

继中国蘿芙木之后,最近在云南又发現狹叶蘿芙木(Rauwolfia yunnanensis Tsiang var.angustifolia C.Y.Wu.)。其根生物碱对麻醉动物具降压作用,給犬靜脉注射1毫克/公斤后2小时內的降压面积为-32%,給猫靜脉注射3毫克/公斤的降压面积为-30%。同时測得中国蘿芙木根生物碱在犬的降压面积为-45%,猫为-29%。重复給药有快速耐受性。降压的同时呼吸呈兴奋,对心率影响不明显。降压作用与M-胆碱能反应系統、N-胆碱能反应系統以及內感受器都无关系。对血管也无直接作用,单側頸交感神經切除兔耳試驗发現,扩张血管的作用与交感神經有关。狹叶蘿芙木根生物碱可抑制腎上腺素或去甲腎上腺素的加压反应,也可抑制阻断頸总动脉血流和电刺激迷走神經或胫骨神經中枢端所致的加压反射。用脊猫試驗吋其降压作用大为減弱,但并不完全消除,降压面积仅为-14%。因此,其降压机制包括中枢和外周两方面,即对血管运动中枢的抑制作用和抗腎上腺素的作用。急性毒性試驗証明,狹叶蘿芙木根生物碱的毒性很小,小鼠口服2000毫克/公斤无死亡发生,动物呈現安靜状态。

 
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