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alchemy     
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  炼丹术
     Alchemy and the Copper-Smelting in Song Dynasty
     炼丹术与宋代冶铜业革命
短句来源
     The remarkable chemical achievements on alchemy and traditional medicines in ancient China were summrized by six respects,that is to say,mercury chemistry,lead chemistry,arsenic chemistry,aluminous chemistry,gunpowder and the other.
     炼丹术和《本草纲目》是中华民族对世界文化发展作出贡献的一部分,化学是在炼金术的基础上发展起来的. 本文从汞化学、铅化学、砷化学、矾化学、火药以及其它方面把中国古代炼丹术和我国古代在化学方面的成就进行阐述,使读者对我国古代在化学方面的成就科学方法有全面地认识.
短句来源
     Chinese Alchemy and Vapor-growth of Crystals
     炼丹术和气相晶体生长
短句来源
     A Research on Sulfides Chemistry in Ascient Chinese Alchemy
     中国古代炼丹术中的硫化物化学初探
短句来源
     Through comparative research on the ancient alchemy of China and the West, this paper emphatically analyses the similarities and particularities between China and the West with regard to their material bases of emergence, the objectives they were after,their theoretical systems, and their operating methods.
     通过对古代中西金丹术的比较研究,着重分析了中国炼丹术与西方炼金术在产生的物质基础、追求目标、理论体系、操作方法等方面的相同点和特殊性。
短句来源
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  炼金术
     Newton's Alchemy:A Noble Philosophy?
     牛顿炼金术:高贵的哲学?
短句来源
     The Historical Experience of Newton's Manuscript of Alchemy
     牛顿炼金术手稿的历史境遇
短句来源
     Part III discusses the Arabic resource of experiments in European alchemy, including emphasis on the experimental concept, experimental principals, laboratory apparatuses, experimental means and methods, and the new recognize to substance from experiments.
     第三部分着重探讨欧洲炼金术实验的阿拉伯源头,包括注重实验的观念、实验原则与实验室仪器、实验手段与实验方法及在实验中对物质的重新认识四个方面。
短句来源
     Through comparative research on the ancient alchemy of China and the West, this paper emphatically analyses the similarities and particularities between China and the West with regard to their material bases of emergence, the objectives they were after,their theoretical systems, and their operating methods.
     通过对古代中西金丹术的比较研究,着重分析了中国炼丹术与西方炼金术在产生的物质基础、追求目标、理论体系、操作方法等方面的相同点和特殊性。
短句来源
     The paper concludes that alchemy in China and in the West emerged and developed independently under their respective cultural backgrounds.
     最后指出,中国炼丹术和西方炼金术是在各自的文化背景中独立产生和发展起来的。
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  金丹术
     religious and learnning background:on the quality of alchemists. theories and technique of alchemy. Meanwhile, it analyses the reason why Chinese alchemy could not transform into the modern chemistry.
     本文对中国与西方金丹术的历史背景、宗教背景、学术背景,中国与西方炼丹队伍的素质与炼丹理论思想的差异,以及炼丹技法的不同进行了对比与分析,同时对中国金丹术为何未能转变为近代化学的原因进行了剖析.
短句来源
     Comparisons between Chinese and the West Alchemy──Analizing the Causes Why Chinese Alchemy Could not Trasform into the Modern Chemistry
     中西方金丹术比较──兼谈中国金丹术为何未能转变为近代化学
短句来源
     For cultivating techniques,Ge Hong researched the relation between body and mind,discussed leechcraft and alchemy,etc,and pointed out that favorable virtue could provide the cultivating people with a good social environment.
     从修炼术的需要出发,他研究了人体的形神关系,探讨了医术、金丹术等,强调良好的道德品质能够为修炼术提供一个良好的社会环境。
短句来源
     Through comparative research on the ancient alchemy of China and the West, this paper emphatically analyses the similarities and particularities between China and the West with regard to their material bases of emergence, the objectives they were after,their theoretical systems, and their operating methods.
     通过对古代中西金丹术的比较研究,着重分析了中国炼丹术与西方炼金术在产生的物质基础、追求目标、理论体系、操作方法等方面的相同点和特殊性。
短句来源
     Why Didn't Chinese Alchemy Make GreaterAchievements in Chemistry?A Comparison between Chinese and Arabian Alchemy
     中国金丹术为什么没有取得更大的化学成就──中国金丹术和阿拉伯炼金术的比较
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  炼丹
     religious and learnning background:on the quality of alchemists. theories and technique of alchemy. Meanwhile, it analyses the reason why Chinese alchemy could not transform into the modern chemistry.
     本文对中国与西方金丹术的历史背景、宗教背景、学术背景,中国与西方炼丹队伍的素质与炼丹理论思想的差异,以及炼丹技法的不同进行了对比与分析,同时对中国金丹术为何未能转变为近代化学的原因进行了剖析.
短句来源
     Chemical Methods and Chemical Knowledge in Ancient Chinese Alchemy By Agueous Methods
     中国古代水法炼丹中的化学方法和化学知识
短句来源
     The mercury theory occupied the main position in the Chinese alchemy after Wei Boyang's works of "Zhou Yi Can Tong Qi"in DongHan Dynasty, therefore the mercury was also called as "the lord of the hardware" and "the most effective medicine".
     外丹铅汞论自东汉魏伯阳撰《参同契》后,便在中国炼丹术理论中居主导地位,"铅"、"汞"亦因此被炼丹家称之为"五金之主"和"灵而最神"的药物。
短句来源
     On the Alchemy between Mystery and Science
     蛇行在神秘与科学之间的服食炼丹
短句来源
     (2) Daoism's alchemy practice for a long time involved in much knowledge such as chemistry, biology, medicine and pharmacy, and left precious wealth to the ancient chinese science and technology. But due to lack of the entire process, hypothesis-testing-conclusion, of the Western experimental science, Daoist's alchemy did not ascend to geniune level of science and technology at length.
     (2)道家经历长期的炼丹实践,涉及到化学、生物学、医药学等知识.给中国古代科技留下了一笔宝贵财富.但由于缺乏西方实验科学的“假设—试验—结论”的完整过程,而不能使炼丹术上升为科学技术;
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      alchemy
    This article uses chemical illustrations to demonstrate the gradual shift from alchemy, with its allegorical illustrations, to descriptive, diagrammatic drawings.
          
    This article discusses the general problem in calculating interfacial free energies in solids and describes a new method for antiphase boundaries and chemically disordered systems: simulated alchemy.
          
    Alchemy or Science Compromising Archaeology in the Deep Sea
          
    The results from these calculations are compared to the crystal structure and to similar calculations performed on CMPO using ALCHEMY2,3.
          
    Davis, 1997) were created, based on participant-invoked metaphors: personal rebellion against colonization, stage productions, collection and accumulation, journey home, and alchemy and metamorphosis.
          
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    The Chow I Ts'an T'ung Ch'i is animportant classic of inner tan, not that of outer tan(alchemy).

    晉南北朝金丹(外丹)術皆不用周易参同契。至唐代推崇週易參同契爲内丹要籍。及宋金道教南北宗興,孷髂诘?推崇周易參同契爲内丹經之主。參同契若干段,若不以内丹之說.则將無法解释。内丹所用名詞往往與外丹相同,而意義■別,文内舉例以說明之。内丹書隱祕■,文内抄■數條,以說明内丹常用名詞之意義。

    The present paper consists of five parts:(1)a general consideration of chinese alchemy and alchemists from Chin-Han(秦汉)period to the North and the South Dynasties(南北朝),(2) chief chemical contributions made,(3)the material and intellectual sources of chinese alchemy, (4)transmution of met Is and the dissolution of gold specially considered,(5)relation of chinese alchemy to medicine. The whole subject is considered from materialistic historical view-point. Thus it is treated in more extensive...

    The present paper consists of five parts:(1)a general consideration of chinese alchemy and alchemists from Chin-Han(秦汉)period to the North and the South Dynasties(南北朝),(2) chief chemical contributions made,(3)the material and intellectual sources of chinese alchemy, (4)transmution of met Is and the dissolution of gold specially considered,(5)relation of chinese alchemy to medicine. The whole subject is considered from materialistic historical view-point. Thus it is treated in more extensive and consistent manner thanhas ever been done.

    本文内容包括六部分:(一)概述,(二)鍊丹术对化学的贡献。(三)鍊丹术的物质基础 和思想基础,(四)鍊金术。(五)鍊丹术与医业的关系。(六)鍊丹术的理论。本文所讨论的 是我国封建社会前期──从秦、汉到南北朝的情况。全篇以历史唯物主义为主道思想,在讨论如 部分中问题时,较以往的同类著作,考虑得更为全面和更为一贯。

    Since Tang Dynasty, straw and woody drugs were widely used in Chinese alchemy.The paper is divided into three parts.1. The straw and woody drugs which are not recorded in "Pen Tsao Kang Mu"~1)are collected. They are from two sources:a. In "Peng Lai Shan Hsi Tsao Huan Tan Ko"~3), there is one song for each drug. In all 172 straw or woody drugs (of them, 85 drugs have no songs), most of these drugs are not recorded in "Pen Tsao Kang Mu". For each song, there are song name, popular name, and book name, I...

    Since Tang Dynasty, straw and woody drugs were widely used in Chinese alchemy.The paper is divided into three parts.1. The straw and woody drugs which are not recorded in "Pen Tsao Kang Mu"~1)are collected. They are from two sources:a. In "Peng Lai Shan Hsi Tsao Huan Tan Ko"~3), there is one song for each drug. In all 172 straw or woody drugs (of them, 85 drugs have no songs), most of these drugs are not recorded in "Pen Tsao Kang Mu". For each song, there are song name, popular name, and book name, I can not find rhem from existing Pcn Tsaos. They may be from a lost "Pen Tsao".~2)b. From alchemicalcal books, over one hundred straw and woody drugs, which are not recorded in "Pen Tsao Kang Mu" are found. The drug names are collected and recorded.~3)2. There is no paper on the secret name of straw and woody drugs. I collect the secret names. They consist of two kinds. One kind is similar to the secret name of stony drugs. The other kind consists of secret names, each of them is ending with two Chinese characters "Lung Ya".~4)3. The different names of drugs are collected and recorded. Those which ars recorded in "Pen Tsao Kang Mu" and "Peng Lai Shah Hsi Tsao Huan Tan Ko" are excluded.All these are new new source for studying "Pen Tsao". They are also a part of research works for Chinese alchemy.

    自唐代始,中国外丹黄白术普遍使用草木药。此文分为三部分: 1.外丹黄白术书籍中,有《本草纲目》未见著录之草木药: a 在《蓬莱山西灶还丹歌》中,每药一歌,共172草木药(其中85味药无歌),《本草纲目》几乎皆未著录。每药有歌名,俗名,书名)。《白云仙人云草歌》所著录草药亦然。b 自现存外丹黄白法,有一百味以上草木药,《本草纲目》未见著录,兹汇集之。2.草木药隐名迄今尚无专著。兹将此诸隐名收集。诸隐名可分为二类:其一似石药隐名,其二末附龙芽二字。3.汇集草木药异名,取自现存外丹黄白法。《蓬莱山西灶还丹歌》有记载者除外。某药有二名,其中之一见《本草纲目》而其二不见于本草纲目者,亦录入之。

     
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