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alchemy
相关语句
  炼金术
    The Historical Experience of Newton's Manuscript of Alchemy
    牛顿炼金术手稿的历史境遇
短句来源
    FROM ALCHEMY TO BOYLE’S ELEMENT THEORY
    从炼金术到波义耳“元素说”
短句来源
    Newton's Alchemy:A Noble Philosophy?
    牛顿炼金术:高贵的哲学?
短句来源
    The essay inspects the history from traditional alchemy,mediCal chemistry to the issue of "element theory"by Boyle,which is an important stip of the modern chemistry.
    本文考察了从传统炼金术在由医药化学环节,到波义耳提出“元素说”,从而迈出近代化学关键一步的历史脉络;
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
    FROM ALCHEMY TO BOYLE’S ELEMENT THEORY
    从炼金术到波义耳“元素说”
短句来源
    The Historical Experience of Newton's Manuscript of Alchemy
    牛顿炼金术手稿的历史境遇
短句来源
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  alchemy
This article uses chemical illustrations to demonstrate the gradual shift from alchemy, with its allegorical illustrations, to descriptive, diagrammatic drawings.
      
This article discusses the general problem in calculating interfacial free energies in solids and describes a new method for antiphase boundaries and chemically disordered systems: simulated alchemy.
      
Alchemy or Science Compromising Archaeology in the Deep Sea
      
The results from these calculations are compared to the crystal structure and to similar calculations performed on CMPO using ALCHEMY2,3.
      
Davis, 1997) were created, based on participant-invoked metaphors: personal rebellion against colonization, stage productions, collection and accumulation, journey home, and alchemy and metamorphosis.
      
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The essay inspects the history from traditional alchemy,mediCal chemistry to the issue of "element theory"by Boyle,which is an important stip of the modern chemistry. By that it sodes the change of the concept of element inphilosophiicla meaning as a case of the development of early mordern science

本文考察了从传统炼金术在由医药化学环节,到波义耳提出“元素说”,从而迈出近代化学关键一步的历史脉络;探讨了“元素”这一概念变迁的哲学意义,并以此作为近代早期科学观念变革的一个案例.

This paper holds the following discussion about the relation between the development of science and technology and the traditional cultrue in China. (1) Confucism which played an important role in traditional cultrue did not attach importance to or promote study and development of science and technology, and even caused negative effect on it. (2) Daoism's alchemy practice for a long time involved in much knowledge such as chemistry, biology, medicine and pharmacy, and left precious wealth to the ancient...

This paper holds the following discussion about the relation between the development of science and technology and the traditional cultrue in China. (1) Confucism which played an important role in traditional cultrue did not attach importance to or promote study and development of science and technology, and even caused negative effect on it. (2) Daoism's alchemy practice for a long time involved in much knowledge such as chemistry, biology, medicine and pharmacy, and left precious wealth to the ancient chinese science and technology. But due to lack of the entire process, hypothesis-testing-conclusion, of the Western experimental science, Daoist's alchemy did not ascend to geniune level of science and technology at length. (3) The Budhism made limited contributions to Chinese science and technology. (4) The Qing Dynast government took up the policy of Country closed to the outside world, excluded all Western physical civilization, and severely obstacled the development of science and technology. With discussing above, the paper expounds the reasons of the deeper cultural structure that caused the backwardness of Chinese science and technology after the 16th century.

本文就中国科学技术发展与传统文化关系的问题,作了以下几方面的讨论:(1)在传统文化中占重要地位的儒家学说,不重视、不提倡科技的研究和发展,甚至对此起了负面的影响;(2)道家经历长期的炼丹实践,涉及到化学、生物学、医药学等知识.给中国古代科技留下了一笔宝贵财富.但由于缺乏西方实验科学的“假设—试验—结论”的完整过程,而不能使炼丹术上升为科学技术;(3)佛教对中国科技的贡献极为有限;(4)清政府对外闭关锁国,排斥一切西方物质文明,严重阻碍了科技发展.通过以上讨论,阐述了中国在16世纪后,科技落后的深层文化结构的原因

In his monumental publications on Chinese Science and Civilisation,Joseph Needham has displayed his acumen in bringing to the fore the conceptual nuances and achievements of one of the enchanting ancient civilisations.In addition,his reflections on the travel of ideas and practices from one culture to another are remarkable.Of special interest is his exposition of Chinese Indian scientific transmissions in astronomy,mathematics,alchemy and other aspects.Though he has depended by and large on the studies...

In his monumental publications on Chinese Science and Civilisation,Joseph Needham has displayed his acumen in bringing to the fore the conceptual nuances and achievements of one of the enchanting ancient civilisations.In addition,his reflections on the travel of ideas and practices from one culture to another are remarkable.Of special interest is his exposition of Chinese Indian scientific transmissions in astronomy,mathematics,alchemy and other aspects.Though he has depended by and large on the studies of other scholars for understanding Indian Science,his objective approach to Indian Science is refreshing and his publications are indeed valuable to historians of Indian Science as they provide comparative insights into certain aspects of Indian Science in the ancient period.In fact,Needham's meticulously planned series of volumes and the scholarly presentation of their contents are a source of inspiration for historians of Indian Science.

李约瑟在其论述中国科学和文明的系列巨著中 ,展示了他对迷人的古代文明之一——中国文明的概念细微差别与成就的敏锐。另外 ,他就思想与实践从一种文化传播到另一种文化所作的思考可谓不同凡响。尤为令人注目的是 ,他在天文学、数学、炼丹术及其它方面对中印之间科学传播的阐述。虽然为了解印度科学 ,他大体上依赖于其他学者的研究 ,但他对待印度科学的客观态度却令人耳目一新 ,并且由于其巨著对古代印度科学的某些方面提供了相当透彻的见解 ,因此这部巨著对印度科学史家来说确有价值。事实上 ,李约瑟精心筹划的多卷本系列形式以及各卷本内容上的旁征博引乃是印度科学史家们灵感之源泉。

 
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