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follicular cell     
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  滤泡细胞
     Results By Scatchard analysis,B_ max of 125 I Mel specific binding of thyroid follicular cell cancer tissue was(0.63 ±0.07)fmol/mg,Kd(45.3±9.3)pmol/L;
     结果甲状腺滤泡细胞癌组织125I褪黑素(Mel)特异结合Scatchard分析结果为最大结合容量(Bmax)(0.63±0.07)fmol/mg,平衡解离常数(Kd)值为(45.3±9.3)pmol/L;
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     Methods The immunophenotype of 15 CLL, 12 AML,11 ALL,and 1 FCL (follicular cell lymphoma) patients were analyzed by the indirect immunofluorescent assay.
     方法 :采用间接免疫荧光法检测 15例CLL患者、12例急性粒细胞白血病 (AML)患者、11例急性淋巴细胞白血病 (ALL)患者和 1例滤泡细胞淋巴瘤 (FCL)患者的免疫表型 ;
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     [OBJECTIVE] To investigate the effect of methimazole treatment on apoptosis in thyroid follicular cell(TFC) and to establish its structure-effect relationship.
     【目的】 1、研究抗甲状腺药物他巴唑对甲状腺滤泡细胞(thyroid follicular cell,TFC)凋亡的影响,探讨其作用的构效关系;
短句来源
     The most important fuction of the thyroid follicular cell is to synthesiz e and secrete thyroid hormones. This process needs iodide,thyroglobulin,thyroperoxidase,and H 2 O 2 ,which is thyrotropin-dependent th rough a specific receptor and regulated by cAMP system.
     甲状腺滤泡细胞的主要功能是合成、分泌甲状腺激素,此过程需要碘、甲状腺球蛋白、甲状腺过氧化物酶、H2O2等四种重要成分并依赖TSH-cAMP系统的调节。
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     Expression of melatonin receptor in human thyroid follicular cell cancer tissue.
     甲状腺滤泡细胞癌组织褪黑素受体表达的研究
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  滤泡上皮细胞
     Therefore, the measurement of thyroid follicular cell height is of clinical significance to making clear the thyroid functions and the diagnosis and cure.
     因此,测定甲状腺滤泡上皮细胞高度对甲状腺机能异常合理诊治,明确甲状腺机能状态,为今后手术决策、准确评估预后,有着重要的临床意义。
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     (2) Thyroidal follicular cell colliod increased obviously on the 1st day after pinealectomy.
     (2)去松果体后1天,大鼠甲状腺滤泡上皮细胞吞噬的胶体颗粒明显增多;
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     ompared with the control group, both the follicular cell and the colloid mass revealed active structural features.
     实验组与对照组比较,其甲状腺滤泡上皮细胞(不论柱状或扁平上皮细胞)及滤泡腔内胶质均呈现功能活动旺盛的结构相。
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     Clinical significance in quantitive cytologic measurement of thyroid follicular cell height
     用定量细胞学方法测试甲状腺滤泡上皮细胞高度的临床意义
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     From the result, thyroglobulin could be considered as good marker for diagnosis of tumors of thyroid follicular cell origination.
     作者认为甲状腺球蛋白可作为鉴别甲状腺滤泡上皮细胞源性与非滤泡上皮细胞源性的良好标记。
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  “follicular cell”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The expression of Fas protein in diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLCL) was higher than that in follicular cell lymphoma(FCL) (P < 0. 05) and also than that in small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) (P < 0. 01 ). The expression of Fas protein in FCL was higher than that in SLL (P < 0. 05).
     淋巴瘤组内各亚组之间差异有显著性意义:弥漫大B细胞淋巴瘤(deffuse large B cell lymphoma, DLBL)组表达分别高于滤泡性淋巴瘤(follicular celllymphoma, FCL)(P<0.05)和小淋巴细胞性淋巴瘤(small lymphocytic lymphoma, SLL)组(P<0.01);
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     The Effect of Methimazole to the Apoptosis of Thyroid Follicular Cell
     他巴唑对甲状腺滤泡细胞凋亡的影响
短句来源
     Cloning and Nucleotide Sequencing of the Sodium/Iodide Symporter Gene of Human Thyroid Follicular Cell
     钠/碘同向转运体基因获取及其克隆与测序
短句来源
     It is suggesting that a suicidal mechanism, involving caspase-3 participates in the thyroid follicular cell destruction in HT and TC.
     提示在HT与TC病理变化中包括caspase-3在内的细胞自杀机制参与了甲状腺滤泡细胞的破坏。
短句来源
     Objective To explore the expression of the sodium iodide symporter(NIS)mRNA and thyroperoxidase(TPO)mRNA in tumors and lesions originated from thyroid follicular cell and impli- cation.
     目的探讨甲状腺滤泡源性肿瘤及病变中钠碘转运体(NIS)和甲状腺过氧化物酶(TPO)mRNA的表达及意义。
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  follicular cell
Total thyroidectomy also optimizes the adjuvant treatment options that are unique to "differentiated" thyroid cancer because these malignant cells retain many of the features of the native thyroid follicular cell.
      
Most patients with differentiated thyroid cancer of follicular cell origin have a favorable postoperative course, and their prognosis often appears to be unrelated to the extent of initial surgical treatment in some studies [1,2,3**,3,4].
      
Recurrent or persistent thyroid cancer of follicular cell origin
      
The most common of the follicular cell-derived cancers are papillary carcinomas, (PTC), followed by follicular carcinomas (FTC) and its Hurthle cell variant (HCC) and finally anaplastic carcinomas (ATC).
      
This was a rare tumor of follicular cell origin with a trabecular pattern of growth and marked intratrabecular hyalinization.
      
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Eleven stages in the oogenesis of the housefly, Musca domestica vicina Macq. weredistinguished and described respectively, basing upon: (1) the size and shape of the eggchamber, (2) the relative size of the oocyte and the nurse cells, (3) chromosomal changesin the nucleus of the nurse cell, (4) differentiation of the follicular cells, (5) formation ofthe border cell and (6) secretion of the egg shell. The first stage is still in the ger-marium, so named the germarial cyst; distinct egg...

Eleven stages in the oogenesis of the housefly, Musca domestica vicina Macq. weredistinguished and described respectively, basing upon: (1) the size and shape of the eggchamber, (2) the relative size of the oocyte and the nurse cells, (3) chromosomal changesin the nucleus of the nurse cell, (4) differentiation of the follicular cells, (5) formation ofthe border cell and (6) secretion of the egg shell. The first stage is still in the ger-marium, so named the germarial cyst; distinct egg chamber is formed in the second stage.Egg chambers of the 3rd to the 5th stage are round in shape, they are differentiated ac-cording to changes of chromosomes in the nurse cell nuclei. Egg chambers of the 6thstage are oval, this stage is the beginning of vitelligenesis, since the size of the oocyteincreases rapidly after this stage. The oocyte of the 7th stage occupies approximatelyone fourth of the egg chamber, border cells make their first appearence in this stage.At the 8th stage, one third of the egg chambers is occupied by the oocyte, around whichfollicular cells become flattened and gradually degenerate; lampbrush chromosomes canbe seen in nuclei of nurse cells at this stage. The oocyte of the 9th stage occupies aboutone half of the egg chamber, and that of the 10th stage three fourth of the egg chamber,egg shell secretion commences at 10th stage and completes at 11th stage, when nursecells and follicular cells all degenerate and disappear. The cytological changes of the oocyte, nurse cell and follicular cell were describedfor each stage, and their significance discussed.

叙述了家蝇的卵子发生过程:根据卵室的形状与大小,卵室内卵母细胞的体积与营养细胞的比例,营养细胞核的变化,滤泡细胞的分化,边缘细胞的形成及卵壳形成等标准,将卵子发生分为了十一阶段,第一阶段在卵原区内,称为卵原囊,第二阶段为卵室形成,第三至第五阶段,卵室圆形,主要根据营养细胞核内染色体的形状划分,第六阶段卵室成椭圆形,并开始迅速生长;第七阶段卵母细胞占卵室四分之一,边缘细胞于此时发生。第八阶段卵母细胞占卵室三分之一,在营养细胞上的滤泡细胞开始退化至消失,营养细胞核出现灯刷染色体,第九阶段卵母细胞占卵室二分之一:第十阶段占四分之三,卵壳分泌形成,营养细胞开始退化。第十一阶段,营养细胞及滤泡细胞全部退化消失,形成卵。 描述了卵母细胞、营养细胞与核,滤泡细胞在发育各阶段中的变化,并讨论了其意义。

In Hunan,the age of sex maturity of Mylopharyngodon piceus which grows inthe environment of a pond is 5—6 years;the male spawners ripen one year earlierthan the female ones generally.Oocytes and follicular cells are of the same origin,both derived from the oogonia.The oocytes of the pond-cultured Mylopharyngodonpiceus can only develop to the period of primary oocytes (phase Ⅳ),hence it isvery necessary to induce maturation division artificially so that meiosis can takeplace and the oocytes can develop...

In Hunan,the age of sex maturity of Mylopharyngodon piceus which grows inthe environment of a pond is 5—6 years;the male spawners ripen one year earlierthan the female ones generally.Oocytes and follicular cells are of the same origin,both derived from the oogonia.The oocytes of the pond-cultured Mylopharyngodonpiceus can only develop to the period of primary oocytes (phase Ⅳ),hence it isvery necessary to induce maturation division artificially so that meiosis can takeplace and the oocytes can develop from phase Ⅳ to phase Ⅴ.The entire course ofspermatogenesis,from spermatogonium to spermatozoon,can be completed endo-genously in the pond environment.The testes develop to stage Ⅳ in the fifth winterof the first sex cycle;the ovaries develop to stage Ⅲ in the sixth winter of thefirst sex cycle.After this,the testes remain in stage Ⅳ and the ovaries remain instage Ⅲ throughout the winter of every year.The law governing such seasonal chan-ges in the gonads provides a theoretical basis for the selection of the spawners infish-culture.The oocytes develop from phase Ⅲ to phase Ⅳ synchronously.Thehistological structure of the ovaries returns to stage Ⅱ after induced spawning orafter natural degeneration,which testifies that female Mylopharyngodon piceus isthe type of fish that spawns only once a year.According to our research,two different types of yolk are formed in the oocytesof this fish at the age of sex maturity.One type of yolk is intravesicular,whileanother type is extravesicular.If pond management,such as feeding and water-qua-lity regulation,is not appropriate and yolk formation becomes aberrant,then thephenomenon of abortive eggs is bound to occur.This is an important problem infish-culture,the solution of which depends on further researches.

湖南地区生长于池塘环境的青鱼,性成熟年龄是5—6年,雄性比雌性普遍地早熟一年。卵母细胞和滤泡细胞是同源的,都来自于卵原细胞。池养青鱼的卵母细胞只能发育到初级卵母细胞阶段(Ⅳ时相),必须通过人工催情,才能进行染色体的减数分裂,使卵母细胞由第Ⅳ时相发育到第Ⅴ时相。精细胞的发生,能够完成由精原细胞到精子的全部发育过程。青鱼在第一次性周期内,雄性精巢在第5个冬季进入第Ⅳ期,雌性卵巢在第6个冬季进入第Ⅲ期,从此以后,每年冬季,雄性精巢回复到第Ⅳ期,雌性卵巢回复到第Ⅲ期,这种性腺季节周期变化的规律,为生产上选留亲鱼提供了理论依据。青鱼雌性卵母细胞由第Ⅲ时相到第Ⅳ时相是同步性的;经人工催情产卵或自然退化后,卵巢的组织学结构又回复到第Ⅱ期,证明青鱼是一次产卵类型。已经达到性成熟年龄的雌性青鱼,卵母细胞的卵黄形成有两种不同的类型。第一种类型是泡内卵黄,第二种类型是泡外卵黄。如果饲养管理工作如投饵、水质调节不适宜,卵母细胞不能正常形成卵黄,就会出现卵子的败育现象,这是生产上一个重要问题,必须进一步研究。

The present paper is a report on the oogenesis of Coccinella septempunctata L., the seven spotted ladybird beetle in natural condition and that fed with artificial diets.Oogonia were found early in the larval stage; they grew into oocytes and nurse cells in the pupal stage. Oogenesis in the adult stage could be divided into 9 stages:1. Oocytes were located in the germarium; first meiotic division occured at this stage.2. Oocytes grew in size and entered into the neck region; nutritive cord appeared. DNA...

The present paper is a report on the oogenesis of Coccinella septempunctata L., the seven spotted ladybird beetle in natural condition and that fed with artificial diets.Oogonia were found early in the larval stage; they grew into oocytes and nurse cells in the pupal stage. Oogenesis in the adult stage could be divided into 9 stages:1. Oocytes were located in the germarium; first meiotic division occured at this stage.2. Oocytes grew in size and entered into the neck region; nutritive cord appeared. DNA showed a positive Feulgen reaction. 3. Egg chambers were formed in the vitellarium. The nucleus of the oocyte transformed into germinal vesicle. 4. The germinal vesicle of the oocyte moved into the periplasm, RNA in the ooplasm is rich, and follicular cells became cubic in shape. 5. Nucleolus increased in size and sent out branches; nucleolar bodies were released into the ooplasm. 6. Nutritive cord disappeared, follicular cells became flattened and open spaces appeared between them. Vitellogenesis began at this stage. 7. Ooplasm was gradually filled up with yolk granules, and the membrane of the germinal vesicle began to disappear. 8. Germinal vesicles has completely disappeared follieular cells began to secrete egg shells. 9. Oogenesis completed. The mature egg cell passed through the epidermal plug to enter into the oviduct.The process of oogenesis in the seven-spotted ladybird beetle fed with artificial diets was comparatively slower, and developing oocytes were fewer in number. The follicular cells and yolk granules were abnormal.

对七星瓢虫(Coccinella septempunctata L.)卵子发生过程进行了组织学、细胞学观察及阶段划分,并与取食人工饲料的瓢虫进行对比。卵母细胞仅出现在幼虫期。蛹期已分化为卵母细胞与营养细胞。成虫期卵子发生可以明显的分为卵母细胞分化、卵母细胞营养及卵母细胞卵黄形成三个时期,并分为9个阶段。第1阶段:卵母细胞位于卵原区,进行第一次减数分裂的前期。第2阶段:卵母细胞位于颈区,开始增大,出现了营养索,DNA呈明显的孚尔根正反应。第3阶段:卵母细胞形成卵泡囊并进入生长区,核增大成胚泡。第4阶段:胚泡移至卵质周缘,卵质中RNA丰富,滤泡细胞立方形。第5阶段:胚泡内核仁增大、分枝并释放核仁小体进入卵质。第6阶段:营养索消失,滤泡细胞扁平并出现空位,卵黄形成开始。第7阶段:卵黄球形成逐渐充满卵质,胚泡膜逐渐消失。第8阶段:胚泡消失,滤泡细胞开始分泌卵壳。第9阶段:卵发育完成,经过上皮塞进入输卵管。取食人工饲料瓢虫的卵子发生过程显著缓慢,发育中的卵母细胞致量少,滤泡细胞及卵黄分布均不正常。

 
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