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fish     
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     Characterization of three marine fish cell lines FG,SPH and RSBF and their application to toxicity assay of aquatic pollutants
     海水细胞系FG、SPH和RSBF的特性分析及其在典型海洋污染物毒性检测上的应用
短句来源
     Studies on Symbiosis Ecosystem of Fish and Grass
     草共生生态系统的研究
短句来源
     A Knowledge-based Fish Diseases Diagnosis Reasoning System
     基于知识的病诊断推理系统研究
短句来源
     An Ontology-based Fish Diseases Knowledge Acquisition and Diagnosis Reasoning Integrating System
     基于本体的病知识获取与诊断推理集成系统研究
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     Molecular Structures and Antifreezing Mechanism of Fish Antifreeze Polypeptides and Glycoproteins
     抗冷冻多肽的分子结构和抗冻机理
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  鱼类
     Comparative Studies on Complement from Humoral Fluid of Amphioxus and Serum of Fish
     文昌鱼体液和鱼类血清补体溶血系统比较研究
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     Studies on Mitochondrial DNA in Different Ploidy Level Fish and Sox Genes in Triploid Crucian Carp
     不同倍性鱼类mtDNA及三倍体湘云鲫Sox基因研究
短句来源
     Applications of Genetic Markers in Fish Breeding and Ecology
     遗传标记在鱼类育种和生态研究中的应用
短句来源
     The Studies on Detection and Diagnosis Method of Nucleic Acid for Fish Lymphocystis Disease Virus
     鱼类淋巴囊肿病毒核酸检测诊断技术的研究
短句来源
     Studies on Cloning of Obese Gene of Several Different Fish and Expressing of Cyprinus Carpio Obese Gene
     几种不同鱼类肥胖基因的克隆与鲤肥胖基因的表达研究
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  鱼肉
     The limit of quantification for chloramphenicol in fish was 0.025 μg/kg.
     鱼肉中氯霉素的定量检测下限为0.025μg/kg。
短句来源
     The ingredients of fish meat noodle is: 69.58%fish meat, 16.78% corn starch, 8.39%AA-2 flour,0.1% NaAlg, 0.05%soda, 1.0% MSG, 4.0% egg yolk and 0.1% ginger powder.
     鱼肉面条最佳配比为鱼肉69.58%,玉米淀粉16.78%,AA-2粉8.39%,藻酸钠0.1%,小苏打0.05%,味精1.0%,鸡蛋清4.0%,生姜粉0.1%。
短句来源
     The cut-off value of swine meat,swine liver,cattle meat,cattle liver and fish meat were 49.2,138.7,52.1,124.4 and 44.1 μg/kg respectively.
     检测各种组织中四环素类药物的临界值分别为猪肉49.2μg/kg、猪肝138.7μg/kg、牛肉52.1μg/kg、牛肝124.4μg/kg、鱼肉44.1μg/kg。
短句来源
     The tresults showed that the optimum proportion was 50% fish paste,30% maize starchy,4%spinach juice,10% flour,0.5% salt,1.5% ginger juice,1% sugar,1.5% yellow rice wine,0.5%CMC,0.2% NaHCO,and 0 8 % gourmet powder.
     结果表明 :5 0 %鱼糜 ,30 %玉米淀粉 ,4%菠菜汁 ,10 %面粉 ,0 5 %食盐 ,1 5 %姜汁 ,1%庶糖 ,1 5 %黄酒 ,0 5 %羧甲基纤维素 ,0 2 %碳酸氢钠 ,0 8%味精的配比下进行和面 ,稍后用小型压面机进行压制成形 ,再用鼓风干燥器烘至含水量小于 10 % ,即可获得色香味形具佳的鱼肉菠菜面
短句来源
     Mixed feed with 30~50% Double-low Rape cake (low glucosineand low thioglucoside) gave higher total and net output per Unit area by 13.4%and 15.9% as against the control,and by 9% and 10.6% as against feed with30% conventional rape cake respectively after 132 days, Fish cultured withDouble-Low Rape cake proved to be of high protein and low lipid content andhas no residual toxicity.
     在预混合饲料中添加30%和50%的双低菜籽饼喂鱼,经132d的饲养试验,其单位面积总产和净产平均分别比添加30%常规菜籽饼的高9%和10.6%,比对照高13.4%和15·9%,而且鱼肉蛋白质的含量高,脂肪的含量低,无残毒,是一种优质的养鱼饲料。
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  落鱼
     ANALYSIOS OF THE FISH TROUBLE IN LATERAL HORIZONTAL WELL HE76-7
     河76-7侧钻水平井落鱼事故计算分析
短句来源
     By checking 158.8mm drill collar breaking in 311.2mm,215.9mm well bore many times and the appearance of fish breakpoint in Chengbei 303 well, analyzing drill tool structure and the calculation of drill collar bending strength ratio, the reason of drill collar breaking in hole is discussed. And the paper puts forward the problem of drill tool defecting detection, which will be avoided in the future similar situation.
     通过对埕北303井311.2mm、215.9mm井眼158.8mm钻铤多次断落井内及落鱼断口的外观检查,从钻具结构,钻铤弯曲强度比的计算等方面分析,探讨钻铤断落的原因,并提出钻具探伤方面应注意的问题,以避免今后同类事故的发生。
短句来源
     A NEW BIG DIAMETER FISH OVERSHOT
     一种新的大直径落鱼打捞筒
短句来源
     The reasonable choosing to the method of handling casing fish can shorten handling time of the accident effectively,and minimize economic loss of the accident.
     合理选择处理套管落鱼的方法能够有效缩短事故的处理时间,降低事故的经济损失。
短句来源
     The fish trouble in lateral horizontal well HE76 7 is analyzed by using the synthetic model.
     利用该综合模型 ,针对河 76 - 7侧钻水平井施工中落鱼事故进行了计算分析。
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      fish
    Results showed that the relative growth ratio and survival ratio of the fish fed on medium lipid diets (8%) or high ether extract diets (12%) were significantly lower than those of the fish fed on low ether extract diets (4%) (p >amp;lt; 0.05).
          
    There was a positive correlation between the ether extract contents in hepatopancreas of fish and the ether extract contents of diets.
          
    The main pathological change in ill fish was fatty liver disease.
          
    The pathological severity and serious level of fatty liver disease in the tested fish positively correlated with the contents of the ether extract, but not with those of protein, in test diets.
          
    Foamy viruses (FVs) have broad cellular tropism infecting vertebrates from fish to human being, which indicates that Env protein has a high capability for membrane fusion.
          
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    The oxygen consumption of some pondfishes—Ctenopharyngodon idellus, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix and Aristichthys nobilis has been investigated. The results thus obtained are summarized as follows:The oxgen consumption of the fingerlings of the above-mentioned fishes, which weigh 0.4—1.7 gm, is on average 0.325 to 0.532 mg/gm/hr at a temperature varying between 28.5℃ and 31.7℃; that of the yearlings of these fishes with body weight of 38.9 to 172.3 gm. is 0.161 to 0.264 mg/gm/hr at a temperature of...

    The oxygen consumption of some pondfishes—Ctenopharyngodon idellus, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix and Aristichthys nobilis has been investigated. The results thus obtained are summarized as follows:The oxgen consumption of the fingerlings of the above-mentioned fishes, which weigh 0.4—1.7 gm, is on average 0.325 to 0.532 mg/gm/hr at a temperature varying between 28.5℃ and 31.7℃; that of the yearlings of these fishes with body weight of 38.9 to 172.3 gm. is 0.161 to 0.264 mg/gm/hr at a temperature of 26.3—30.5℃; and that of Ctenopharyngodon of two years old, weighing 1103—1355 gm., is 0.139 to 0.151 mg/gm/hr at 21—23.5℃. In the same species of fishes, oxygen consumption decreases as the age or the body weight increases. This indicates that the younger fish require higher oxyen consumption than do the older ones.It was found that the rate of oxygen consumption of a fish is directly proportional to the temperature of the water; thus oxygen consumption increases as the water temperature rises. The rate of oxygen consumption of Aristichthys nobilis in the winter season is only 1/6 of that in the summer. Differences in the rate of oxygen consumption among these species of fishes were also noticed. The rate of oxygen consumption in Hypophthalmichthys molitrix is higher than in Aristickthys nobilis, and that of the latter is still higher than that of Ctenopharyngodon idellus

    1.草鱼、白鲢、花鲢的鱼苗和第2年鱼,以及草鱼的第3年鱼在夏季水温下的耗氧率,均经连续至少7小时以上的测定。 体重0.4-1.7克的鱼苗,在28.5-31.7℃的水温中,平均耗氧率篇0.325-0.632毫克/克/小时;体重38.9-172.3克的第2年鱼,在26.3-30.6℃的水温中,平均耗氧率为0.161-0.264毫克/克/小时;体重1103-1355克的第3年鱼(草鱼)在水温21-23.5℃时,平均耗氧率为0.139-0.151毫克/克/小时。 2.耗氧率随体重的增加而减低;同种之内,小鱼的耗氧率较大鱼为高。 3.耗氧率随水温的上升而增加;花鲢在冬季的耗氧率不及夏季的1/6。 4.在体重和水温相仿的情形下,白鲢的耗氧率较花鲢为高,花鲢的耗氧率又较草鱼为高。

    1. An account is given of ten species of copepods collected from four lakes, Ching Hai (Chinghai Province), Tai Hai, Huangchi Hai and Ulasu Hai (Inner Mongolia) with description of three new species, namely, Arctodiaptomus spirulus (p1.Ⅰ, 5-7), Bryocamptus fed (pLs. Ⅳ & Ⅴ), from Ching Hai and Neutrodiaptomus genogibbosus (pL. Ⅱ, 11-14) from Ulasu Hai. A brief description of the larvae of an Argulus (Copepoda Branchiura) from Ulasu Hai is also included (pL. Ⅵ).2. The copepods so far found in Ulasu Hai are more...

    1. An account is given of ten species of copepods collected from four lakes, Ching Hai (Chinghai Province), Tai Hai, Huangchi Hai and Ulasu Hai (Inner Mongolia) with description of three new species, namely, Arctodiaptomus spirulus (p1.Ⅰ, 5-7), Bryocamptus fed (pLs. Ⅳ & Ⅴ), from Ching Hai and Neutrodiaptomus genogibbosus (pL. Ⅱ, 11-14) from Ulasu Hai. A brief description of the larvae of an Argulus (Copepoda Branchiura) from Ulasu Hai is also included (pL. Ⅵ).2. The copepods so far found in Ulasu Hai are more or less similar to those occurring in the fertile waters of the lower Yangtse Valley. It is, therefore, not surprising that the fish production in this lake is higher than that in the other three lakes.3. The distribution of the diaptomids seems to be related to the properties of the lake water, especially the differences in salinity. Thus, Arctodiaptomus spirulus is found only in Ching Hai; Arctodiaplomus rectispincsus is prevalent in Tai Hai as well as in Huangchi Hai; Ulasu Hai possesses two different diaptomids, Sinodiaptomus sarsi and Neutrodiapiomus genogibbosus.4. The species of Cyclopidae are more adaptive to the various kinds of water, so they have a wider range of distribution. Eucyclops serrulatus can survive in Huangchi Hai and even in Ching Hai, Cyclops vicinus, Cyclops strennus, and Thermocyclops hyalinus are found in Ulasu Hai as well as in Tai Hai and Huangchi Hai. Mesocyclops leuckarti is probably confined to fresh water and it is found only in Ulasu Hai.6. The species of Bryocamptus are generally found in the various kinds of water at high lands or among marshes. They are endurable to low temperature, high alkali and salinity. The new species, Bryocamptus feei, is found only in Ching Hai.6. A short review is made concerning the zoogeographical distribution of these copepods.

    (一)这四个湖的桡足类,共采得10种,共中有3种是新发现的种类,如激刺北镖溞、腹突荡镖溞和费氏瘦猛溞,已分别加以叙述。其他各种的性质,略记其要,以利鉴别。 (二)这四个湖在夏季中镖溞的数量远较剑溞的为多,而且按各个湖泊的特殊位 置和水性,各有特殊的镖溞。乌拉素海的桡足类与长江下游水质较肥的湖塘中的种类,很相近似,而且还存在着一种鲺(Argulus sp.)的幼体,而鲺是鱼类的一种敌害。 (三)镖溞的分布与湖水的理化坏境,有密切关系,特别是湖水所含盐类及其浓度,对它们的分布,似有显著的影响。如青海产有激刺北镖溞,岱海与黄旗海都有直刺北镖溞;乌拉素海却有一般淡水湖的镖溞,如萨氏中镖溞和腹突荡镖溞。 (四)这些剑溞的适应力都较强,能在各种湖水中生活。故分布也较广。如锯缘真剑溞是一习见的淡水种类,既见于黄旗海,也能在青海中生活。又如近邻剑溞、英勇剑溞和透明温剑溞除见于乌拉素海外,也能在岱海和黄旗海中生活。只有刘氏中剑溞,大概局限于一般淡水中。这次只发现于乌拉素海中。 (五)瘦猛溞属的一般种类,常生活在地势较高或低洼的水塘中,能耐低温、硷性或盐度较高的水质,故费氏瘦猛溞能在青海中生活。 (六)这些桡足类的属与种的地理分...

    (一)这四个湖的桡足类,共采得10种,共中有3种是新发现的种类,如激刺北镖溞、腹突荡镖溞和费氏瘦猛溞,已分别加以叙述。其他各种的性质,略记其要,以利鉴别。 (二)这四个湖在夏季中镖溞的数量远较剑溞的为多,而且按各个湖泊的特殊位 置和水性,各有特殊的镖溞。乌拉素海的桡足类与长江下游水质较肥的湖塘中的种类,很相近似,而且还存在着一种鲺(Argulus sp.)的幼体,而鲺是鱼类的一种敌害。 (三)镖溞的分布与湖水的理化坏境,有密切关系,特别是湖水所含盐类及其浓度,对它们的分布,似有显著的影响。如青海产有激刺北镖溞,岱海与黄旗海都有直刺北镖溞;乌拉素海却有一般淡水湖的镖溞,如萨氏中镖溞和腹突荡镖溞。 (四)这些剑溞的适应力都较强,能在各种湖水中生活。故分布也较广。如锯缘真剑溞是一习见的淡水种类,既见于黄旗海,也能在青海中生活。又如近邻剑溞、英勇剑溞和透明温剑溞除见于乌拉素海外,也能在岱海和黄旗海中生活。只有刘氏中剑溞,大概局限于一般淡水中。这次只发现于乌拉素海中。 (五)瘦猛溞属的一般种类,常生活在地势较高或低洼的水塘中,能耐低温、硷性或盐度较高的水质,故费氏瘦猛溞能在青海中生活。 (六)这些桡足类的属与种的地理分布,根据现有资料,亦略为述及,以明其分布趋势。

    The purpose of this study was to find the response of the teleost's brain toward chemical stimuli.In carrying out the series of experiments, four species of teleost fishes were selected as working materials. They were Carassius auratus, Ophiocephalus argus, Monopterus javanensis and Hypophthalmichthys nobilis.The chemical agents for the experiments were selected as follows: Janus green, methylene blue, neutral red and crystal violet for staining purpose, i. e. for primary oxidation (Child' 47), in which...

    The purpose of this study was to find the response of the teleost's brain toward chemical stimuli.In carrying out the series of experiments, four species of teleost fishes were selected as working materials. They were Carassius auratus, Ophiocephalus argus, Monopterus javanensis and Hypophthalmichthys nobilis.The chemical agents for the experiments were selected as follows: Janus green, methylene blue, neutral red and crystal violet for staining purpose, i. e. for primary oxidation (Child' 47), in which the specimens were examined with the results recorded before reduction process set in; and in addition potassuim permanganate was used for complete oxidation-reduction purpose. The concentrations of the former agents in Ringer's solution and the latter in distilled water were experimentally determined, and are given in Table 1-4.In all cases of the stain experiments, the metabolic rates of the nosebrain (including only the olfactory bulbs and primitive endbrain in the present case) are higher than any other division, and that of the cerebellum, the balancing brain, comes out to be the next, being higher than all the other parts of the organ (with the exception of Carassius). The midbrain (part of the eyebrain) is less responsive than the cerebellum; and the medulla oblongata, without the facial and vagal lobes (brain centers for taste buds) and with its anterior regions (the earbrain) overshadowed largely by the cerebellum or only with little parts visible from above; i. e., the skinbrain, is, on the average, least responsive of allIn Carassius, the vagal lobes showed somewhat greater sensitivity than the cerebellum, and in Hypophthalmichthys they were less so than the facial lobes, which in turn almost matched up with the cerebellum. As a whole, it may be said that the olfactory lobes and primitive endbrain are most responsive and the midbrain and medulla oblongata least so, the cerebellum somewhat between them, while the facial and vagal lobes vary in their responses to these stains, but they fall between the endbrain and the medulla. If the records of both these lobes were removed from the curves on Carassius and Hypophthalmichthys, (Chart V (A)-(D)), these four curves would have a much closer resemblance in the general tendency of responses among themselves; i. e., the centers of greatest activities are located in the nosebrain, there is a considerable dropping in the eyebrain, while the cerebellum, the balancing brain, shows a great deal of rise in responsiveness, though it does not go so high as either the olfactory lobes or the primitive endbrain, and finally the medulla oblongata, the skinbrain, shows least responsiveness to the stains.The results of the oxidation-reduction process (Chart VI (A)-(D)) show more or less a general resemblance to those o?the stain experiments, but there are some differences, which should be noted. In the case of Carassius the primitive endbrain falls in its functional features a great deal below the olfactory lobes and is now even lower than the cerebellum, and the vagal lobes are about on the same level with the midbrain, while in the case of Monoptenis the cerebellum is the most active division of the brain and the medulla oblongata is similar to the midbrain. In general, it is reasonable to assume that the physiological gradients in the brains of Carassius and Hypophthalmichlhys are similar to each other, as they are of the same family, and those of Ophiocephalus and Monopterus are likewise, though they are of different families. In spite of some deviations these brains in both stain and oxidation-reduction experimentes show a general trend of similarity in their responses.It is concluded that the sensitivities of the brain surface to these chemicals are in direct proportion to its functional activities and in reverse proportion to their histogenetic age. Besides these factors, the polarity of the organ and the size of its division also have a significant bearings on the physiological gradient, but the latter should be considered together with the organization and developmental st

    (一)此研究限于鱼脑的背面(因由腹面观察,不能看到全脑各部)。所用四种硬骨鱼是鲫鱼、乌鱼、黄鳝与黑鲢。 (二)鱼脑背面,分为五部分:嗅球、原始端脑、中脑、小脑与延脑。鲫鱼延脑背面前部有迷叶长出,鲢鱼延脑背面前部有面叶与迷叶长出。为研究便利计,将迷叶与面叶划为另外部分,分别观察其代谢现象。 (三)染剂用以刺激鱼脑者,为简氏绿、次甲基蓝、中性红与晶紫。此外,又用过锰酸钾作完全氧化—还原实验。 (四)对于以上各剂,鱼脑反应程度最高处是嗅球,大约与嗅球相等者,是原始端脑,稍次是小脑,再次是中脑,最次是延脑。黑鲢面叶与迷叶低于小脑,高于中脑,而面叶高于迷叶(曲线图Ⅴ(D)与Ⅵ(D))。鲫鱼的迷叶,对染剂的反应,高于小脑,对氧化—还原剂的反应,低于小脑(图Ⅴ(A)与Ⅵ(A))。 整个结论是鱼脑表面,对于化学药剂的感性与其生理功用成正比例,与其组织之年龄成反比例。除此二因素外,脑的极性(polarity)、脑各部分之体积,都与生理量度有密切的关系。唯体积关系,须与以后数点共同考虑:(1)组织的构成;(2)组织发达的程度;(3)在演化过程中该组织对于脑部继续发达,及其功用所有关系的重要性(不能单看体积的大小)。鼻脑在脑前端,...

    (一)此研究限于鱼脑的背面(因由腹面观察,不能看到全脑各部)。所用四种硬骨鱼是鲫鱼、乌鱼、黄鳝与黑鲢。 (二)鱼脑背面,分为五部分:嗅球、原始端脑、中脑、小脑与延脑。鲫鱼延脑背面前部有迷叶长出,鲢鱼延脑背面前部有面叶与迷叶长出。为研究便利计,将迷叶与面叶划为另外部分,分别观察其代谢现象。 (三)染剂用以刺激鱼脑者,为简氏绿、次甲基蓝、中性红与晶紫。此外,又用过锰酸钾作完全氧化—还原实验。 (四)对于以上各剂,鱼脑反应程度最高处是嗅球,大约与嗅球相等者,是原始端脑,稍次是小脑,再次是中脑,最次是延脑。黑鲢面叶与迷叶低于小脑,高于中脑,而面叶高于迷叶(曲线图Ⅴ(D)与Ⅵ(D))。鲫鱼的迷叶,对染剂的反应,高于小脑,对氧化—还原剂的反应,低于小脑(图Ⅴ(A)与Ⅵ(A))。 整个结论是鱼脑表面,对于化学药剂的感性与其生理功用成正比例,与其组织之年龄成反比例。除此二因素外,脑的极性(polarity)、脑各部分之体积,都与生理量度有密切的关系。唯体积关系,须与以后数点共同考虑:(1)组织的构成;(2)组织发达的程度;(3)在演化过程中该组织对于脑部继续发达,及其功用所有关系的重要性(不能单看体积的大小)。鼻脑在脑前端,屡次实验,表现为最高生理量度之所在;此处之势力,支配全脑各部分。高等脊椎动物的大脑,

     
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