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scotoma
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  暗点
     The visual acuity of most cases (67%) was in the range of 0.01 to 0.1, 69.3% of the cases revealed central scotoma 2°~3°in the visual field, the size of macular hole was in the range of pin head to 1 disc diameter (DD), majority was 1 / 2 to 1 / 4DD.
     多数(67%)的视力为 0.O1~0.1,69.3%的患者视野有2°~3°中心暗点,裂孔最小如针尖,大者至1个视盘直径,多数为1/2~1/4视盘直径。
短句来源
     Results These patients' steroacuity, anisometropia, aniseikonia and scotoma were: 407.67" ±390.19", 1.53D±1.96D, 3.93%±3.51%, 3.17″±1.98″ respectively. There was no significant correlation between steroacuity anisometropia and aniseikonia.
     结果该组白内障摘除及人工晶体植入术后患者的立体视锐度为 40 7.67″± 3 90 .19″,双眼屈光度差为 1.5 3 D± 1.96D,视像不等为 3 .93 %± 3 .5 1% ,抑制暗点为 3 .17°± 1.98°。
短句来源
     the average retinal sensitivity in the 30° had decreased(P<0 01),peripheral retinal scotoma had increased or become larger,the average retinal sensitivity in the 10° had decreased(P<0 05)in B group;
     B组光凝后 ,30°视野平均光阈值敏感度下降 (P<0 .0 1) ,周边视野暗点增大增多 ,10°内光阈值敏感度下降 (P<0 .0 5 )。
短句来源
     Seventy six eyes were simply followed up from 1 to 18 years, the visual acuity decreased in 5 eyes, the central scotoma enlarged in 3 eyes and flat retina detachment occurred in 4 eyes and retina fold appeared in 6 eyes, no macular hole was healed spontaneously.
     在单纯随诊观察1~18年的76只眼中,5只眼视力下降,3只眼中心暗点扩大,4只眼发生视网膜浅层脱离,6只眼出现视网膜皱褶,无1例黄斑裂孔自然愈合。
短句来源
     We found 10 5% of the early glaucomatous visual field damage to be central scotoma and NPG was 15 9%,POAG was 7 5% while PACG was 5 2%. The incidence was statistically higher in NPG than in POAG or PACG( P <0 05).
     在青光眼早期视野损害当中 ,中央暗点约占 10 5 %。 中央暗点可发生于多种类型的青光眼 ,其中 ,三种原发性青光眼的发生情况为 :正常眼压性青光眼 (NPG) 15 9% ,原发性开角型青光眼 (POAG) 7 5 % ,原发性闭角型青光眼(PACG) 5 2 %。
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  盲点
     Of light, down- grade of visual sensitivity (100%), physiologic blind spot (38%), and paracentral scotoma (38%).
     轻度中毒以视敏度下降(100%)、生理盲点扩大(38%)、旁中心暗点(38%)为主。
短句来源
     The great difference of observed were in enlargement of physi- ologic blind spot (59%), downgrade of visual sensitivity (54%), and paracentral scotoma (18%).
     观察病例以生理盲点扩大(59%)、视敏度下降(54%)和旁中心暗点(18%)为主。
短句来源
     Abnormal results of FFA were found in 44 eyes (52.38%), including papillitis in 4 eyes (4.76%)at the early stage with extended physiological scotoma and central scotoma;
     44只眼有FFA异常,占52.4%。 其中,病程早期的4只眼表现为视盘炎,占4.8%,视野有生理盲点扩大和中心暗点;
短句来源
     Changes in visualfield were found in 86 eyes examined with AP,including early glaucoma changes in 75 eyesand enlarged physiological scotoma in 11 eyes;
     自动视野计检出86眼有视野改变,其中青光眼早期视野改变75眼,非青光眼视野改变(生理盲点扩大)11眼,未查出视野改变为18眼;
短句来源
     Family Philology:West Philosophy Individual-society Pattern's Scotoma.
     家哲学:西方哲学“个人——社会”模式的盲点
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  “scotoma”译为未确定词的双语例句
     60 dB, there is significant and statistic difference t = 5. 54>t0. 001(27) =3. 69, P<0. 001.Conclusion (1) There is significant decrease of MLS in early AMD of nonexudative type, and it manifests as irregularly relative scotoma in perimetry.
     ⑤Stulln治疗组AMD病人与对照组AMD病人第2次MLS的值比较,t=5.54>t0.001(27)=3.69,差别有高度统计学意义。
短句来源
     2 showed scotoma enlargement. Forty-four (78.6%) eyes in 26 patients appeared VEP abnormity; 24 (54.5%) of these 44 eyes occurred within 14 months after irradiation.
     有26例患者共44眼(78.6%)出现VEP异常,54.5%VEP异常发生在放疗后14个月以内。
短句来源
     central scotoma had disappeared during 4.9 weeks in the treatment group and 15.3 weeks in the control group.
     患者自觉视野中心暗影完全消失光凝组平均 4.9周 ,对照组 15 .3周。
短句来源
     the depth of scotomas tested by the two methods was also similar in 25 eyes with an abnormal screen result, but the scotoma being of depth less than 6 dB by both the two methods;
     25眼初筛异常但两种方法所测暗区深度均<6dB,两法所测深度相近;
短句来源
     Changes of vision,fundus and central scotoma were observed.
     追踪观察视力、眼底、患者自觉视野中心暗影是否消失。
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  scotoma
Two patients suspected that the scotoma had developed as a result of glare; the visual disorder resolved in these cases, but persisted in the third patient.
      
The scotoma was attributed to generalized cerebral hypoxia in two cases but remained undefined in the third patient.
      
Typically, toxic and nutritional optic neuropathy is progressive, with bilateral symmetrical painless visual loss causing central or cecocentral scotoma.
      
In psychophysical experiments described previously we found that a stimulus surrounding a retinal scotoma fills in the scotoma instantaneously with its brightness and color.
      
One striking example of such processing occurs when dark, rather than bright flashes of light are presented in the scotoma.
      
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From a study of several hundred visual fields of patients with pathological lesion at the chiasmal region, in many temple fields a kind of para-center hemi-circular ( PcHc ) bundle scotoma which is not connected with the blind spot, was found. The particular pattern of such a scotoma inspires authors to conceive a new concept on the chiasmal architecture and its projection on the retina, i.e., each paracenter portion of a fiber bundle on the retina is considered to be divided into different districts....

From a study of several hundred visual fields of patients with pathological lesion at the chiasmal region, in many temple fields a kind of para-center hemi-circular ( PcHc ) bundle scotoma which is not connected with the blind spot, was found. The particular pattern of such a scotoma inspires authors to conceive a new concept on the chiasmal architecture and its projection on the retina, i.e., each paracenter portion of a fiber bundle on the retina is considered to be divided into different districts. The fibers from the corresponding district of each bundle weave compactly into the exact lamella when they cross the chiasma. In such a presumed fiber arrangement, it is possible to explain the appearance of PcHc bundle scotoma in chiasmal lesion.Authors suggest that this pattern of PcHc bundle scotoma has never been reported in the literature.

探索数百份视野记录(肢端肥大100例,视交叉部肿瘤98例),发现在不少颞侧视野中,有一不与生理盲点相连的束状暗点,位于中心与生理盲点之间,呈半圆形。这种暗点的发现,使对视交叉的细微结构及其视网膜投影,产生了新的概念:即将位于视网膜中心与生理盲点间之视纤维束分成节段,各束纤维的相应节段进入视交叉中同一板层并紧密交织;如此,方能解释上述束状暗点之产生。附6个典型病例。

Fifty cases of microtropia were analysed which included 49 cases of e(?)otropia and one case of exotropia. 74% of cases were children, No subjective symptomes were experiened except for lowered vision. The clinical characteristics consisted of less than 10 prism diopter heterotropia combined with some degrees of ambluopia, anisometropia, eccentric fiation and harmonious anomalous retinal correspondence. The amblyopic eye had an inhibiticus scotoma under normal binocular condition with certain degrees of...

Fifty cases of microtropia were analysed which included 49 cases of e(?)otropia and one case of exotropia. 74% of cases were children, No subjective symptomes were experiened except for lowered vision. The clinical characteristics consisted of less than 10 prism diopter heterotropia combined with some degrees of ambluopia, anisometropia, eccentric fiation and harmonious anomalous retinal correspondence. The amblyopic eye had an inhibiticus scotoma under normal binocular condition with certain degrees of binocular function. The methods of examination in common use were cover-uncover test, 4 prism base-out and dase-in test. It must be differentiated from the anisometropic amblyopia. The treatment was directed to overcome the amblyopia mainly adopting the coyer method.

本文分析了50例微小度数斜视,其中内斜视49例,外斜视1例,74%为儿童,除视力低下外,无其他自觉症状。临床特征为具有10~△以下的斜视,常合并不同程度的弱视、屈光参差、旁中心注视及一致性异常视网膜对应,在日常双眼视状态下,弱视眼有抑制性暗点,有一定程度的双眼视功能。常用的检查方法有遮盖不遮盖法,4~△底向外及底向内三棱镜试验,应与屈光参差性弱视相鉴别。治疗以克服弱视,采用遮盖法为主。

Primary macular degeneration is a Progressive,degenerating and l:eredi-tary macular disease with several types一This paper has made a classificaiingdiagnosis for 31 cases of primary macular degeneration,based on the com-mon,fluorescein angiographic amd visual eletrophysiological examinations·Observations were made on the changing pattern of the fixation point in 3ain disease types and their relationships with various visual functions,anda preliminary discussion was given clinical significance of the...

Primary macular degeneration is a Progressive,degenerating and l:eredi-tary macular disease with several types一This paper has made a classificaiingdiagnosis for 31 cases of primary macular degeneration,based on the com-mon,fluorescein angiographic amd visual eletrophysiological examinations·Observations were made on the changing pattern of the fixation point in 3ain disease types and their relationships with various visual functions,anda preliminary discussion was given clinical significance of the fixation po-int.The results showed that in the primary macular degeneration there ex-isted two types of fixationstate:the central and eccentric fixations with thedomination of the eccentric The fixalion。two types of fixations bore certainrelation to visual acuity.In the primary macular degenertion the eritical v-isualacuity is about 0.2 of the change from the central fixation to eccentricfixation.Fixation point examination is of certain significenee in the differential diagnosis of a p targar-Fundus flavimaculatus er-oup and the central serous retinopathy.and in the estimation of the natu-re of the scotoma and the degree of impairment of eolour vision in Starga-rd-tFundus flavimaculatus.

本文对31例62眼原发性黄斑变性主要类型锥(杆)细胞变性(7例14眼)、Starga-rdt—黄色斑眼底群(22例44眼)、卵黄样黄斑变性(2眼14例)进行固视及视力性质分析,摘要如下:1,原发性黄斑变性有中心固视和中心外固视两种固视状态。Stargardt—黄色斑眼底群中心外固视占其自身的绝大多数(90.91%);锥(杆)细胞变性中心外固视占其自身的50%。2,原发性黄斑变性中心固视与中心外固视的临界视力在0.2附近。3,在一部分早期Stargardt—黄色斑眼底群与中心性浆液性视网膜病变的鉴别诊断中,固视点检查有一定意义。4,固视点能判定原发性黄斑变性暗点性质。中心固视时无绝对中心暗点;中心外固视时有绝对中心暗点(白视标)。5,Stargardt—黄色斑眼底群的中心外固视点偏心度与其色觉障碍程度有关。偏心度大者色觉障碍较重。检查固视点可大致估计色觉情况。

 
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