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folk     
相关语句
  民间
     Research on Uighur Folk Taboos
     维吾尔民间禁忌研究
短句来源
     Study on Song's Folk Witchcrafts
     宋代民间巫术研究
短句来源
     A Research on the Folk Play of Yi Nation's Children from the Perspective of Educational Anthropology
     教育人类学视野下的彝族儿童民间游戏研究
短句来源
     A Study on the Tus Folk Beliefs
     土族民间信仰研究
短句来源
     RESEARCH ON PLANT FOLK NOMENCLATURE AND TAXONOMIC SYSTEM OF XISHUANGBANNA DAI NATIONALITY
     西双版纳傣族民间植物命名与分类系统研究
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  民俗
     Research on Urban Folk Custom
     城市民俗研究初议
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     Characteristics and classification of tourist resources of folk culture
     民俗旅游资源特征及分类研究
短句来源
     On the Folk Customs Tourism
     略论民俗旅游
短句来源
     The paper discusses the difficulties and problems in the development of folk sports and points out that the development of folk sports should be featured with integration of traditional and modern elements,the integration of competition and popularity,the integration of nationality and internationalism.
     就民俗体育的困境和生存发展等问题进行了探讨,提出民俗体育要生存发展下去,必须努力做到传统性与现代性相结合、竞技性与大众性相结合、民族性与世界性相结合,以及自我与西洋相融合。
短句来源
     As an important part of traditional culture, the folk culture is influenced by mass culture, too.
     作为传统文化的重要组成部分,民俗文化也受到了大众文化的种种影响。
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  民族
     Developing the National Folk Art & Promoting Tourism
     开发民族民间文化艺术 促进旅游行业向前发展
短句来源
     This paper compared the folk culture of the West and China in four parts, which are diet culture,festival culture,the national amorous feelings and taboos.
     本文拟以中国民俗文化为参照,以民俗活动的时间性为切入点,从四个方面比较中西方民俗文化之异同,即饮食文化、节日文化、民族风情、禁忌。
短句来源
     Ethnic culture tourism mean ethnic folk customs tourism mostly.
     民族文化旅游主要指少数民族民俗文化旅游,目前已有多种类型的开发方式。
短句来源
     National and folk culture has always been the magnificent part in traditional Chinese culture, whose integration with modern logo design has been proved a successful shortcut.
     民族民间文化向来是中国传统文化中一朵瑰丽的奇葩 ,将之与现代标志设计成功嫁接已有成功范例 ,不失为又一条通向标志设计堂奥的“捷径”。
短句来源
     Traditional folk culture is a important pillar of national spirit.
     民间传统文化是民族精神的重要支柱,它的消亡也就意味着特定民族的消亡。
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  民间的
     Folk civil law——the clan law
     论民间的民事习惯法—宗族法
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     The Border Town:Folk Modernity and Solemnity
     《边城》:民间的现代性与庄严
短句来源
     On the Necessity and Enormity of Collection of Folk Literature Material
     收集民间的文学资料的必要性与艰巨性
短句来源
     folk aesthetic cohered to daily eXPerience .
     市民民间的审美情趣脱离不开日常的经验领域。
短句来源
     Rhyming verses is one of literacy textbooks which is popular in folk among traditional social of China.
     杂字是中国传统社会中流行于民间的一类识字教材,是和“三、百、千”并行的另一路识字课本。
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      folk
    Psidium guajava (guava) leaf is a phytotherapic used in folk medicine to treat gastrointestinal and respiratory disturbances and is used as anti-inflammatory medicine.
          
    The tenacity of folk psychotherapy: A functional interpretation
          
    In order to clarify the continued high utilization of the folk psychotherapist in East Africa, a total of 31 Tanzanian Shaman were studied.
          
    The leaves are used in folk medicine as a medicinal tea for hypoglycemia.
          
    Various substances of animal and plant origin have been used in folk medicines of different cultures; some have been identified pharmacologically, allowing for under-standing of their mechanisms of action.
          
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    1.Chi-ku-ts'ao, a native drug of Kwangtung and Kwangsi Provinces, has long been used in folk medicine for the treatment of infectious hepatitis.Its efficacy towards this disease has been proved by clinical trials and become widely known in recent years. 2.Drug and plant specimens of Chi-ku-ts'ao were collected from nine cities in Kwangsi and Kwangtung. By careful examination of these specimens both morphologically and histologically, three different species were identified, namely: (1)Abrus cantoniensis...

    1.Chi-ku-ts'ao, a native drug of Kwangtung and Kwangsi Provinces, has long been used in folk medicine for the treatment of infectious hepatitis.Its efficacy towards this disease has been proved by clinical trials and become widely known in recent years. 2.Drug and plant specimens of Chi-ku-ts'ao were collected from nine cities in Kwangsi and Kwangtung. By careful examination of these specimens both morphologically and histologically, three different species were identified, namely: (1)Abrus cantoniensis Hance, (2) Abrus mollis Hance and (3) Desmodium microphyllum (Thunb.) DC., all belonging to the family Leguminosac. After consultation with experienced physicians and druggists, Abrus cantoniensis is considered to be the correct species for the drug. 3.Botanical and pharmacognostical descriptions of the above three species are made together with those of (4) Abrus precatorius L. which resembles (1)and(2)in appearance and might be collected indiscriminately.The more important diagnostical characters of these four species are tabulated.

    鸡骨草是近年来試用于临床的一种治疗肝炎的药物。唯商品存有混乱情况,通过对鸡骨草主要产地的調查,发現有蝶形花科三种不同的原植物及一种类同品。結合文献記載及实地調查研究,确定了正品鸡骨草的原植物为广州相思子 Abrus cantoniensis Hance. 对鸡骨草不同的三种植物:(1)广州相思子;(2)毛相思子 Abrus mollis Hance;(3)小叶三点金草 Desmodium microphyllum(Thuab.)DC.及一种类同品相思子 Abrusprecatorius L.的植物形态,生药性状,根、茎、叶部組織及粉末进行了观察、鉴定与研究。

    The Chinese folk medicine called Nan-Lin-Yao-Hua is a botanical drug (Wikstroemia viridiflora Meisen) family Thymelaeceae, which has been used as a remedy for ascites of the late stage Schistosomiasis. From its root bark or cortex radicis, a yellowish needle crystalline substance was isolated, and it is a new flavone glycoside and hence named wikstroemin. The new glycoside showed a diuretic action when intravenously injected at a dosage of 2—4mg/kg on anaesthetized dogs. This may respond a part of its...

    The Chinese folk medicine called Nan-Lin-Yao-Hua is a botanical drug (Wikstroemia viridiflora Meisen) family Thymelaeceae, which has been used as a remedy for ascites of the late stage Schistosomiasis. From its root bark or cortex radicis, a yellowish needle crystalline substance was isolated, and it is a new flavone glycoside and hence named wikstroemin. The new glycoside showed a diuretic action when intravenously injected at a dosage of 2—4mg/kg on anaesthetized dogs. This may respond a part of its effectiveness. The wikstroemin (C_(28)H_(32)O_(15)) was obtained in light yellow needles and possesses a characteristic double melting point, melting at 200—202℃ into transparent yellow liquid and resolidified at 210℃ and finally decomposed at 270—272℃. The pure substance was obtained in 0.05%. It is insoluble in ordinary organic solvents, but sparingly soluble in hot water or warmed ethanol and methanol. It exhibits no color reaction with FeCl_3, but developes a deep red coloration with Mg-HCl. It gave a positive color test with Molisch's reagent and produced a golden yellow coloration in alkali solution. Its paper chromatography showed R_f=0.46 (BuOH:HOAc:H_2O=4:1:5). U. V. spectra in absolute ethanol shows peaks λ_(max) 262 and 333mμ (log ε=4.45 and 4.50). On acid hydrolysis, the wikstroemin gave an aglycone (C_(16)H_(12)O_5 m. p. 290—293°) and two moles of glucose. Although the wikseroemin gave a negative color reaction with FeCl_3, but its aglycone developed a violet brown coloration. This proves that the 5-position hydroxy group has been opened on hydrolysis. From the above properties, wikstroemin has been identified as a flavone glycoside and its aglycone as genkwanin by the comparison of U. V. spectra and mixed melting point with authentic sample. The digluconide has been proved to be linked on the 5-position in A ring as a known compound genkwanin-4'-methylether (C_(17)H_(14)O_5, m. p. 169—171℃) which was successively isolated on mild methylation and then hydrolysis. From this fact, there is ample reason to explain that the aglycone is not linked separately both in 5 and 4'-positions. Wikstroemin will not be hydrolysed by the emulsin which was freshly prepared from bitter almond. The structure formula, therefore, has been confirmed to be (Ib), as genkwanin-5-α-D-glucosido-α-D-glucose.

    自瑞香科(Thymelaeceae)植物南岭荛花(Wikstroemia viridiflora Meisen,一种民間植物药,俗名海底龙)中分得一种新黄酮甙結晶,命名为南荛素(wikstroemin),分子式C_(28)F_(32)O_(15),具有双熔点200—202℃,270—272℃。由紫外吸收光譜及紙上层析知属于黄酮类。水解后得甙元,分子式C_(16)H_(12)O_5,熔点290—293℃,經乙酰化、甲基化产物的制备以及甙元及衍生物的各种物理化学性貭比較,証明甙元为芫花素(genkwanin)。所連接的糖为葡萄糖,經测定为2分子葡萄糖,并証实接在5位上,糖型为α型。因此南荛素的結构应为(Ib)所示。

    Thirteen vegetable drugs used in Chinese traditional medicine or folk medicine were screened for antiphlogistic activity in animals. Irritation arthritis produced in rats by subcutaneous injections of either formalin or egg white to the ankle joint of the hind leg was employed for the test. The decoctions and (or) alcoholic extracts made from the drugs were administered orally at dosages corresponding to 10 gm crude drug per kg 30—40 minutes prior to the injection of egg white or 5 gm (crude drug)/kg once...

    Thirteen vegetable drugs used in Chinese traditional medicine or folk medicine were screened for antiphlogistic activity in animals. Irritation arthritis produced in rats by subcutaneous injections of either formalin or egg white to the ankle joint of the hind leg was employed for the test. The decoctions and (or) alcoholic extracts made from the drugs were administered orally at dosages corresponding to 10 gm crude drug per kg 30—40 minutes prior to the injection of egg white or 5 gm (crude drug)/kg once daily for 5 days starting 24 hours after the injection of formalin. The results indicate that pretreatment of the animals with preparations of Pottsia laxiflora O. Ktze, Elephantopus tomentosus L., Zingiber officinale Rose, and Serissa sp. markedly inhibited the development of egg white irritation arthritis. Ledebouriella seseloides Wolff and Asarum sieboldi Miq. were less active. Although the development of egg white irritation arthritis was not inhibited by Coix lackryma-jobi L., Dipsucus sp., Achyranthes bidentata Bl. (alcoholic extracts), Eupatorium stoeckadosmum Hance (alcoholic extract), and Elephantopus scaber L., the swelling of the ankle joints regressed more rapidly under the influence of these preparations. Of the 6 preparations tested for the treatment of formalin arthritis, alcoholic extracts of A. bidentata and E. scaber were shown to be more effective than A. sieboldi, C. lackryma-jobi and Serissa sp., while L. seseloides was inactive.

    用大鼠蛋白性及甲醛性关节炎的病理模型,对十三种中医临床已用或祖国医学文献上记载的中药和从地方搜集的民间单方进行了抗关节炎作用的研究.发现对大鼠蛋白性关节炎的抑制作用,以腰骨藤茎叶及白花地胆草为最突出,生姜、六月雪及腰骨藤根等次之,防风及细辛等则稍弱.对大鼠甲醛性关节炎的治疗作用则以怀牛膝酒剂及地胆草酒剂为最明显,细辛、薏仁及六月雪亦有一定作用.

     
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