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civil
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  民用
    Suggested Item and Its Explanation About Soil-structure Interaction in a Seismic Design Code for Industrial and Civil Buildings
    工业与民用建筑抗震设计规范中关于土与结构相互作用的条文建议及说明
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    Setting Calculation of Regulator Parameters for Designing Automatic Civil Steam Boiler Feed System
    民用蒸汽锅炉自动给水系统设计中调节器整定计算
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    Research on Standard of Thermal Comfort Environment in Civil Buildings
    民用建筑环境热舒适标准的探讨
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    Discussion on Calculation Method of Energy Savings for Civil Architecture
    民用建筑节能量计算方法探讨
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    CIVIL NATURE OF INDUSTRIAL BUILDING
    工业建筑的民用
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  土建
    Practical Applications of Optimization Technique to the Design of Civil Engineering Structures
    优化技术在土建结构设计中的应用
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    On the optimization of civil engineering
    论土建工程的优化
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    The Characteristics of the Civil Engineering Education in German Industrial Colleges stating simultaneously the educational reformation of the civil engineering in colleges of China
    德国工业高等学校土建类教育的特点——兼述我国高等工程专科土建类专业的教育改革
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    The Volume Design of Civil Construction for Project of Power Plant
    说“卷册设计”——针对火力发电工程土建专业
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    Civil Engineering Design for Explosive Product Material Storehouse
    爆炸品器材库的土建设计
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  “civil”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Studies on Structural Identification Method in Civil Engineering
    土木工程中结构识别方法的研究
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    Study on the Computer Tomography and Generalized Inversion of Civil Engineering
    土木工程的层析成像与广义反演研究
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    Research on Distributed Fiber Sensing Technology and Its Application to Civil Structural Health Monitoring
    工程健康监测的分布式光纤传感技术及应用研究
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    Semi-active Control of the Asymmetric Civil Structures with MRD
    非对称建筑结构的磁流变阻尼器半主动控制
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    Research on Performance Monitoring System and Damage Identification Method for Civil Engineering Structures
    土木工程结构的性能监测系统与损伤识别方法研究
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  civil
A damage detection program for complex civil structure was generated to implement the identification of damage location and extent.
      
The law-breaking cost of enterprises is jointly decided by the administrative liability, civil liability and criminal liability.
      
However, in China, the enterprises breaking through the law are mainly penalized for the administrative liabilities, focusing less on the civil compensation liability on the environmental damage and criminal liabilities on the environmental crimes.
      
Nevertheless, a complete environmental liability system is composed by administrative punishment, civil compensation and criminal sanction, none of which is dispensable.
      
The results of analytical studies of the problems arising in connection with the prediction of ground water flow in civil engineering, hydrogeology and irrigation engineering are reviewed.
      
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Plasticizing agent is an organic surface-active admixture for cement mortar and concrete. It may be introduced also as an "addition" to the clinker during the grinding process in the manufacture of plasticizing Portland cement. In the USSR, the plasticizing agent under the name of "has been extensively and successfully used in construction works.The plasticizing agent is prepared by chemical treatment of the waste from the alcoholic fermentation of sulfite liquor in pulp manufacture. It contains calcium lignin...

Plasticizing agent is an organic surface-active admixture for cement mortar and concrete. It may be introduced also as an "addition" to the clinker during the grinding process in the manufacture of plasticizing Portland cement. In the USSR, the plasticizing agent under the name of "has been extensively and successfully used in construction works.The plasticizing agent is prepared by chemical treatment of the waste from the alcoholic fermentation of sulfite liquor in pulp manufacture. It contains calcium lignin sulphonate as an effective component and thus possesses hydrophilic property. Due to the adsorption of the agent, a colloidal layer is formed on the surface of the cement particle; hence the effective dispersion and the increase of lubricity between the particles.Following the Soviet experience of CCB, the Materials-Testing and Research Laboratory of Shanghai Civil Engineering Bureau successfully experimented with the preparation of thermal polymer of the plasticizing agent, and a series of tests on the characteristics of the agent were made. This paper attempts to describe the method of preparation and the main properties of the agent.The addition of the agent in an amount of 0.1—0.2% of cement (dry weight) markedly improves the workability and the texture of the mortar and concrete mixtures. It reduces the water requirement and the cement content. It improves the impermeability and durability of the hardened mortar and concrete.The agent has a retarding effect on the setting of cement. It lowers the early strength of mortar and concrete, while the strength of later age is higher than those without admixtures. The use of CaCl_2 accelerator in 0.5—1% of cement by weight speeds up the rate of development of the early strength.The proper dosage of the agent depends upon the properties of cement. Therefore, certain tests should be made with the specified cement and aggregates on the job before the adoption of the agent.

本文介紹亞硫酸鹽酒精液滓塑化劑實驗室中的試製以及對於水泥膠砂及混凝土技術性能方面的作用。首先說明一些塑化劑的理論及亞硫酸鹽酒精液滓的技術規格,再簡要的介紹上海市政工程局材料試驗研究所試驗研究的經過和結果;最后综合蘇聯對於塑化劑和塑化水泥使用的先進經驗。塑化剂是一種有機的表面活動性物質,利用造紙工業发液進行酒精發酵所得的液滓。加入微量的塑化劑——約為水泥重量的0.1—0.25%,可以顯著的改善膠砂和混凝土的性質。在增加流動性、改善和易性和提高耐久性方面,有十分的效用,尤其是對節約水泥用量有极大的意義。祖國的建设事業正迫切需要這類新型的建築材料,因此提供一些试驗研究結果,以供国家主管機關和科技工作同志們深入研究和推廣使用時的參考。

This article about the interior decoration of civil aircraft cabin is based upon practical experience in this particular field.It briefly summarizes the general principle and working procedure in design.It deals with the appropriate partitioning of the cabin space,the right selection of decorative material,the use of color in good taste as well as the suitable application of the lighting equipment.

本文是通过具体工作实践,初步总结了民航机客舱,各部分空间的造型处理、面材选择、色彩运用、灯光布置等一般规律及设计手法。供客机内舱装饰设计参考。

This paper introduces the design, construction and test of an experimental building using the monolithically joined prefabricated slab-column structure system by means of poit-tensioning. The advantages of this structure system are higher load bearing capacity, higher earthquake resistance and good index of economy.lt can be broadly used in civil buildings and light industrial buildings with longer spans.

本文介绍一种采用整体预应力装配式板柱结构体系的试验楼的设计、施工工艺和试验工作。这种结构具有较好的承载能力、抗震性和技术经济指标,适用于一般民用建筑和跨度较大的轻工业厂房。

 
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