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urinary calculi
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  尿路结石
     ESWL for 1380 Cases of Urinary Calculi
     ESWL治疗尿路结石1380例报告
短句来源
     【Methods】 Retrospectively analyze 106 upper urinary calculi cases by mPCNL.
     方法对106例行mPCNL的上尿路结石患者的临床资料进行回顾性分析。
短句来源
     Comparison the Clinical Characteristic of the 846 First Operation Patients and the 412 Reoperation Patients for Urinary Calculi in HuaXi Hospital in Recent 5 Years
     华西医院泌尿外科近5年尿路结石住院病人846例首次手术和412例再次手术的临床特点对比分析
短句来源
     Methods The levels of Testo,E2,PRL,LH,FSH and PTH were measured in 52 patients(34 males,18 females) with upper urinary calculi and 40 healthy controls(20 males,20 females).
     方法测定34例男性、18例女性原发性上尿路结石患者和男女各20例健康对照者血清睾酮(Testo)、雌二醇(E2)、催乳素(PRL)、促黄体生成激素(LH)、促卵泡成熟激素(FSH)及甲状旁腺素(PTH)水平。
短句来源
     Conclusion MR virtual ureterorenoscopy could detect urinary calculi more than 2mm in diameter, of which the best techniques is MRH with HT 2 FSE sequences.
     结论 磁共振仿真输尿管肾镜能够检出直径 2mm以上尿路结石 ,以HT2 FSE技术为佳 ;
短句来源
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  尿结石
     The types of urinary calculi were detected by infrared spectrometer.
     尿结石标本经红外光谱议鉴定结石成分,确定结石类型;
短句来源
     Determination of Main Component of Urinary Calculi by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometry
     红外光谱法测定尿结石主要成分
短句来源
     Analysis of component 370 cases of urinary calculi in regions where Zhuang nationality live in compact communities
     壮族聚居区370例尿结石成分分析
短句来源
     More than 100 cases of urinary calculi were analyzed by Fourier transform infrared spectrometry.
     用傅立叶变换红外光谱仪鉴定分析了100余例尿结石样品,利用计算机检索功能按其主要成分归类。
短句来源
     Results:The chemical composition of urinary calculi was distinguished by color changing, precipitating and gas generating, then by the combination of positive reactions of ions.
     结果:结果的判断以颜色改变、沉淀生成及气体产生等现象为依据,再根据离子的阳性反应组合判断尿结石成份。
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  泌尿系结石
     Changes of SST,SOD,6-OH and EGF in Serum and Urine of Patients with Urinary Calculi before and after ESWL
     泌尿系结石患者体外震波碎石前后血清和尿液SST,SOD,6-OH和EGF变化的研究
短句来源
     Treatment of Urinary Calculi with the Frequency-Doubled Double-Pulse U-100 Neodymium of YAG Laser (A Report of 101 cases)
     双频双脉冲U-100Nd:YAG激光碎石治疗泌尿系结石(附101例报告)
短句来源
     Methods 101 cases of urinary calculi treated by the frequency-doubled double-Pulse U-100 Nd of YAG laser under ureteroscope and cystoscope were reviewed retrospectively, included 83 cases with ureterolith, 15 with cystolith and 3 with posterior urethral calculus.
     方法 应用双频双脉冲U 10 0Nd :YAG激光经输尿管镜和尿道膀胱镜治疗泌尿系结石10 1例 ,其中输尿管结石 83例 ,膀胱结石 15例 ,后尿道结石 3例。
短句来源
     Analysis of Composition of Urinary Calculi in 710 Cases and Dietary Prevention
     710例泌尿系结石成份分析与饮食预防
短句来源
     Materials and Methods Experimental group: 27 urinary calculi were performed MSCT and SSCT using different parameters.
     资料与方法实验组:27个取自患者的泌尿系结石,分别经设置不同扫描参数的单层螺旋CT(SSCT)和MSCT扫描。
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  “urinary calculi”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The high risk factors of the four-type urinary calculi were as follows:① 92.9% patients of COM ate animal albumen regularly,and urinary pH within 24h of 85.7% patients were lower than 6.0(P﹤0.01).
     4种不同类型尿结石的主要危因素为:①92.9%的一水草酸钙(COM)结石患者常吃动物蛋白,85.7%的患者24h尿pH低于6.0(P﹤0.01);
短句来源
     Mela-analysis' results showed that the aggregate OR and 95%CI of the effect of increasing water intake for the prevention of urinary calculi were 0.64 and 0.53-0.77;
     Meta-分析的结果表明,增加饮水量预防泌尿系结石的OR合并及95%可信区间分别为0.64和0.53-0.77,具有统计学意义;
短句来源
     Results 49 patients in the experiment group excreted urinary calculi wholly(96.08%), 2 patients excreted partly(3.92%), and 4 patients needed shock again(7.8%).
     结果实验组51例2周内完全排出者49例(96.08%),部分排出者2例(3.92%),复震者4例(7.8%);
短句来源
     But there is no significant difference of urinary calculi between the two groups(χ 2=3.619,P=0.057).
     尿石症患病率差异无显着性意义 ( χ2 =3 .619,P =0 .0 5 7)。
短句来源
     Methods 100 patients with urinary calculi of about 0.8~ 2.0cm, but without contraindications, were randomly divided into the experiment group (n=51) and the control group (n=49).
     方法选择100例结石大小为0.8~2.0cm以内,无禁忌证的泌尿系结石病人,随机分成实验组(51例)及对照组(49例)。
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  urinary calculi
Relation of phosphate to formation of calcium oxalate urinary calculi
      
Studies on the composition and structure of urinary calculi by infrared spectroscopy, polarizing microscopy and scanning electro
      
The infrared spectroscope, polarizing microscope and scanning electron microscope were used in the study of the composition and structure of urinary calculi.
      
Although the formation of urinary calculi was stopped in 94% of cases, a deterioration of renal function and hypertension was seen in symptomatic (12.5% and 9.2%, respectively) and oligosymptomatic patients (6.7% and 13.3%, respectively).
      
Heavy metals are incorporated in human urinary calculi during a complex pathological process.
      
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Seven types of onset of renal tubular acidosis were reported, namely: hypopotassemic paralysis, osteoarthragia, chronic acidosis, nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, hypocalcemic tetany, arrhythmia due to hypopotassemia and urinary calculi, each type one case. Before the correct diagnosis was established, all had been misdiagnosed as periodic paralysis, rheumatoid arthritis, acidosis associated with shock, diabetes insipidus, neurosis, rheumatic myocarditis and coronary heart disease respectively. The causes...

Seven types of onset of renal tubular acidosis were reported, namely: hypopotassemic paralysis, osteoarthragia, chronic acidosis, nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, hypocalcemic tetany, arrhythmia due to hypopotassemia and urinary calculi, each type one case. Before the correct diagnosis was established, all had been misdiagnosed as periodic paralysis, rheumatoid arthritis, acidosis associated with shock, diabetes insipidus, neurosis, rheumatic myocarditis and coronary heart disease respectively. The causes of misdiagnosis were analysed and its diagnostic clue and differential diagnosis combining with its pathophysiology were discussed. To this disease, the early diagnosis is of great importance. The various types of onset described above often became the clue in diagnosing this disease. A thourough comprehension of the clinical features and their complexity and variability would be of help to the establishment of its early diagnosis.

本文报告肾小管性酸中毒的七种起病类型各一例,即低钾肌麻痹、骨关节痛、慢性酸中毒、肾性尿崩、低钙手足搐搦、低钾心律紊乱及尿路结石。病程中曾分别被误诊为周期性麻痹、类风湿性关节炎、休克酸中毒、尿崩症、神经官能症、风湿性心肌炎和冠心病等。分析其误诊原因、并结合病理生理对诊断线索及鉴别要点作了讨论。早期诊断对于本病十分重要,上述各种起病类型常成为本病的诊断线索,了解这些表现并认识其复杂性,多样性,将有助于本病的早期诊断。

Observations on the fine structure o[ urinary calculi in 15 cases were made by means of SEM along with chemical analysis, and 12 basic forms of the calculi were found. It is believed that salts exist in the calculi in the form of crystal,and the matrix theory and crystal theory are not inconsistent. Some of our views on the machanism of the formation of concentric lamina are not found in existing literatures. In 4 cases out of 15 the urinary calculi were composed of the crystals of sulfa...

Observations on the fine structure o[ urinary calculi in 15 cases were made by means of SEM along with chemical analysis, and 12 basic forms of the calculi were found. It is believed that salts exist in the calculi in the form of crystal,and the matrix theory and crystal theory are not inconsistent. Some of our views on the machanism of the formation of concentric lamina are not found in existing literatures. In 4 cases out of 15 the urinary calculi were composed of the crystals of sulfa drugs.It is suggested that in treating urinary tract infections with sulfa drugs, care should be taken. SEM is an effective tool for research on urolithiasis.

作者应用扫描电子显徽镜对15例病人的尿石微细结构进行了观察,对照化学分析结果,在尿石中找见十二种基本形态。认为盐类是以结晶形式存在于尿石中。简单讨论了尿石成因的基质学说与结晶学说,认为两派学说应该互相补充,对尿石中年轮状结构形成的机理,补充了已有文献上的看法。15例标本中有4例是由磺胺药物结晶参与尿石形成,故建议今后治疗尿路感染时应慎用磺胺药物。通过观察,认为扫描电镜是研究尿石症的有效科研工具。

Twelve upper urinary calculi were studied for their ultra-stuctures with the scanning electron microscope.The composition of all the calculi was first determined by infrared spectroscopy.The scanning electron microscope showed the characteristic features of each of the five different types of calculi,i.e:whewellite-hydroxyapatite,weddelite-hydroxyapatite,whewellite-uric acid,carbonate apatite and struvite-apatite calculi.The observation of ultra-structure provides useful data for the...

Twelve upper urinary calculi were studied for their ultra-stuctures with the scanning electron microscope.The composition of all the calculi was first determined by infrared spectroscopy.The scanning electron microscope showed the characteristic features of each of the five different types of calculi,i.e:whewellite-hydroxyapatite,weddelite-hydroxyapatite,whewellite-uric acid,carbonate apatite and struvite-apatite calculi.The observation of ultra-structure provides useful data for the further investigation of the relationship between the different compositions in the formation of calculi.

本文应用扫描电镜研究了12例上尿路结石,全部结石成分均先通过红外光谱进行确定。扫描电镜展示了五种不同类型结石的典型图象。即一水草酸钙-羟基磷灰石型、二水草酸钙-羟基磷灰石型、一水草酸钙-尿酸型、碳酸磷灰石型和磷酸镁按-磷灰石型结石。这种微细结构的观察对于进一步研究成石过程中不同成分之间的相互关系提供了有用的资料。

 
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