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temporomandibular
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  temporomandibular
Eventually, a RP model of a temporomandibular joint fabricated according to its slicing pictures is illustrated.
      
Investigations at the University Dental Clinic of Graz showed that the hinge axis of the temporomandibular joint in the growing individual can be altered by orthodontic treatment.
      
Anterior disk displacement of the temporomandibular joint
      
The condylar dimension and the condylar neck length of the ipsilateral and of the contralateral temporomandibular joints were measured from the axial and parasagittal reconstructions and were compared on the basis of sex, age and fracture type.
      
The temporomandibular joint with its complex pattern of movement is able to create physiological mechanisms of compensation to react to different dental and skeletal features.
      
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465 patients with temporomandibular joint dysfunction were treatedat our Dental Clinic in 1974 and 1975. An analysis of these materialshas been worked out and the recent literature reviewed with compari-son. The relations of the patients' sex, age, profession and durationof symptoms with this disease have been discussed. The patients' subjec-tive symptoms have been analysed. The authors suggested that variousfactors of abnormal occlusion are most likely the essential etiology ofthis disease. The abnormalities...

465 patients with temporomandibular joint dysfunction were treatedat our Dental Clinic in 1974 and 1975. An analysis of these materialshas been worked out and the recent literature reviewed with compari-son. The relations of the patients' sex, age, profession and durationof symptoms with this disease have been discussed. The patients' subjec-tive symptoms have been analysed. The authors suggested that variousfactors of abnormal occlusion are most likely the essential etiology ofthis disease. The abnormalities of the occlusion are grouped into 9 typeswhich may be helpful for diagnosis and therapy. The most important signs and symptoms have been discussed.

作者对1974年和1975年口腔门诊收治的465例颞颌关节功能紊乱症的患者进行了治疗,并与晚近文献作了对比分析。 按照治疗的结果作者认为各种不正常(牙合)的因素很可能是此病的主要病因。由此划分各种异常(牙合)为九种类型,它将有助于诊断和治疗。对本病的重要体征和症状进行了讨论。

One hundred human skulls, according to their occlusions of differenttypes, were divided into 4 groups. The depth and the sloping angle ofcondyle path of the temporomandibular fossa, the form of the mandibu-lar condyle and the direction of the long axis of the head of the con-dyle were measured. The forms of the fossa and condyle, and their re-lative positions at centric occlusion were observed. It was found that whereprotrusive and lateral occlusions could be made rather freely, the depthand the sloping...

One hundred human skulls, according to their occlusions of differenttypes, were divided into 4 groups. The depth and the sloping angle ofcondyle path of the temporomandibular fossa, the form of the mandibu-lar condyle and the direction of the long axis of the head of the con-dyle were measured. The forms of the fossa and condyle, and their re-lative positions at centric occlusion were observed. It was found that whereprotrusive and lateral occlusions could be made rather freely, the depthand the sloping angle of the temporomandibular fossa would tend to besmaller; at the same time, the space between fossa and condyle wouldbe larger; and the moving pathway of the condyle would be wider. Onthe contrary, the depth and sloping angle of the fossa appeared to belarger; and the space between the fossa and the condyle would becomenarrower; as a result, the movement of the condyle would have a cer-tain extent of limitation. Generally, the directions of the long axis ofthe head of the condyles could be divided into 3 types, and these divi-sions were related to the form of occlusion.

将100个颅骨按型分为四组,对关节凹深度、斜度,髁状突形态及髁状突小头的轴向等进行了测量,并对关节凹及髁状突的形态和正中位时二者的关系位置进行了观察。发现前伸(牙合)及侧(牙合)不受限的(牙合)型,其关节凹的深度、斜度一般偏小,关节凹与髁状突间有较宽的间隙,髁状突的活动范围较大;反之,则关节凹的深度、斜度较前者偏大,凹与突的间隙较小,髁状突的运动受到一定的限制。髁状突小头的轴向分三型,与(牙合)型有关。

The prognathism are frequentlyoccurred in adult. Maxillary and man-dibular discrepancy,which produce theclinical appearance of mandibular pro-gnathism, and mandibular overclosurecombined with a poorly supported up-per lip, thus it is distressing for theaffected individual. The facial appea-rance is like dish and the co--existingabnormal occlusion is frequently thecauses of temporomandibular joint pa-thology and masticatory problems.Usually these patients have particulardento--facial deformities. The application...

The prognathism are frequentlyoccurred in adult. Maxillary and man-dibular discrepancy,which produce theclinical appearance of mandibular pro-gnathism, and mandibular overclosurecombined with a poorly supported up-per lip, thus it is distressing for theaffected individual. The facial appea-rance is like dish and the co--existingabnormal occlusion is frequently thecauses of temporomandibular joint pa-thology and masticatory problems.Usually these patients have particulardento--facial deformities. The application of diphyosont den-ture in the prosthodontic prognathismwere described in this article. Tech-niques were for establishing the oc-clusal vertical dimension of occlusion,and support for the upper. lip. Thecombination of these treatment plan-nings aids the prosthodontic rehabilita-tion for four adult cases,from 1973 to1980, one male and three females. This article reported twe cases, withparticular dento--facial deformities forapplication of the diphyosont dentureto the prothodontic rehabilitation. Case A. A female of 34 years oldwas referred who has symptoms of tem-poromandibular joint dysfunction dur-ing mastication, with class Ⅲ maloc-clusion. This patient was distressedaware of her prognathic and dish likeappearance. Case B. A female of 24 years oldwhose teeth 4321|1234/54321|1234 were cross-bite. Lower anterior teeth bite in thegingivae of the labial surface of theupper anterior teeth during mastication. The diphyosont denture in the pros-thodontic prognathism is an effectivemethod. Altogether five removablepartial dentures were constructed andobtained satifactory results, for examplein esthetics and functions. The indication and prostheticmethod were discussed.

本文报导应用双牙列修复体矫治4例下颌前突畸形,达到矫正畸形,恢复功能,增进美观的目的。并对修复体的适应症,矫治方法等进行讨论。

 
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