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wheat     
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  小麦
     Study on Transfer of Chitinase Gene into Wheat
     几丁质酶(Chitinase)基因转化小麦的研究
短句来源
     STUDY ON QTL FOR ABSORPTION AND UTILIZATION OF NITROGEN, PHOSPHORUS, AND POTASSIUM IN WHEAT (Triticum aestivum L.) SEEDLINGS
     小麦(Triticum aestivum L.)苗期氮、磷、钾吸收和利用的数量性状位点研究
短句来源
     Transgenic Wheat Resistant to Barley Yellow Dwarf Virus GPV Using Replicase Gene
     大麦黄矮病毒GPV株系复制酶基因介导的抗病毒转基因小麦的研究
短句来源
     PHYSIOLOGICAL BASIS AND REGULATION OF FLORET DEVELOPMENT IN WHEAT
     小麦小花发育的生理基础及调控研究
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     Study on the application of molecular marker technique in breeding wheat for powdery mildew resistance and constructing DNA fingerfrinting of wheat
     分子标记技术在小麦抗白粉病育种及指纹图谱分析中的应用研究
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     Study on Biochemical and Genetic Basis of Quality Breeding in Common Wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.) in Southwest China
     中国西南区普通小(Triticum Aestivum L.)优质育种的生化遗传基础研究
短句来源
     A Study on Greenhouse Gases (CO_2,CH_4 and N_2O) Emissions from Rice-Winter Wheat Rotations in Southeast China
     稻轮作生态系统温室气体(CO_2、CH_4和N_2O)排放研究
短句来源
     Construction of H.villosa cDNA Library, Cloning and Function Analysis of Wheat (Triticum Aestivum) Resistance Relative Gene
     簇毛cDNA文库构建及小抗病相关基因克隆与功能分析
短句来源
     PRELIMINARY STUDY ON THE WHEAT MITE,PENTHALEUS SP. IN YAHAN, SZECHWAN
     雅安地区圆蜘蛛(Penthaleus sp.)的初步研究
短句来源
     THE BIOLOGY OF THE ROUND WHEAT MITE(PENTHALEUS SP.)AND BROWN WHEAT MITE(PETROBIA LATENS(MLLER))
     园蜘蛛(Penthaleus sp.)及长腿蜘蛛(Petrobia latens(Müller))的生物学研究
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  冬小麦
     Molecular Cytogenetic analysis of Chinese winter wheat germplasm Aimengniu
     冬小麦种质“矮孟牛”的分子细胞遗传学研究
短句来源
     Construction of Dynamic Model and Analysis of Dynamic Character for Growth of Root and Shoot of Winter Wheat under Fluctuated Soil Water Conditions
     土壤水变动下冬小麦根、冠生长动态模型的建立及根、冠动态特性分析
短句来源
     Diagnosis of N Status of Winter Wheat Using Digital Image Processing and Soil-Plant Testing Techniques
     应用数字图像技术与土壤植株测试进行冬小麦氮营养诊断
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     Characterization and Physiological and Genetic Analysis of Phosphorus Efficiency in Winter Wheat Germplasms
     冬小麦磷高效种质鉴定及其生理遗传分析
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     Study on Estimating Canopy Surface Temperature of Winter Wheat by Using NOAA Data and Its Primary Application
     基于NOAA卫星的冬小麦冠层表面温度估算及初步应用的研究
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  普通小麦
     Transfer, Identification and Expression of Barley α-Amylase Inhibitor Gene Isa-H1 in Wheat
     大麦2H染色体上的α-淀粉酶抑制蛋白基因Isa-H1向普通小麦的导入、鉴定及表达
短句来源
     Genetic Analysis and QTL Mapping of Quality Traits in Common Wheat
     普通小麦品质性状遗传与QTL分析
短句来源
     Isolation and Characterization of Myb and Dof Genes in Hexaploid Wheat (Triticum Aestivum. L)
     普通小麦Myb和Dof转录因子家族基因的克隆和表达研究
短句来源
     Study on Biochemical and Genetic Basis of Quality Breeding in Common Wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.) in Southwest China
     中国西南麦区普通小麦(Triticum Aestivum L.)优质育种的生化遗传基础研究
短句来源
     Genetics Study and Analysis of QTLs for Fusarium Head Blight Resistance in Wheat DH Populations
     普通小麦DH群体赤霉病抗性遗传研究及QTL检测和效应分析
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  wheat
Etiolated wheat coleptiles were inhibited 100 and 40%, respectively, at 10-3 and 10-4 M.
      
The results showed that there were significantly positive linear relationships between the inhibitory rates of wheat seed germination and root elongation and the CODcr of the mother liquor scraps.
      
The toxicity of MSG wastewater to the test crops was in the order of tomato >amp;gt; Chinese cabbage >amp;gt; wheat, indicating that tomato was the most sensitive to the wastewater, and could be considered as an ideal toxic bioindicator.
      
The initial stage of amino acid metabolism was intensified in germinating wheat seeds with exogenous glutamine and proline.
      
The strain formed extracellular phenol oxidases during surface growth on a liquid medium in the presence of guayacol and copper sulfate, as well as during submerged cultivation in liquid medium containing wheat bran and sugar beet pulp.
      
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This preliminary study of the influence of spikelet pruning on the quality and yield of wheat grains was carried out at Fukien Agricultural College in October 1952 through May 1953. The results are summarized as follows: 1. The number of grains increases in each spikelet as a result of pruning. 2. Size, weight, and protein content of the grain increase both with the difference in variety and the dates of planting. 3. Treated wheat plants ripen earlier. 4. The total yield decreases slightly. This...

This preliminary study of the influence of spikelet pruning on the quality and yield of wheat grains was carried out at Fukien Agricultural College in October 1952 through May 1953. The results are summarized as follows: 1. The number of grains increases in each spikelet as a result of pruning. 2. Size, weight, and protein content of the grain increase both with the difference in variety and the dates of planting. 3. Treated wheat plants ripen earlier. 4. The total yield decreases slightly. This is probably due to the fact that the gain in weight of grains does not overcome the loss of weight by the removal of some of the spikelets,

作者等于一九五二年十月至一九五三年五月在本校农场进行小麦花序修整的研究,结果归纳如下: 1.剩佘小穗的结实性,种子肥大性,及蛋白质含量均有提高,但提高的程度因品种和播种期而有所不同。 2.成熟期提早。 3.不同品种不同播种期,对于修整花序有不同的反应,以迟熟种的反应更为显著。 4.产量稍为减低,可能是因为千粒重的增加弥补不了粒数的减少。

Pleonomus canaliculatus Falderm. is one of the most destructive soil-inhabitinginsects to wheat in Honan. It causes considerable losses to the crop in spring bycutting the underground part of the stems, causing withering and death of the plant.The life history, distribution, host plants, morphology and rearing methods of theinsect are given in this paper. The overwintering adults become active in spring. Eggs are laid in the topsoil about the plant. They hatch in 5-8 weeks and the larvae grow to maturity...

Pleonomus canaliculatus Falderm. is one of the most destructive soil-inhabitinginsects to wheat in Honan. It causes considerable losses to the crop in spring bycutting the underground part of the stems, causing withering and death of the plant.The life history, distribution, host plants, morphology and rearing methods of theinsect are given in this paper. The overwintering adults become active in spring. Eggs are laid in the topsoil about the plant. They hatch in 5-8 weeks and the larvae grow to maturity inat least 15 months. Pupation takes place during late August up to mid-septemberand the pupal stage requires about 2 weeks. The young adults remain and overwinterin their pupal cells. Fall plowing to a depth of 6 to 9 inches soon after the harvest of summer cropswill destroy a great number of pupae and young adults by breaking up their cells inthe soil. The larvae are thus turned up and exposed to the predators. Rotation ofcrops by using sesame or legumes instead of millet preceding wheat, and summerfallow of the land are found to be helpful to lessening the infestation. Control may be effective by dusting γ-BHC (at,1.5 to 2.5 kgs of 0.5% γ-BHC permow mixed with 3 parts of dry soil or sand) into the top soil by means of a tripodhand-driller between the rows just before the activity of wireworms in spring.

1.沟金针虫需2年以上完成一代生活史。越冬成虫2月下旬出土,3月中旬至4月中旬为活动盛期,产卵在1至2寸表土内,卵于5月初孵化,卵期为5至8星期。老熟幼虫8月下旬开始化蛹。9月中旬起羽化,蛹期约2星期。成虫羽化后即行越冬。 2.越冬幼虫2月底至3月中旬开始向表土活动(10厘米处地温8—12℃左右),3月中旬及4月全月是为害盛期(80%以上幼虫集中在1至2寸之表土内),8月至12月表土之幼虫密度极小(仅有虫1.2—6.8%),不致为害成灾。 3.沟金针虫之天敌除一种壁虱(Cheyletus sp.)和一种蜘蛛及蚂蚁外,尚有寄生菌2种,具中一种经鉴定为冬虫夏草(Cordyceps sp.)之一种。 4.小麦整地时适当深犁(5—7寸)并精耕细作能毁杀大部分蛹体及成虫,并可将幼虫翻上来供鸟类捕食(9,10月间97%老熟幼虫,在5—7寸土内化蛹及羽化,同时88%幼虫分布于1—7寸土内)。此外以芝麻与豆类为小麦前作及夏季休间结合翻耕曝晒亦能减少虫害损失。 5.沟金针虫在河南的主要为害期系在春季,所以早春於麦行间耩666毒土或毒沙以毒杀向表土上升之幼虫是值得继续研究的。

The headblight or scab of wheat caused by Gibberella zeae (Schw.) Petch.has in recent years become more prevalent in the rice-wheat growing area ofEastern China with two heavy epidemics in 1952 and in 1954.It was reportedfrom this area that wheat varieties showed marked differences in their susceptibilityto headblight and that native varieties in general were less susceptible than theimproved ones.It was also reported that the degree of susceptibility appeared tobe related to the stage of host...

The headblight or scab of wheat caused by Gibberella zeae (Schw.) Petch.has in recent years become more prevalent in the rice-wheat growing area ofEastern China with two heavy epidemics in 1952 and in 1954.It was reportedfrom this area that wheat varieties showed marked differences in their susceptibilityto headblight and that native varieties in general were less susceptible than theimproved ones.It was also reported that the degree of susceptibility appeared tobe related to the stage of host development.In 1952,varieties with earlier date ofheading were generally less susceptible than those which headed late. Varietal tests for the headblight resistance were made in Nanking in 1952and 1954.In 1952,235 varieties and hybrids were studied for their resistance toscab under natural conditions in the field.Great differences were found in theirdegree of infection,although none of them was immune.The percentages of in-fected heads ranged from 0.9 to 89.1 with most of them having 10 to 40% infec-tion.No definite correlation was seen between the percentage of infection andthe date of heading or of maturing.In 1954,tests on varietal resistance to scabwere again made with 40 varieties and hybrids including those being relatively lesssusceptible in the previous test.Attempts were made to induce epidemics in thefield by means of artificial inoculation.Results indicated that both mycelial andconidial suspensions were similarly effective for artificial inoculation.The averagepercentages of infected heads in the inoculated plots ranged from 4.2 to 77.7 incontrast to the uninoculated plots where the average percentages of infected headsbeing only trace to 7.1 with one variety not infected. From the experimental results obtained in 1952 and 1954,it was found thatrelative stability in resistance to headblight existed among different wheat varie-ties,although there was great variation in varietal resistance due to the effect ofenvironmental factors.Two hybrids,"5201" and "5204",were found to be muchmore resistant than all other varieties tested in both years.Hybrid "5204" gave ??0.9% of infected heads in 1952 and 3.4% in 1954,and hybrid "5201" gave5.5 and 9.0% of infected heads in the respective years.Both hybrids also possessother desirable characteristics such as early maturity,relative high yield,stiffystems,and high resistance to the stripe rust. Greenhouse studies were made in 1954 with two susceptible varieties ofwheat for testing their susceptibility to headblight at six different stages of deve-lopment from shooting to hard dough.Results indicated that the plant was sus-ceptible at all these stages of development with a tendency of being more heavilyinfected toward maturity.It was also observed that temperature had obvious effecton the degree of infection.Plants inoculated at flowering stage were more heavilyinfected when kept at 25℃ after inoculation than when kept at 15℃.However,the inoculated plants kept at 25℃ during the day and at 15℃ at night resultedin a degree of infection similar to those kept at 25℃ all the time.

(一)小麦赤微病在苏、浙、皖的稻麦两熟地区经常严重发生,1952及1954年两度猖獗流行,造成苏南及浙江地区小麦生产上的严重损失。通过调查,发现各地小麦品种对病害的反应确有显著差异。地方品种,一般发病较轻,而改良品种如“2905”、“2419”、“玉皮”、“矮立多”等,常常严重地感染病害。(二)1952年在自然情况下,观察此较235个小麦品种结果,虽没有一个品种不发病,但品种间的发病率相差极大,自0.9%至89.1%,而不同品种感染程度的轻重与抽穗期及成熟期的早迟关系不大。(三)1954年大田人工接种结果,效果显著,供试40个品种接种区的最高发病率达77.7%,而自然感染区的最高发病率只有7.1%。在接种试验中,初步证明:(1)大量有效的病原体与适合病害发生的气候因子同是病害流行的主要条件;(2)接种方法,用菌丝体接种与用分生孢子接种的效果,并无多大差别;(3)品种的抽穗先后,与发病轻重无一定关系。(四)温室试验指出,小麦自抽穗至糊熟各期麦穗被害率相似,但小穗的被害率在抽穗期最低,开花以后,有愈近成熟感染程度愈重的趋势。(五)开花期接种后的小麦,置於25℃的麦穗被害率和置於15℃的相似,但前者的小穗被害率此后...

(一)小麦赤微病在苏、浙、皖的稻麦两熟地区经常严重发生,1952及1954年两度猖獗流行,造成苏南及浙江地区小麦生产上的严重损失。通过调查,发现各地小麦品种对病害的反应确有显著差异。地方品种,一般发病较轻,而改良品种如“2905”、“2419”、“玉皮”、“矮立多”等,常常严重地感染病害。(二)1952年在自然情况下,观察此较235个小麦品种结果,虽没有一个品种不发病,但品种间的发病率相差极大,自0.9%至89.1%,而不同品种感染程度的轻重与抽穗期及成熟期的早迟关系不大。(三)1954年大田人工接种结果,效果显著,供试40个品种接种区的最高发病率达77.7%,而自然感染区的最高发病率只有7.1%。在接种试验中,初步证明:(1)大量有效的病原体与适合病害发生的气候因子同是病害流行的主要条件;(2)接种方法,用菌丝体接种与用分生孢子接种的效果,并无多大差别;(3)品种的抽穗先后,与发病轻重无一定关系。(四)温室试验指出,小麦自抽穗至糊熟各期麦穗被害率相似,但小穗的被害率在抽穗期最低,开花以后,有愈近成熟感染程度愈重的趋势。(五)开花期接种后的小麦,置於25℃的麦穗被害率和置於15℃的相似,但前者的小穗被害率此后者高。日间25℃和夜间15℃交替的变温处理,发病情形与始终置於25℃的相近。(六)不同小麦品种对于赤微病具有相对稳定的抵抗性或感染性。“5201”及“5204”等杂交系,在自然感染和人工接种情形下,发病都很轻微,并且具有早熟、丰产、秆硬和高度抵抗条锈等优良特性。

 
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