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wheat     
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  小麦
    Mechanism of Male Sterility Induced by Chemical Hybridizing Agent-GENESIS in Wheat(Triticum aestivum L.)
    化学杂交剂——GENESIS诱导小麦雄性不育机理研究
短句来源
    The Combined Effects of Enhanced UV-B Irradiation and Doubled CO_2 on the Growth and Physioecology of Broad Bean and Wheat
    增强UV-B辐射和CO_2倍增的复合作用对蚕豆、小麦生长和生理生态的影响
短句来源
    Effect of γ-ray Irradiation on Drying Characteristics and Qualities of Rice and Wheat
    γ射线辐照对稻谷小麦干燥特性及品质的影响
短句来源
    STUDY ON THE IMPROVEMENT OF MUTAGENIC RATE IN WHEAT BY RADIATION
    提高小麦辐射诱变率的研究
短句来源
    MUTAGENIG EFFECTS OF ~(60)Co GAMMA RAY COMBINED WITH EMS IN WHEAT
    ~(60)Coγ射线与EMS复合处理小麦的诱变效应
短句来源
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    Studies on Flows of Materials,Light and Energy in Wheat─CottonDouble Cropping Fields in
    黄淮海棉区棉两熟光能流与物质流研究Ⅰ.共生期棉行光分布与日总量
短句来源
    MECHANICAL ANALYSIS ON WHEAT CROPS
    类农作物的力学分析
短句来源
    STUDY ON EVOLUTION OF SOIL ECOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT IN ZERO-TILLAGE RICE FIELDS AFTER WHEAT CROPPING AND COUNTERMEASURES
    后免耕直播稻田的生态环境演变与对策
短句来源
    The result of inspection reveals that the yield increase and the increasing rate are 75~90kg/hm2 and 7% for wheat;
    经检测,类增产75~90kg/hm2,增幅为7%左右;
短句来源
    Relative to the national standards on heavy metals in foods by the Chinese Ministry of Health, the contents of Cd, Cr, Cu and Pb in the wheat seeds exceed the upper limit by 14.71%、8.70%、6.50% and 17.40%, respectively. In the rice seeds, however, only the contents of Pb and Cd were over the upper limits (by 10.90% and 8.70%, respectively).
    用卫生部颁布的食品中重金属限量卫生标准评价稻籽粒重金属累积情况,其结果表明,小籽粒(旱作)中的Cd、Cr、Cu、Pb分别超标14.71%、8.70%、6.50%和17.40%,而水稻籽粒(水作)仅有Pb和Cd含量超标10.90%和8.70%。
短句来源
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  冬小麦
    N_2O Flux and CH_4 Uptake of Soil in Winter Wheat and Summer Maize Rotation System
    冬小麦/夏玉米轮作体系农田土壤N_2O排放和CH_4吸收特征
短句来源
    Optimized Fertilization Practice and Mathematical Modelling for High-yielding of Winter Wheat
    冬小麦高产优化施肥措施及数学模型建立
短句来源
    A Field Study on the Relationship of Soil Water Content and Water Uptake by Winter Wheat Root System
    冬小麦根系吸水与土壤水分条件关系的田间试验研究
短句来源
    Effect of Applicating MAP on Winter Wheat
    冬小麦施用磷酸一铵的效果
短句来源
    Study on Technology of Applying Fertilizer According to Moisture in Wheat
    冬小麦量水施肥技术研究
短句来源
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  普通小麦
    Study on Meiosis and Fertility of Fi-F_5 Hybrids from Common Wheat X Rye
    普通小麦×黑麦杂种F_1~F_5代的减数分裂行为与育性研究
短句来源
    Effect of Applying Nitrogen on Grain Protein in Durum Wheat and Common Wheat
    施氮时期对硬粒小麦和普通小麦籽粒蛋白质的影响
短句来源
    Special Chromosome Markers for E Genome and DNA Polymorphism between Agropyron elongatum (2n=14) and Common Wheat Detected by RAPD Markers
    长穗偃麦草(Agropyron elongatum,2n=14)与普通小麦间的多态性及E组染色体的特异RAPD标记
短句来源
    Abnormal behaviour of chromosomes,the fertility of pollen and the percentage of seed set of F1-F5hybrids from common wheat × rye are investigated.
    对普通小麦×黑麦杂种F_1~F_6代的减数分裂时期染色体的异常行为、花粉育性和结实率进行了调查。
短句来源
    Two wheat/Th. intermedium translocation lines F94631 and F94885-2 with resistant barley yellow dwarf virus(BYDV)resistance were studied on BYDV resistance and ex-Amy 2 zymogram. The results showed that the BYDV resistance gene and the α-Amy-X2(α-Amy-Ag12) gene which controls the α-Amy 2 isozymes are both located on the long arm of 7X (7Ai-1) chromosome.
    对抗大麦黄矮病毒病的普通小麦—中间偃麦草易位系F94631和F94885-2进行抗性和α-淀粉酶2同工酶电泳图谱的研究,证明抗性基因和控制α-淀粉酶2形成的结构基因α-Amy-Ag~i2(α-Amy—X2)均位于中间偃麦草第7组染色体(7Ai-1或7X)长臂上.
短句来源
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  wheat
Etiolated wheat coleptiles were inhibited 100 and 40%, respectively, at 10-3 and 10-4 M.
      
The results showed that there were significantly positive linear relationships between the inhibitory rates of wheat seed germination and root elongation and the CODcr of the mother liquor scraps.
      
The toxicity of MSG wastewater to the test crops was in the order of tomato >amp;gt; Chinese cabbage >amp;gt; wheat, indicating that tomato was the most sensitive to the wastewater, and could be considered as an ideal toxic bioindicator.
      
The initial stage of amino acid metabolism was intensified in germinating wheat seeds with exogenous glutamine and proline.
      
The strain formed extracellular phenol oxidases during surface growth on a liquid medium in the presence of guayacol and copper sulfate, as well as during submerged cultivation in liquid medium containing wheat bran and sugar beet pulp.
      
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In 1962 field trails were set up to evaluate the effectiveness of the three methods used in mixing of lindane protectant dusts for the control of pests in stored grain. The most effective method was to mix the lindane dusts homogeneously with the grain at a level of 5 p.p.m, of actual lindane. Admixture of the dusts to alternative layers of 0.5—1 m. in thickness or admixture of the dusts only to the surface layer of the grain during the filling of a bin was less effective. All the above methods of mixing showed...

In 1962 field trails were set up to evaluate the effectiveness of the three methods used in mixing of lindane protectant dusts for the control of pests in stored grain. The most effective method was to mix the lindane dusts homogeneously with the grain at a level of 5 p.p.m, of actual lindane. Admixture of the dusts to alternative layers of 0.5—1 m. in thickness or admixture of the dusts only to the surface layer of the grain during the filling of a bin was less effective. All the above methods of mixing showed fulI protection against the Angoumois grain moth, but they were sufficient to control the rice weevil, lesser grain borer, fiat grain beetle and flour beetle only when their initial infestations were at a low level. Admixture of 5 p.p.m, of actual lindane in stored grain was insufficient to prevent the infestation from saw-toothed grain beetle and book lice. Residues in the milled products of stored wheat treated with 5 p.p.m, of actual lindane after 3-9 months of storage were ranged as follows: 1.1-2.5 p.p.m, in the flour processed in the mill, 1.7-3.9 p.p.m, in the flour processed by the millstone and 4.8-10.4 p.p.m, in the wheat bran. Residues in the products of wheat with only the surface layer treated with 5 p.p.m. of actual lindane were 0.3 p.p.m, in the flour and 1.2 p.p.m, in the bran. With the rough rice treated with 5 p.p.m, of actual lindane, the residues were 0.7-1.0 p.p.m, in the milled rice and 4.6-12.0 p.p.m, in the bran. Residues from the rough rice treated by admixture of lindane dust to alternative layers were 0.42 and 2 p.p.m, in the milled rice and bran respectively. Residues in the corn flour were 1.9-3.7 p.p.m.. By this applied dosage, lindane had no detrimental effect on the germination vigor of various grains tested.

本試驗是1962年結合生产进行的。結果表明,粮堆中拌合百万分之5的林丹粉剂,以全部拌合防治效果最好;分层或表层拌合的,防治效果较差。无論那种拌合方式都可以有效地防治麦蛾;在原始害虫不多的情况下,对米象、长角谷盜和谷蠹也有良好防治效果,但对防治鋸谷盜和米虱,效果不明显。用百万分之5的林丹粉剂拌合小麦,加工后,林丹的残留量在机制粉中为百万分之1.1—2.5,石磨制粉中为百万分之1.7—3.9,麸皮中为百万分之4.8—10.4。表层拌合的小麦加工成面粉后,为百万分之0.3,麸皮中为百万分之1.2。全部拌合的稻谷加工后,大米及米糠中分別为百万分之0.57—1.0和4.6—12.0,分层拌合的稻谷加工品中則分別为百万分之0.42和2.0。全部拌合的玉米,加工成玉米粉后为百万分之1.9—3.7。上述拌合浓度,对种子发芽率没有影响。

Stored grains were treated with a GP6—J4 High-Frequency Dieletric HeatInstallation for disinfection.About 4 catties of grains were treated for 60—90seconds.When the grain temperature rose to above 60℃,Sitophilus zeamais andother stored grain insects in the samples all died.The speeds of the raising ofgrain temperatures varied for different kinds of grains.Generally,the tempera-tures in the cereals or in the seeds of pulses rose faster than those in the oilseeds.The germinating rates were influenced variously...

Stored grains were treated with a GP6—J4 High-Frequency Dieletric HeatInstallation for disinfection.About 4 catties of grains were treated for 60—90seconds.When the grain temperature rose to above 60℃,Sitophilus zeamais andother stored grain insects in the samples all died.The speeds of the raising ofgrain temperatures varied for different kinds of grains.Generally,the tempera-tures in the cereals or in the seeds of pulses rose faster than those in the oilseeds.The germinating rates were influenced variously for different kinds of seeds.The influence to the germinating rate of pulses was greater than the influence tothat of wheat,while the influence to that of rice was insignificant.

用GP6—J4型高频介质加热设备处理粮食害虫,四斤左右粮食约处理60—90秒钟,粮食升温最低点56℃以上,平均60℃以上,能全部杀死害虫。不同种类的粮食的升温快慢有差异,通常谷类和豆类种子比油料类种子升温快。平均温度60℃左右对不同的种子发芽率的影响有差异:对豆类影响较大,对小麦影响不大,对水稻基本上无影响。

Various protectant carriers were evaluated,using malathion 10ppm treatment,which was tested on it's effectiveness against Sitophilus zeamais.Rice husk showed the best results,the order of effectivenessfor the rest was wheat,polyethylene,moso bamboo,tianjur bamboo,masson pine,Chinese catalpa and polyethylene chloride. The rice-husk-carrier method had better persistant effectivenessand lower residue levels than the general spraying method.Also,it wasfound that a thirty centimeters protectant layer produced...

Various protectant carriers were evaluated,using malathion 10ppm treatment,which was tested on it's effectiveness against Sitophilus zeamais.Rice husk showed the best results,the order of effectivenessfor the rest was wheat,polyethylene,moso bamboo,tianjur bamboo,masson pine,Chinese catalpa and polyethylene chloride. The rice-husk-carrier method had better persistant effectivenessand lower residue levels than the general spraying method.Also,it wasfound that a thirty centimeters protectant layer produced good effective-ness.Full scale trials showed that nonuniform treatment by the ricehusk-carrier method produced adequate results.There was no need formixing whole bulk of grain as in the spraying method,so doing awaywith hard work.

选择多种物料作为防护剂载体,以马拉硫磷10ppm处理玉米象,以砻糠效果最好,其次按顺序为小麦、聚乙烯树酯、毛竹、天竺竹、松木、梓木、聚氯乙烯树酯。砻糠载体法比常规的喷雾法或药谷法对玉米象和谷蠹效果好。在粮食中残留始终很低。同时发现粮层厚度30厘米以内间隔施药药效好。生产性试验表明随粮食边入库边撒药糠的不均匀施药法是可行的,革除了旧法施药后彻底搅拌粮食的笨重体力劳动,提高了施药和食用安全程度。

 
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