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tracheostomy     
相关语句
  气管切开术
     Objective To compare the effects of percutaneous dilational tracheostomy (PDT) and conventional surgical tracheostomy (ST).
     目的 比较经皮扩张气管切开术 (percutaneous dilational tracheostomy,PDT)和常规手术气管切开术(surgical tracheostomy,ST)的效果和并发症。
短句来源
     Results:Four kinds of operative techniques,including tracheostomy in 203 cases (69.5%),percutaneous tracheal intubation in 58 cases(19.8%),thyrocricotomy in 25 cases(8.6%),and percuta- neous rotatory tracheostomy in 6 cases(2.1%),and among them ventilator was used in 95 cases.
     结果:本组病例有创呼吸支持方法采用气管切开术203例(69.5%)、气管穿刺导入气管套管术58例(19.8%)、环甲膜穿刺术25例(8.6%)、气管穿刺旋切术6例(2.1%)。
短句来源
     OBJECTIVE To compare the infection of the open tracheostomy (OT) and the percutaneous dilational tracheostomy (PDT) in critical treatment for severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS).
     目的 比较传统开放性气管切开术 (open tracheostom y,OT)与经皮扩张气管切开术 (percutaneous dila-tional tracheostomy,PDT)在严重急性呼吸综合征 (SARS)患者抢救中能否降低术者的感染机会。
短句来源
     The application of minimally invasive tracheostomy in critical patients
     微创气管切开术在危重病人的应用
短句来源
     Objective To compare the practicability and characteristics between percutaneous dilative tracheostomy(PDT) and traditional operational tracheostomy(OT).
     目的比较经皮扩张气管切开术(Percutaneous D ilative Tracheostomy PDT)和传统式外科开放性气管切开术(OperationalTracheostomy OT)的实用性及特点。
短句来源
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  气管切开
     Results Tracheostomy was performed on 2.7±2.4 postburn days (PBDs),and HFJV was given during 4.4±2.9 PBDs.
     结果 气管切开时间为伤后 (2 .7± 2 .4 )d ,HFJV时间为伤后(4.4 0± 2 .9)d。
短句来源
     While after 1997,there were 21 cases (17.5%) of postoperative crisis,12 cases of tracheostomy (10%).
     B组发生危象 2 1例 (17 5 % ) ,气管切开 12例 (10 % )。
短句来源
     With Logistic multiple regression analysis, the time of tracheostomy, the levels of HCT value, the amount of PLT were correlated with requirement of long-term mechanical ventilation (LTMV) (P<0.05 or P<0.01).
     Logistic多元回归分析显示,气管切开时间、HCT和PLT与LTMV患者的预后呈显著相关性(P<0.05或P<0.01)。
短句来源
     Results:The results showed that 736 cases(73.5%) were intubated within 10 minutes,212 cases(21.2%)within 11~20minutes and 45 cases(4.5%) within 21~30 minutes and only 7 patients(0.8%) were obliged to receive tracheostomy.
     结果 :在 10 0 0例患者中 10min内顺利完成插管占 73.5 % ,11~ 2 0min内完成的较困难插管占 2 1.2 % ,2 1~ 30min完成的困难插管占 4 .5 % ,气管切开后插管仅占 0 .8%。
短句来源
     Before December 1996,there were 23 cases (19.8%) of postoperative crisis,34 cases of tracheostomy (29.3%).
     其中A组发生危象 2 3例(19 8% ) ,气管切开 34例 (2 9 3% ) ;
短句来源
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  气管造口术
     Clinical Significance of Oxygen Inhalation during Tracheostomy to sPO_2 Change
     气管造口术中吸氧对sPO_2变化的临床意义
短句来源
     Clinical study of improved percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy
     改良式经皮扩张气管造口术的临床研究
短句来源
     Objective: Evaluation of percutaneous tracheostomy (PT) with surgical tracheostomy (ST).
     目的:探讨经皮穿刺气管造口术(PT)和常规气管切开术(ST)2种气管造口方法的临床效果。
短句来源
     Conclusions:In the circumstances that the reserved inferior trachea of chest is less than 5 cm long after excision of thoracocervical tracheocarcinoma, it is ideal to apply mediastinal tracheostomy below innominate artery.
     结论 :对颈胸段气管癌切除后所保留的低位胸段气管长度不足 5 0cm情况下 ,采用无名动脉下方纵隔气管造口术是一种较为理想的手术方式
短句来源
     Methods Among the 42 patients, according to the operation way were divided into two, groupⅠ(n=19) with transcutaneous tracheostomy, and groupⅡ(n=23) chose the traditional trachealaryngotomy. The operation time, the amout of bleeding, the size of incision, the ruptured air-pockets, and the vital signs intra-operation all were monitered.
     方法42例病人根据气管切开方式不同分为两组,Ⅰ组(n=19)应用经皮穿刺扩张气管造口术,Ⅱ组(n=23)采用传统气管切开术,记录两组病人在切开手术时间、出血量、切口大小、置管后气囊破裂等及术中生命体征变化作统计学分析。
短句来源
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  气管造口
     The heart rate(HR),mean arterial pressure(MAP),oxygen saturation by pulse oximetry(SPO2),time for tracheostomy,and postoperative complications were recorded at the time before operation(T1),during tracheostomy(T2),1 min(T3),3 min(T4),and 5 min(T5) after tracheostomy,respectively.
     比较气管造口前(T1)、气管造口即刻(T2)、气管造口后1 min(T3)、3 min(T4)、5 min(T5)时心率(heart rate,HR)、平均动脉压(mean arterial pressure,MAP)和脉搏血氧饱和度(saturation pulse oxygen,SPO2),以及气管造口完成时间和术后并发症。
短句来源
     Methods 128 critically ill patients scheduled for tracheotomy were randomly divided into two groups: percutanous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) group (group A, n = 65) and tracheotomy group (group B, n = 63).
     方法 将128例需气管切开的危重患者随机分为两组,即经皮扩张气管造口组(A组,n=65)和气管切开组门组,n= 63)。
短句来源
     6cases received tracheal intubation and3cases received tracheostomy(1case received tracheostomy after tracheal intubation).
     气管切开造口3例(其中1例先行气管插管,后又行气管造口),占机械通气病例的9.38%,占重症病例的2.29%。
短句来源
     3cases of tracheostomy all died.
     气管造口3例,均死亡。
短句来源
     Nursing care for patients with Ni-Ti alloy stent implantation in tracheostomy
     气管造口镍钛合金支架埋植术的护理
短句来源
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      tracheostomy
    The endoscopic guided puncture tracheostomy has established itself in many intensive care units.
          
    Manufacturers offer complete tracheostomy kits, based on the described techniques from Ciaglia (Cook?-Set), as well as from Griggs (Portex?-Set).
          
    The goal of this investigation was to show the advantages, disadvantages, costs and risks of the puncture tracheostomy and to make a comparison using conventional procedures.
          
    At present there is a noticable trend in the literature and clinical practise that different medical specialities prefer various procedures of tracheostomy in intensive care medicine rather onesided and without consensus of opinion.
          
    The indications are based on both the history of present illness and its course and the contraindications of percutaneous tracheostomy methods.
          
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    Thirteen cases of supraglottic cancer extending to various contiguous parts of the glottic region treated with horizontal laterovertical or horizontal anterovertical subtotal laryngectomy and repaired by the use of cervical myocutaneous flap are reported.All 13 patients were living and well up to the date of reporting, among whom. 11 cases had the laryngeal functions (phonation. deglutition and respiration) completely restored following the extraction of the tracheostomic tube while 2 cases had partially restored...

    Thirteen cases of supraglottic cancer extending to various contiguous parts of the glottic region treated with horizontal laterovertical or horizontal anterovertical subtotal laryngectomy and repaired by the use of cervical myocutaneous flap are reported.All 13 patients were living and well up to the date of reporting, among whom. 11 cases had the laryngeal functions (phonation. deglutition and respiration) completely restored following the extraction of the tracheostomic tube while 2 cases had partially restored (phonation and deglutition) with the tracheostomy tube retained.The advantages of the cervical myocutaneous flap for reconstruction of post-operative laryngeal defects were discussed. Its use seems to have widened the indication for subtotal laryngectomy.

    本文报告了以水平侧位垂直或水平前位垂直喉次全切除术治疗的13例声门上区癌扩展至声门区不同部位的病例。所有13例至报告之日均存活良好。11例术后恢复了喉的全部功能,拔除了气管套管;2例恢复了喉的部分功能,带管呼吸。

    A combined bacteriological study of exudate from tracheostomy Wound and transtracheal aspirate from the lower respiratory tract (TTA) was made in 14 tracheostomized COPD patients with respiratory failure during different phases of their disease. All of the bacteria isolated from TTA were those composing the normal flora of the nose, oro-pharynx and skin, or those commonly found in the hospital environment. They included Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus alcaligenes, pseudomonas aeruginosa, etc. The bacteria...

    A combined bacteriological study of exudate from tracheostomy Wound and transtracheal aspirate from the lower respiratory tract (TTA) was made in 14 tracheostomized COPD patients with respiratory failure during different phases of their disease. All of the bacteria isolated from TTA were those composing the normal flora of the nose, oro-pharynx and skin, or those commonly found in the hospital environment. They included Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus alcaligenes, pseudomonas aeruginosa, etc. The bacteria isolated from the exudate of the tracheostomy wound were quite similar in kinds and antibiotic Sensitivity to those isolated from TTA. These seemed to suggest that the bacteria of the lower respiratory tract came from the upper respiratory tract, the tracheostomy wound, the contaminated medical apparatus or the surroundings.The pathogenicity of these bacteria in the lower respiratory tract varies with the host immunological status. They could be innocent when the patient is in good condition, but would cause a severe infection when host defence is further compromized.The clinical significance of the presence of bacteria in the lower respiratory tract of COPD patients following tracheostomy and measures to prevent lower respiratory infection in such patients were discussed.

    本文报道14例慢性阻塞性肺病呼吸衰竭气管切开后,下呼吸道分泌物创面渗出液菌群检查的结果。分离所得均为鼻、口、咽部、皮肤正常菌群或病室环境中的常有菌种,如金黄色葡萄球菌、绿脓杆菌等。下呼吸道菌种可能是上呼吸道的正常菌群或气管切开创面菌种的下行播散,或由于器材消毒以及无菌操作技术不够严格导致交叉感染。病情稳定时,这些细菌可长期寄居于下呼吸道而并无危害,在不利条件下才增生繁殖导致肺部严重感染。结合资料分析,讨论了这些菌群的临床意义,并提出气管切开后防治下呼吸道感染的意见。

    This paper is a summery of the incidence and the treatment of three kinds of postoperative complications of benign thyroid disease. The cause is also discussed. And the measures to stop the bleeding in the remaining gland, retaining part of the posterir-eapsule of thyroid appropiately, and matress suture of the incised strip muscles are proposed. To prevent the injury to the superior laryngeal nerve, it is important not to ligate the superier thyroid artery in bundles. To prevent the anoxia caused by trachial...

    This paper is a summery of the incidence and the treatment of three kinds of postoperative complications of benign thyroid disease. The cause is also discussed. And the measures to stop the bleeding in the remaining gland, retaining part of the posterir-eapsule of thyroid appropiately, and matress suture of the incised strip muscles are proposed. To prevent the injury to the superior laryngeal nerve, it is important not to ligate the superier thyroid artery in bundles. To prevent the anoxia caused by trachial collapse of the post-perative cartilage softening, trachial X-ray films should be taken in all patients with large gland tumors. Tracheostomy should be performed immediately in case prominent postopera-tive swelling in the neck accompanied by pespiratory distress occurs within 24 hours.

    总结565例甲状腺术后三种并发症的发生率及治疗体会。术后出血均为双侧次全术后发生。提出注意腺体残面出血,保留后包膜、褥式缝合切断的肌群。喉上神经损伤的防止主要在处理甲状腺上动脉时勿成束结扎。喉返神经损伤的防止在于处理下动脉时予以注意。不能将术后声嘶概视为喉返神经损伤。凡腺体肿物较大者,术前均作X线检查,确有气管软化或可疑者均作气管切开。凡术后病人24小时内有颈部明显肿胀,呼吸受限均应迅速行气管切开。

     
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