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   tracheostomy 在 临床医学 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.108秒
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临床医学
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眼科与耳鼻咽喉科
肿瘤学
呼吸系统疾病
内分泌腺及全身性疾病
神经病学
感染性疾病及传染病
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tracheostomy
相关语句
  气管切开术
    Tracheostomy in children with a clinical analysis of 156 cases
    小儿气管切开术156例分析
短句来源
    Clinical application of percutaneous tracheostomy
    经皮气管切开术的临床应用
短句来源
    Perioperative Nursing Care for the Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Tracheostomy in ICU
    ICU重症患者经皮气管切开术的围术期护理
短句来源
    Application study of percutaneous dilational tracheostomy in critically illed patients
    经皮扩张气管切开术在危重患者中的应用研究
短句来源
    Objective:To summarize the application of percutaneous tracheostomy in intensive care unit (ICU).
    目的:总结经皮气管切开术在ICU的应用经验。
短句来源
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  气管切开
    Analysis and Nursing of Nosocomial Infection in Elderly Patients with Long-Term Tracheostomy
    长期气管切开老年患者的医院感染分析及护理
短句来源
    Spectrum distribution of pathogens and drug susceptibility in patients with tracheal intubation and tracheostomy
    气管插管和气管切开患者感染病原菌分布及药敏分析
短句来源
    Efficacy of mask inhalation of atomizing oxygen after weaning of ventilation with tracheostomy patients
    雾化面罩吸氧用于气管切开脱机后患者的疗效观察
短句来源
    Endotracheal Intubation and Tracheostomy in the Treatment of Elderly Respiratory Failure
    气管插管和气管切开在老年呼吸功能衰竭患者中的应用
短句来源
    Drug Resistance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in the Elder Patients with Tracheostomy in 1990s
    不同年代老年气管切开患者铜绿假单胞菌对抗生素耐药性分析
短句来源
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  “tracheostomy”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Drug Sensitivity Tests for Stenotrophomonas maltophilia in Patients with Tracheal Intubation and Tracheostomy
    气管插管和切开患者嗜麦芽窄食单胞菌药敏分析
短句来源
    Tracheostomy with the aid of tracheofistulization in emergency patients
    气管穿刺导入气管套管术在急救患者中的应用
短句来源
    Results Elderly patients with long term tracheostomy were more vulnerable to lower respiratory tract infection because of low resistance and long hospital stay,with G bacilli and aeruginous Pseudomonas predominant.
    结果 老年患者机体抵抗力低下 ,平均住院时间长 ,下呼吸道感染发病率高 ,痰培养以G 杆菌为主 ,铜绿假单胞菌居首。
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
    Clinical application of percutaneous tracheostomy
    经皮气管切开术的临床应用
短句来源
    Tracheostomy with the aid of tracheofistulization in emergency patients
    气管穿刺导入气管套管术在急救患者中的应用
短句来源
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  tracheostomy
The endoscopic guided puncture tracheostomy has established itself in many intensive care units.
      
Manufacturers offer complete tracheostomy kits, based on the described techniques from Ciaglia (Cook?-Set), as well as from Griggs (Portex?-Set).
      
The goal of this investigation was to show the advantages, disadvantages, costs and risks of the puncture tracheostomy and to make a comparison using conventional procedures.
      
At present there is a noticable trend in the literature and clinical practise that different medical specialities prefer various procedures of tracheostomy in intensive care medicine rather onesided and without consensus of opinion.
      
The indications are based on both the history of present illness and its course and the contraindications of percutaneous tracheostomy methods.
      
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Endotracheal intubation and tracheostomy were used to manage the respiratory failure in twenty eldely patients. It was life saving, and also provided chances for further treatment. Six out of the twenty patients survived. The remaining fourteen were dead but their lives were prolonged for an average of 514 days.

本文报道我院10年来应用气管插管和气管切开抢救呼吸功能衰竭20例31例次的临床资料。20例中有6例存活至今,其中3例在家居住,可自由活动;另3例因脑血管病仍住院。14例死亡,死亡前平均延长存活时间514天。虽然插管和切开增加了感染和损伤机会,但认真操作和加强护理可以减少并发症。本资料说明预防呼吸系统感染是老年人医疗保健工作的重要内容。

objective. To summarize the experience of the emergent treatment of anaphylaxis and anaphylactoid reaction of the respiratory system in human. Methods.Two patients with anaphylaxis and one with anaphylactoid reaction of the respiratory system in recent 4 years were retrospectively analysed and the keys of success and fail were discussed in detail. Results. The emergent treatment were successful in 2 cases and failed in one. Conclusions. There are two patterns of anaphylaxis in respiratory system.The first one...

objective. To summarize the experience of the emergent treatment of anaphylaxis and anaphylactoid reaction of the respiratory system in human. Methods.Two patients with anaphylaxis and one with anaphylactoid reaction of the respiratory system in recent 4 years were retrospectively analysed and the keys of success and fail were discussed in detail. Results. The emergent treatment were successful in 2 cases and failed in one. Conclusions. There are two patterns of anaphylaxis in respiratory system.The first one is upper airway abstruction owing to edema of the larynx and/or epiglottis,which can cause acute distress and death. The second one involves in diffusive lower airway bronch constriction in which air flow limitation can not be relieved by endotracheal intubation and may lead to lethal abnormalities of pulmonary gas exchange. These three cases belonged to the second pattern. Solution of epinephrine should administrated subcutaneously as soon as anaphylaxis was diagnosed. Severe laryngeal and/or epiglottic edema reguired either endotracheal intubation or an emergent tracheostomy to facilitate ventilation. Inhalation of β-2 sympathominetics or intraveneous aminophylline was need ed in the diffusive bronchospasm as well as enough oxygen supply and clearence of secre tion in hypopharynx and trachea. It should be pointed out emphatically that the aspirator and instruments for endotracheal intubation and tracheostomy should be always prepared in the allergic test room and injection room.

目的:总结呼吸系统过敏反应急救的经验。方法:回顾2例呼吸系统过敏反应和1例类过敏反应抢救的过程,分析成功和失败的原因。结果:本组3例中2例抢救成功,1例死亡。结论:呼吸系统过敏反应发病突然,发展很快。其分二种类型:上气道梗阻和下气道弥漫性支气管痉挛,抢救措施有很大差别。首先要皮下注射肾上腺素。上气道梗阻要作气管插管或紧急气管切开,保证通气。第二种类型则吸入β-2拟交感神经药物,或注射氨茶碱,并吸氧;呼吸道分泌物及时有效的清除尤为重要,否则,瞬间肺的气体交换被完全阻断。强调变应原试验室和常规注射室除准备必要的抢救药物外,还应准备吸痰器、气管插管和气管切开等器械。

Objective:To investigate the prevalence and the change of drug resistence of pathogens in patients with ventilator associated pneumonia(VAP). Methods: A protected specimens brush(PSB) was used to obtain the secretion of lower respiratory tract of 76 patients, having received mechanical ventilation or tracheostomy for more than 48 hours.The secretion obtained were cultured with a quantitative method and drug susceptibitity was detected with disk diffusion method. At the same time, plasmid mediated extended...

Objective:To investigate the prevalence and the change of drug resistence of pathogens in patients with ventilator associated pneumonia(VAP). Methods: A protected specimens brush(PSB) was used to obtain the secretion of lower respiratory tract of 76 patients, having received mechanical ventilation or tracheostomy for more than 48 hours.The secretion obtained were cultured with a quantitative method and drug susceptibitity was detected with disk diffusion method. At the same time, plasmid mediated extended spectrum β lactamases(ESBLs) was measured by E test, whose epidemiological typing caused by the hospital infection was investigated using plasmid restriction endonuclease fingerprinting. Results: The main pathogens in VAP were gram negative bacilli(GNB). In all the 10 antibiotics tested, the lowest resistant rate was imipenem(11.1%), while the resistant rates to the other β lactam antibitics were higher than 60%.9 out of 36 GNB produce ESBLs were mainly produced by the Enterobacteriaceae. ESBLs producing strains exhibited a multidrugresistance, but none of them was resistant to imipenem. Plasmid restriction endonuclease analysis proved that plasmid fingerprintings of five klebsiella pneumoniae strains produing ESBLs from RICU were the same. Conclusion:GNB are still the most important pathogens in VAP and have high resistibility to antibiotics. It is suggested that transferable plasmids play a major role in the spread of the drug resistance bacteria.

目的 :研究呼吸机相关肺炎 (ventilator associatedpneumonia,VAP)病原菌来源、分布特点及医院内产超广谱 β 内酰胺酶 (extendedspectrumβlactamases,ESBLs)细菌的流行特征。方法 :采用保护性双套管标本刷 (protectedspecimensbrush,PSB)收集 76例机械通气 (mechanicalventilation ,MV)患者下呼吸道分泌物 ,进行细菌定量培养及抗生素敏感性测定 ,同时用E Test法对G- 杆菌产生ESBLs进行检测及质粒酶切图谱进行监测。结果 :VAP病原菌以G- 杆菌为主 ,占 92 3%。在所测试的 1 0种抗生素中 ,亚胺培南耐药率最低 (1 1 1 % ) ,而其它 β 内酰胺类抗生素耐药率都在 60 %以上。 36株G- 杆菌中检出产ESBLs细菌 9株 ,主要由肠杆菌科细菌产生 ,产酶株组均不同程度表现为多重耐药 ,但对亚胺培南无一耐药。 5株来源于RICU产ESBLs肺炎克雷伯氏菌经质粒酶切图谱分析证实为同一克隆起源。结论 :VAP主要是由G-杆菌引起 ,细菌耐药率普遍较高 ,质粒在耐药菌的传...

目的 :研究呼吸机相关肺炎 (ventilator associatedpneumonia,VAP)病原菌来源、分布特点及医院内产超广谱 β 内酰胺酶 (extendedspectrumβlactamases,ESBLs)细菌的流行特征。方法 :采用保护性双套管标本刷 (protectedspecimensbrush,PSB)收集 76例机械通气 (mechanicalventilation ,MV)患者下呼吸道分泌物 ,进行细菌定量培养及抗生素敏感性测定 ,同时用E Test法对G- 杆菌产生ESBLs进行检测及质粒酶切图谱进行监测。结果 :VAP病原菌以G- 杆菌为主 ,占 92 3%。在所测试的 1 0种抗生素中 ,亚胺培南耐药率最低 (1 1 1 % ) ,而其它 β 内酰胺类抗生素耐药率都在 60 %以上。 36株G- 杆菌中检出产ESBLs细菌 9株 ,主要由肠杆菌科细菌产生 ,产酶株组均不同程度表现为多重耐药 ,但对亚胺培南无一耐药。 5株来源于RICU产ESBLs肺炎克雷伯氏菌经质粒酶切图谱分析证实为同一克隆起源。结论 :VAP主要是由G-杆菌引起 ,细菌耐药率普遍较高 ,质粒在耐药菌的传播中起重要作用。

 
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