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   tracheostomy 在 感染性疾病及传染病 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.197秒
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感染性疾病及传染病
外科学
临床医学
急救医学
眼科与耳鼻咽喉科
肿瘤学
呼吸系统疾病
内分泌腺及全身性疾病
神经病学
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tracheostomy
相关语句
  气管切开术
    OBJECTIVE To compare the infection of the open tracheostomy (OT) and the percutaneous dilational tracheostomy (PDT) in critical treatment for severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS).
    目的 比较传统开放性气管切开术 (open tracheostom y,OT)与经皮扩张气管切开术 (percutaneous dila-tional tracheostomy,PDT)在严重急性呼吸综合征 (SARS)患者抢救中能否降低术者的感染机会。
短句来源
    Conclusion For the patients with respiratory insufficiency,tracheostomy should be performed as early as possible,and mechanical ventilation should be carried out if necessary,nursing after the operation should be intensified.
    结论 对重症破伤风患者应早期行气管切开术 ,必要时行机械通气 ,并加强术后护理 ;
短句来源
  “tracheostomy”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Artificial ventilation was used through noninvasive ventilator or endotracheal tube/tracheostomy. Results:There were131severe patients in220SARS.
    结果220名SARS病人重症者131例,进行机械通气者32例,占全组病人的14.55%,占重症病人的24.43%。
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
    3cases of tracheostomy all died.
    气管造口3例,均死亡。
短句来源
    But the patients treated with early tracheostomy,nutrition supplement and intrathecal injection of TAT recovered better.
    其中早期气管切开、补充能量及鞘内注射破伤风抗毒素 (TAT)患者疗效均较好。
短句来源
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  tracheostomy
The endoscopic guided puncture tracheostomy has established itself in many intensive care units.
      
Manufacturers offer complete tracheostomy kits, based on the described techniques from Ciaglia (Cook?-Set), as well as from Griggs (Portex?-Set).
      
The goal of this investigation was to show the advantages, disadvantages, costs and risks of the puncture tracheostomy and to make a comparison using conventional procedures.
      
At present there is a noticable trend in the literature and clinical practise that different medical specialities prefer various procedures of tracheostomy in intensive care medicine rather onesided and without consensus of opinion.
      
The indications are based on both the history of present illness and its course and the contraindications of percutaneous tracheostomy methods.
      
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Objective To improve the treatment and reduce the case mortality of tetanus. Method Forty two patients with tetanus were analyzed with recent literature retrospectively. Results Of 42 patients,19 were cured,14 became better and 9 died. The case mortality rate was 21%.But the patients treated with early tracheostomy,nutrition supplement and intrathecal injection of TAT recovered better. Conclusion For the patients with respiratory insufficiency,tracheostomy should be performed as...

Objective To improve the treatment and reduce the case mortality of tetanus. Method Forty two patients with tetanus were analyzed with recent literature retrospectively. Results Of 42 patients,19 were cured,14 became better and 9 died. The case mortality rate was 21%.But the patients treated with early tracheostomy,nutrition supplement and intrathecal injection of TAT recovered better. Conclusion For the patients with respiratory insufficiency,tracheostomy should be performed as early as possible,and mechanical ventilation should be carried out if necessary,nursing after the operation should be intensified.Intrathecal injection of TAT,early debridement and treatment with parenteral nutrition can improve the prognosis.

目的 提高破伤风的治疗水平、降低病死率。方法 回顾性总结我院 4 2例破伤风患者的治疗 ,并结合国内外文献进行分析。结果  4 2例中治愈 19例 ,好转 14例 ,死亡 9例 ,病死率为 2 1%。其中早期气管切开、补充能量及鞘内注射破伤风抗毒素 (TAT)患者疗效均较好。结论 对重症破伤风患者应早期行气管切开术 ,必要时行机械通气 ,并加强术后护理 ;鞘内注射TAT、早期彻底清创、应用胃肠外营养及大剂量冬眠Ⅰ号均可提高疗效、改善预后。

The predisposing cause of infection by Staphylococcus spp., drug sensitivity and therapeutical experience were analysed retrospectively. The infectious sites were wound, septicemia, lung, abdominal cavity, urinary tract and central nervous system. The main predisposing cause were burn, operation, canal vein intubation and tracheostomy (intubation) with machanical ventilation. 112 strains of Staphylococcus were isolated among them, Both of MRSA and MSSA were 38 strains, MRCNS was 25 strains, MSCNS...

The predisposing cause of infection by Staphylococcus spp., drug sensitivity and therapeutical experience were analysed retrospectively. The infectious sites were wound, septicemia, lung, abdominal cavity, urinary tract and central nervous system. The main predisposing cause were burn, operation, canal vein intubation and tracheostomy (intubation) with machanical ventilation. 112 strains of Staphylococcus were isolated among them, Both of MRSA and MSSA were 38 strains, MRCNS was 25 strains, MSCNS was 11 strains. The vancomycin (neo Vancomycin) was of choice for MRSA and MRCNS. The β lactamase inhibitor compounds were effective for MSSA and MSCNS. 90 patients were cured, 4 patients were lost in follow up. 1 patient died from primary advanced esophagus carcinoma.

回顾性分析 95例葡萄球菌感染的发病诱因、药敏实验及治疗结果。 95例患者的感染部位为创面、败血症、肺部、腹腔、泌尿系及中枢神经系统 ,主要诱因为烧伤、手术、腔静脉置管及气管切开 (插管 )合并机械通气治疗等。本组分离得 112株葡萄球菌 ,包括MRSA和MSSA各 3 8株 ,MRCNS 2 5株和MSCNS 11株。耐甲氧西林葡萄球菌首选万古霉素或去甲万古霉素 ,甲氧西林敏感株用 β 内酰胺类抗生素及酶抑制剂复合制剂治疗有效。本组痊愈 90例 ,失访 4例 ,1例死于原发病晚期食管癌。

OBJECTIVE To compare the infection of the open tracheostomy (OT) and the percutaneous dilational tracheostomy (PDT) in critical treatment for severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). METHODS By means of analysis of 5 cases of PDT and 3 cases of OT treatment from Apr to Jul 2003 to compare the operating time and the perioperative complication. Meanwhile the leakage of sputum from operation area was monitored. RESULTS Eight cases were successfully operated and no infection occurred. The average operating...

OBJECTIVE To compare the infection of the open tracheostomy (OT) and the percutaneous dilational tracheostomy (PDT) in critical treatment for severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). METHODS By means of analysis of 5 cases of PDT and 3 cases of OT treatment from Apr to Jul 2003 to compare the operating time and the perioperative complication. Meanwhile the leakage of sputum from operation area was monitored. RESULTS Eight cases were successfully operated and no infection occurred. The average operating time of PDT was 12 minutes. The shortest time to set up the airway was 7 minutes. The average operating time of OT was 38.7 minutes and the shortest time to set up airway was 31 minutes. There was no obvious leakage of sputum in the 5 PDT patients. In opposition, leakage of sputum was observed in OT treatment patients.CONCLUSIONS As a minimally invasive operation, PDT is easy to operate in comparison to OT. PDT greatly shortens the operating time and reduce the infection opportunity to medicare personnel.

目的 比较传统开放性气管切开术 (open tracheostom y,OT)与经皮扩张气管切开术 (percutaneous dila-tional tracheostomy,PDT)在严重急性呼吸综合征 (SARS)患者抢救中能否降低术者的感染机会。方法 通过回顾性分析 2 0 0 3年 4~ 7月间实施气管切开患者 PDT 5例、OT 3例 ,比较两种方法在 SARS危重患者中的手术操作时间 ,观察术后气管切开处漏痰情况。结果  8例手术均顺利完成 ,且无操作者感染 SARS,PDT平均操作时间12 min,最快建立气道 7m in;OT平均操作时间 38.7m in,最快建立气道 31m in;PDT 5例患者术后气管切开处均无明显漏痰现象 ;OT 3例患者术后气管切开处于术后 1、3、5、7d均有漏痰现象。结论  PDT作为一项微创手术与 OT比较手术操作简单 ,较 OT手术操作时间明显缩短 ,显著减少了操作者近距离暴露于 SARS患者面前的时间 ,且伤口出血少 ,无明显漏痰现象 ,减少了污染环境的机会 ,理论上讲可相对减少医护人员受感染机会 ,在需要做气管切开的 SARS危重患者中如无禁忌应采用 ...

目的 比较传统开放性气管切开术 (open tracheostom y,OT)与经皮扩张气管切开术 (percutaneous dila-tional tracheostomy,PDT)在严重急性呼吸综合征 (SARS)患者抢救中能否降低术者的感染机会。方法 通过回顾性分析 2 0 0 3年 4~ 7月间实施气管切开患者 PDT 5例、OT 3例 ,比较两种方法在 SARS危重患者中的手术操作时间 ,观察术后气管切开处漏痰情况。结果  8例手术均顺利完成 ,且无操作者感染 SARS,PDT平均操作时间12 min,最快建立气道 7m in;OT平均操作时间 38.7m in,最快建立气道 31m in;PDT 5例患者术后气管切开处均无明显漏痰现象 ;OT 3例患者术后气管切开处于术后 1、3、5、7d均有漏痰现象。结论  PDT作为一项微创手术与 OT比较手术操作简单 ,较 OT手术操作时间明显缩短 ,显著减少了操作者近距离暴露于 SARS患者面前的时间 ,且伤口出血少 ,无明显漏痰现象 ,减少了污染环境的机会 ,理论上讲可相对减少医护人员受感染机会 ,在需要做气管切开的 SARS危重患者中如无禁忌应采用 PDT。

 
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