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   tracheostomy 在 呼吸系统疾病 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.195秒
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眼科与耳鼻咽喉科
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内分泌腺及全身性疾病
神经病学
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tracheostomy
相关语句
  气管切开术
    OBJECTIVE To compare the infection of the open tracheostomy (OT) and the percutaneous dilational tracheostomy (PDT) in critical treatment for severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS).
    目的 比较传统开放性气管切开术 (open tracheostom y,OT)与经皮扩张气管切开术 (percutaneous dila-tional tracheostomy,PDT)在严重急性呼吸综合征 (SARS)患者抢救中能否降低术者的感染机会。
短句来源
    The Applying of Percutaneous Dilational Tracheostomy
    经皮扩张性气管切开术的临床应用
短句来源
    Objective: To evaluate the effect of the percutaneous dilational tracheostomy (PDT);
    目的 :探讨经皮扩张性气管切开术行气管切开及气道套管插入的方法与效果。
短句来源
    Method:One step percutaneous dilational tracheostomy and tracheal tube inserting had been done in 35 cases in medicine ICU ward without fracturing tracheal rings. Meanwhile,fibrobronchoscope was done in 10 cases.
    方法 :在内科ICU病房内 ,采用一步性扩张气管切开术 ,对 35例患者进行气管切开 ,同时采用纤维支气管镜对其中 10例患者进行气道内检查。
短句来源
  气管切开
    The rats of C, D, E group were instrumented with tracheostomy and intubation to receive ventilation , and then to assay arterial blood gas and mPAP before treatment as well as post-treatment every hour for four hours .
    监测各组大白鼠平均肺动脉压(mPAP)、动脉血气。 将C、D、E组大白鼠气管切开插入气管导管后接呼吸机行机械通气。
短句来源
    A combined bacteriological study of exudate from tracheostomy Wound and transtracheal aspirate from the lower respiratory tract (TTA) was made in 14 tracheostomized COPD patients with respiratory failure during different phases of their disease.
    本文报道14例慢性阻塞性肺病呼吸衰竭气管切开后,下呼吸道分泌物创面渗出液菌群检查的结果。
短句来源
    The clinical significance of the presence of bacteria in the lower respiratory tract of COPD patients following tracheostomy and measures to prevent lower respiratory infection in such patients were discussed.
    结合资料分析,讨论了这些菌群的临床意义,并提出气管切开后防治下呼吸道感染的意见。
短句来源
    Methods The study was conducted in patients in requiring mechanical ventilation or tracheostomy,the secretion of lower respiratory tract was collected by protected specimen brush(PSB). The gene typings of the bacterial from lower respiratory tract secretion and gastric aspirates were taken by plasmial profile analysis,restriction andonuclease fingerprint analysis and randomly amplified polymorphism DNA(RAPD) in the same phenotype bacteria.
    方法 以气管切开或插管病人为研究对象 ,用防污染标本刷 (PSB)采集标本 ,由细菌表型分型直至质粒DNA、酶切、随机引物PCR(RAPD)等基因分型 ,前瞻性观察NP的发生情况。
短句来源
    Objective: To evaluate the effect of the percutaneous dilational tracheostomy (PDT);
    目的 :探讨经皮扩张性气管切开术行气管切开及气道套管插入的方法与效果。
短句来源
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  “tracheostomy”译为未确定词的双语例句
    1.1 Methods of infected rats: Tracheostomy was performed through cervical median incision after rats were anesthetized.
    1.1 感染动物方法:
短句来源
    Objective:The effects of surfactant replacement and bronchoalveolar lavage(BAL)on the course of pulmonary gas exchange after gastric juice aspiration were investigated Methods:25 rats were anesthetized and mechanically ventilated(PIP 2 5kPa,PEEP 0 5kPa)via a tracheostomy Gastric juice(pH=1 5,2 5ml/kg)was instilled into the trachea of animals,then animals were randomly divided into 3 groups:Group C received no treatment;
    目的:研究在误吸早期实施肺冲洗和肺表面活性物质替代疗法,对预防急性呼吸衰竭的作用。 方法:在定压式人工呼吸条件下,经气管给大鼠肺内注入胃液(pH=1.5)2.5ml/kg,造成误吸。
短句来源
    Artificial ventilation was used through noninvasive ventilator or endotracheal tube/tracheostomy. Results:There were131severe patients in220SARS.
    结果220名SARS病人重症者131例,进行机械通气者32例,占全组病人的14.55%,占重症病人的24.43%。
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
    The Applying of Percutaneous Dilational Tracheostomy
    经皮扩张性气管切开术的临床应用
短句来源
    3cases of tracheostomy all died.
    气管造口3例,均死亡。
短句来源
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  tracheostomy
The endoscopic guided puncture tracheostomy has established itself in many intensive care units.
      
Manufacturers offer complete tracheostomy kits, based on the described techniques from Ciaglia (Cook?-Set), as well as from Griggs (Portex?-Set).
      
The goal of this investigation was to show the advantages, disadvantages, costs and risks of the puncture tracheostomy and to make a comparison using conventional procedures.
      
At present there is a noticable trend in the literature and clinical practise that different medical specialities prefer various procedures of tracheostomy in intensive care medicine rather onesided and without consensus of opinion.
      
The indications are based on both the history of present illness and its course and the contraindications of percutaneous tracheostomy methods.
      
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A combined bacteriological study of exudate from tracheostomy Wound and transtracheal aspirate from the lower respiratory tract (TTA) was made in 14 tracheostomized COPD patients with respiratory failure during different phases of their disease. All of the bacteria isolated from TTA were those composing the normal flora of the nose, oro-pharynx and skin, or those commonly found in the hospital environment. They included Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus alcaligenes, pseudomonas aeruginosa, etc. The bacteria...

A combined bacteriological study of exudate from tracheostomy Wound and transtracheal aspirate from the lower respiratory tract (TTA) was made in 14 tracheostomized COPD patients with respiratory failure during different phases of their disease. All of the bacteria isolated from TTA were those composing the normal flora of the nose, oro-pharynx and skin, or those commonly found in the hospital environment. They included Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus alcaligenes, pseudomonas aeruginosa, etc. The bacteria isolated from the exudate of the tracheostomy wound were quite similar in kinds and antibiotic Sensitivity to those isolated from TTA. These seemed to suggest that the bacteria of the lower respiratory tract came from the upper respiratory tract, the tracheostomy wound, the contaminated medical apparatus or the surroundings.The pathogenicity of these bacteria in the lower respiratory tract varies with the host immunological status. They could be innocent when the patient is in good condition, but would cause a severe infection when host defence is further compromized.The clinical significance of the presence of bacteria in the lower respiratory tract of COPD patients following tracheostomy and measures to prevent lower respiratory infection in such patients were discussed.

本文报道14例慢性阻塞性肺病呼吸衰竭气管切开后,下呼吸道分泌物创面渗出液菌群检查的结果。分离所得均为鼻、口、咽部、皮肤正常菌群或病室环境中的常有菌种,如金黄色葡萄球菌、绿脓杆菌等。下呼吸道菌种可能是上呼吸道的正常菌群或气管切开创面菌种的下行播散,或由于器材消毒以及无菌操作技术不够严格导致交叉感染。病情稳定时,这些细菌可长期寄居于下呼吸道而并无危害,在不利条件下才增生繁殖导致肺部严重感染。结合资料分析,讨论了这些菌群的临床意义,并提出气管切开后防治下呼吸道感染的意见。

79 post-tracheostomy patients were clinically ana-lyzed in our intensive care unit from May 1988 to August1991.32.9% of the patients developed secondary pul-monary infections which were more frequent in patientswith adult respiratory distress syndrome,craniocerebraland spinal injuries.The predominant pathogens culturedwere highly respiratory distress syndrome,craniocerebraland spinal injures.The predominant pathogens culturedwere highly resistant gram-negative bacilli.The patientswho received mechanical...

79 post-tracheostomy patients were clinically ana-lyzed in our intensive care unit from May 1988 to August1991.32.9% of the patients developed secondary pul-monary infections which were more frequent in patientswith adult respiratory distress syndrome,craniocerebraland spinal injuries.The predominant pathogens culturedwere highly respiratory distress syndrome,craniocerebraland spinal injures.The predominant pathogens culturedwere highly resistant gram-negative bacilli.The patientswho received mechanical ventilations were more oftenpredisposed to pulmonary infections than those who didnot(P<0.01).Proventive administration of antibioticsdid not appear to influence the incidence of pulmonary in-fection(P<0.05).The effective antibiotics and preven-tive measures were disussed.

本文对我科ICU中79例气管切开后病人继发肺部感染的情况进行分析。其发生率为32.9%,主要是高度耐药性的革兰氏阴性杆菌混合性感染,使用呼吸机组发生率明显高于未使用组(P<0.01),预防性使用抗生素对继发肺部感染影响不大(P>0.05)。本文又对有效的抗生素应用及预防措施进行了讨论。

Twenty four cases of nosocomial pneumonia of gerontal patients in ICU were reported. Their clinical characteristics, aetiology, risk factors, and control measures were discussed. It was found that fungus infections were as common as gram - negative bacterium infections, and that the risk factors included unconsciousness, tracheostomy or intubation, long-term mechanical ventilation, and gastric tuber remaining.

分析24例ICU内老年人院内肺炎的临床资料,探讨其临床和病原学特点、易患因素以及防治对策,发现真菌感染与革兰氏阴性杆菌感染同样常见,提出了意识障碍、气管造口或插管、持续机械通气、留置胃管等可能是重要的易患因素。

 
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