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rape     
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  油菜
     Cloning of germin gene, synthesizing of human lysozyme gene and their expression in tobacco and oilseed rape
     Germin基因的克隆和人溶菌酶基因的合成及其在烟草和油菜中的表达
短句来源
     The Study on Competitive Power of China's Rape Industry
     中国油菜产业竞争力研究
短句来源
     Study on the Formation Mechanism of Related Characteristics and on the Protein Differential Expression of the Spermodermis in Yellow-Seeded Rape (Brassica Napus L.)
     甘蓝型黄籽油菜种皮相关性状形成机理和蛋白质差异表达研究
短句来源
     IN VITRO ORGANOGENESIS OF THE INFLORESCENCE STALK EXPLANTS OF RAPE (BRASSICA NAPUS L.)
     油菜(Brassica napus L.)花茎组织培养中的器官形成
短句来源
     Effects of ~(60)Co-Gamma Irradiation on Dry Seeds in Rape Cultivar "Shengli" (Brassica napus) Ⅰ. Effects of Plant Growth and Development on M_1 Generation
     ~(60)Co-γ射线对胜利油菜干种籽照射后的影响 Ⅰ 对于照射一代(M_1)生长发育的影响
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  强奸
     Forensic Medical Analysis of 108 Rape Cases
     108例强奸案件的法医学分析
短句来源
     Retrospective Study of 356 Rape Cases
     356例强奸案资料的回顾性研究
短句来源
     It appeared mainly in the patients with schizophrenia, mental retartation and epileptic mental disorders ( P<0.01, P<0.01 and P<0.01 ), also in cases of stealing, rape and hooliganism ( P<0.05, respectively ).
     对精神分裂症、精神发育迟滞、癫痫性精神病障碍患者责任能力评定趋严( P<0-01、P< 0-01 和P<0-01) ; 对盗窃、强奸和流氓危害行为责任能力评定趋严(P< 0-05) 。
短句来源
     Formations of cases’ causes: the group Ⅰ mainly consisted of homicide and rape(70.42%) and group Ⅱ of traffic accident, fight and demanding compensation(75.82%).
     刑案组以杀人、强奸为主(70.42%); 民案组以交通事故、打架、索赔为主(75.82%)。
短句来源
     DATA SOURCES: ProQuest database and Elsevier SDOL (ScienceDirect Online) database were scanned on computer to search relevant articles about rapist, with the of "rapist, sexual offender, rape, sexual aggression".
     资料来源:应用计算机在ProQuest数据库和ElsevierSDOL(ScienceDi-rectOnline)数据库中检索关于强奸者的相关文献,检索词:强奸者(rapist)、性攻击者(sexualoffender)、强奸(rape)、性攻击(sexualaggres-sion);
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  强奸罪
     On the Cultural Analysis of Rape
     强奸罪的文化学分析
短句来源
     Virginity Protection by Civil Law in the Case of Rape
     强奸罪中的贞操权的民事法律保护
短句来源
     Research on the Scope of the Subject of Rape
     强奸罪主体范围研究
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     Rape is an old and eternal crime proposition on the civilized history of human society.
     强奸罪是人类社会文明史上一个古老而永恒的犯罪命题。
短句来源
     The New Opinion on the Object of Rape
     强奸罪客体新论
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  芸薹
     Studies on Xinjiang Wild Rape: Genetic Relationships with Brassica Species and Its Status in Brassica Evolution
     新疆野生油菜与芸薹属物种种间亲缘关系及其进化地位研究
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      rape
    Rape (Brassica napus L.) was shown to be an appropriate sentinel plant, sensitive to phenanthrene, which can be used for testing the efficiency of phenanthrene degradation in soil.
          
    Biological testing with the use of sensitive rape plants can be applied for estimation of the efficiency of phyto/bioremediation of PAH-polluted soils.
          
    The Formation of Artificial Nitrogen-Fixing Symbioses with Rape (Brassica napusvar.
          
    The treatment of rape plants grown in nonsterile soil with 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (auxin-like growth-promoting substance) or their inoculation with the bacterial association Micrococcussp.
          
    led to the formation of paranodules on the rape roots.
          
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    The present paper reports studies on the relative rate of decomposition of nine different oil cake-meals [soybean, peanut, sesame, rape seed, cotton seed(with and without hull), chinese tallow seed (with and without hull)]. In the course of decomposition of the different oil cake-meals, freguent measurement were made of the quantity of evolved CO_2 gas, and amount of the NH_4~+, NO_3~-, and NO_2~- nitrogen formed at the given intervals of the day. These measurement served as indices of the intensity of...

    The present paper reports studies on the relative rate of decomposition of nine different oil cake-meals [soybean, peanut, sesame, rape seed, cotton seed(with and without hull), chinese tallow seed (with and without hull)]. In the course of decomposition of the different oil cake-meals, freguent measurement were made of the quantity of evolved CO_2 gas, and amount of the NH_4~+, NO_3~-, and NO_2~- nitrogen formed at the given intervals of the day. These measurement served as indices of the intensity of decomposition and rate of ammonification and nitrification of the oil cake-meals that may be occur in the soil. These studies were performed in the laboratory, under room temperature condition of the summer season. All cakes were ground into meals to such particle size as to pass through a 20-mesh sieve. The cake-meals were separately mixed with cultivation soil in the proportion of one part of cake-meal to hundred parts by weight of soil. The soil used was of alluvial origin, low in organic matter and somewhat sandy in texture. It was found that decomposition of the cake-meals began soon after their application to the soil. The daily evolution of CO_2 reached its maximum for about one week. Immediately after that, the daily evolution of CO_2 declined rapidly to a such lower level and attained a rather steady declining rate after about two weeks. The trends were common in character irrespective of the kind of the cake-meals. Among the organic constituents of tile cake-meals that underwent into decomposition in the early days, nitrogeneous organic compou ads seemed to be of major importance. The production of ammonium compounds as a result of ammonification followed a trend similar to that shown by the evolution of CO_2. The maximum rate of ammonification was noticed sometime before the evolution of Co_2 had reached a maximum. The positive correlation existing between the total nitrogen content of the oil cakes and the rate of ammonification was evident. Other factors, however seemed to be also affecting the status of transformation of Nitrogen compounds. Nitrate compounds began to appear soon after ammonification had proceeded to an appreciable degree. In the course of decomposition their accumulation in the soil increased steadily with the time. Small amounts of nitrites were found under the experiment conditions which were characterized by low moisture content (25%) of the soil and meal mixtures. From the quantity of the total available nitrogen accumulated at different intervals in the course of decomposition as in the case here given, it seemed that some nitrogen might be lost through volatilization of ammonium compounds, since the soil was alkaline in reaction (the soil here used had a PH value of 7.2) Soaking the cake meals with water, lime-water, or straw-ash extract as sometimes practiced by the local farmers in some districts in Chekiang province brought about the effect of hastening ammonification and nitrification processes. But, gain in readiness of availability of the meals by this hastening effect might not compensate for the loss in total amount of available nitrogen formed. The loss was particularly evident when the cake-meals were pretreated with lime-water or straw-ash extract. It is believed that the alkaline reaction of the treated cake-meals accounts for this loss. The relative readiness of decomposition of the different oil cake-meals followed in descending order: soybean, sesame, peanut, Cotton seed (without hulls)>Cotton seed (with hulls), rape seed>Chinese tallow seed (with and without bulls). Similarly, the relative total amount of available nitrogen (including ammonium and nitrate nitrogen) formed during decomposition shows in the following order: soybean, peanut, sesame, chiness tallow seed(without hulls)>Cotton seed (with and without hulls)>rape seeds>Chiness tallow seed (with hlls).

    研究了浙江省施用的九种主要餅肥在土壤中分解的情况,各种餅肥都經磨碎,并通过20孔篩。实驗証明,在夏天的温度下,餅肥施入土壤后即迅速分解,它的分解最盛时期是在一星期左右,此后即迅速下降,到二星期后,即漸趋穩定。餅肥施入土壤后,铵态氮的大量發生是在一星期以內,此后即迅速降低,轉化成硝酸态氮。硝酸态氮在一星期到二星期的时間内开始大量發生,到二星期后就漸趋穩定。土壤中有效态氮总量在各个形态轉化的过程中,有顯著的減少趋势。餅肥在施入土壤前用石灰、草灰或水处理一星期,可提早土壤中有效氮的發生,其中單用水处理的效果尤其好。实驗証明,用石灰或草灰处理餅肥,使有效态氮大量損失,而用水处理則沒有这种情况。在本实驗的条件下,各种餅肥的分解速率依次为:豆餅、芝麻餅、花生餅、棉仁餅>棉籽餅、生菜餅、熟菜餅>桕餅、青餅。各种餅肥中氮素化合物转化后所產生的有效态氮总量依次为:豆餅、花生餅、芝麻餅、青餅>棉仁餅、生菜餅、棉籽餅>熟菜餅>桕餅。

    Annual rotation of a winter crop with the summer rice is a common agricultural practice in Chekiang province. The rotation system is in variant with regard to the winter crops. In order to evaluate the effect of different winter crops on the state of soil aggregation, the present study was undertaken. Four green-manuring crops including Astragalus sinicus, Medicago denticulata, Vicia faba and Pisum sativam, two winter grain crops including wheat and barley, and one oil-bearing crop, rape, were chosen for...

    Annual rotation of a winter crop with the summer rice is a common agricultural practice in Chekiang province. The rotation system is in variant with regard to the winter crops. In order to evaluate the effect of different winter crops on the state of soil aggregation, the present study was undertaken. Four green-manuring crops including Astragalus sinicus, Medicago denticulata, Vicia faba and Pisum sativam, two winter grain crops including wheat and barley, and one oil-bearing crop, rape, were chosen for rotation with the summer rice in the field. The soil under experimentation has been developed under cultivation from an alluvial parent material of fine sandy loam. The field had a water-table lying at a depth of about one meter from the top of the soil throughout the year except during rice growing season. As a check for comparison, winter fallow following rice was also included among the field treatments. Experiments are continued through five consecutive crop seasons, including two in rice and three in winter crops. Among the results, the following may have practical significance in evaluating the various systems of annual rotation for rice field: 1. Among the rotating winter crops tested, Astragalus sinicus is most effective in promoting the formation of soil aggregates having 1-5 mm. in diameter which are believed to be beneficial for rice cultivation. Other leguminous crops also show their constructive effect on soil aggregates, but are by far inferior to the Astragalus. To the contrary, soils under winter grains and the rape tend to deteriorate in their aggregation. 2. Close parallel relationship is found between the soil organic matter content and the percentage content of soil aggregates having 1-5 mm. in diameter. 3. The structural units with diameters larger than 5 mm. seem to be different in nature from those aggregates having 1-5 mm. in diameter. For rice soils, such large structural units are believed to be of little practical importance in so far as their fertility status is concerned, since they are to be disintegrated during the cultivation of rice.

    四、摘要本試驗的一年轮作制,包括單季水稻与下列冬作的轮栽:紫云英,苜蓿,蚕豆,豌豆,油菜,小麦及大麦。另以冬季休閑作为对照。經过三次冬作,二次水稻(夏作)的轮栽,結果显示: 1.冬季种植一年生荳科綠肥,能够增加土埌中有机質含量。其中以紫云英最佳;苜蓿,蚕豆,豌豆等次之。 2.在水稻与紫云英轮作的土埌中,直徑为1—5毫米的团粒含量有显著的增加。水田中的其他荳科綠肥,如苜蓿,蚕豆,豌豆等,也能維护土埌中的团粒構造,但其效果較差。水田中禾谷类冬作轮栽或油料作物轮栽,对于土埌中直徑为1—5毫米的团粒含量,均有破坏的影响。 3.各輪作区,凡土埌有机質含量較高的,其直徑为1—5毫米的水稳性团粒也比較多;而其他大小的構造單位,和有机質的多少无关。

    Chinese rape, varieties of Brassica campestris and B. chinensis and many cruciferous crops including radishes, but except varieties of B. oleracea, are generally affected by a mosaic disease, causing serious losses amounting occasionally to a death rate of over 90%, while an infection rate of over 30% is not uncommon. The symptoms involved were vein-clearing, yellow or green veinbanding, typical mosaic, rugosity of leaf lamina, dwarfing and rosetting. They may appear in different combinations. Flower stalks...

    Chinese rape, varieties of Brassica campestris and B. chinensis and many cruciferous crops including radishes, but except varieties of B. oleracea, are generally affected by a mosaic disease, causing serious losses amounting occasionally to a death rate of over 90%, while an infection rate of over 30% is not uncommon. The symptoms involved were vein-clearing, yellow or green veinbanding, typical mosaic, rugosity of leaf lamina, dwarfing and rosetting. They may appear in different combinations. Flower stalks may not come out or are shortened, deformed and twisted. Flowers appeared pale yellow and become abortive, or forming only small and twisted seed pod, which are sometimes spotted with black necrosis, and bearing small and deformed seeds. When the winter temperature is low, diseased plants may succumb first, forming missing hills. Late infections may result only in vein-banding of the upper leaves and partial abortion of the seeds. On several varieties of radish, mostly of the green type, which apparently are more resistant, only fine mottling appears on the leaves while infected. On varieties of B. napella, another oil-bearing group, the symptoms are entirely different (plate 1, fig. 5), appearing as systemic bright yellow spots on the leaves. Necrotic flecking can eventually be found at the center of these spots. Necrotic streaks and spots develop on the flower stalks and seed pods. Dwarfing and distortion occur on leaves, stalks and pods, and death may even be resulted from severe infections. However, this species showed certain degree of resistance to the disease in the form of late infection and the lower incidence of the disease. The viruses from different host plants are cross-inoculable, although some strains do not infect B. napella. None of them can infect the cabbage group by sap inoculation. 3 viruses were identified: differentiated by their physical properties and the host reactions they induced (Tables 1 and 2 for the viruses 1 and 2): 1. Thermal inactivation below 70℃. 2. Producing necrotic local lesions only on N. tabacum var, "Nungling 400" …… virus 1 2. Producing necrotic local lesions and systemic mottling on the same host……virus 2 1. Thermal inactivation above 90℃., necrotic local lesions on N. glutinosa…… virus 3 The first two viruses can be subdivided into 2 strains each by their ability to infect B. napella. Virus 1 is considered to be a strain of Brassica virus 2 or the Turnip mosaic virus; from the type, it differs in not infecting the cabbage group. Virus 2 is identified as a strain of Cucumis virus 1 or the Cucumber mosaic; virus; from the type, it differs in having lower thermal inactivation point (55℃.), lower dilution end point (1: 1,000—3,000); and shorter longevity invitro (2 days), in producing local lesions on tobacco, and in that the typical strain of Cacumis virus 1 gives only a partial protection to this strain on tobacco. The 3rd virus was less studied. It shows affinity to Nicotiana virus 1 or the tobacco mosaic virus. A limited test showed that the first virus was the only virus found present in the field in 1957. An analysis of 17 isolates of virus from the Chinese rape, exhibiting various syndromes of symptoms in the field, gave an Unanimous result in host reactions, indicating that these isolates belong to a single virus. Virus 1 was found to be easily transmitted by sap, by aphids, including peach aphid (Myzus pcrsicae), false cabbage aphid (Rhopalosiphum pseudobrassicae), and cotton aphid (Aphis gossypii). In insect relationship, the virus belongs to the nonpersistent group, a single feeding will enable an active transmission of about 20 minutes. Peach aphid seems to be an effective vector that 2 or more viruliferous aphids per plant are capable of 100% transmission. The virus is not seed-transmitted. Fresh residue of diseased plant in the soil may cause occasional infection of the replanted plants. The virus can infect several cruciferous weeds, but, among them, only Rorippa montana (wall.) Small grows all the year round and possesses a perennial crown. It is also foundto be commonly infected in the nature. Rubbing with infected sap or using aphid as vector, the virus from this weed can easily be transmitted to the Chinese rape, producing the typical mosaic symptoms. This weed, therefore, seems to be capable of beoming a source of inoculum for the primary infection of the Chinese rape.

    南京及华东地区的油菜与十字花科蔬菜普遍发生花叶病。病原病毒經抗性(失毒温度、稀释終点、体外保毒期)測定和寄主反应測定,认为可以分作三大类型:分别为芸苔病毒2号,黄瓜病毒1号与烟病毒1号的株系。前两种病毒都能为害油菜、大白菜、白菜、芥菜、蘿卜等,但不为害甘蓝型的蔬菜,并都能引起菠菜和茼蒿的花叶,和在烟上引起局部枯斑。第一型在烟农特400号和心叶烟上不引起花叶,而第二型在烟和心叶烟上都能引起系統性花叶。第一型不为害心叶烟,而第三型可在心叶烟上引起小枯斑。第一型与凌立、楊演的油菜花叶病毒相近似,而和范怀忠、柯冲从十字花科蔬菜中所分离出的分离物1号最为相象。与裘維蕃、王祁楷在白菜上所发現的孤丁病毒的差别,在于不能侵害甘蓝类的蔬菜。第二型病毒与范怀忠、柯冲的分离物3号相近似,但与典型的黃瓜花叶病毒仍具有一定的差异。这些病毒在油菜上所引起的症状却沒有明显的差別。1、2两个类型的病毒都有一部分能为害早生朝鮮型的油菜,引起系統性黄斑及枮斑,病重的也能早期死亡。大田中的油菜病株的病毒,大多属于第一型病毒。病毒主要由桃蚜和蘿卜蚜传染,病毒系非持續性的,蚜虫一次吸毒后,传病期不超过20分钟。两个以上的桃蚜传病率就可达100%。种子...

    南京及华东地区的油菜与十字花科蔬菜普遍发生花叶病。病原病毒經抗性(失毒温度、稀释終点、体外保毒期)測定和寄主反应測定,认为可以分作三大类型:分别为芸苔病毒2号,黄瓜病毒1号与烟病毒1号的株系。前两种病毒都能为害油菜、大白菜、白菜、芥菜、蘿卜等,但不为害甘蓝型的蔬菜,并都能引起菠菜和茼蒿的花叶,和在烟上引起局部枯斑。第一型在烟农特400号和心叶烟上不引起花叶,而第二型在烟和心叶烟上都能引起系統性花叶。第一型不为害心叶烟,而第三型可在心叶烟上引起小枯斑。第一型与凌立、楊演的油菜花叶病毒相近似,而和范怀忠、柯冲从十字花科蔬菜中所分离出的分离物1号最为相象。与裘維蕃、王祁楷在白菜上所发現的孤丁病毒的差别,在于不能侵害甘蓝类的蔬菜。第二型病毒与范怀忠、柯冲的分离物3号相近似,但与典型的黃瓜花叶病毒仍具有一定的差异。这些病毒在油菜上所引起的症状却沒有明显的差別。1、2两个类型的病毒都有一部分能为害早生朝鮮型的油菜,引起系統性黄斑及枮斑,病重的也能早期死亡。大田中的油菜病株的病毒,大多属于第一型病毒。病毒主要由桃蚜和蘿卜蚜传染,病毒系非持續性的,蚜虫一次吸毒后,传病期不超过20分钟。两个以上的桃蚜传病率就可达100%。种子不传病。殘留在土壤內的新鮮病根,可以传病。蔊菜在自然情况下可以感染病害。病株上病毒可由蚜虫传至油菜而誘发典型的花叶病,且具有終年生长及終年发病的特性,可能成为初期发病的病毒来源。

     
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