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rape
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  油菜
    PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF PP_(333) WITH DIFFERENT CONCENTRATION ON RAPE SEEDLINGS
    PP_(333)对油菜幼苗的生理效应
短句来源
    A STUDY ON THE BIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF A TURNIP MOSAIC VIRUS ISOLATE (TUMV H1)FROM RAPE
    甘蓝型油菜芜菁花叶病毒分离物TuMVH_1的生物学研究
短句来源
    Studies on Translocation of N in Pods of Oilseed Rape During Siliqua Developing Using  ̄(15)N-urea ̄①
    用~(15)N-尿素研究油菜角果成熟期荚中氮的运转
短句来源
    PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECT OF PP_(333) WITH DIFFERENT CONCENTRATIONS UPON COLD RESISTANCE OF RAPE SEEDLINGS
    PP_(333)浸种对油菜幼苗抗寒性的生理效应
短句来源
    A STUDY ON BORON-EFFECT TO RAPE
    油菜的硼素效应研究
短句来源
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  “rape”译为未确定词的双语例句
    When the application rate was 100g and 200g per plant, rape yield increased by 12.59% and 25.29%, respectively; sugar content increased by 9.92% and 6.01%, respectively; the profit increased 664.5RMB and 1107RMB per 667m2. respectively.
    复合保水剂为100g/株和200g/株时,葡萄产量分别较对照增产12.59%和25.29%,含糖量分别较对照增加9.92%和6.01%,667m2分别增收664.5元和1107元;
    The biomass of rape increased by using phosphate fertilizer. When phosphate fertilizer (P2O5) was applied at 160.6kg/hm2, the biomass of rape was the highest in the P treatments. There was no obvious change in the nitrate content in different P treatment.
    随着磷肥用量的增加,生物量按渐减律增加,当P_2O_5用量为160.6kg/hm~2时,达到最高生物量,硝酸盐含量无显著变化。
短句来源
    When the doses of nitrogen fertilizer was 300kg/hm2 and the decomposed manure was used, the biomass of rape was highest compared with the treatment of using N (300kg/hm2);
    在施用半腐熟有机肥和不腐熟有机肥的基础上,当氮用量为600 kg/hm~2时,达到最高生物量;
短句来源
    It was tested to apply B to the subsoil in rape transplanting cave (6 ~ 18kg/hm2 of borax) and to spray leaves with B in flower bud period (1. 5~7. 5kg/hm2 of borax) in B deficiency soil.
    在缺硼土壤上进行秦油2号移栽穴内底施硼肥(硼砂6~18kg/hm~2)和蕾苔期喷施硼肥(硼砂1.5~7.5kg/hm~2)试验。
短句来源
    Organic manures increased the yield of romaine lettuce by 55.5%~132.7% (p<0.01), rice straw giving the greatest effect, followed in sequence by chicken manure, peat, maize straw, rape meal and pig manure.
    施用有机肥使生菜增产55.5%~132.7%(达极显著),其增产序列依次为稻草(RS)>鸡粪(CM)>泥炭(PP)>玉米秆(MS)>菜籽饼(RM)>猪粪(PM)。
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  rape
Rape (Brassica napus L.) was shown to be an appropriate sentinel plant, sensitive to phenanthrene, which can be used for testing the efficiency of phenanthrene degradation in soil.
      
Biological testing with the use of sensitive rape plants can be applied for estimation of the efficiency of phyto/bioremediation of PAH-polluted soils.
      
The Formation of Artificial Nitrogen-Fixing Symbioses with Rape (Brassica napusvar.
      
The treatment of rape plants grown in nonsterile soil with 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (auxin-like growth-promoting substance) or their inoculation with the bacterial association Micrococcussp.
      
led to the formation of paranodules on the rape roots.
      
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It was reported earlier by the authors that the mosaic disease of the crucifer-ous vegetables was mostly caused by two strains of turnip mosaic virus(TrMV),i.e.“turnip strain”(commonly called turnip mosaic virus)and“rape strain“(commonly called rape mosaic virus).Field surveys made in the past 11 years(especially those made in 1956-1958)revealed that the virus oversummered main-ly in the summer grown cruciferous vegetables,including Pak-Tsai(Brassicachinensis Linn.),Tsai-Shen(B.spp.)and water-cress(Nasturtium...

It was reported earlier by the authors that the mosaic disease of the crucifer-ous vegetables was mostly caused by two strains of turnip mosaic virus(TrMV),i.e.“turnip strain”(commonly called turnip mosaic virus)and“rape strain“(commonly called rape mosaic virus).Field surveys made in the past 11 years(especially those made in 1956-1958)revealed that the virus oversummered main-ly in the summer grown cruciferous vegetables,including Pak-Tsai(Brassicachinensis Linn.),Tsai-Shen(B.spp.)and water-cress(Nasturtium officinariumWall.).The cruciferous weeds including Nasturtium montanum Wall.(only 2plants found naturally infected in 11 years)and Capsella bursa-pastoris Medic.(only 1 plant found naturally infected in 11 years)were not important as over-summering hosts.The results of the transmission tests showed that the two strains of TrMVwere readily transmitted by false cabbage aphid(Rhopalosiphum pseudobrassicaeDay.)and peach aphid(Myzus persicae Sulz.),less so by red mite(Tetranychustelaxius Linn.),and not transmitted by the adults of striped flea-beetle(Phyllotrata vittata Fab.)and the larvae of army-worm(Prodenia litura Fab.)and white-fly(Pierie rapae Linn.). They were not transmitted by seeds of thehost and by the dodder plant(Cuscutus chinensis Linn.).Soil mixed with freshresidue of diseased plant might cause occasional infection of replanted plants,but did not cause any infection of plants that were grown up from seeds sown inthe infested soil.According to the field surveys made in July 1956 to June 1958(once in every10 days),the false brassica aphid was the most important vector in Canton,in-festing the cruciferous vegetables all the year round,while the peach aphidappeared only occasionally in March and April.On ground of the field infectionpercentages,the aphid's populations,and the climatic conditions in every 10 days'period in these 24 months,it was found that the epiphytotic of the disease inCanton was closely related to the aphid population that occurred about 10-20days earlier,and the aphid population was again closely related to the amount ofrainfall and the number of rainy days in the past 10-20 days.It was thereforeconsidered possible that on ground of the prevailing condition of rainfall,onewas able to forecast the epiphytotic of the disease about 30 days ahead.

广州地区十字花科蔬菜花叶病(主要病毒是芜菁花叶病毒的油菜毒系和芜菁毒系)的越夏寄主,根据11年来的观察特别是1956—1958年间的实地调查结果,主要是小白菜、菜心和西洋菜。在野生植物中曾发现过2株蔊菜和1株荠菜自然感病,说明野生植物不是本病的重要毒源。室内试验结果证明,此病的自然传染媒介为萝卜蚜、桃蚜和普通红蜘蛛。黄条跳(虫甲)、斜纹夜盗蛾和菜粉蝶都不是本病的虫媒,病株的种子不会传病,中国菟丝子也不会传递本病。在带有未腐熟的病菜残体的土里进行直播,长出来的菜苗没有发病的;但是把菜苗移植在这样的土里,会有极小量的植株感病。根据1956年7月至1958年6月,每十日田间调查一次结果:萝卜蚜是广州地区最重要的传病媒介,桃蚜每年只在3—4月间略有发生,作用不大。根据这24个月的田间发病率,萝卜蚜(有翅蚜及无翅蚜)的虫口密度和气候情况,我们认为本地区本病的发生及流行程度主要受降水量和降水天数所影响,并认为可以从降水情况来预测约30日后的病害流行程度。

A gross anatomical study of flower bud differentiation in a whole rape plant (Brassica napus L.) was made throughout its growing period. The main results obtained are summarized as follows:1. On the same plant,the higher the branch grade, the later the flower bud differentiation started.On the branches of grade No. 1 flower bud differentiation started from below upward and from above downward with the terminal node and the highest node of one third of the total nodes from the base as starting points.On...

A gross anatomical study of flower bud differentiation in a whole rape plant (Brassica napus L.) was made throughout its growing period. The main results obtained are summarized as follows:1. On the same plant,the higher the branch grade, the later the flower bud differentiation started.On the branches of grade No. 1 flower bud differentiation started from below upward and from above downward with the terminal node and the highest node of one third of the total nodes from the base as starting points.On the branches of grades No. 2-5 flower bud differentiations were basipetal.2. On the branches of grades No.land 2 flower bud differentiation proceeded at the early growing stage,at a low rate of speed and with a small quantity of floral primordia.At the elongation stage, flower bud differentiation of all branch grades proceeded, at a high rate of speed and with a large quantity of floral primordia.3. Most of the floral primordia differentiated on the main stem and its branches of grades No. land2before the elongation stage blossomed and bore fruit, whereas the floral primordia differentiated at the elongation stage scarcely bore fruit. Consequently, measures should be taken to promote flower bud differentiation at the early growing stage and check it at the elongation stage. This might be beneficial to the increase of the number of silique and thereby the raising of seed yield.

在油菜整个大田生长期间,分期镜检全株生长点的花原基分化。结果表明:茎级愈高,花芽分化开始愈迟,同一茎轴上,各分枝开始花芽分化的次序则因枝位而异。在本试验条件下,抽苔前的油菜,一、二级分枝花原基的分化速率较慢,分化数量较少,但主茎及其上部一、二级分枝在此时分化的花原基多数能开花结实。当油菜进入抽苔至开花期,各级花原基分化的速率最快,分化数量亦最多,但大多数均不能开花结实。因此,在长江下游的类似生态条件下,当油菜抽苔前适当促进花芽分化,并在抽苔期控制花芽的发生,对增加油菜产量可能具有重要的意义。

The factor effect on the physiological change of Hongshan rape ( Brassica campestris var. purpurea Bail. ) during storage were studied: humidity, temperature, CA type and harvest-time. The results showed that stored under 5 ~ 7℃ in polyethylene film bag to create a spontane-ous MA environment ( carbon dioxide partialpressure 5 ~10%,humidity> 90% ) , rape could be stored up to 30-days with sound quality, flavour, greenness and fresh marketable character. Under conditions of lower te-mperature, high...

The factor effect on the physiological change of Hongshan rape ( Brassica campestris var. purpurea Bail. ) during storage were studied: humidity, temperature, CA type and harvest-time. The results showed that stored under 5 ~ 7℃ in polyethylene film bag to create a spontane-ous MA environment ( carbon dioxide partialpressure 5 ~10%,humidity> 90% ) , rape could be stored up to 30-days with sound quality, flavour, greenness and fresh marketable character. Under conditions of lower te-mperature, high carbon dioxide and humidity, the rate of respiration and dissimilation of material of rape decreased ,and also of water lose of rape was considerably prevented.

本文研究了贮藏的相对湿度、温度、气调方式和采收时期对洪山红菜薹贮藏期间的生理变化和贮藏效果的影响。试验结果表明:应用0.06毫米厚聚乙烯塑料薄膜袋造成密封系统贮藏红菜薹,相对湿度90%以上,自发气调环境(CO_2分压5~10%),温度在5~7℃下,可以贮藏30天,基本上达到保绿保鲜,品质正常的目的。在所给的贮藏条件下,红菜薹呼吸强度较低,物质分解消耗亦较少,并能防止水分大量散失。 结果还表明:红菜薹采收时期对贮藏效果有很大的影响,这是与红菜薹的品质有关系。

 
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