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mastoid
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  乳突
     ③Facial nerve was divided into 5 segments: intracranial segment(12.32 mm),internal acoustic meatus segment(9.18 mm),labyrinthine segment(5.14 mm),tympanic segment(11.82 mm) and mastoid segment(17.90 mm);
     ③面神经分为 5段 :颅内段 (12 .3 2mm)、内耳道段(9 .18mm)、迷路段 (5 .14mm)、鼓室段 (11.82mm)、乳突段 (17.90mm) ;
短句来源
     The mean length of the labyrinthine, tympanic and mastoid segment was (5.6±0.74)mm, (10.66±0.79)mm and (13.47±1.01)mm respectively.
     迷路段、鼓室段及乳突段的平均长度分别为 (5 .6± 0 .74)mm、(10 .66± 0 .79)mm及 (13 .47± 1.0 1)mm。
短句来源
     The mean diameter of the l-abyrinthine, geniculate fossa, tympanic and mastoid segment was (0.76±0.16)mm, (2.37±0.63)mm, (1.03±0.16)mm and (1.57±0.31)mm respectively.
     迷路段、膝状神经窝、鼓室段及乳突段的平均直径分别为 (0 .76± 0 .16)mm、2 .3 7± 0 .63 )mm、(1.0 3± 0 .16)mm及 (1.5 7± 0 .3 1)mm。
短句来源
     Results: (1) The accessory nerve entered the stemocleidomastoid muscle about 3.89±0.56 cm beneath the mastoid process.
     结果:(1)副神经在乳突下方(3.89±0.56)cm进入胸锁乳突肌。
短句来源
     The mastoid segment, 14.31±1.71(mm) long, 2.37±0.18(mm)wide,leaves the cranium from stylomastoid foramen.
     乳突段经茎乳孔离开颞骨,长度为 14.31±1.71(mm),其中部前后方向直径为 2.37±0.18(mm)。
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  乳突的
     Conclusion CT scan could improve the diagnostic rate of middle ear disease and also have the directing significance in operation of middle ear and mastoid.
     结论 CT扫描可提高中耳病变的确诊率,对中耳及乳突的手术具有指导意义。
短句来源
     Objective:To improve the diagnosis and treatment of the external auditory canal cholesteatoma (EACC) with erosin into the mastoid.
     目的 :提高临床对外耳道胆脂瘤 (EACC)侵蚀乳突的认识。
短句来源
     It is suggested that the type of pneumatization of the mastoid,the location,size andexpension of the cholesteatoma and the history of the disease are the main factors effectingpreoperative X-rey diagnosis.
     并认为乳突的气化类型、胆脂瘤的发生部位、生长方式、大小及病史长短是影响术前X线诊断的主要因素。
短句来源
     METHODS This was a retrospective study including the clinical data of 14 cases of EACC invading tympanic cavity and mastoid from 1998 to 2003 . RESULTS All 14 cases showed different bone erosion in the four walls of external auditory canal with extention to the mastoid .
     方法回顾性分析我科1998~2003年收治的侵及鼓室、乳突的外耳道胆脂瘤14例患者的临床资料。 结果14例患者病变均不同程度破坏外耳道四壁并向后扩展至乳突腔。
短句来源
     Patients with traumatic CSF fistula all have base skull fracture and dura leakage , therefore, we can make sure that the liquid out from nostril or ear way are CSF if the fracture line crossing the paranasal sinus or mastoid and the local accumulating liquid in the cave of paranasal sinus or mastoid.
     外伤性CSF漏的病人都有颅底骨折并伴有硬脑膜的撕裂,因此,发现经过副鼻窦或乳突的颅底骨折线和局部窦腔或乳突积液,基本上就可以确定耳、鼻流出液体为CSF漏。
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  “mastoid”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The FNC could be divided into 3 segments, the labyrinthine, the tympanic and the mastoid segments, stretching 3.6±1.2 mm, 11.2±2.5 mm and 16.1±3.6 mm respectively and with diameters of 1.2±0.3 mm, 1.4±0.1 mm and 1.7±0.2 mm, respectively.
     (2)面神经管岩骨段可划分为三段:前庭段(迷路段)最短,长径(3.6±1.2) mm、管径(1.2±0.3)mm; 鼓室段居中,长径(11.2±2.5)mm、管径(1.4±0.1)mm;
短句来源
     ③The FNC was divided into 3 sections, i.e. labyrinthine one (length, 3.6mm 1.2mm; diameter, 1.2mm 0.3mm) tympanic one (length, 11.2mm 2.5mm; diameter, 1.4mm 0.1mm) and mastoid one (length, 16.1mm 3.6mm; diameter, 1.7mm 0.2mm).
     ③面神经管岩骨段可划分为三段:前庭段最短,长径(3.6±1.2)mm,管径平均为(1.2±0.3)mm; 鼓室段居中,长径(11.2±2.5)mm,平均管径(1.4±0.1)mm;
短句来源
     The total cure rates of mastoid cervical erosion with OPIN combined with Fufang Potassium dichromate solution(88.5%)are significantly higher than that of OPIN group(73.9%)(P<0.01).
     奥平栓加复方重铬酸钾溶液组治疗乳头型宫颈糜烂总有效率(88.5%)明显高于奥平栓治疗组(73.9%)(P<0.01)。
短句来源
     ③ The distance from the mastoid portion to the Henlen's spine was ( 5.0± 1.3)mm.
     ③垂直段距离海伦嵴 (15 .0± 1.3)mm。
短句来源
     Results: The average height of pyramidal eminence was 2.2±0.07mm, the height of facial nerve canal was 3.8±0.1mm, the average depth of facial nerve recess was 1.8±0.09mm and the depth of the posterior mastoid sinus was 2.9±0.11mm. It suggested that the height of pyramidal eminence were correlated with depth of the posterior tympanic sinus.
     结果 :锥隆起的高度为 2 .2± 0 .0 7mm,面神经骨管的高度为 3.8± 0 .1mm,面神经隐窝的深度为 1.8± 0 .0 9mm,鼓室窦的深度为 2 .9± 0 .11mm,统计学表明锥隆起与面神经隐窝有极显著的相关关系。
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  mastoid
Temperature changes were evaluated on several areas of the head (the mastoid fossa (Tmf), the forehead (Tfo), and the cheek (Tch)) and on the fingers (Tfing).
      
In a case of cephalic tetanus the amplitudes and the latencies of the compound action potentials recorded from the facial muscles after stimulation of the facial nerve at the mastoid were not significantly different on the two sides.
      
We report an unusual case of mastoid GS with meningeal extension but no bone marrow involvement on presentation.
      
All patients were treated surgically, and cholesteatoma and cholesterol granuloma were found coexisting alternately, the latter lying mainly in the tympanic antrum, attic and mastoid air cells.
      
Chocolate-colored mucus was accumulated in well-developed mastoid air cells, and glistening dotty cholesterol crystals were also found.
      
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Rattus niviventer Hodgson is morphologically very similar to Rattus coxingi Swinhoe and they occur sympatrically in Szechwan. According to Thomas (1911) and Allen (1940), the two rats differ in body size and length of tail as well as in the color of the abdomen. But these characters show considerable overlaps, and the similarities of the two species are so great that specimens of either species may easily be misidentified.Based on our field observation, we found that the two species differ in habitats and breeding...

Rattus niviventer Hodgson is morphologically very similar to Rattus coxingi Swinhoe and they occur sympatrically in Szechwan. According to Thomas (1911) and Allen (1940), the two rats differ in body size and length of tail as well as in the color of the abdomen. But these characters show considerable overlaps, and the similarities of the two species are so great that specimens of either species may easily be misidentified.Based on our field observation, we found that the two species differ in habitats and breeding season as well as in their external parasitic mites. The habitat of Rattus niviventer is chiefly in the birch forest or birch and oak mixed forest, whereas that of Rattus coxingi principally in the oak forest or human dwellings. The breeding season of the Rattus coxingi occurs earlier than that of Rattus niviventer. The external parasitic mites of the two rats also differ. 76% of Rattus niviventer specimens are found to be infected with Laelaps turkestankus Lange, whereas only 19% of Rattus coxingi specimens are infected with the same exoparasite. On the other hand, 67% of Rattus coxingi specimens are infected with Laelaps echidininus Berlese, as against only 6% of Rattus niviventer. Morphologically, we have found differences in the average measurements of hind foot, zygomatic breadth, mastoid breadth, upper tooth row, widths of M1 & M2 and the length of M3.Lastly, the two rats differ most obviously in the size of their testes, the length of the testes averaging 18.2±0.13 (17.2-20) mm in Rattus niviventer, and only 12.3±0.31 (10-15) mm in Rattus coxingi, when they are sexually mature.

1957年5—7月在川西阿坝藏族自治州马尔康附近卓克基的纳足沟采得一批长尾岩栖亚属(Maxomy Sody)的鼠类,从形态、生态及内部繁殖器官等方面进行研究,发现虽然它们外形和毛色及一般形态特征十分相似,极易混淆,但还可以从一些新发现的指标来确定 其一为社鼠(Rattus niviventer Hodgson,1836),另一种为白腹鼠(Rattus coxingi Swinhoe,1864)。 经生物学特性对比,发现它们栖息习性不同,社鼠多栖于桦树林及桦栎混交林中,白腹鼠多栖于高山栎林及人房中。在年龄组成上也有显著性差异,白腹鼠繁殖季节开始比较早。在体外寄生螨相方面也有显著性差异,社鼠带有土耳其斯坦恐螨(Laelaps turkes-tanicus Lange,1955)的个体占76.2%,而白腹鼠带有这种螨的个体只有19.4%; 白腹鼠带有刺恐螨(Laelaps echidininus Berlese,1887)的个体占66.7%,而社鼠只有6.4%。 在形态方面,经过细致的对比,发现虽大同,却仍有小异。如后足长、颧宽、后头宽、上齿列长、M~1宽、M~2宽和M~3长,社鼠均小于白腹鼠。最重要的是在性成熟时...

1957年5—7月在川西阿坝藏族自治州马尔康附近卓克基的纳足沟采得一批长尾岩栖亚属(Maxomy Sody)的鼠类,从形态、生态及内部繁殖器官等方面进行研究,发现虽然它们外形和毛色及一般形态特征十分相似,极易混淆,但还可以从一些新发现的指标来确定 其一为社鼠(Rattus niviventer Hodgson,1836),另一种为白腹鼠(Rattus coxingi Swinhoe,1864)。 经生物学特性对比,发现它们栖息习性不同,社鼠多栖于桦树林及桦栎混交林中,白腹鼠多栖于高山栎林及人房中。在年龄组成上也有显著性差异,白腹鼠繁殖季节开始比较早。在体外寄生螨相方面也有显著性差异,社鼠带有土耳其斯坦恐螨(Laelaps turkes-tanicus Lange,1955)的个体占76.2%,而白腹鼠带有这种螨的个体只有19.4%; 白腹鼠带有刺恐螨(Laelaps echidininus Berlese,1887)的个体占66.7%,而社鼠只有6.4%。 在形态方面,经过细致的对比,发现虽大同,却仍有小异。如后足长、颧宽、后头宽、上齿列长、M~1宽、M~2宽和M~3长,社鼠均小于白腹鼠。最重要的是在性成熟时期两种鼠类睾丸长有显著的差异,社鼠睾丸长为18.2±0.13毫米(17.2—20.0毫米),而白腹鼠为12.3±0.31毫米(10.0—15.0毫米),二者平均值有显著差异,分布范围也没有重迭。 这两种鼠类同域分布,形态虽大同,却仍有小异,?

Rheoencephalograms of the fronto--mastoid and the occipito--mastoidleads of 244 normal subjects or both sexes and different ages wereanalyzed in 1977. The results of analysis are as follows.1. Rheoencephalograms of healthy subjects appear in four forms; thesharp--straight, the threepeak, the high--flexion and the flat--apex. Thefirst two are considered normal and the last two physiological variations.2. Differences with ageThe distribution of wave forms and the repeat--pulse waves in sub-jests under 40...

Rheoencephalograms of the fronto--mastoid and the occipito--mastoidleads of 244 normal subjects or both sexes and different ages wereanalyzed in 1977. The results of analysis are as follows.1. Rheoencephalograms of healthy subjects appear in four forms; thesharp--straight, the threepeak, the high--flexion and the flat--apex. Thefirst two are considered normal and the last two physiological variations.2. Differences with ageThe distribution of wave forms and the repeat--pulse waves in sub-jests under 40 years of age are significantly different from those aboveforty. The inflow time and their angle of inclination vary with thedifferent wave forms. These four parameters are regarded as representa-tive of the elastic state of the cerebral vasculature. The amplitude andspeed of inflow volume vary with the various age groups. They reflectthe fullness of the vessels and the state of vascular supply.3. Sex differencesThe sex differences in amplitude and speed of inflow volume areclear. Physiological variations of the waye forms and poorly markedrepeat--pulse waves are present earlier in women than in men.4. Differences between the fronto--mastoid lead and the occipito--mas-toid lead.The amplitude and the speed of inflow volume recorded with the fron-to--mastoid lead are consistently higher than that with the occipito--mas-toid lead, in all age groups. This may be due to the lesser blood supplythrough the vertebral artery than that through the carotid.This paper presents the range of normal values or six parameters ofRheoencephalogram obtained with our instrument.In view of the obvious overlap between the physiological and patholo-gical states, the range of values denoting "suspicious" cases is presentedfor reference.

本文对244名不同年龄、性别正常人的脑电阻图额乳与枕乳导联测定结果进行了分析。并提出了脑电阻图各项指标正常值与可疑值范围以供参考。

The lymphatic vessels and regional nodes of the nasopharynx in 70 foetuses and infant cadavers were studied with the method of injection of the lymphatics of the organ.There is a network of lymphatic capillaries in the mucous membrane of the nasopharynx, which drains into the submucous lymphatics. The latter join together to form a number of efferent ducts.The efferents emerging from the posterior wall of the nasopharynx end in the retropharyngeal lateral and medial nodes, or pass to the posterior aspect of...

The lymphatic vessels and regional nodes of the nasopharynx in 70 foetuses and infant cadavers were studied with the method of injection of the lymphatics of the organ.There is a network of lymphatic capillaries in the mucous membrane of the nasopharynx, which drains into the submucous lymphatics. The latter join together to form a number of efferent ducts.The efferents emerging from the posterior wall of the nasopharynx end in the retropharyngeal lateral and medial nodes, or pass to the posterior aspect of the internal carotid artery and internal jugular vein and end in the upper deep cervical nodes lying deep to the tip of the mastoid.The lymphatics emerging from the lateral wall drain into the nodes right under the base of the skull anterior to the internal carotid artery and internal jugular vein, or descend to the jugulodigastric node, and the upper deep cervical nodes between the beginning point of the lingual artery and the bifurcate point of the common carotid artery.

1.在70例胎儿及婴儿尸体上用器官内淋巴管注射的方法,观察了鼻咽部的淋巴管及其局部淋巴结。 2.在鼻咽部粘膜层具有一层毛细淋巴管网,于咽鼓管扁桃体及咽扁桃体处最为密集。粘膜层毛细淋巴管注入粘膜下淋巴管,后者汇成数条输出管。 3.从鼻咽部后壁走出的输出管注入咽后内、外侧淋巴结,或是经过颈内动、静脉的后方,注入乳突尖部深处的颈上深淋巴结。 4.从鼻咽部侧壁走出的输出管,注入颈内动、静脉出入颅底处前方的淋巴结,或向下入颈静脉二腹肌淋巴结及在舌动脉起点至颈总动脉分岐处之间的颈上深淋巴结。 5.咽后外侧淋巴结位于寰椎侧块高度,有1~2个;咽后内侧淋巴结紧贴咽腱膜,仅有1个。充色的颈静脉二腹肌淋巴结仅有一个,形体较大。

 
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