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fungicides
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  杀菌剂
    The results showed that Chlorothalonil 75 % WP,Thiram 50 % WP,Prochloraz 25 % EC and Mancozeb 70 % WP were good fungicides against C. cassiicola,with control efficacy 92.71 %,89.16 %,87.31 % and 73.20 %,respectively.
    试验结果表明:所选的4种药剂75%百菌清可湿性粉剂、50%福美双可湿性粉剂、25%咪鲜胺乳油和70%代森锰锌可湿性粉剂对黄瓜褐斑病的田间最高防效可分别达到92.71%、89.16%、87.31%和73.20%,是防治黄瓜褐斑病的优良杀菌剂
短句来源
    13 fungicides were screened in laboratory, to evaluate restrain abilities of fungicides on Macrophoma Kawatrukaii taking place in Tianjin. The results show that Nus-tar, Gobaan M, Carbendazim and Lunwente have high restrain abilities to Macrophoma Kawatrukaii,EC50 is 0. 016 mg/mL,0. 032 mg/mL,0. 041 mg/ml,0. 053 mg/mL respectively.
    针对天津地区苹果(富士)轮纹病(Macrophoma kawatrukaii Hara),选取田间常用的13种杀菌剂,进行了室内药剂筛选,试验结果表明福星、甲基保果安、多菌灵、轮纹特抑菌效果较好,EC50分别为0.016 mg/L、0.032 mg/L、0.041 mg/L、0.053 mg/L。
    Inhibition of Fungicides to the Pathogen of Pomegranate Wilt
    化学杀菌剂对石榴枯萎病菌的室内抑制作用
短句来源
    Sensitivity of brown rot pathogen(Monilinia fructicola) to three fungicides
    桃褐腐病菌(Monilinia fructicola)对3种杀菌剂的敏感性
短句来源
    Effects of 4 Triazole Fungicides on Cucumber Growth
    4种三唑类杀菌剂对黄瓜生长的影响
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  杀真菌剂
    The Inhibition Effect of 7 Fungicides on Gray Mold of Garlic Sprouts
    7种杀真菌剂对蒜薹灰霉菌抑制效果研究
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  “fungicides”译为未确定词的双语例句
    BIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF COLLETOTRICHUM LINDEMUTHIANUM AND SCREENING OF FUNGICIDES
    菜豆炭疽病菌(Colletotrichum lindemuthianum)生物学特性及室内药剂筛选
短句来源
    Therefore,it is of essence that utilization of substituted fungicides in controlling diseases for cucumber in greenhouse,In our study,we have found that iprodione(0.562 kg·hm-2),pyrimethanil(0.450 kg·hm-2) and SYP-Z048(0.070 kg·hm-2) can effectively control cucumber gray mold(Botrytis cinerea) at the dosages mentioned above with an efficacy of up to 70 percentages;
    从防治效果看,温室内黄瓜叶片上喷雾施用异菌脲(0.562 kg.hm-2)、嘧霉胺(0.450 kg.hm-2)和啶菌恶唑(0.070 kg.hm-2)对黄瓜灰霉病(Botrytis cinerea)的控制效果均达到70%以上;
短句来源
    Preliminary Study on the Control Effect of Fungicides on Root Rot of Daphne (Fusarium sp.)
    金边瑞香根腐病药剂防治研究初报
短句来源
    Experiment of 10 Fungicides for Controling Muskmelon Mildew Downy
    10种药剂防治甜瓜霜霉病的效果试验
短句来源
    Using different fungicides and packaging materials during storage at 1±1℃, compared with control, maintained higher firmness and delayed the decrease of the content of TA total sugar and vitamin C;
    不同保鲜剂结合不同包装在1±1℃的冷藏条件下,与对照相比,可较好地维持果实TA、总糖和V_C的含量;
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  fungicides
The preparation is compatible with insecticides (carbofos, vismetrin, talstar, and applaud) and certain fungicides (such as baitan).
      
The preparation may serve as an alternative to chemical fungicides for plant protection.
      
Aminoalkylphosphinates Are New Effective Inhibitors of Melanogenesis and Fungicides
      
Determination of the Optical Purity of Fungicides of the Triazole Series
      
The influence of the nature of the chiral selector and the composition of the mobile phase on the enantioselectivity of the separation of two fungicides of the triazole series by high-performance liquid chromatography was studied.
      
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Formerly trunk rot of apple(Botryosphaeria ribis Gross,et Dugger)was reported onlyoccuring on young trees.Since 1957 it was noted to be one of the serious diseases on matureapple trees in the southern part of Liao-ning province,where the disease developed from themiddle of May to the end of October.There were two peaks of development in a year(i.e.June and August),during which the cankers extended most rapidity.Wounds and lenticelswere found to be the principal entrances of the fungus.The rate of infection reached...

Formerly trunk rot of apple(Botryosphaeria ribis Gross,et Dugger)was reported onlyoccuring on young trees.Since 1957 it was noted to be one of the serious diseases on matureapple trees in the southern part of Liao-ning province,where the disease developed from themiddle of May to the end of October.There were two peaks of development in a year(i.e.June and August),during which the cankers extended most rapidity.Wounds and lenticelswere found to be the principal entrances of the fungus.The rate of infection reached 62.7%at the points where the bark was injured.Topography was also an influencing factor.Lim-sulfur spray proved to be fairly effective among the nine fungicides tested.Four applica-tions of lime-sulfur in the growing season reduced the trunk rot to less than 50%.Cuttingoff infected tissue or banks was considered as a less effective operation.

根据1960—1961年的研究,苹果干腐病在辽宁省,每年从5月中旬到10月均能发生为害,6月分为发生发展的第一次高峯;8月下旬至9月上旬为第二次高峯。苹果干腐病的发生与气候条件有密切关系。干旱与积水均能诱发病害的发生,而干旱的影响最大。地势与发病亦有影响,低洼地发病较重。树势强弱与本病的发生有密切关系。栽培管理条件好,树势旺壮者,病势一般较轻。喷药保护树干有一定作用,彻底刮治病斑,再涂抹石灰硫磺合剂,效果很好。

Valsa canker(Valsa mali Miyabe et Yamada)is one of the most serious dis-eases of apple in North China.Generally,it affects the weak bearing trees andcauses catastrophic damage after periodical freezing.In early works,the authors attempted to search for the period of infectionand to control with certain protective fungicides,but all the attempts failed.Inthe years from 1961 to 1963,the authors concentrated the work on the studies ofthe nature of infection of the causal fungus.During the growing season,fromMay...

Valsa canker(Valsa mali Miyabe et Yamada)is one of the most serious dis-eases of apple in North China.Generally,it affects the weak bearing trees andcauses catastrophic damage after periodical freezing.In early works,the authors attempted to search for the period of infectionand to control with certain protective fungicides,but all the attempts failed.Inthe years from 1961 to 1963,the authors concentrated the work on the studies ofthe nature of infection of the causal fungus.During the growing season,fromMay to September,the authors collected apparently healthy apple twigs and smallbranches,killed them by freezing below-10℃.After surface sterilization withlime sulfur,these shortened twigs were placed in pans half filled with wet sandin order to keep them moistened.These works were undertaken in the green hou-ses or growth chambers where the Valsa spores were absent.After a specificperiod,the bark of some twigs decayed showing the characteristic Valsa cankerappearance,and Valsa pycnidia was produced.Inoculating the healthy appletwig with spores from this pycnidia caused the characteristic Valsa canker.Thus,it is demonstrated that latent infection of Valsa mali occurred in the Valsabark of apple.The percentages of Valsa latent infection of twigs of the same age of bothyoung and old trees were similar.In the twigs two to five years old,the percen-tages of latent infection increased with the age.Valsa latent infections in apple barks are widespread in distribution,theyoccurred not only in the canker disease area of the Provinces Liaoning,Hopei,Shantung and Shansi,but also in the non-canker diseased Provinces Anhui andHonan,even in Hupei,a province of the Yangtze Valley.The authors discussed the significance of the latent infection of Valsa cankerfungus in relation to the further research works and control measures of cankerdisease.The maintenance of tree vigor is emphasized as the fundamental measureof the canker control.The work on the chemical control of Valsa canker syste-mic fungicides,especially those with endotherapeutic activity,was regarded asthe most important.The significance of the biological control of Valsa canker ofapple was also indicated.

苹果树腐烂病(Valsa mali Miyabe et Yamada)是我国北部苹果产区的主要病害之一,每每在周期性冻害之后盛发,一般在管理粗放、树势衰弱的果园为害严重。在早期的工作中,试图用常规研究方法探索病菌侵入的集中时期,采用适期喷布保护剂防止病菌侵入的方法来预防发病,未获预期的结果。1961—1963年,作者等继续研究侵染问题。在5—9月间果树生长季内,采集外观无病的健康苹果枝条,置-10℃以下环境中冻死,涂石硫合剂杀死枝条上可能附留的孢子,隔绝外来侵染,在室温下插湿砂盘中保持枝条不乾。经一定时间,树皮腐解,呈现腐烂病变特徵,并产生分生孢子器。取分生孢子接种,能致病。试验证明,正常的苹果树皮上带有潜伏病菌,它在寄主失却抗性时扩展。苹果树腐烂病菌具潜伏侵染特点。幼树和成年树同龄枝条带菌枝率无显著差异。2—5年枝,带菌枝率随枝龄增长而增高。辽宁、河北、山东、山西、河南、安徽、湖北等省苹果枝条都带潜伏病菌。文中讨论了潜伏侵染在腐烂病研究和防治上的意义。作者等强调了增强树势,提高抗扩展能力,应作为基本的防治措施。药剂防治的研究应从保护的应用研究改变为筛选具有铲除效能的杀菌剂或内吸杀菌剂。文中还提到探索生物防治...

苹果树腐烂病(Valsa mali Miyabe et Yamada)是我国北部苹果产区的主要病害之一,每每在周期性冻害之后盛发,一般在管理粗放、树势衰弱的果园为害严重。在早期的工作中,试图用常规研究方法探索病菌侵入的集中时期,采用适期喷布保护剂防止病菌侵入的方法来预防发病,未获预期的结果。1961—1963年,作者等继续研究侵染问题。在5—9月间果树生长季内,采集外观无病的健康苹果枝条,置-10℃以下环境中冻死,涂石硫合剂杀死枝条上可能附留的孢子,隔绝外来侵染,在室温下插湿砂盘中保持枝条不乾。经一定时间,树皮腐解,呈现腐烂病变特徵,并产生分生孢子器。取分生孢子接种,能致病。试验证明,正常的苹果树皮上带有潜伏病菌,它在寄主失却抗性时扩展。苹果树腐烂病菌具潜伏侵染特点。幼树和成年树同龄枝条带菌枝率无显著差异。2—5年枝,带菌枝率随枝龄增长而增高。辽宁、河北、山东、山西、河南、安徽、湖北等省苹果枝条都带潜伏病菌。文中讨论了潜伏侵染在腐烂病研究和防治上的意义。作者等强调了增强树势,提高抗扩展能力,应作为基本的防治措施。药剂防治的研究应从保护的应用研究改变为筛选具有铲除效能的杀菌剂或内吸杀菌剂。文中还提到探索生物防治的可能性和侵染研究的方法问题。

On the trial of a number of antibiotics and chemical fungicides to the poplar blister canker, it was found that the antibiotics was not as good as some chemical fungicides. Owing to the latent infection of the fungus and the thickness of the tree bark, the non penetrating fungicides, such as lime-sulphur was not effective, while, 40% 3-(di me-thyl-dithio-carbamate ) Arsenie×60, 50% Terzet ×100, 70% Topsin-M ×100, 50% Bovistin ×100 showed better infiltration and control effect. The period of...

On the trial of a number of antibiotics and chemical fungicides to the poplar blister canker, it was found that the antibiotics was not as good as some chemical fungicides. Owing to the latent infection of the fungus and the thickness of the tree bark, the non penetrating fungicides, such as lime-sulphur was not effective, while, 40% 3-(di me-thyl-dithio-carbamate ) Arsenie×60, 50% Terzet ×100, 70% Topsin-M ×100, 50% Bovistin ×100 showed better infiltration and control effect. The period of control was more suitable in early to mid August when it was the high tide of condial dissemination.

杨树水泡型溃疡病试验结果表明;抗菌素杀菌剂对病菌孢子萌发和菌丝生长效果较差。病原菌具有潜伏侵染特性,所以药剂防治应放在消灭侵染源的分生孢子上。由于杨树树皮组织纤维较厚,对药剂忍受能力较强,不易发生药害,一般的杀菌剂如石硫合剂等作用较差。经试验证明40%福美砷50倍、50%退菌特100倍、70%甲基托布津100倍、50%多菌灵100倍,防治效果较好。防治时期在8月上旬至中旬的孢子飞散的高峰中进行为适宜。为了解决杨树水疱型溃疡病对杨树造成的危害,自1977年以来,在鉴定病原及对发病规律研究的基础上选取了一些生产上常用的化学杀菌剂、抗菌素杀菌剂及其它一些新型的杀菌剂进行了防治试验,以便找出一些防治本病较好的有效杀菌剂。

 
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