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lingual     
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     The starting point(C) of the lingual artery is located posterior to THB(4.1±2.5) mm,superior to THB(0.2±3.8) mm;
     动脉起点C位于THB后方4.1±2.5 mm,上方0.2±3.8 mm;
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     Result:The whole length of lingual artery was (9.73±0.83)cm.
     结果:动脉全长为 (9.73±0.83)cm;
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     Expression of MAGE-A1 and MAGE-A3 genes in human lingual squamous cell carcinoma and its clinical significance
     MAGE-A1、MAGE-A3基因在人鳞癌中的表达及其临床意义
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     The lingual artery follows the hypoglossal nerve, the distances from the starting point of the lingual artery to C2~3 was (19.7±8.4)mm.
     动脉与下神经伴行,起点距相邻C2~3椎体为(19.7±8.4)mm。
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     Lingual tonsillectomy with CO 2 laser
     扁桃体肥大的CO_2激光手术
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     Conclusions: A large lingual artery coursed in each side of the tongue, whose position and morphology were variable in the 1st segment but stable from the 2nd to the 4th segment.
     结论:舌的两侧各由1条粗大的舌动脉供血,其第一段的位置、形态个体差异很大,临床外科有关手术尤应注意,第2~4段的位置和形态较为恒定。
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     Methods The lingual clinical and pathological diagnoses of 31 patients with PSA from May 1992 to June 2002 were studied.
     方法总结分析1992年5月至2003年6月31例系统性淀粉样变性病患者舌的临床特征及病理组织学特点。
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     At the posterior border of musculus byoglossus the lingual artery is superficial to be exposed easily and has a constant relationship to the vein and hypoglossal nerve, so it can be used as a receiving artery for transplantation.
     由于舌动脉入舌的位置较恒定而浅,易于显露,并与舌下神经和舌静脉有稳定的关系,因而可作为受区动脉。
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     Conclusion:Lingual sensory afferent fibers mainly terminate in the VP.
     结论 :三叉神经感觉主核是舌的主要终止核团。
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     In order to sort and improve the method of diagnoses depending on lingual vessels in Traditional Chinese Medicine, a systemic study on the lingual arteries, veins and venous values was carried out.
     为整理提高中医的舌脉诊法,对舌的动脉及其分支、静脉及静脉瓣进行了系统研究。
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  “lingual”译为未确定词的双语例句
     the culmination of the lingual artery is anterior to THB (0.2±2.1) mm,superior to THB(7.5±2.6) mm.
     其弓形最高点D位于THB前方0.2±2.1 mm,上方7.5±2.6 mm;
短句来源
     The distance from the mandibular lingual to the anterior border of the ramus of mandible and the inferior border of the body of mandible are 14.8+1.6mm (13.0~17.7mm) and32.9±2.7mm (29.0~37.4mm) .
     7、下牙槽神经从下颌小舌后下方的下颌孔进入下颌管,下颌小舌距离下颌支前缘14.8±1.6mm(13.0~17.7mm),距离下颌体下缘32.9±2.7mm(29.0~37.4mm);
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     Result The positive expression rate of Cyclin D1 in OSCC was 67.7%(42/62),which was higher than that in normal lingual mucosa(P<0.05).
     结果口腔鳞癌组织中Cyc lin D1表达率67.7%(42/62),正常口腔粘膜组织中未见表达,两组间差异有显著性(P<0.05);
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     (2) The scores of listening, repeating speaking, phonating, reading, transcribing, depicting in lingual function in two groups had significance before and after course of treatment(Group A, P<0. 01, Group B, P<0.05).
     (3)两组治疗前后临床神经功能缺损评分值降低有统计学意义(分别为治疗组P<0.01,对照组P<0.05)。 临床神经功能缺损评分值两组治疗后和两组治疗前后差值比较有显著性差异(分别为两组治疗后P<0.05两组前后差值比较P<0.01)。
短句来源
     Methods The expression of IL-8 and the intratumoral microvessel density(iMVD) in 55 cases of human oral squamous cell carcinoma and 10 case of normal lingual mucosa were examined by means of immunohistochemical method.
     方法应用免疫组织化学技术检测55例OSCC手术切除标本和10例正常口腔粘膜标本中IL-8的表达及肿瘤内的微血管密度(iMVD)。
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  lingual
The study was carried out using the methods of structural analysis of vocal speech that are employed in lingual criminalistics to identify a speaking person.
      
In this genus, the crest a-b is reduced and the thick lingual cingulid is better developed than that of other docodonts.
      
Mesial-distal and buccal-lingual dimensions of 1 266 hominoid teeth found in Yuanmou of Yunnan Province during the period of 1986 and 1988 have been measured.
      
Deep lingual arterial chemoembolization of tongue carcinoma with microcapsuled anticancer drug
      
This reflex, conveyed centrally through the lingual nerve, could be involved in the prevention of tongue injuries during mastication.
      
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The common description of the accessory meningeal artery in the textbooks of ana-tomy is either too brief or inaccurate, and some current misconceptions and contradic-tions have not yet been cleared up. Our investigation is based on the results of 57 dissections of 33 cadavers with thefollowing conclusions: 1. Frequency of occurrence: The accessory meningeal artery is found in 50 sidesof 32 cadavers, i.e. in 87.7% of the dissections and 97.0% of the cadavers. 2. The accessory meningeal artery often originates...

The common description of the accessory meningeal artery in the textbooks of ana-tomy is either too brief or inaccurate, and some current misconceptions and contradic-tions have not yet been cleared up. Our investigation is based on the results of 57 dissections of 33 cadavers with thefollowing conclusions: 1. Frequency of occurrence: The accessory meningeal artery is found in 50 sidesof 32 cadavers, i.e. in 87.7% of the dissections and 97.0% of the cadavers. 2. The accessory meningeal artery often originates from the middle meningeal artery(the 2nd class 70% and the 4th class 8%), and less frequently originates from themaxillary artery (the 1st class 16%) or from both of them (the 3rd class 6%). 3. The accessory meningeal artery often passes medial (type P 50%) or lateral(type S 28%) to the posterior division of the mandibular nerve (or the inferior dentalnerve and the lingual nerve). Usually the artery courses forwards and upwards intothe pterygospinous foramen. 4. In most cases, the main trunk of the accessory meningeal artery does not passthrough the foramen ovale. 5. The accessory meningeal artery distributes principally to the lateral and medialpterygoid muscle, tensor veli palatini muscle, parts of the sphenoid bone, and the man-dibular nerve. In addition, its small ramus passes through the accessory foraminum ornotch of the foramen ovale into the middle cranial fossa, and supplies the dura materanterior to the foramen ovale. Some possible racial differences between the Chinese and American materials arediscussed.

一般常用的中外文解剖学书籍对硬脑膜副动脉的描述过于简略或不够正确,某些流行的错误概念和矛盾没有得到及时的澄清。调查了33具尸体57侧。观察结果: (1)出现率:在32具尸体的50侧找到硬脑膜副动脉,占调查尸体数97.0%,占调查侧数87.7%。 (2)类型统计:按主干的起始点和行径分类型。凡主干起于土颌动脉者列入第一类(Ⅰ),起于硬脑膜中动脉者列入第二类(Ⅱ),两干分别起始者列入第三类(Ⅰ—Ⅱ)和第四类(Ⅱ—Ⅱ);凡主干行经下颌神经后股或舌神经和下齿神经外侧者为浅型(S),行经这些神经内侧者为深型(P),两干分别走神经内外侧者为浅深型(SP)和浅—深型(S—P),主干沿下颌神经后缘入卵圆孔后部者为卵圆孔型(O)。统计结果见表2和表3。按起点分类,以第二类(Ⅱ)为最多(70%);按行径分型,以深型(P)为最多(50%);把起点和行径结合起来分类型,以ⅡP类型为最多(40%)。 (3)与卵圆孔和翼棘孔的关系:硬脑膜副动脉虽常有细小分支进入卵圆孔供给下颌神经颅内段,但主干极少有进入卵圆孔的。多数硬脑膜副动脉的主干或深干进入翼棘孔, 少数则有分支进入翼棘孔。 (4)分支分布:硬脑膜副动脉分支分布于翼外肌、翼内肌、张腭...

一般常用的中外文解剖学书籍对硬脑膜副动脉的描述过于简略或不够正确,某些流行的错误概念和矛盾没有得到及时的澄清。调查了33具尸体57侧。观察结果: (1)出现率:在32具尸体的50侧找到硬脑膜副动脉,占调查尸体数97.0%,占调查侧数87.7%。 (2)类型统计:按主干的起始点和行径分类型。凡主干起于土颌动脉者列入第一类(Ⅰ),起于硬脑膜中动脉者列入第二类(Ⅱ),两干分别起始者列入第三类(Ⅰ—Ⅱ)和第四类(Ⅱ—Ⅱ);凡主干行经下颌神经后股或舌神经和下齿神经外侧者为浅型(S),行经这些神经内侧者为深型(P),两干分别走神经内外侧者为浅深型(SP)和浅—深型(S—P),主干沿下颌神经后缘入卵圆孔后部者为卵圆孔型(O)。统计结果见表2和表3。按起点分类,以第二类(Ⅱ)为最多(70%);按行径分型,以深型(P)为最多(50%);把起点和行径结合起来分类型,以ⅡP类型为最多(40%)。 (3)与卵圆孔和翼棘孔的关系:硬脑膜副动脉虽常有细小分支进入卵圆孔供给下颌神经颅内段,但主干极少有进入卵圆孔的。多数硬脑膜副动脉的主干或深干进入翼棘孔, 少数则有分支进入翼棘孔。 (4)分支分布:硬脑膜副动脉分支分布于翼外肌、翼内肌、张腭肌、蝶骨大翼颞下面、下颌神经等结构,此外,还常有一小分支经卵圆孔附属小孔或小切迹入颅中窝,供给卵圆孔前硬脑膜。最后,对常用解剖学书籍的扼要描述作了建议;讨论了可能有人种差异的问题;并建议采用名词“翼肌脑膜动脉”。

In anesthetized cats, an intravenous injection of lycoramine at 3—5 mg/kg produced a transient fall of systemic blood pressure, potentiated the hypotensive response elicited by acetylcholine or by the electrical stimulation of the peripheral end of vagus, and increased the activity of smooth muscle in the intestines. This drug also enhanced the blocking action of suceinylcholine on the myoneural junction. Under the same experimental conditions, galanthamine in doses of 0.25—2mg/kg produced similar effects. When...

In anesthetized cats, an intravenous injection of lycoramine at 3—5 mg/kg produced a transient fall of systemic blood pressure, potentiated the hypotensive response elicited by acetylcholine or by the electrical stimulation of the peripheral end of vagus, and increased the activity of smooth muscle in the intestines. This drug also enhanced the blocking action of suceinylcholine on the myoneural junction. Under the same experimental conditions, galanthamine in doses of 0.25—2mg/kg produced similar effects. When the solution of lycoramine was applied Iocally to the rabbit's eye, it caused pupillary constriction and abolished the mydriatic action of atropine. In vitro, lycoramine increased the reactivity of guinea-pig ileum and frog's rectus abdominis muscle to acetylcholine. In cats intravenous or intra-arterial (through lingual artery) injections of lycoramine or galanthamino produced no marked influence on the contractions of nictitating membranes elicited by electrical stimulation of preganglionic fibers, but theypotentiated the action of acetylcholine injected through lingual artery. In EEG recordings of normal rabbits lyooramine (15—20mg/kg) or galanthamine(3—5mg/kg)induced the arousal response and this action could be antagonized by some anticholinergic drugs such as atropine, scopolamine or benactyzine.

給麻醉猫靜脉注射力可拉敏3—5毫克/公斤后,能引起血压的短暫下降,加强注射乙酰胆碱或电刺激迷走神經外周端的降压反应,兴奋腸肌,和加强琥珀酰胆碱的阻断神經肌肉間的傳递作用。用加兰他敏0.25—2毫克/公斤試驗时,也能观察到上述作用。将力可拉敏溶液滴入兔眼內,能使瞳孔縮小,并有对抗阿托品的扩瞳作用。在离体試驗时,力可拉敏能提高豚鼠腸肌或蛙腹直肌对乙酰胆碱的敏感性。在麻醉猫的頸交感神經节試驗中,靜脉或动脉內注射力可拉敏和加兰他敏,对电刺激交感节前纤維引起的瞬膜收縮无明显影响,但能加强舌动脉注射乙酰胆碱的作用。力可拉敏(15—20毫克/公斤)和加兰他敏(3—5毫克/公斤)能使清醒家兔的皮层自发脑电活动,产生惊醒反应。阿托品,东茛菪碱或貝納替秦对上述惊醒反应有对抗作用。

A survey on the trematoda-fauna of the wild birds from Bai-yang-dien lake, Hopeh province, China was made during the summer (June to July) in 1963, and in spring (March to April) and autumn (September to November), 1964. Totally 467 birds (including part of those examined in the summer, 1963) belonging to 13 orders and 51 species have been examined, and 81 species of the trematodes belonging to 41 genera and 15 families have been obtained from the alimentary canal, trachea, air sacs, gall bladder, liver, kidney,...

A survey on the trematoda-fauna of the wild birds from Bai-yang-dien lake, Hopeh province, China was made during the summer (June to July) in 1963, and in spring (March to April) and autumn (September to November), 1964. Totally 467 birds (including part of those examined in the summer, 1963) belonging to 13 orders and 51 species have been examined, and 81 species of the trematodes belonging to 41 genera and 15 families have been obtained from the alimentary canal, trachea, air sacs, gall bladder, liver, kidney, etc. of the hosts. Among them, 3 new species and 4 unidentified species, namely: Echinoparyphium microrchis sp. nov., Paryphostomum baiyangdienensis sp. nov., Psilotrema pleurodiscum sp. nov. Notes on 38 new distributional records from China and 87 new host records are also given. Trematodes found from Bai-yang-dien lake together with their hosts, location of the parasities, degree of infection are listed in Tab, 1 and 2.The descriptions of the 3 new trematodes are as follows: Echinoparyphium microrchis sp. nov.Body lingual-shaped, attenuated anteriorly and rounded posteriorly, 4.051 × 1.062 -1.152 mm. Cuticle thickened, armed measuring with loosely arranged body spines from anterior end to acetabular zone, posteriorly, 0.020 × 0.004 - 0.008 mm. Head collar reniform, 0.630 - 0.684 mm in width, armed with 35 head spines: 4 corner spines on each side, the 3 outer spines larger than the inner one, measuring 0.070 - 0.072 × 0.022-0.024 mm and 0.048-0.052×0.018-0.020 mm respectively; dorsolateral spines 27 in number, arranged in 2 rows, the lateral spines measuring 0.072 × 0.020 mm, while the dorsal spines 0.048 × 0.020 - 0.024 mm.Oral sucker subterminal, 0.198 - 0.216 × 0.234 mm. Acetabulum 0.684 - 0.720 × 0.630 - 0.720 mm, located on the posterior half of the anterior third of the body. Prepharynx 0.036 mm long. Pharynx developed, 0.162 - 0.182 × 0.126 - 0.144 mm. Esophagus slender, 0.414 - 0.430 × 0.024 - 0.042 mm and bifurcating into 2 caeea at the anterior border of the acetabulum. Caeca extending posteriorly and ending at 0.054 mm from the posterior end of the worm.Testes irregularly shaped, lying contiguously tandem in the posterior third of the body; anterior testis 0.162-0.270×0.234-0.252 mm, posterior testis 0.216-0.306 × 0.198 - 0.234 mm. Cirrus sac small, 0.306 - 0.360 × 0.144 - 0.162 mm.Ovary flat-spherical, 0.216 - 0.228 × 0.342 - 0.378 mm. Shell gland lying between the anterior testis and ovary. Vitellaria intercecal, extending from the level of the posterior half of the acetabulum and reaching the extreme posterior end of the body. Uterus short, containing not numerous eggs, about 47 - 64 in number. Ova 0.100 -0.104 × 0.044 - 0.048 mm.DISCUSSION This new species differs remarkably from, the only other species of the genus, E. cinctum (End., 1802) Dietz, 1909, E. ichthyophilum Mendheim, 1940, E. japonicum Ando et Ozaki, 1923 by having the testes irregularly indented, smaller than the ovary and by the number of the head spines.Host: Indian moorhen, Gallinula chloropus indica Blyth.Location: Small intestine.Distribution: Bai-yang-dien lake, Hopeh province.Holotype and paratype specimens: Deposited in the Institute of Zoology, Aca-demia Siniea, Peking, China.Paryphostomum baigangdienensis sp. nov.Body elongated, median in size, 4.805 - 6.220 × 0.975 - 0.990 mm. Cuticle thick and covered densely by scaly spines in front of the acetabulum, 0.025 ×0.011 mm. Head collar reniform 0.429 - 0.462 mm in width, armed with 35 head spines: 4 corner spines, 0.069-.0.099 ×0.022-0.026 mm and 27 dorso-lateral spines arranged in 2 rows, 0.055 - 0.080 × 0.018 - 0.022 mm.Oral sucker subterminal 0.165 × 0.182 - 0.198 mm. Acetabulum located at the anterior quarter of the body, 0.534 - 0.782 × 0.611 - 0.742 mm. Prepharynx 0.041 -0.066 mm long. Pharynx 0.182 - 0.211 × 0.116 - 0.132 mm. Oesophagus 0.363 - 0.396 × 0.050 mm.Testes tandem, situated at the posterior half of the body, consisting of 4 lobes, anterior testis 0.330 - 0.396×0.304 - 0.330 mm, posterior testis 0.363 - 0.478 × 0.297 -0.346 mm. Cirrus

1.本文报告1963年夏季(6—7月)与1964年春季(3—4月)及秋季(9—11月)在河北省安新县白洋淀共解剖鸟类467只(包括部分夏季解剖的数字在内),隶属13目(夜鹰目未获吸虫),51种,其中42种鸟类在不同程度上感染了吸虫类。 2.共获得吸虫81种,分隶于15科41属,其中包括3新种Echinoparyphium microrchissp.nov.;Paryphostomum baiyangdienensis sp.nov.与Psilotrema pleurodiscum sp.nov.,38个我国新纪录与87个宿主新纪录。 3.附有两表,录有寄生虫的宿主名称,寄生部位,检查季节,感染情况,分布地区及各种鸟类的吸虫名录。

 
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