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vegetable     
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  蔬菜
     Study on International Competitiveness of Vegetable Industry in China
     中国蔬菜产业的国际竞争力研究
短句来源
     A Research into the International Competitiveness of China's Vegetable Industry
     中国蔬菜产业国际竞争力研究
短句来源
     Characterization of Heavy Metal Accumulation of Brassica Vegetable Genus and mRNA Differential Display and Clonning of Cd Resistance Gene
     芸苔属蔬菜重金属累积特性及抗Cd基因的差异表达与克隆
短句来源
     Studies on the Development of Vegetable Industry in China
     中国蔬菜产业发展研究
短句来源
     Economics Analysis of Vegetable Industry in China
     中国蔬菜产业发展的经济学分析
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     STUDY ON K_3Fe(CN)_6 TITRIMETRY OF OSCILLOGRAPHIC CHRONOPOTENTIONMETRIC TITRATION DETERMINING OF L—ASCORBIC ACID IN FRUIT AND VEGETABLE
     果中L—抗坏血酸的示波计时电位K_3Fe(CN)_6滴定法研究
短句来源
     Fruit and vegetable juice market analysis
     把果压榨再压榨——果饮料业市场分析
短句来源
     The uncertainty of measurement for determination of pesticide residues in vegetable and fruit by NY/T 761-2004 method was evaluated.
     对NY/T 761-2004法测定果类农产品中农药残留量的不确定度进行评定。
短句来源
     The result showed that the processing technique of hash dried meat slice had good effect on color based on the 150 mg/kg Chromogenic agents(NaNO_2),0.05% Vc,0.2% improved fluid(composite phosphate),4% starch and soy flour added in the hash respectively and in 4℃ for 24 h preserved time,and then added with 50% compound fruit and vegetable.
     结果表明:肉糜中分别添加150 mg/kg发色剂(NaNO2),0.05%发色助剂(Vc),0.2%改良剂(复合磷酸盐),4℃下腌制24 h,肉脯的色泽最好; 在兔肉糜中添加4%的淀粉、4%的大豆分离蛋白和50%的复合果泥,肉脯的质量最好;
短句来源
     Application of HACCP on Manufacture of Fruit & Vegetable Solid Drinks
     HACCP在固体果饮料中的应用
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  植物
     ADL5: Vegetable state 3 cases(2.4%).
     ADL5:植物状态3例(2.4%).
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     RESULTS Maoeryan vegetable acid at concentrations of 10.0,1.0 and 0.1μg/mL were added to the cultures of human SGC-7901 cells for 48h,respectively,and the inhibitory rates were 86.9%,77.9% and 70.6%,respectively;
     结果分别给予猫儿眼植物酸(浓度分别为10.0,1.0和0.1μg/mL)48h,用MTT法测定其对SGC-7901细胞的抑制率分别为86.9%,77.9%和70.6%;
短句来源
     There are 9 genere, 54 species and 6 varieties in Anthemideae (Compositae)in Western Hubei, of which medicine plants 14, perfume 7, tannin 1, flower 2, vegetable 2, fodder 4, and toxic 5.
     湖北西部菊科春黄菊族植物有9属,54种,6变种,其中药用植物14种,香料植物7种,鞣料植物1种,花卉2种,蔬菜2种,饲料4种,有毒植物5种。
短句来源
     There was equal protein digestibility in mixed protein group and vegetable protein group.
     动植物混合蛋白饲料组与植物蛋白饲料组蛋白质消化率相近 ,动物蛋白饲料组最低 ;
短句来源
     The synthesis of vegetable Tannin with Pr~(3+),Nd~(3+) compounds are reported ,the complexes have composition of Pr_3 (Tn)·12Cl·18H_2O and Nd_3 (Tn)·12Cl·21H_2O.
     研究了稀土离子Pr3+、Nd3+与植物单宁(Tn)的固体配合物合成方法,经测定其组成分别为Pr3(Tn)·12Cl·18H2O;
短句来源
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     Effect of nitrogen source given as NO_3~-, NO_3~-+NH_4~+ (1: 1) , NH_4~+ on leaf vegetable NO_3~-, NO_2~- and Vc contents was discussed in this pa- per.
     本文探讨了以NO_3~-、N0_3~-+NH_4~+(1:1)、NH_4~+作为氮源对叶类体内NO_3~-、NO_2~-和Vc含量的影响。
短句来源
     Vegetable soybean (Glycine max (L.)
     用大豆(Glycine max (L.)
短句来源
     The result showed that the contents of ash,crude protein,crude fat, crude cellulose and water in vegetable and pickled cut cabbage were respectively 4.61 %,15.95%, 10.28%,2.19 %, 23.29% and 3.11 ,26.49 %,15.19%,2.42%,21.05%.
     结果显示 :泡和盐浸渍中水分、灰分、粗蛋白、粗脂肪和粗纤维的含量分别为 4 6 1% ,15 95 % ,10 2 8% ,2 19% ,2 3 2 9%和 3 11% ,2 6 49% ,15 19% ,2 42 % ,2 0 0 5 %。
短句来源
     Results The geometric means of rice Cd(dry weight),vegetable Cd(wet weight),drinking water Cd,urinary Cd,β 2 M and NAG are 1 75mg/kg,0 27mg/kg,0 0008mg/L,13 34μg/g cr,185 39μg/g.
     结果 米镉 (干重 )、镉 (湿重 )、饮水镉、尿镉、尿 β2 M和尿NAG酶的几何均数 ,污染区分别为1 75mg/kg、0 2 7mg/kg、0 0 0 0 8mg/L、13 34μg/g. cr、185 39μg/ g.
短句来源
     The pollution sources of Bap in the vegetable production region were reviewed, and the contents of Bap in soil and vegetables of Hangzhou were determinated. The results showed that the concentration of Bap in soil was 42.32-376.75μg/kg, and in vegetables 0.0384-1.8128μg/kg dry weight.
     本文论述了区Bap的污染来源并分析了杭州市莱区土壤和蔬中Bap的含量,其中土壤中Bap浓度为42.32~376.75μg/kg,蔬中为0.0384~1.8128μg/kg干重; 评述了蔬Bap污染程度;
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  vegetable
The results show that fertilizer and soil are important factors determining the aerosol particle over agricultural fields, and vegetable fields in suburban Beijing contribute significantly to the aerosol particle.
      
The stems of the vegetable plant garland chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum coronarium L.) were shown to contain emodin (in its aglycone and glycoside forms) and chrysophanol.
      
Rastitel'nyi belok: Novye Perspecktivy(Vegetable Protein: New Prospects), Braudo, E.
      
Direct determination of phosphorus in vegetable oils by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry
      
An approach to the practical implementation of the standard method of the direct determination of phosphorus in vegetable oils by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry with automated sample injection was proposed.
      
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The oxalate and calcium contents of 16 different eatables were determined. In spinach the oxalate was found principally in the leaves, being about 4 times that of the stem and 12 times that of the root. Pomegranate had a high content of oxalate and a very low content of calcium. Red amaranth and green tea (dry) were also high in oxalate but both had a much higher content of cakium than spinach. The previously reported high oxahte contents of bamboo shoots and water bamboo were confirmed. Ordinary boiling method...

The oxalate and calcium contents of 16 different eatables were determined. In spinach the oxalate was found principally in the leaves, being about 4 times that of the stem and 12 times that of the root. Pomegranate had a high content of oxalate and a very low content of calcium. Red amaranth and green tea (dry) were also high in oxalate but both had a much higher content of cakium than spinach. The previously reported high oxahte contents of bamboo shoots and water bamboo were confirmed. Ordinary boiling method did not influence the oxalate content and the calcium content of the 4 vegetables studied. But in proportion more oxalate remained in the soup than in the cooked vegetable, while less calcium remained in soup than in the cooked vegetable. Ordinary method of frying of the 4 different vegetables caused a loss of about 12%(averaged value) of the oxalate with no change in calcium content: High-temperature short-time frying in oil (320℃) caused a loss of 22% of oxalate in spinach.

菠荣中草酸的分佈,極大部分存在葉內,其含量比莖約高4倍,比根約高12倍。 紅莧菜(水分89%)及龍井綠茶(水分8.2%)的草酸含量,約舆菠菜(水分89.5%)相等,但鈣量則比菠菜約多3—4倍。薺菜和苜蓿含鈣甚高而草酸很低。石榴含草酸特高而鈣極低。其他水果如熟柿子、袖子、橘子、香蕉、蘋果合草酸均少。普通煑法對於所分析四種蔬菜中的草酸及鈣含量,無甚改變。草酸在菜湯中均比熟菜多,而鈣在菜湯內均比熟菜少。以上四種蔬菜經炒過後,對於鈣量並無影響,但草酸有顯著的減低,平均約損失12%左右。

A new method for the biological assay of vegetable purgatives based on the numbers of wet faeces excreted by groups of mice after dosing is described. The relation of the number of wet faeces per group of mice to the logarithm of the dose was found to be linear. A cage has been specially designed for this assay and it has been found advantageous to incorporate a definite proportion of water in the diet during test. 40 mice divided equally into 4 groups were used in each assay. 2 groups received the standard...

A new method for the biological assay of vegetable purgatives based on the numbers of wet faeces excreted by groups of mice after dosing is described. The relation of the number of wet faeces per group of mice to the logarithm of the dose was found to be linear. A cage has been specially designed for this assay and it has been found advantageous to incorporate a definite proportion of water in the diet during test. 40 mice divided equally into 4 groups were used in each assay. 2 groups received the standard preparation and the other 2 groups received the test preparation. The standard deviation of a single determination based on 9 such assays was estimated to be 15.7 per cent. For rhubarb and its preparations, a“6-point”assay is advocated. With suitable restric-tion in the design of the assay, it is possible to calculate the potency by simple methods. Powdered crude drugs are used as laboratory standards in the assay of senna and rhubarb. The doses of cascara bark required to produce distinctive responses are too inconveniently large to be administered in suspension. It was found possible to use a potent extract of cascara in place of the powdered bark as a laboratory standard. Examples of the assay and the subsequent calculations are given. The method described is not only convenient in use but also gives a comparatively high degree of accuracy. The method has been successfully applied to senna leaf, senna fruit, rhubarb, cascara sagrada and extracts and commercial preparations made from these drugs, pure glycosides(sennosides A and B) and pure anthracene compounds(aloe emodin and aloe-emodine anthranol).

(1)本文详述植物性泻药的一种新的生物测定法,此法係用小白鼠在服药后所排出的濕粪数为基础,以定泻药的效价。(2)小白鼠服药後所排出的湿粪数与剂量指数的关係经证明为一直线。(3)本法所用鼠笼係特别设计,并证明在饲料内加入一定量的饮水,具有多种优点。(4)番泻效价的测定,每次用小白鼠4组,每组10只。2组给与标准品,另外2组给与试验品。根据9次试验的结果,试验的标准差是15.7%.(5)大黄效价的测定,以采用“6点”法为宜,即每次试验用小白鼠6组,3组给与标准品,另外3组给与试验品,所得的准确度与上述相仿。波希鼠李皮浸膏的效价测定,则用“4点”法或“6点”法均可。(6)所有试验一律采用粉状生药为实验室的比较标准,但是波希鼠李皮的效价太低,它的粉末不适於作为标准之用,可用波希鼠李皮乾浸膏来代替,作为比较标准。(7)本文对於效价测定及其计算方法都举例说明,并介绍了比较常法为简捷的相关效价计算法。(8)本法不但方便易行,而且有相当高的准确度;曾用在番泻、大黄、波希鼠李皮及其制剂,以及一些纯粹的蒽醌衍生物的效价测定,都获得了满意的结果。

Ten adults with equal number of males and females, aged 17-32 years, were selected as experimental subjects. Cooked vegetable containing 3-4.5 mg of carotene was given to each subject daily for three consecutive days. The vegetables tested were spinach, colza, carrot, sweet potato, dehydrated colza and dehydrated carrot. An oil concentrate with a carotene content of 0.5 mg per ml prepared from the leaves of alfalfa in this laboratory was also tested.The average percentages of absorption of the ingested...

Ten adults with equal number of males and females, aged 17-32 years, were selected as experimental subjects. Cooked vegetable containing 3-4.5 mg of carotene was given to each subject daily for three consecutive days. The vegetables tested were spinach, colza, carrot, sweet potato, dehydrated colza and dehydrated carrot. An oil concentrate with a carotene content of 0.5 mg per ml prepared from the leaves of alfalfa in this laboratory was also tested.The average percentages of absorption of the ingested carotene from different sources were as follows: spinach 25.5%, colza 36.2%, carrot 27.4%, sweet potato 19.7% dehydrated colza 29.0% dehydrated carrot 36.7% and carotene concentrateIt had been shown that there was no significant effect on the absorption of carotene from vegetable by increasing oil supply in the diet. A daily intake of 16 g of vegetable oil for each subject was found to be sufficient for the absorption of carotene in the cooked vegetables. The increase of the oil consumption from 16 to 48 g daily did not improve the absorption of carotene.There was great variation in the result with different subjects and also with in different test peroids for the same subject on the same diet. Part of the variation may be attributed to the difference in carotene content among the servings resulting from uneven distribution of carotene in vegetables.

用菠菜、油菜、胡萝卜、甜薯、脱水油菜和脱水胡萝卜进行胡萝卜素吸收试验,人与人之间吸收率的差异性很大。各种蔬菜的平均吸收率如次:菠菜25.5%,油菜36.2%, 胡萝卜27.4%,甜薯19.7%,脱水油菜29.0%,脱水胡萝卜36.7%。 由苜蓿制备的胡萝卜素油剂中胡萝卜素的吸收率平均为43.3%,较所试蔬菜中胡萝卜素的吸收率为高。 每日于膳食中供给食油16克已足够胡萝卜素吸收之需要,增加用油量至48克并不能促进蔬菜中胡萝卜素的吸收。

 
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