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honey
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  蜂蜜
     Range of content of selenium of honey: 0.10-0.82 μg/g.
     蜂蜜中硒含量范围:0.10~0.82μg/g。
短句来源
     Convenient formula: extraction 0.05%, dextrose 5%, honey 1%, salt 0.03%, vitamin C 0.01%, essence 0.03%.
     合适配方为:萃取产物0.05%,葡萄糖5%,蜂蜜1%,盐0.03%,维生素C0.01%,香精0.03%。
短句来源
     The recovery of SQ in milk,honey,chicken and eggs is 93.1%-107.0%,69.0%-104.0%,40.0%-73.6%,50.0%-84.0%,respectively.
     牛奶、蜂蜜、鸡肉、鸡蛋样品的添加回收率分别在93.1%~107.0%、69.0%~104.0%、40.0%~73.6%、50.0%~84.0%之间。
短句来源
     The limit of detections of the method for the analysis of honey and royal jelly samples were 0.1 μg/kg and 0.2 μg/kg respectively.
     蜂蜜和蜂王浆的方法检出限分别为0.1μg/kg和0.2μg/kg。
短句来源
     The optimum proportion of materials was confirmed as the following: fructose syrup10%-15%,oligo-ismaltose5%-15%,and honey 1%-5%.
     试验确定的原料最佳配比为:果葡糖浆10%-15%,低聚异麦芽糖5%-10%,蜂蜜1%-5%。
短句来源
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     When the pH value is4.2 to 5.2,secreted honey reduces to 40.5%,and the bee colony crawl.
     酸雨的pH值在4.2至5.2时,泌量下降40.5%,蜂也出现爬行。
短句来源
     The relationship between parasitism (Y) and the age (X) of the parasitoid assumed Y = -10. 333X + 92. 165 (R2=0. 9508) when adults were supplied with 10% honey water, and Y = -9.699X + 92.529 (R2=0. 9207) when supplied nothing respectively.
     没饲条件下,蜂日龄(x)与寄生率(y)之间符合y=-9.699x+92.529(R~2=0.9207)方程; 饲条件下,蜂日龄(x)与寄生率(y)之间呈y=-10.333x+92.165(R~2=0.9508)关系。
短句来源
     Objective:To establish an RP-HPLC method to determine the contents of luteolin in eucalyptus honey by RP-HPLC.
     目的:建立RP-HPLC法测定桉树中木犀草素含量的方法。
短句来源
     The results showed that when the amount of honey,lecithin,soybean albumen,gelatin,β-cyclodextrin,maltodextrin were50%,2.5%,1.25%,5%,3.17%,38.1%respectively,the characters of the honey powder was the best.
     实 验 结 果 表 明 ,当 蜂 、卵 磷 脂 、大 豆 蛋 白 、明 胶 、β- 环 糊 精 、 麦 芽 糊 精 的 含 量 分 别 为 50%、2.5%、1.25%、5%、 3.17%、38.1%时 ,蜂 粉的 各方 面指 标 最佳 。
短句来源
     The extracting rate of Guanxi honey pomelo juice was increased by approximately 24% with 0.4% pectinase enzymolysising at (45±2)℃ for 90 min.
     琯溪柚汁提取时,用0.4%的果胶酶制剂在(45±2)℃下酶解处理果浆90min,可使果实的出汁率提高24%左右。
短句来源
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  “honey”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The results indicate:the perfect prescription of complex health protection milk drink are milk 18 %, Chinese wolfberry juice 5 %, aloe juice 3 %, honey 8 %, sucrose 8 %, lemon acidity 0.25 %, sodium alginate 0.8%, CMC 0.1%, xanthan gum 0.1%, β–cyclodextrin 0.4%.
     结果表明,复合保健乳饮料的最佳配方为:牛乳18 %,枸杞5 %,芦荟3 %,蔗糖8.0 %,柠檬酸0.25 %,海藻酸钠0.8 %,CMC0.1 %,黄原胶0.1 %,β–环糊精0.4 %;
短句来源
     honey 7.97g;
     物资F7.97g;
短句来源
     Among them,398species are medicinal plants,118ornamental plants,111timber plants,69wild fruit plants,39oil-bearing plants,38aromatic plants,27starch plants,27fiber plants,26tannic plants,20honey plants.
     药用植物398种、观赏植物118种,用材树种111种、野生水果69种、油脂植物39种、芳香植物38种、淀粉植物27种、纤维植物27种、鞣料植物26种、蜜源植物20种。
短句来源
     Packaging honey peaches with 0. 015 mm thickness LDPE at (3±1)℃ resulted in an in-bag atmosphere of 3% O2 with 5% CO2 approximately.
     使用厚度为0.015mmLDPE的包装膜在(3±1)℃经40d贮藏,可保持包装内体积分数:O2为3%,CO2为5%.
短句来源
     The experiment shows that the best for- mula is:fruit juice of Piteguo 30%,sugar 10%,honey 0.8%,caramel 0.1%,citric acid 0.06%.
     实验表明啤特果果汁饮料的最佳配方为:啤特果汁30%,白砂糖6%,山花蜜0.8%,焦糖色0.10%,柠檬酸0.06%。
短句来源
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  honey
Compounds determining brand- or technology-specific aroma tones (floral, fruit, honey, black-currant, nightshade, yeast, oak-cask, thermal-treatment, etc.) are identified.
      
ex Fr.) Kumm.) and honey mushroom (Flammulina velutipes (Curt.
      
Thin-layer chromatography of neutral sugars contained in water-soluble binders (gum and honey) was studied on silica gel plates impregnated with solutions of alkali, alkaline-earth, and transition metal sulfates at different pH and concentrations.
      
Heat emission by the honey-bee larvae, prepupae, and pupae was investigated by microelectrocalorimetry.
      
The use of fossilized honey for paleoecological reconstruction: A palynological study of archeological material from Georgia
      
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Sugar cane borers infest the cane and cause a considerable injury to the plant in China. Four species of sugar-cane borers are commonly found in Kwangtung Province, viz. Diatraea venosata Wk., Chilo infuscatellus Snellen, Eucosma schistaceana Snellen and Sesamia inferens Wk.Trichogramma evanescens Westw. occurs in nature as an egg parasite of the sugar-cane borers.The present experiment on breeding Trichogramma centres around the ways of increasing its viability.The quality and the quantity of the nutrient for...

Sugar cane borers infest the cane and cause a considerable injury to the plant in China. Four species of sugar-cane borers are commonly found in Kwangtung Province, viz. Diatraea venosata Wk., Chilo infuscatellus Snellen, Eucosma schistaceana Snellen and Sesamia inferens Wk.Trichogramma evanescens Westw. occurs in nature as an egg parasite of the sugar-cane borers.The present experiment on breeding Trichogramma centres around the ways of increasing its viability.The quality and the quantity of the nutrient for the larvae and adults of Trichogramma play an important role in relation to their viability. The contents of the egg of Sitotroga cerealella Oliv. which has been commonly used as a host of the Trichogramma are of poor nutrient quality and quantity for the larvae of this parasite. The eggs of Angoumois grain moth are so small that only one adult Trichogramma emerges from each egg. Such adults are usually smaller in size, less active and with lower reproductive potentiality as compared with those that emerge from the field hosts; besides, the female sex ratio gradually decreases in the successive generations.From the results of an experiment on Trichogramma breeding, it is found that the eggs of Attacus cynthia ricini Boisd. and of Dendrolimus sp. are the most suitable hosts for the propagation of Trichogramma evanescens. The adults of the parasites emerging from such eggs are generally large in size, very active and possess high reproductive potentiality; besides, the female sex ratio remains unchanged in the successive generations. Evidently, the quality and the quantity of the egg contents of these two species of insects fulfil the nutritional requirements for the development of the Trichogramma larvae and they are recommended as hosts for Trichogramma propagationThe average number of adult Trichogramma emerging from a single egg of Dendrolimus sp. and that of Attacus cynthia ricini is 27.3 and 28 respectively with the respective maximum reaching 52 and 59 in the present record. If too many adults emerge from a single egg, both their size and reproductive potentiality would decrease and, moreover, the number of the male individuals would increase and the adult life would shorten. Undoubtedly, all these features are unfavourable for the utilization of the parasites for control of the insect pest as far as the effectiveness of the parasites is concerned. From the standpoint of increasing viability of the parasite, regulation of the number of parasites in the egg during the procedure of propagation of Trichogramma is necessary. Regulation of the number of parasites in the egg means regulation of the quantity of the nutrient for the parasites. The method of checking the occurrence of superparasitism is to regulate the ratio of the number of female Trichogramma and host eggs to 1:1 through the procedure of propagation; the period of oviposition should not exceed one day.The quality of nutrient for adult Trichogramma greatly affects its longivity and reproductive potentiality. The result of a nutritional experiment shows that honey is the most suitable nutrient for it. The adults fed with honey have the longivity increased 8.6 times and the number of the offspring 14.7 times as compared with those fed with distilled water.Cold storage effectively reduces the speed of development of the immature stage of Trichogramma. The mature larvae about to pupate within the host eggs maintain their life for 57 days under 4—7℃ and all of them will come out as adults at room tempeature. The fresh eggs of Dendrolimus sp. and of Attacus cynthia ricini kept in cold storage of 0— 4℃ for 97 days and 61 days respectively are still usable for rearing Trichogramma.In order to increase the adaptability of Trichogramma to the environment of the sugarcane field, the rearing procedure is suggested to proceed in the field or in an indoor environment with fluctuating temperature and humidity. The continuous artificial rearing should not exceed five generations before the liberation of the parasites.The distance of dispersion of Trichogramma eva

甘蔗是我国最重要的糖料作物,甘蔗害虫以甘蔗螟虫最普遍,分怖亦最廣。廣东珠江三角洲常见的甘蔗螟虫共有四种:条螟或称斑点螟(Diatraea venosata Wk.)、二点螟(Chilo infuscatellus Snellen)、黄螟(Eucosma schistaceana Snellen)和大螟(Sesamiainferens Wk.)。甘蔗螟虫为害的结果,形成枯心苗和蛀(?),影响甘蔗生长发育,减低蔗糖成份,易受风折,而且造成甘蔗赤腐病菌入侵条件。 甘蔗螟虫的为害虽重,但目前还没有一套完整的防治方法,也还没有一种很有效的方法。本试验目的,是利用赤眼蜂来防治甘蔗螟虫。试验内容是赤眼蜂的寄主的选择和繁殖、赤眼蜂的繁殖及保存、赤眼蜂田间放播初步试验和甘蔗螟虫田间发生情况的调查。现将各项试验结果简要地分述如下: 赤眼蜂能否利用成功,要看培育出来的赤眼蜂是否具有高度的生活力。赤眼蜂的生活力可用下列四个标准去量度:(1)蜂体大小,(2)繁殖能力,(3)成虫寿命,(4)对田间环境的適应性。此外,繁殖出来的赤眼蜂雌性此率不应此自然界的减低。 赤眼蜂的生活力,首先和寄主有很大关系。如果寄主卵的内含物的质和量都適合 於赤...

甘蔗是我国最重要的糖料作物,甘蔗害虫以甘蔗螟虫最普遍,分怖亦最廣。廣东珠江三角洲常见的甘蔗螟虫共有四种:条螟或称斑点螟(Diatraea venosata Wk.)、二点螟(Chilo infuscatellus Snellen)、黄螟(Eucosma schistaceana Snellen)和大螟(Sesamiainferens Wk.)。甘蔗螟虫为害的结果,形成枯心苗和蛀(?),影响甘蔗生长发育,减低蔗糖成份,易受风折,而且造成甘蔗赤腐病菌入侵条件。 甘蔗螟虫的为害虽重,但目前还没有一套完整的防治方法,也还没有一种很有效的方法。本试验目的,是利用赤眼蜂来防治甘蔗螟虫。试验内容是赤眼蜂的寄主的选择和繁殖、赤眼蜂的繁殖及保存、赤眼蜂田间放播初步试验和甘蔗螟虫田间发生情况的调查。现将各项试验结果简要地分述如下: 赤眼蜂能否利用成功,要看培育出来的赤眼蜂是否具有高度的生活力。赤眼蜂的生活力可用下列四个标准去量度:(1)蜂体大小,(2)繁殖能力,(3)成虫寿命,(4)对田间环境的適应性。此外,繁殖出来的赤眼蜂雌性此率不应此自然界的减低。 赤眼蜂的生活力,首先和寄主有很大关系。如果寄主卵的内含物的质和量都適合 於赤眼蜂幼虫营养之需,羽化出来的成虫体积大,繁殖力强,寿命也有延长的趣势。关於赤眼蜂的寄主,我们管用过17种鳞翅目昆虫的卵供其寄生,结果以松毛虫(Dendro

The utilization of Trichogramma evanescens Westw. to control sugarcane borers ona large scale in Kwangtung, Kwangsi and Fukien provinces began in 1959. In thecolonized sugarcane fields the parasitization of host eggs ranged from 60 to 97.52 per-cent, the "dead-hearts" of shoots from 0.21 to 9.9 percent and the bored joints from2.01 to 11.8 percent, while in the check fields the figures ranged from 0 to 48.6 percent,1.7 to 22.1 percent and 11.45 to 18 percent respectively. Colonized fields showedhigher percentage...

The utilization of Trichogramma evanescens Westw. to control sugarcane borers ona large scale in Kwangtung, Kwangsi and Fukien provinces began in 1959. In thecolonized sugarcane fields the parasitization of host eggs ranged from 60 to 97.52 per-cent, the "dead-hearts" of shoots from 0.21 to 9.9 percent and the bored joints from2.01 to 11.8 percent, while in the check fields the figures ranged from 0 to 48.6 percent,1.7 to 22.1 percent and 11.45 to 18 percent respectively. Colonized fields showedhigher percentage of parasitized eggs, lower percentage of "dead-hearts" of shoots andof bored joints as compared with the check field. In order to maintain the efficiency of Trichogramma evanescens in controlling sugar-cane borers, the following suggestions are made for the prolification and liberation of thisparasite. (1) Use the native strain of parasites as parent stock for prolification. (2)Use the eggs of Attacus cynthia ricini Boisd. as factitious host.(3) A ratio of one to oneor two to one for the parasites and the factitious host eggs during prolification is desirable.(4) Let the parasites develop outdoors or under the condition of fluctuating tempera-ture. (5) Do not continuously rear the parasites more than ten generations; renew theparent stock frequently. (6) Liberate the parasites in advance of the numerical climaxof the host eggs in the field. (7) In the Delta area of the Pearl River in Kwang-tung province, liberate the parasites in cane fields seven to nine times per year andliberate 6,000 to 10,000 female parasites each time for one mou. (8) Use the methodof overlapping liberation of parasites. (9) Feed the adults with honey. (10) Controlthe natural enemies of parasite in the field. (11) Plant green-manure crop as mixedcropping in the cane field to improve the environmental condition for the existence of

利用赤眼蜂防治甘蔗螟虫,经长期研究试验及大面积生产实践的结果,放蜂区蔗螟卵寄生率提高1至10多倍,甘蔗枯心苗减少2-8成。绝大多数地区认为放蜂治螟有效。 繁殖赤眼蜂最好采取工厂生产的形式,在繁殖释放过程中,应注意下列事项:1.采用当地赤眼蜂品系作为繁殖对象。2.采用蓖麻蚕卵作为繁殖赤眼蜂的寄主。3.控制寄主卵内的寄生蜂数。4.使赤眼蜂在室外条件或变温条件下发育。5.避免赤眼蜂连续繁殖超过10代。6.蔗螟卵在田间未达最多时即开始放蜂。7.在广东珠江三角洲每年放蜂7-9次,每亩每次放蜂6,000-10,000头。8.采用重迭放蜂法。9.室内繁殖赤眼蜂及田间放蜂时都要用蜂蜜喂成虫。10.防御田间赤眼蜂天敌。11.在蔗田间种绿肥作物,使田间环境更适于赤眼蜂生存。

Following the report made in 1958, continuous studies were carried on during, 1959--1961in the cotton growing regions of Hupei, Honan, Yunnan and some other provinces. This papermainly deals with the following aspects: geographical distribution of the generations, activities inthe period of late autumn to next spring, different nutritional conditions in relation to develop-ment, selection of host plants by moths, some characteristic habits of adult and larva, some moreimportant factors of outbreak, and some...

Following the report made in 1958, continuous studies were carried on during, 1959--1961in the cotton growing regions of Hupei, Honan, Yunnan and some other provinces. This papermainly deals with the following aspects: geographical distribution of the generations, activities inthe period of late autumn to next spring, different nutritional conditions in relation to develop-ment, selection of host plants by moths, some characteristic habits of adult and larva, some moreimportant factors of outbreak, and some key points of control. The generations produced in different regions may be classified into four belts: 1. Three-generation-belt——localized at 40°N northword; 2. Four-generation-belt——between 32--40°N; 3Five-generation-belt——25—30°N; 4. Six-generation-belt——generally resided at 25°N southword.There are a few instances of seven generations. Of adult and larval development, different results were obtained from different nutritional con- ditions. When larvae fed with the reproductive organs of cotton plant, their growth rate wasfaster, mortality lower and pupal weight also heavier. The food of adult stage is very important to its fecundity. The highest fecundity was foundwhen the moths fed with pollen of cotton flower and 10%. water diluted honey. However, 10—30% cane suger solution was also good. It seems that the moths are highly selective in visiting plants. They visit onions for takingfood from the onion flowers and peas for laying eggs only. The cotton plant is an importanthost for egg laying, but not a favorable food plant for the adult. On the other hand, the sunflower is a good food plant, for adult but not a favorable host for oviposition. There are three main times of adult flight. In the evening, about 19:30—20:30 PM, theadults fly for feeding and oviposition. Mating flight was found at about 1:30—4:00 AM. Atdawn, it was very inactively. Some points of larval habits are needed to mention: The egg hatches mostly at 12:00--18:00PM. The molting period is mostly at night. There is a resting period before molting. The restingperiod of larva becomes longer following its instar increases. The larva always molt outside theboll, and after molting, it usually bores into a new boll to feed which takes place ordinarily at5:30--12:00 AM. The third to sixth instar larvae possess a very large feeding capacity, the averagetotal is about 22.3 squares, flowers and bolls. The basic overwintering pupal population is closely related to the population of first generationin the next spring. The amount of rainfall directly effects the population of various generationsof cotton bollworms. Generally, when the annual amount of rainfall in the Yellow river cottoncultivating region is higher than ordinary year, or when the amount of rainfall in Yangtze riverregion is lower than ordinary year, and the relative humidity of both regions usually keeps around80% which will then very favorable to the cotton bollworms. Storm may wash off and kill theeggs and the young larvae. Due to rainfall in the pupal stage, soil contains too much water whichis unfavorable to the pupae and also to the emergence of moths. According to the various environ-mental conditions, the population of the cotton bollworm in Yellow river region maybe classified into four types: 1. Up grade type——population gradually increases from the firstto the last generation. 2. Down grade type——population decreases in each 3. Midhump type——The highest peak locates in the middle generation. 4. Saddle type——The population of the middlereaches the lowest and much higher at both ends. Besides the chemical control, some other aspects are considered more important in checkingthe population of cotton bollworms. They are the elimination of overwintering pupae by meansof various methods, the destruction of honey producing flower plants in spring in order to elimi-nate the food sources of adults, the attraction of moths by means of different kinds of light andalso the tree stick bundle method, etc.

继续1958年棉铃虫研究工作报告之后,1959—1960年又进一步在湖北、河南和云南等省作了研究,本文主要包括棉铃虫的世代分布带,晚秋、冬春活动情况,不同饲料对生长发育的影响,成虫对寄主植物的选择,成虫和幼虫活动的规律性,大发生的特点和防治关键。 其发生世代大致可分四个地理带:1.40°N以北,约发生3代;2.32-40°N是4代区;3.25-32°N是5代区;4.25°N以南一般6代,个别地区7代。如化蛹后5天以上其眼域外缘的4个小斑点没有变化,即为休眠蛹。 不同食料条件对成虫和幼虫生长发育影响很大。幼虫取食植物的繁殖器官,营养良好,则死亡率低、生长快、蛹较重、成虫繁殖力也高。成虫补充营养不同,其产卵量有显著差异,喂以棉花花粉加10%蜂蜜水产卵最高,单喂10—30%蔗糖水也很好,蔗糖太浓或单喂各种花产卵都降低,喂以植物营养器官则产卵很少或不产卵。 成虫对不同寄主植物有选择性。可分为取食寄主、产卵寄主、取食兼产卵寄主。如大葱、洋葱等则仅取食而不产卵;而豌豆等是产卵寄主,未见成虫取食;棉花等以产卵为主;向日葵等则以取食为主,产卵较少。成虫产卵对棉株生长势也有选择,一般棉株生长茂盛,颜色浓绿、组织幼嫩、蕾、花和嫩...

继续1958年棉铃虫研究工作报告之后,1959—1960年又进一步在湖北、河南和云南等省作了研究,本文主要包括棉铃虫的世代分布带,晚秋、冬春活动情况,不同饲料对生长发育的影响,成虫对寄主植物的选择,成虫和幼虫活动的规律性,大发生的特点和防治关键。 其发生世代大致可分四个地理带:1.40°N以北,约发生3代;2.32-40°N是4代区;3.25-32°N是5代区;4.25°N以南一般6代,个别地区7代。如化蛹后5天以上其眼域外缘的4个小斑点没有变化,即为休眠蛹。 不同食料条件对成虫和幼虫生长发育影响很大。幼虫取食植物的繁殖器官,营养良好,则死亡率低、生长快、蛹较重、成虫繁殖力也高。成虫补充营养不同,其产卵量有显著差异,喂以棉花花粉加10%蜂蜜水产卵最高,单喂10—30%蔗糖水也很好,蔗糖太浓或单喂各种花产卵都降低,喂以植物营养器官则产卵很少或不产卵。 成虫对不同寄主植物有选择性。可分为取食寄主、产卵寄主、取食兼产卵寄主。如大葱、洋葱等则仅取食而不产卵;而豌豆等是产卵寄主,未见成虫取食;棉花等以产卵为主;向日葵等则以取食为主,产卵较少。成虫产卵对棉株生长势也有选择,一般棉株生长茂盛,颜色浓绿、组织幼嫩、蕾、花和嫩叶多则产卵多,反之则少。 成虫昼夜活动有一定规律性,从飞翔看来,可分为三个主要阶段:黄

 
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