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honey
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  蜂蜜
    There were no difference between females longevities those fed on regular corn pollen + water and Bt pollen + water, so pollen + honey and Bt pollen + honey were.
    玉米螟赤眼蜂雌蜂经玉米花粉饲喂处理的平均寄生卵数、子代羽化数(MON810除外)可分为3类:10%蜂蜜水处理最高,蜂蜜水+Bt花粉与蜂蜜水+CK花粉处理居中,水+Bt花粉、水+CK花粉与水处理最低,且同一类中不同处理间无显著差异,不同类别间差异显著;
短句来源
    Effects of different dosase of honey on rice seedling's growing
    不同用量蜂蜜对水稻秧苗生长的影响
短句来源
    ostriniae females with suspension of pollen+10%honey or pollen + water. T. ostriniae females fed on corn pollen + honey lived significantly longer than those fed on corn pollen + water.
    从赤眼蜂雌成蜂的寿命来看,水+Bt花粉与水+CK花粉饲喂处理之间,蜂蜜水+Bt花粉与蜂蜜水+CK处理之间均无显著差异,且蜂蜜水+花粉处理饲喂的赤眼蜂寿命显著长于水+花粉饲喂的雌蜂。
短句来源
    The per colony honey and royal jelly production of HF213 are about 70% and 20%higher than those of Chinese italian bees respectively; for HF414 they are higher by above 10% and 60% respectively. Kept in the lower-middle valley of yengtze River and North China.
    与本地意蜂相比,“华蜂213”和“华蜂414”的蜂蜜平均单产分别提高70%左右和10%以上,王浆平均单产分別提高20%左右和60%以上。
短句来源
    Effects of different dosage honey on rice seedling's growing were studied.
    研究了不同用量蜂蜜条件下水稻秧苗的生长情况 .
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  “honey”译为未确定词的双语例句
    There were no significant difference of yield among 1.5, 2.0% 2.5 cutting height except 1.0m Based on nutritional value . Pace setter was rated a bit superior to sweet honey.
    1.0m刈割高度时,2个品种产量均显著低于其余3个刈割高度,在1.5,2.0,2.5m 3个刈割高度之间差异不显著(p>0.05)。
    The Genetic Mechanism Study on Alfalfa Luring Honey Bee's Pollination
    紫花苜蓿诱引蜜蜂授粉遗传机理的研究
短句来源
    The results showed that:(1) Lucerne nectar production was positively correlated with honey bee visitation (r=0.9299**), honey bee visitation and seed production were positively correlated either (r=0.8716*).
    (1)花苜蓿的单位面积花蜜量与蜜蜂拜访数量呈极显著正相关(r=0.9299~(**)),自然蜜蜂拜访数量与种子产量呈显著正相关(r=0.8716~*)。
短句来源
    (9)honey plant;
    (9)蜜源植物;
短句来源
    PRN 2 had four normal honey glands, PRN 1 and PRN 3 had two, and PRN 4 had none.
    PRN 2具有 4个蜜腺 ,PRN 1和PRN 3具有 2个蜜腺 ,PRN 4无可见蜜腺。
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  honey
Compounds determining brand- or technology-specific aroma tones (floral, fruit, honey, black-currant, nightshade, yeast, oak-cask, thermal-treatment, etc.) are identified.
      
ex Fr.) Kumm.) and honey mushroom (Flammulina velutipes (Curt.
      
Thin-layer chromatography of neutral sugars contained in water-soluble binders (gum and honey) was studied on silica gel plates impregnated with solutions of alkali, alkaline-earth, and transition metal sulfates at different pH and concentrations.
      
Heat emission by the honey-bee larvae, prepupae, and pupae was investigated by microelectrocalorimetry.
      
The use of fossilized honey for paleoecological reconstruction: A palynological study of archeological material from Georgia
      
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As an economic crop supplying sugar sugarcane originated from China The manufacture of sugar in China can be recalled to as early as over thousand years B C that was well described in the famous book of 《Shi jing》Although the crop that producing sugar was not mentioned, another book published at the time of Zhan Guo about three century B C verified the facts.It was stated in the book of 《Chu Chi》 that in the central part of China.Hupei province,manufactured sugar from sugarcane was recorded Thus growing cane...

As an economic crop supplying sugar sugarcane originated from China The manufacture of sugar in China can be recalled to as early as over thousand years B C that was well described in the famous book of 《Shi jing》Although the crop that producing sugar was not mentioned, another book published at the time of Zhan Guo about three century B C verified the facts.It was stated in the book of 《Chu Chi》 that in the central part of China.Hupei province,manufactured sugar from sugarcane was recorded Thus growing cane and manufacturing sugar occurred much earlier in the valley of Yangtze River At the end of the third century B.C the supreme ruler of Fujian presented crystalized sugar made from sugarcane to Emperor Han Gap Zu.In the early years of the third cantury A D.sugarcane cultivation in the Yellow River valley Henan province was recorded in the literature.Many old Chinese literatures called the sugarcane and sugar with different names.At least no less than thirty names were given for sugarcane and sugar respectively More records described the varieties of sugarcane,methods of cultivation utilizations. as well as equipments and technics on sugar manufacturing.As to the records of cane and sugar developed in the other countries,the history depicted as,“when Alexander the Great invaded India in 327 B C his scribes recorded that the inhabitants chewed a marvelous reed,which produced a kind of honey without any help from bees'”The Italian, Marco polo (1254-1324 A D ) started his traveling to the eastern countries of the world in November 1271 A D.He reached China in May 1275 A D and left China on the Summer of 1292 A D.He returned home on the Winter of 1295 A.D..In the book“The travels of Marco polo”, he recalled while traveling on his way he noticed the growing of sugarcane and the manufacture of sugar in several places of China only.He stated also that many merchants from India purchased lots and lots of Chinese sugar and shipped home.Such is a proof that the development of sugar industry started much later in India than China.Besides, more evidences could be found elsewhere that tea and sugar distributed and spreaded from China to India.The misstatement that“growing of cane and manufacturing of sugar originated from India”can easily be solved.We have more evidences below relating the cane cultivation and manufacture of sugar. The cultivation of sugarcane and manufacture of sugar spreaded from China to different places of the world directly or indirectly.In the book of Marco polo,Quan-zhou,a port of Fujian province in southern China, was at that time a great harbour of the world.She was in fact the known great Chinese harbour of Soong dynasty (960-1279 A.D.).Many Arabians visited and traded valuable merchandise with Chinese.It was said that Quan-zhou was so glorious a place comparable to the heaven.Nowadays, some remnants of the Arabian graves can still be seen over there.Most probable,these Arabians brought the seed canes and introduced the cultural methods to the Mideast.The sweet reed soon spreaded through the regions of Mediterranean as far as the European countries such as Italy and Spain. Then Christopher Columbus brought the seed canes from Spain to the New World in his second vayage and made the canes settle in Santo Domingo. After this,the cultivation of sugarcane extended gradually to different countries of the New World.In the year 1852 A.D.many sugarcane laborers and sugar manufacturing technicians engaged in the sugarcane industry in Hawaii.They employed the native methods in production,but soon were renovated and recruited by the Chinese with men and machines. Many of the Chinese wooden cane crushing machines still remained there exposing the progress of the sugar industry at that country.By the sixteenth century,the oversea Chinese also introduced the art of sugarcane planting and production of sugar to countries such as Philippines and Java. The Japanese books such as 《Thousand years history of Okinawa》 and 《Five buddha in Ryukyu islands》 clearly stated that buddhist monk Jian-zhen in Tang dynasty (618-907 A.D.) introduced the method of sugar manufacturing into Japan.The Chinese island of Taiwan obtained the technics of cane growing and sugar manufacture from the neighbor province of Fujian.Many sugar manufacturing technicians from Zhang- zhou,Fujian sailed to the island to recruit the men there. The sugar trading of the world began from China also.prior to 1840 A D China dominated the foreign trade of the world cane sugar.The effect of the Opium War sharply cut down the production and export of cane sugar in China.China became one of the five leading sugar producing countries in the world.The other four countries were India, Java,Philippines and Cuba.After the invasion of Japanese Imperialism, the island Taiwan was leased to Japan.Since then,instead of exporting sugar China became the importing sugar country.Chewing cane was very delicious and consumed as fresh fruits and condiments.It was originated in China,and until now it is still an important exportation of China. Among the species of Saccharum,S.sinensis is the oldest cultivar ever found in the world.It is originated in China,and ascertained by many modern researchers.Many published research works stand in its favor These are:〈Investigations on the flowering of Saccharum Ⅱ.Number of spindle leaves and date of induction〉by P.H.Moore (15th ISSCT, 1974);〈Photosynthetic action spectra of Saccharum species.〉by A.G. Alexander (15th ISSCT,1974);〈Comparative studies on the area of the photosynthetic membrane in sugarcane〉by K.Y.Zhou,T.G.Liang, and C.B.Lu 〈Journal of Fujian Agricultural College,1981(2)〉etc. Saccharum sinensis is neither originated in New Guinea nor derived from the crossing of Saccharum officinarum and S.spontaneum in the northeast India.This species was created and selected by the Chinese farmers long ago.

世界种蔗制糖起源于中国。据《诗经》记载,公元前十二世纪以前就已制糖。公元前三世纪的《楚辞·招魂》已明确指出甘蔗制糖,表明了长江流域早已种蔗制糖了。公元前三世纪末,闽王已从福建向汉高祖晋贡甘蔗制的砂糖。公元三世纪初,明确黄河流域业已种甘蔗。中国许多古籍,对蔗和糖两个字有不同的写法和称呼,各有约三十种;还记述了不同的甘蔗品种、用途、栽培法以及制糖工具和方法等。外国最早的记载是:亚历山大大王于公元前327年东侵印度时,他的随从执事才记录有:当地人‘咬食一种稀奇芦苇,没有蜂的任何帮助,会产生一种密’。意大利人马可·波罗(1254~1324)于1271年11月踏上旅途往东方,1275年5月到达中国,至1292年夏离开。于1295年冬回到他的故乡。在其《游记》中谈到:旅途所经各地,只有中国几个地方产糖,和印度人来中国买糖的情况。表明了印度开始蔗糖生产比中国迟得多。有许多证明,茶和糖是由中国传到印度去的。说种蔗制糖起源于印度,明显是错误的。以下所述几方面的情况,也是佐证。种蔗和制糖是由中国直接或间接向世界各地传播的。马可·波罗《游记》曾说到,中国泉州是世界最大港口之一。实际上,泉州在宋朝(960~1279)就已经是世界著名...

世界种蔗制糖起源于中国。据《诗经》记载,公元前十二世纪以前就已制糖。公元前三世纪的《楚辞·招魂》已明确指出甘蔗制糖,表明了长江流域早已种蔗制糖了。公元前三世纪末,闽王已从福建向汉高祖晋贡甘蔗制的砂糖。公元三世纪初,明确黄河流域业已种甘蔗。中国许多古籍,对蔗和糖两个字有不同的写法和称呼,各有约三十种;还记述了不同的甘蔗品种、用途、栽培法以及制糖工具和方法等。外国最早的记载是:亚历山大大王于公元前327年东侵印度时,他的随从执事才记录有:当地人‘咬食一种稀奇芦苇,没有蜂的任何帮助,会产生一种密’。意大利人马可·波罗(1254~1324)于1271年11月踏上旅途往东方,1275年5月到达中国,至1292年夏离开。于1295年冬回到他的故乡。在其《游记》中谈到:旅途所经各地,只有中国几个地方产糖,和印度人来中国买糖的情况。表明了印度开始蔗糖生产比中国迟得多。有许多证明,茶和糖是由中国传到印度去的。说种蔗制糖起源于印度,明显是错误的。以下所述几方面的情况,也是佐证。种蔗和制糖是由中国直接或间接向世界各地传播的。马可·波罗《游记》曾说到,中国泉州是世界最大港口之一。实际上,泉州在宋朝(960~1279)就已经是世界著名港口,就有很多阿拉伯人来往了。传说到泉州就是到了天堂。至今还有阿拉伯人墓的遗址。蔗种和栽培技术以及制糖技术,很可能在那时候已被传去中东,然后经地中海传到意大利和西班牙。哥仑布第二次(1490)去美洲带了蔗种植于圣多·多明哥,逐渐在美洲传播开来。夏威夷‘自1852年起,从中国招来大量的蔗田工人和土法制糖技术工人,至今还留存当时从中国运去的甘蔗压榨木辊’。印尼爪哇和菲律滨等地的种蔗制糖是十六世纪由华侨传去的。日本人乌仓龙治和伊波普猷等的著作中有说到,中国唐朝鉴真和尚东渡扶洋时,把制糖法传入日本。中国台湾省的种蔗制糖是由福建省传去的,并有从漳州聘去熬糖师的记载。世界蔗糖贸易是中国领先的。在鸦片战争(1840)前,中国是世界唯一产糖大国,所产蔗糖畅销世界各地,远达英国、美国。1840年后,降为世界五大产糖国(中国、印度、爪哇、菲律滨、古巴)之一。日本侵占台湾后,再降为蔗糖进口国。果蔗更是中国早有的,也销售国外。“中国种”甘蔗是世界最古老的栽培种。近年来的甘蔗学研究,如 P.H.Moore《蔗属开花的研究Ⅱ.诱导期与叶簇里的叶片数》,A.G.Alexander《蔗属品种的光合活动光谱》(以上两文皆刊载于十五届国际甘蔗技师会议论文集)和周可涌、梁天干、卢川北《甘蔗叶片光合膜面积的比较研究》(福建农学院学报,1981,[2])等的研究结果,已经给予证明。“中国种”甘蔗不是从伊里安传来,更不是在印度东北部由热带种和当地野生种甘蔗自然杂交形成的,是中国农民长期选择的产物。中国解放后的蔗糖业以及甘蔗科学研究情况,因篇幅关系,客另文陈述。

1) The purification or rejuvenation of the breed make use of the pedigree method in which it may be realize the relative stability of heredity. The germplasm material of purification is origin from higher purity of original stock plot or purebred production field. 2) The procedure of purification, in adopt of individual selfed selection, line comparative selection or original stock production was effective in practice, in addition, the Super-excellent selection produced a higher effect for inheritance. 3)...

1) The purification or rejuvenation of the breed make use of the pedigree method in which it may be realize the relative stability of heredity. The germplasm material of purification is origin from higher purity of original stock plot or purebred production field. 2) The procedure of purification, in adopt of individual selfed selection, line comparative selection or original stock production was effective in practice, in addition, the Super-excellent selection produced a higher effect for inheritance. 3) The breeding Coefficient of honey—melon in Hetao is higher. In the total process of the original stock production, in adopt of artificial isolated pollination, not only assuring in quality but also paying in economic, was practical and effective.

本试验是依据系统选育的原理,用纯度较高的种质材料,采用人工隔离授粉繁殖法,通过单株自交选择,株系比较,系内互交选择和选择超优单瓜混合播种的原种生产程序,有效地实现了混杂品种的提纯,恢复了原品种的优良性状。1987年已生产原种12公斤,良种700公斤。

The effects of Myzus persicae damage on the quality of tobaccoleaves were studied in net-room and field respectively in 1987 and 1989.Theresults show 1)There is a variation of the chemical components in aphid inj-ured tobacco leaves.Aphids reduced nicotine,increased total nitrogen,red-uctive sugar,protein and chlorine,but potassium content varied insignifica-ntly in the leaves of plant damdged at seedling stage.The lowest injurylevel(T_1)would increase the content of potassium,the other componentsat vigorous...

The effects of Myzus persicae damage on the quality of tobaccoleaves were studied in net-room and field respectively in 1987 and 1989.Theresults show 1)There is a variation of the chemical components in aphid inj-ured tobacco leaves.Aphids reduced nicotine,increased total nitrogen,red-uctive sugar,protein and chlorine,but potassium content varied insignifica-ntly in the leaves of plant damdged at seedling stage.The lowest injurylevel(T_1)would increase the content of potassium,the other componentsat vigorous growth stage when plant were inoculated with aphids have sim-ilar change tendency to those at seedling stage.2)In addition to suckingthe plant juice,aphids also deposit honey-dew to darken the leaves.Themore aphid injury level,the more aera of the leaf covered with honey-dew.3)Aphids retard the growth and development of the plant,reduce the plantheight,the leaf aera and weight(mg/cm~2),but have no influence on theleaf number significantly except in T_4.Aphids also raise reduce the propor-tion of mid-grade tobacco leaves growing at the middle part of the plant.

1987年和1989年分别在网室内和大田研究了烟蚜为害对烟草品质性状的影响,结果表明,1)烟蚜为害能引起叶片主要化学成分发生变化。苗期接蚜,受害烟草叶片中烟碱含量下降,总氮、蛋白质、还原糖、氯含量升高,钾禽量变化不明显;旺长期接蚜,最低侵害水平(T_1)引起钾含量显著升高.其余成分变化趋势与苗期接蚜相似。2)烟蚜不仅直接刺吸炳草汁液,而且分泌蜜露污染叶片,叶片上蜜露覆盖程度随烟蚜侵害水平增加而提高。3)蚜害导致烟草生长发育不良,受害烟草株高降低,叶而积减小,叶质重下降,但叶片数变化不显著。受害的中部叶片烘烤后中级烟比例下降。

 
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