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extent of damage     
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  受损程度
     With the concentration increasing,the extent of damage also increased,which showed an evident logarithm dose-effect relationship. And except 5 μ g/mL group,the difference of the tail rate, average tail length and DNA damage in each group was unnoticeable compared with negative group(P<0.05) The ABP mRNA levels of Sertoli cells in vitro cultured were decreased with the increased of ZEA concentration,and there was a significant dose-effect relationship in RT-PCR experiment.
     单细胞凝胶电泳实验中,ZEA在一定的浓度范围内对体外培养的支持细胞DNA产生损伤作用,且受损程度随着剂量的升高而升高,具有明显的剂量效应关系,除5μg/mL剂量组之外其余各剂量组的细胞受损率、彗星尾长和DNA损伤程度与阴性对照组相比差异显著(P<0.05);
短句来源
     ObjectiveTo discuss choroidal structural changes and extent of damage in the patients with eyeball contused wound.
     目的 探讨眼球钝挫伤的脉络膜结构的改变及受损程度
短句来源
     ③ Large mining depth single seam non-full mining, surface structure has only minor extent of damage.
     ③大 采深 单 一 煤 层的 非充 分 采动 ,地 面建 筑 物受 损程 度 很小 。
短句来源
     On the basis of the result of observing analysis, using analytical standard set by BOZOZUK, the extent of damage to practical engineering is evaluated, which indicates that the bridge has been seriously damaged.
     基于观测分析成果,利用BOZOZUK提出的分析标准,对实体工程的受损程度进行了评价,表明该桥梁已严重受损;
短句来源
     Corresponding modeling method and dealing means are used according to the fracture situation of the pier, thus the extent of damage and impact on safety performance of the bridge are the possible reflected, which offers basis for safety assess.
     根据桥墩的开裂情况提出相应的建模方法以及处理手段,从而尽可能的反映桥梁的受损程度和对桥梁安全性能的影响,为安全评估提供依据。
短句来源
  损害程度
     To evaluate the extent of damage to neuronal processes, we examined the immunoreactivity of injured spinal cord sections for dMBP ( 1: 400 ) and NF(1:200).
     为了评价脊髓损害程度,我们通过dMBP(1:400)和NF(1:200)组化染色观察脊髓横切面。
短句来源
     Results: Compared with the model group, the extent of damage in the structure and function obviously reduce in the treating group(P <0. 01), and the traditional Chinese medicine group is superior to the Western medicine group (P <0. 01);
     结果:各治疗组与模型组比较肾脏结构和功能的损害程度均有明显降低(P<0.01),且中药组优于西药组(P<0.01);
     (2)The extent of damage of pyramidal cells was milder in 5 Hz magnetic field groups than those in the control group ,and the effect was not remarkable in the 20 Hz group;
     对锥体细胞的缺血性损害 5Hz组轻于对照组和 2 0Hz组 ,而对星形胶质细胞则表现为 5Hz组的缺血性损害程度重于对照组和 2 0Hz组 ;
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     6. Chitosan can improve the photosynthesis system of plant, heighten the tolerance capability to the intimidate environment, alleviate the extent of damage that the intimidate environment probably produce.
     6.适宜浓度的壳聚糖能改善植物光合作用系统,从而提高其对胁迫环境的耐受能力,降低胁迫环境可能产生的损害程度
短句来源
     Conclusion:The measure of CK、CK-MB、LDH and cTnT during poeration can estimate extent of damage to cardiac muscle cell. ,The cTnT can more accurately reflect the damage of cardiac muscle than CK、CK-MB and LDH,so cTnT should be looked as independent criterion which can estimate the damage of cardiac muscle.
     结论 术中检测CK、CK -MB、LDH及cTnT是判断心肌损害程度的方法及手段,cTnT能准确反映心肌损害程度并优于CK、CK -MB、LDH ,它可作为心脏手术中检测心肌损害的独立指标。
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  损失程度
     In our country, crime of insurance fraud is defined as, to attain the aim of gaining insurance compensation illegally, the insured or beneficiary's act of defrauding relatively large amount of insurance compensation by means of fabricating insurance object, insurance accident and accident cause, exaggerating extent of damage or creating insurance accident.
     在我国,保险诈骗罪是指投保人、被保险人或受益人以非法获取保险金为目的,采取虚构保险标的、保险事故及事故原因、夸大损失程度或者制造保险事故的方法,骗取保险金数额较大的行为。
短句来源
     objective aspect is cheating insurance company out of its property using means of fabricating insurance object, insurance accident and accident cause, exaggerating extent of damage or creating insurance accident and so on;
     在客观方面表现为以虚构保险标的、编造事故原因、夸大损失程度、编造保险事故,制造保险事故等方法,骗取保险公司财产;
短句来源
  损伤程度
     In Trad-MCN test the micronucleus rate has been adopted as the only index to assess the extent of damage to plant chromosomes by mutagens.
     在Trad-MCN分析中,以微核率作指标来判断环境诱变剂对染色体的损伤程度和诱变剂强弱一直沿用至今。
短句来源
     Methods DNA damage was induced by H2O2,then the extent of damage was determined by single cell gel electrophoresis technique(SCGE). The contest of MDA and LPO of rat serum were measured by biochemical method.
     方法①用过氧化氢(H2O2)诱导DNA损伤,采用单细胞凝胶电泳方法测定DNA氧化损伤程度,同时测定大鼠血清丙二醛(MDA)和脂褐质(LPO)的含量;
短句来源
     The influence of parameters such as extent of damage, size of damage and position of damage are discussed to study their influence to structural bucking and dynamic stability characteristics.
     通过引入损伤位置、损伤程度和损伤面积三个独立的损伤参数来描述结构的受损状况,并分别分析了它们的变化对结构屈曲载荷、屈曲模态和动力失稳区域产生的影响。
短句来源
     Conclusions:The extent of damage of closed brain injury and the EEG change have the good positive correlation.
     结论:闭合性脑外伤的损伤程度与EEG的变化有良好的正相关性;
短句来源
     With the concentration increasing,the extent of damage also increased,which showed an evident logarithm dose-effect relationship. And except 5 μ g/mL group,the difference of the tail rate, average tail length and DNA damage in each group was unnoticeable compared with negative group(P<0.05) The ABP mRNA levels of Sertoli cells in vitro cultured were decreased with the increased of ZEA concentration,and there was a significant dose-effect relationship in RT-PCR experiment.
     单细胞凝胶电泳实验中,ZEA在一定的浓度范围内对体外培养的支持细胞DNA产生损伤作用,且受损程度随着剂量的升高而升高,具有明显的剂量效应关系,除5μg/mL剂量组之外其余各剂量组的细胞受损率、彗星尾长和DNA损伤程度与阴性对照组相比差异显著(P<0.05);
短句来源
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      extent of damage
    The extent of damage appears to be concentration-dependent in which the delivery from slow-release drugs favours stricture formation in the caecal area.
          
    The mechanism of damage was found to be similar for all the creep tests performed, but the distribution and extent of damage were found to be very sensitive to the test temperature.
          
    The results of the study indicate that the geometric modifications after the nature and extent of damage significantly compared to conventional composite armor.
          
    The nature and extent of damage for each modification and adhesive was estimated by postmortem inspection of the impacted armor and was compared to that obtained in unmodified armor of equal weight.
          
    The value of the internal-state variable determines the extent of damage at a given location.
          
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    Bleaching cotton fabric with sodium hypochlorite may lead to chemical damage and loss of tensile strength.In some instances,tendering of the fiber may not be apparent until the fibre has been treated with alkali,and therefore the determination of tensile strength of bleached cotton fabric alone can not detect the actual extent of the degradation of cellulose.Cuprammonium or cupriethylenediamine is alkaline in character and causes relevant oxycellulose chains (e.g.high copper numbers) to break,so determining...

    Bleaching cotton fabric with sodium hypochlorite may lead to chemical damage and loss of tensile strength.In some instances,tendering of the fiber may not be apparent until the fibre has been treated with alkali,and therefore the determination of tensile strength of bleached cotton fabric alone can not detect the actual extent of the degradation of cellulose.Cuprammonium or cupriethylenediamine is alkaline in character and causes relevant oxycellulose chains (e.g.high copper numbers) to break,so determining cupram-monium or cupriethylenediamine viscosity has been a standard practice for assessing the extent of degradation of cellulose.However,the viscosity method which is time consuming and requires specific apparatus may not be suitable for certain purposes.Scoured cotton fabric was bleached with 2g/1 sodium hypochlorito (based on available chlorine) at various pH (2—12) and tested for damage.The relations between tensile strength of the samples before and after treatment with boiling alkaline solution,copper number,degree of poly-merization (viscosity method),and pH of bleaching solution have been established.It was observed that samples bleached in neutral region showed maximum copper number,mini-mum tensile strength,minimum degree of polymerization,and greatest potential damage.Tensile strength determinations made on samples that have been boiled with alkali solution are found to be more informative than that made on samples without such a treatment in revealing potential and/or apparent damages,so that it may be used for the determination of the extent of damage of cellulose,potential and/or apparent caused during bleaching.

    用次氯酸钠漂白棉织物可能导致纤维的化学损伤和强度降低.在某些情况下,已经损伤的纤维在经受碱处理以前并不明显地变得脆弱,因此仅仅测定漂白后棉织物的强度并不能检验出纤维素退化的真实程度.铜铵或铜乙二胺溶液是碱性的,能使某些类型的氧化纤维素分子链(例如铜值高的)发生断裂,所以通过测定纤维素铜铵或铜乙二胺溶液的粘度来评定纤维素退化程度已成为通常的做法.然而,粘度法耗时长,并需特殊设备,尚不能满足生产检验的要求.本试验中,将经过精练的棉织物,用2克(有效氯)/升的次氯酸钠溶液于不同的pH值(2-12)条件下进行漂白,并测定了它们所受到的损伤程度,建立了样品在碱煮前后的强度、铜值、聚合度(粘度法)与漂液pH值间的关系.可以看出经过近中性范围内漂白的样品铜值最大,强度最低,聚合度最低,并具有最大的潜在损伤.测定样品的碱煮强度比仅仅测定强度在揭示潜在及/或明显的损伤方面能提供更多的资料,因此可用来测定纤维素在漂白过程中所受到的损伤的程度.

    In the paper the results are given of an investigation on the performance degradation of GaAlAs/GaAs heteroface structure solar cells subjected to electron and proton irradiation.The experiment was restricted to energy of 1 MeV and 7.8 MeV for electron and proton respectively and covered the fluence range up to 1015e/cm2 and 1012p/cm2.The measurements of I-V characteristics predicted that the critical fluences were larger than 1×1015 e/cm2 for 1 MeV electron and 1 X 1012 p/cm2 for 7.8 MeV proton respectively.From...

    In the paper the results are given of an investigation on the performance degradation of GaAlAs/GaAs heteroface structure solar cells subjected to electron and proton irradiation.The experiment was restricted to energy of 1 MeV and 7.8 MeV for electron and proton respectively and covered the fluence range up to 1015e/cm2 and 1012p/cm2.The measurements of I-V characteristics predicted that the critical fluences were larger than 1×1015 e/cm2 for 1 MeV electron and 1 X 1012 p/cm2 for 7.8 MeV proton respectively.From the spectral response measurements,it can be shown that the extent of damage depends on the junction depth.Thermal annealing was undertaken to recover the performance degradation of cells.After annealing in vaccum at 200℃ for 20 h,100% short circuit current and 80% output power can be recoved from the damage resulling from irradiation by 1×1015 e/cm2 electron flunce.

    本文报道了液相外延Ga_(1-x)Al_xAs-GaAs异质面太阳电池的电子和质子辐照以及退火试验结果。辐照电子能量为1MeV,积分通量为10~(12)—10~(15)e/cm~2;质子辐照能量为7.8MeV,积分通量为10~8—10~(12)p/cm~2。测定了辐照前后电池的电特性和光谱响应曲线。观察到结深与辐照损伤的明显关系。电子辐照的临界通量(?)_c>1×10~(15)e/cm~2,质子辐照临界通量(?)_c>1.02×10~(12)p/cm~2。经积分通量1×10~(15)e/cm~2的辐照,再在真空200℃进行热退火20小时后,短路电流得到全部恢复,输出功率恢复至原来的80%。

    27 normal male mice each weighing 20-25g were selected for this experiment. After using Jing Chui Pian we observed liver cells after carbon tetrachloride po- isoning with electron microscope.At the same time we had two untreated groups for controls.The results were:nuclei membranes of liver cells were irregular after carbon tetrachloride poisoning and nuclear chromatins were concentrated into ma- sses and karyolyzed,Mitochndria were swollen extensively and cristae disappeared. The granular endoplasmic reticula...

    27 normal male mice each weighing 20-25g were selected for this experiment. After using Jing Chui Pian we observed liver cells after carbon tetrachloride po- isoning with electron microscope.At the same time we had two untreated groups for controls.The results were:nuclei membranes of liver cells were irregular after carbon tetrachloride poisoning and nuclear chromatins were concentrated into ma- sses and karyolyzed,Mitochndria were swollen extensively and cristae disappeared. The granular endoplasmic reticula were extended with the ribosomes of mem- brane becoming degranular. There was a little extention of agranular endoplasmic reticula and glycogen granules surrounding them decreased in number. The extent of damage to structure of liver cells was reduced by treating with Jing Chui-pian.(景垂片) The liver cells turned nearly to normal,nuclei being round,nuclei membrane smooth,Mitochndria cristae clear,The granular endoplasmic reticula membrane having numerous ribosomes and a lot of glycogen granules being in the cytoplasm.

    本文主要研究景垂片对小白鼠四氯化碳中毒后肝细胞超微结构的变化,实验结果如下:四氯化碳中毒后肝细胞的超微结构中以细胞核、线粒体、内质网及糖元等为主要变化。细胞核的核膜不规则呈锯齿状,染色质浓集成块状,甚至核溶介。线粒体广泛变性肿胀,嵴不清楚,有的嵴消失,基质透明甚至空泡化。粗面内质网呈囊状扩张,其膜上附着的核蛋白体脱落,滑面内质网也轻度扩张。其周围糖元明显减少。用景垂片治疗的小白鼠肝细胞接近正常,核圆形,核膜光滑,线粒体嵴清楚,细胞间可见清楚的桥粒结构,粗面内质网平行排列,膜上附着大量核蛋白体颗粒,滑面内质网分散于细胞质中,糖元颗粒丰富,所以景垂片对肝细胞有保护作用。

     
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